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March 25, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-03-25

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Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. " Phone NO 2-3241

- .-
'hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Y, MARCH 25, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: JEAN SPENCER

Publish or Perish:
Up to the Departments

"I Dunno-He's Supposed To'Keep Away
Evil Spirits Or Something
-- 4
MT
. . ,. t e C-
t

A DOZEN-ODD administrators and faculty
members recently expressed themselves on
the subject of whether publication is a neces-
sary prerequisite to promotion in the Univer-
sity. Their reactions were varied.
Some said yes, generally, "but not here."
Some said this University represents an ideal
balance of teaching and publication. And one
said the whole idea was a spook.
But most of them did admit that the
problem exists, even if not in their own
departments. And this would lead one to the
conclusion that if publish or perish is in fact
a spook then it's a ghost that walks abroad.
But the question still remains, is it a ghost
that ought to be laid to rest?
TO DECIDE whether the University's ad-
mitted emphasis on publication and re-
search is justified one first must decide what
is the function of the university and its fac-
ulty. Most people have quite definite ideas on
this, but unfortunately there is no general
agreement here either.
There are always those who maintain that
the first and most important purpose of a
university faculty is the dissemination of
knowledge-that the accumulated wisdom of
the ages should be funneled from the pro-
fessors, whose job is to teach, to the students,
who are in a University to learn.
People who hold this position point out that
the parents of today's college students are not
shelling out untold thousands of dollars in
order to support little men in white lab coats
in their path of scientific discovery, or hoary
scholars who spend their days digging around
libraries. They are paying tuition in order
that their children might be taught.
On the othre hand, there are those who
maintain that research is the job of the
University's faculty-mainly because if the
Universities don't do research, then who's left?
IF, AS IS more likely, the true purpose of a
university faculty is to fulfill both func-
tions, then in what amounts should they be
combined? If research is the primary purpose,

then the emphasis here is right where it
should be, on publication and research.
But it would be difficult to try to support the
view that research is more than half of the
University's function- and that therefore
publication and research should be stressed
any more than good teaching.
Many of the persons interviewed expressed
the view that teaching and publications-re-
search should go hand in hand, that the ideal
faculty member must possess both these abili-
ties. But ideal faculty members are more or
less rare, and it's a bit much to expect a pro-
fessor to be all things. One professor estimated
that these ideal combinations exist in only
10 or 15 per cent of the faculty population;
this leaves the other 85 to 90 per cent of fac-
ulty members as mainly teaching or research
oriented. It also, by the testimony of many,
leaves quite a few teaching professors who
get lost in the'shuffle when promotions are
made. And this admittedly happens more often
to teaching professors than to those who pub-
lish and do research.
THE PROBLEM that has to be solved; if
teaching is to get the emphasis it de-
serves, is that of the cleavage between the
administration's good intentions and what
actually happens when administration policy
is disregarded at the department level-as it
too often is.
Official university policy shows that the
administration is concerned with giving equal
weight to all kinds of contributions by the
faculty. So at least it can be said that there
is an ideal, even if this ideal so often breaks
down in practice.
The administration is aware of this break-
down, and would like to correct it. The depart-
ments are also undoubtedly aware of it, and
any action depends largely on them. When
they can reconcile adherence to official Uni-
versity policy with retention of their right to
recommend whichever professors they wish
for promotion on whatever criteria they
choose, the problem will be well on the way
to solution.
-ANITA PETROSHUS

