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March 24, 1960 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-03-24

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Khrushchev Greets Paris

TO VOTE TODAY:
House Assures Passage
Of Civil Rights Measure

I

0 ZASETI

HANDS-OFF POLICY:
South Africa Retorts to U.S. Reprimand

JOHANNESBURG, ()-The
government told the United States
in effect yesterday to keep out of
South Africa's race troubles.
The government rapped back at
State Department denunciation of
bloodshed as blacks challenged the
nation's white supremacy laws
with work boycotts after two days
of violent demonstrations.
The foreign ministry summoned
United States Ambassador Philip
Crowe for a conference, then is-
sued a statement.

The statement said the discus-
sion with Crowe does not mean
that South Africa is "conceding
the right of the United States gov-
ernment to concern itself with the
domestic affairs of South Africa,
Just as the Union (of South Afri-
ca) government does not concern
itself with riots or racial disturb-
ances in other countries."
The statement declared the
State Department had criticized
police violence here without know-
ing all the facts "regarding at-

U econ 3Front Dagti
Second .Front Page

Thursday, March 24, 1960

Page 3

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tacks by many thousands of Ban-
tu (Negroes) on a small police
force to whom was entrusted the
duty of maintaining law and or-
der."
As criticism of this week's po-
lice violence mounted in world
capitals, officers kept a tight lid
on South Africa's 11 million non-
whites.
Paralyzation Threatened
The Negroes' work boycotts
threatened to paralyze some im-
portant industrial centers. The
weapon could be a potent one for
the Negroes, who supply the low-
cost labor that keeps the nation's
economy going.
In the Vereeniging coal mining
area, whore Monday's worst riots
occurred, police chiefs held a con-
ference to plan action against the
Pan-Africanists.
Police charged militant Negro
leaders "have created a reign of
terror" in Negro settlements to
keep people from returning to
work.
Report Absenteeism
The South African Press Asso-
ciation reported this was t h e
worst day for absenteeism in the
Vereeniging area industries since
the Pan-Africanists l a u n c h e d
their campaign Monday. In some
factories, the news service said,
the entire Negro labor force failed
to appear and many who attempt-
ed to return to their jobs were
beaten up by agitators.
The boycott was organized by
the militant Pan-Africanist Con-
gress as part of the campaign
against the passes that all non-
whites in South Africa must carry
at all times.
Reds Offer
Cut in Arms
GENEVA, (W-The Soviet Un-
ion offered yesterday to carry out
with other powers a cut in man-
power and weapons under the eyes
of international disarmament con-
trollers.
But Western negotiators said
the plan still would leave the
world in the dark on Russia's true
military strength.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian Zorin presented his pro-
posal to the 10-nation disarma-
ment committee.
This is what Zorin offered: The
demobilization of an agreed num-
ber of men and the removal of a
corresponding number of weapons
from a nation's military estab-
lishment would be controlled and
verified from beginning to end by
international inspectors.

MORRI LL'S

Fr eaty
Soviet Asks
Peace Pact
Over Berlin
Tells France Beware
Of West Germany
PARIS (A) - Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev came to France yes-
terday and without wasting time
or words told President Charles
de Gaulle the West must back
down and agree to a peace treaty
with Germany.
Khrushchev made his bold ap-
proach at a banquet in the Elysee
Palace, where de Gaulle was host
to the Soviet premier and repre-
sentatives of French overseas
communities.
Khrushchev arrived in Paris
yesterday morning for a 12-day
visit. During the day he delivered
an appeal for disarmament and a
warning to France to beware of
West Germany.
Germany Uppermost
Germany was still uppermost in
the mind of the Soviet leader last
night.
The question of a peace treaty
with Germany is a tough East-
West issue. Khrushchev demands
as his price recognition of Com-
munist East Germany as an inde-
pendent nation and turning West
Berlin into an open city largely
free of control by the Western
allies.
In a formal toast at the ban-
quet he declared:
"The people want peace. We
must justify their hopes. It is
necessary to conclude a peace
treaty with Germany. All the
people will gain from that, in-
cluding the German people."
He called also for an end of
NATO and the Western European
Union, both of which include Ger-
many as military member.
"The sooner the military group-
ings which have been created in
Europe are liquidated," the Soviet
premier said, "the better it will be
for the cause of peace."
De Gaulle is Polite
Khrushchev's firm words met
with a polite, formal reply from
de Gaulle.
The French leader said that if
Khrushchevwas seeking a lessen-
ing of tension and "perhaps an
understanding of the policy you
proclaim and the great country
you lead, then be sure you will
have the ear of France"
De Gaulle had replied with
similar politeness and raised no
vital questions when he first met
Khrushchev earlier in the day.
Khrushchev Makes Demand
But no merely polite words
came from Khrushchev as he de-
livered his toast.
"Must Europe live under the
threat of militarism, under the
threat of new aggression?"
Khrushchev demanded.
"No, we are convinced that a
system of peaceful coexistence
can be organized in Europe."
Jail
SANTIAGO, Cuba, (A)-Ex..
rebel Captain Jorgest Sotus Ro-
mero was given a 20-year sen-
tence by a military tribunal
today for counter-revolutionary
activity.
Among the charges against
him was that he publicly said

Communism was infiltrating
the Cuban armed forces.

WASHINGTON, W)--The House
finished putting together its civil
rights bill yesterday but had to
delay a vote on final passage un-
til today.
Approval then is assured.
A last-ditch fighter against the
legislation, Rep. John Bell Wil-
4iams (D-Miss), forced the one-
day delay by demanding a printed
copy of the bill in its final form.
Bill Completed
For all practical purposes, how-
ever, the bill was completed.
Going beyond the 1957 legisla-
tion which created the Federal
Civil Rights Commission, the mea-
sure provides new federal court
help for Negroes who complain of
being prevented from voting.
It also provides for federal pun-
ishment of persons who defy court
orders for school desegregation by
force, or threats of force.
Roll Call Vote
A roll call vote of 295-124 late
yesterday nailed in the voting sec-
tion which previously had been
approved on a standing vote which
did not reach individual stands.
Yesterday's roll call found 172
Democrats and 123 Republicans

voting for the section, and 100
Democrats and 24 Republicans
voting to Junk it.
Now the civil rights battle shifts
back to the Senate.
In late developments, the House:
Vote on Proposal
Turned down, on a voice vote, a
proposal to make it a federal crime
to transport explosives from one
state to another with the inten-
tion of using them in bombings.
Rejected, 137-114, a proposal to
strike out of the bill a ban on
threatening letters dealing with'
court orders to stop racial segre-
gation in public schools.
Saw discarded, - on a point of
order, an amendment to forbid
resistance to court orders of all
sorts, not just those dealing with
school matters.
The house bill does not go near-
ly as far as is desired by such or-
ganizations as the National Assn.
for the Advancement of Colored
People. They contend the Federal
Government should have broader
authority to combat what they call
studied, deliberate and extensive
racial discrimination.

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