EXTRA SERIES:
Lamoureux Orchestra
Performance Brilliant
rIS LAST WEEK before vaction has been especially blessed mu-
sically in Ann Arbor. The choral groups under Mr. Klein sang beau-
tifully Tuesday, Alice Ehlers provided us with her immense artistry and
fine performance Wednesday (may I disagree entirely with the review?)
and finally the Lamoureux Orchestra performed brilliantly on Thursday,
The French orchestral sound is quite different from that to which
American ears are most accustomed. However, it is a sound which this

w.,~
00

f --E ~ 'C

writer found appealing. Under the
orchestra played a program of all
French music with clarity and
elegance.
The program opened with a
lovely presentation of Gounod's
Second Symphony. Being overly
familiar with this composer's most
famous work, Faust, I was unpre-
pared for the charm of, the sym-
phony.
THE OTHER unfamiliar work
on the program was Messiaen's
"Hymne pour grand orchestre."
The program notes, largely derived
from contributions by the com-
poser, reflected the contemporary
composers' usual preoccupation
with pretentious and ridiculous
explanations of their music.
I must confess that I frequently
heard what I thought might turn
into the beginnings of various
popular songs as well as some of
the spooky music from late-late
shows on TV in the "Hymne."
The first half of the program
closed with the ideal performance
of Ravel's second "Daphnis et
Chloe" Suite. It was a revelation
to hear this work performed with
transcendent clarity and elegance.
THE SECOND half of the pro-
gram consisted of Berlioz' "Sym-
phonie Fantastique." The first
movement, while presented with
the brilliance and clarity which
had come to be expected, seemed
at first to lack warmth and body
of tone. However, as the work pro-
gressed and Mr. Markevitch's over-
all plan of the work unfolded, this
first movement fell into place. The
numerous woodwind solos sprin-
kled through the work were ex-
quisitely played.
Igor Markevitch is a vigorous,
athletic conductor, given to pan-
tomimic displays (who needs to
see the "Daphnis et Chloe" danced
after this?). Despite this, perhaps
aided by it, he builds his per-
formances on clear and revealing
lines. The coupling of this or-
chestra and this conductor have
produced splendid results. I hope
to hear them again soon.
-Robert Jobe

STUDENT GOVERNMENT:
Shatters Inaccurate Myth

Dropping NDEA a Disservice

SEVERAL of the "better" United States col-
leges and universities have recently dropped
out of the federal government's program pro-
viding long-term loans to students under the
National Defense Education Act.
These colleges have heard both praise and
criticism, including University Assistant Dean
of Men John E. Bingley's accusation that they
are "doing their students a disservice," applied
to their actions. Bingley certainly seems to
have hit at the heart of the matter: these col-
leges and universities are doing their students
a disservice.
In dropping out of the program, the schools
are depriving needy students of possible aid.
This could hardly be called a service, no matter
what grounds the particular school finds to
justify its action.
The basic cause of the dropouts Is the inclu-
sion of a loyalty oath and disclaimer affidavit
in the NDEA. Some schools oppose only the
affidavit on the grounds that the loyalty oath
is enough and that the affidavit is an abridge-
ment of rights.
Others maintain that both provisions are ob-
noxious, some holding that students, being the
only group forced to make such statements to
receive government money ,are prejudged, and
others saying that the oath and affidavit are
both contrary to the freedoms of speech and
belief in academic freedom.
THESE VIEWS have been debated thoroughly
at most colleges and universities involved
with the program, and it seems impossible to
arrive at a final view of the "rightness" of any
particular stand. However, there are some
things that may be pointed out regardless of
the rightness or wrongness of the stands, of
their ethics or their morality.

In refusing to allow students to accept loans,
the universities are taking the position of a
parent telling its children, the students, "I
don't think you should eat those nice goodies,
so I'm not going to let you have them." It
would certainly seem that students have
reached an age where they could expect this
attitude to have disappeared and one letting
them judge things for themselves to have tak-
en its place. But apparently these universities
disagree.
At some schools polls of the students were
taken and indicated that the majority were in
favor of having the school drop the program,
But even at these schools, it must be remem-
bered that it is only a minority of the students
who need or would use an NDEA loan, and it
is possibly this minority that favored retaining
them.
This woild indicate that such students have
certainly been treated rather shabbily at best.
IF A UNIVERSITY felt that it was morally
bound to drop the program, no matter what
consequences this might have on its students,
there would still seem to have been a better
course. Such a school might, as some schools
did, make an announcement that it Would drop
the program after the next session of Congress
if nothing was done to remove the offending,
section.
This would at least give time for something
to be done about the oath and affidavit, letting
the school issue firth protest while keeping the
program. And any school concerned with the
welfare of its students should certainly want
something constructive done, rather than mere-
ly wanting to remove the program from the
campus.
-ROBERT FARRELL

By JEAN SPENCER
Daily Staff Writer
STUDENT Government Council
effectively shattered any basis
for the standing myth which
shrouds it in the minds of the stu-
dent body: an image of SGC as a
hag-ridden, sick old man.
In itself, this isn't news - the
Council does it with clocklike regu-
larity. But an image is hard td
kill.
What the Council did Wednes-
day was to dispatch a crowded
agenda in a well-administrated,
efficient meeting. Members de-
bated intelligently, procedure
moved rapidly and significant
business was handled responsibly.
* *
THIS HAPPENS several times a
month. Unfortunately there is no
reason to expect the student body
SGC represents to take a vital
interest in the constructive work
the Council is doing: they don't
care.
Why should the students con-
sistantly ignore the positive func-
tioning of student government, re-
fuse to accept the privilege and
obligation of voting for its mem-
bers, and fail to be informed and
express opinions on the issues it
considers?
"The Sigma Kappa case proved
SGC hasn't any power," This
puerile statement shows shocking
lack of information and miscon-
ception.
IN THE FIRST place, it is un-
true. After the decision, the Re-
gents authorized changes in the
SGC plan puttingtmore "power"
in the hands of the Council by
shifting the balance of power with-
in the review board. The original
SGC decision has been supported
by several individual Regents and
the University Faculty Senate. Its
implication5 were shown to be fa-
vorable, not damning.
In the second place, the state-
ment is of questionablenimpor-
tance. As SGC president John
Feldkamp told the Council in his
fifth anniversary speech, the stu-
dent affairs committee of the Fac-
ulty Senateh anadministration
group) which SGC replaced was
reversed twice.
One reversal in three and a half
years may or may not be a good
record. Five times a stay of ac-
tion was placed on the Council by
the Board in Review. Four times
out of five the Council's decision
was upheld.
* * *
IN THE THIRD place, "power"
is a curious criterion on which to
evaluate a representative student
government. SGC, as Feldkanip
recently pointed out, is among the
strongest student governments in
the country. But strength is only
one aspect of SGC's function, and
govt

its relative importance is small
compared with that of representa-
tion.
Success in the area of student
government cannot be equated
with power, The Council is a
striking example of what happens
when such a body has power but
fails in its representational func-
tion.

The student body has a valid
complaint-something is rotten in
Student Government Council. It
concerns the loss of meaning of
the word "student", however-not
"government". If the spirit of
student government has been ab-
rogated by the constituency, cor-
reotion must come from this
group.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
rDiscuss Mine. Ehiers Review

direction of Igor Markevitch, the
COMPROMISE:
Symington
A nnounces
Candidacyv
By JAMES SEDER
Daily Staff Writer
HE ANNOUNCEMENT by Sen.
Stuart Symington that he is
formally in the race for the Demo-
cratic Presidential race completely
reverses his previous campaign
tactics.
1 Symington had clearly been in
the race since last summer. Sym-
ington booster clubs have been set
up. Former President Harry Tru-
man has been more or less openly
pushing the Symington campaign,
Symington l4as been traveling
around the country talking to the
men who will control major'dele-
gations to the Democratic nomi-
nating convention.
Furthermore Symington has
been methodically building a rec-
ord to run on. In addition to main-
taining his position as leading
Democratic defense spokesman, he
has broadened his activities and
entered into the farm controversy.
SYMINGTON'S campaign was
based on the premise that neither
of the two announced candidates,
Sen. Hubert Humphrey and Sen.
John Kennedy would come to the
convention with enough strength
to win the nomination. This would
create a deadlock. Into this situa-
tion would step the forces of Sym-
ington projecting ,their candidate
as a compromise.
It appeared that the Symington
campaign was coming along rather
well. He was building up a fine
image and he seemed to be gain-
ing increasing consideration as a,
deadlock breaker.
This means that his sudden
strategy reversal must be based
on the fear that the convention
will not be deadlocked. Symington
apparently is afraid that Kennedy
bandwagon is developing.
Humphrey is apparently afraid
of the same thing. Humphrey willl;
face Kennedy in an April 5 pri-
mary contest in Wisconsin. Both
candidates have been campaign-
ing hard. But both were attack-
ing each other with reasonable
moderation.
* * *
IN RECENT WEEKS the various
political polls seem to indicate
that Kennedy's popularity in Wis-
consin is rising steadily. Like Sym-
ington, Humphrey has changed
his tactics. His speeches have be-
come increasingly bitter. They
have reached the point where the
two self-appointed referees, Gov.
Gaylord Nelson and Sen. William
Proxmire have publically warned
Humphrey to tone his campaign
down. In short Humphrey is act-
ing desperate.
The Kennedy "bandwagon" is
based on rather tenuous evidence.
Kennedy did extremelyiwell in the
New Hampshire primary. He polled
43,000 votes in a small, predomi-
nately Republican state. But New
Hampshire is in Kennedy's back-
yard where he ought to do well.
NEVERTHELESS a bandwagon
seems to be forming for Kennedy
and both Humphrey and Syming-
ton are disturbed. If they do not
stop it soon organized labor and
many Democratic leaders will be
jumping on and the momentum
will be irristable.
Symington will have to move
fast or his formal entrance into
the campaign will have been fu-
tile.

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is ani
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 132
General ANotices
Bicycle Control Program-All bicycles
impounded prior to Jan. 1, 1960 will
be sold at auction on Sat, April 9. Any-
one wishing to reclaim one in this
group must do so before the begin-
ning of SpringhVacatiot, (March 26).
Persons who have lost bicycles dur-

To the Editor:
DEAR Mme. Ehlers;
While the faculty of the
School of Music cannot assume
responsibility for discourtesy, lack
of judgment, and bad taste on the
part of its students, I do wish to
apologize, in the name of our
entire faculty group, for Karen
McCann's review of your concert,
that appeared in the columns of
The Daily yesterday morning.
The immaturity and arrogance
of this undergraduate is too obvi-
ous to need comment. I do wish
you to know, however, that your
many seminars and recitals here
have contributed magnificently to
our musical life, and that we
hope you will continue to honor
us with your visits.
Your fine musicianship, your
service and dedication to 18th
century music in particular, are
matters'of which our entire fac-
ulty group is gratefully aware.
* * *
YOUR RECITAL of Wednesday
evening was appreciated and re-
spected by every discerning per-
son present. We are especially
grateful that you-played the con-
cert, despite great personal dis-
tress.
-Louise Cuyler
Professor of Music
Inhuman .. .
To the Editor:
AMONG ALL heartless music
reviews, Karen McCann's re-
view of the concert of Alice Eh-
lers deserves first prize.
Knowing that Mine. Ehlers suf-
fered from a severe flu, one can
only admire her courage in per-
forming as she did.
The review is simply inhuman.
-Ida R. Kaplan, '45
Qualification . * ,
To the Editor:
SHOULD like to submit a letter
of qualification regarding my
review of March 24 (Alice Ehlers,
Harpsichordist) before an all-out
attack is declared.

I have received many favorable
comments and many unfavorable
comments from eminent faculty
members question not only my
opinion by but my right to derive
such a "scathing" account.
I realize quite fully that I was
neither -tactful nor subtle in my
approach to Mme. Ehlers' per-
formance. I also realize that I am
far from an authority on the
instrument and the technique of
playing it. Likewise, this fact can-
not be avoided: the reviews which
appear in The Daily are one per-
son's opinion. These opinions do
not reflect the populace 100 per
cent; disagreements are inevit-
able. One persons has as much
right to declare "It was bad," as
another has to say "It was good."
I expect (and have already re-
ceived) great contradiction con-
cerning this account.
However, both my opinion and
my right to such a judgement
are my own whether or not I have
the unquestionable authority (and
I have already admitted that I
am neither a harpsichordist for
a musicologist),
* * *
MME. EHLERS is no longer'
young and she has peen quite ill.
These are without a doubt the
reasons for the lacking perform-
ance. Once upon a time she was
an active performer andplayed
with great inspiration. However,
she is now enjoying a well-earned
reputation as a teacher and is no
longer at the age where perform-
ing is one of her outstanding disy-
tinctions.
Therefore, I do not feel that I
was being "rude" in judging the
performance on the basis of what
it was worth Wednesday night.
If the faculty of the School of
Music (and anyone else) wishes
to dispute my judgement, they
have as much right to do so as I
had in forming it,
I wrote concerning exactly what
I heard. If a critic is expected to
judge the artist on the basis of
reputation, idiosyncracies in liv-
ing habits, personal relationships,
,and countless other items far re-

moved from the performance,
then I failed miserably.
If it is wrong to judge a per-
formance on the basis of the per-
formance, then, too, I have proved
myself undeniably rude to Mme.
Ehlers.
* * *
I AM DEEPLY apologetic to
those of you who attended the
performance and disagreed vehc-
mently (as many obviously did;
with the account because I could
not consult each of you for your
comments, gather them all to-
gether, and write one gigantic
review signed "The Audience."
-Karen McCann, '61SM
A Price..,
To the Editor:
LET US HOPE that there are
still people who can think of
better criteria for judging others
than by the clothing on their
backs.
Re the quotation from Kate
M'ueller's article mentioned by
Mrs. Dorothy E. Legg in yester-
day's Daily:
If woman's dress is her "price
tag," what about those of us who
can't be bought!
- Newman, '61
Irish Nationality .
To the Editor:.
WITH reference to Mr. O'Day's
letters an interesting situa-
tion seems to be developing with
respect to Irish nationality.
It appears that Irish patriots
like Swift, Wolfe Tone, Emmett
and Parnell are not really Irish-
men. While sixth or seventh gen-
eration Americans can be proud!
of their American ancestry it
seems that nineteenth and twen-
tieth generation Irish are not
really Irish at all.
We are fast reaching the stage
where the only true Irish are born
outside the country and. remain
in self-imposed exile. One won-
ders if perhaps Mr. O'Day is not
a Humpty-Dumpty Irishman.
-Robert M. Farr, Grad.

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
SInp Mov in Paris

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
FRANCE HAS PAID too high -a price for her
entente with West Germany to let Nikita
Khrushchev talk her out of it.
The Soviet Premier has made a bold frontal
attack.
The Germans are a menace, he tells de
Gaulle. A Franco-Soviet axis, not a Franco-
German axis, is his recipe for peace in Europe.
But for 12 years, since France agreed to the
establishment of an' autonomous West Ger-
many, the policy in Paris has not been to at-
tempt alliances by which Germany could be
beaten in another war, but to entertwine the
info -n-c a f1® 111 nn . ti - +1 + Vt.. _-"_

tion of her interests in the Saar, removing one
of the great sore spots in Franco-German rela-
tions and putting the German international-
ists, led by Konrad Adenauer, in a firm political
position at Bonn.
OBSERVERS HAVE BEEN somewhat sur-
prised that de Gaulle, the great nationalist,
should have adopted so wholeheartedly this
policy of his predecessor governments. Espe-
cially since, immediately after the war, one
of his first major actions was to establish an
entente with Russia cross the prostrate body
of Germany.
Despite origina French fears noeir th er-

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