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March 17, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-03-17

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"Wake Me When You Get It Worked Out, Son"

seventietbYear
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OP STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PutLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

When Opinions Are Free
Tuth win Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
URSDAY, MARCH 17, 1960 NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS HAYDEN

Lack of Understanding
Ruins Total IQC Consensus

]LT . 7'

EVALUATION:
Ann Arbor Picketers
Accomplish Goals
By JAMES SEDER
Daily Staff Writer
A FEW DAYS have passed and it is now time to objectively evaluate
last Saturday's picketing. To people completely unsophisticated in
human relations work, the picketing probably did not look too spec-
tacular. However, the picketing turned out successfully.
A large part of the credit belongs to John Leggett, a graduate
student, who took the responsibility of running the demonstration. The
picketers were careful to conform to all relevant laws and city ordi-
nances and were careful to allay fears that there would beany-violence.

A CONSIDEARABLE part of students in the
residence halls can be classified as either
student leaders or apathetic students. When
the topic to be considered in house council
meetings are routine in nature, the general
mass of students sit back and give their leaders
free rein. But when an issue of more than pass-
ing Interest arises, the students feel they can
no longer trust their elected officials but strike
off in their own opposite direction.
The problem lies in the differing ideas held
by both groups toward residence halls and
their government. The majority of students
think of the residence halls as merely a tem-
porary home to be endured until they are able
to move into apartments or fraternities. Such
students are only interested in a place to eat
and sleep, and if they dislike the libraries, a
place to study. For them residence hall gov-
ernment is a meaningless idea.
Luckily this group is not all-inclusive. A
nucleaus of students is interested in more than
a sleeping and eating existance in the quads.
These few, either because of high school acti-
vities or a desire to have some say in the body
which controls their residences, take an active
part in the operation of the quadrangles.
This was quite clearly illustrated in the case
of the recently ratified Inter-Quadrangle Coun-
cil constitution. Before its consideration, both
the masses and their student leaders were in
agreement that the old Inter-House Council
was deficient. None of the apathetic students
seemed bothered enough to think about a
solution.
JQUT AFTER the leaders had worked out
structural revisions the masses suddenly
came alive and took an active interest in resi-
dence hall government. Being unfortunately
misinformed and unexperienced they proved
to be more a handicap than an aide in the re-
vision process. Instead of being concerned with
broad, generally workable concepts, they worked
to iron out every minor detail to their own
satisfaction. Concern with minor details rath-
er than with main points is a fairly common
feature among poor uninformed critics. When,
Disarmament a
THE NEW disarmament plan being presented
by the Western powers at the Geneva Con-
ference represents a noble attempt to solve
perhaps our most pressing international prob-
lem. However, a realistic look at the plan casts
doubt that it will ever be agreed upon by the
big powers.
The central feature of the Western plan is
that it calls for the establishment of an inter-
national disarmament organization to guide
and control the gradual "three-step disarma-
ment of the nations.
In the first step, the new organizations would
begin preliminary studies of complex disarma-
ment problems. Next there would ensue inter-
national control over a gradually increasing
variety of weapons. Finally, in the third step,
International control over everything from mili-
tary vehicles cruising outer space to hand
grenades would be instituted.
VI'HE ESSENTIAL difference between this plan
and the plan which Khrushchev presented
to the United Nations last year is that the
West's proposal places great emphasis upon
gradual disarmament and upon "fool-proof"
detection systems. Khrushchev's plan calls for
total disarmamenit during a four-year period,
without any provision for controls to detect
violators.
The East's proposal has greater immediate
propaganda value than the West's. Khrush-
chev's more hasty, sweeping plan of quick
total disarmament gives the impression of a
great crusader for peace, even though his plan
represents no tangible step forward without
control provisions. But the West's more gradual
careful approach to the problem could leave
many of the peoples of the world with an im-

for example, critics not qualified to criticize
the fundamental points in a poem, attempt to
do so, they find fault with the rhythm or
rhyme scheme. And so it went with the masses
in the quads.
Typical of such objections is the one raised
by Scott house of South Quadrangle. Scott dis-
liked the provision allowing IQC to levy dues;
therefore Scott at first rejected the constitu-
tion and then approved it yesterday.
Dues in residence hall government were not
just recently invented, as was thought by Scott
house, but have been imposed for years. When
a student signs his room and board contract
he also agrees to pay dues. When IHC was in
existence it regularly charged dues. However,
Scott originally rejected the entire IQC consti-
tution primarily on grounds of dues which
would total 20 cents a man.
SUCH AN objection shows a lack of investi-
gation into dues, but this is only the sec-
ondary point. More important is that few con-
cerned seem to understand the purpose of a
constitution. Normally objections to a consti-
tution are based on differing political view-
points and not on technical details. A consti-
tution is only intended to set up a common
area of agreement on which a government can
be founded. No constitution was ever meant
to solve all problems of government as it
stands.
THE PRESIDIUM of house presidents, in gen-
eral understood the basic purpose of a consti-
tution. They approved the IQC constitution
unanimously.
The constitution was ratified and IQC has
come into existence. However, isolated elements
of dissent have eliminated the common ground
necessary for a sound government.
Any future disagreements will be intensified
by this original lack of consensus when the or-
ganization was founded.
The masses won't care, apathy is creeping in
again.
-KENNETH McELDOWNEY
nd Propaganda
pression of relative apathy on our part toward
disarmament. ,
The West's plan, even if accepted, could very
possibly never get beyond the "first step." The
greatest problem in the disarmament question,
and, of course, the main reason for the West's
opposition to Khrushchev's proposal is that
there just doesn't seem to exist yet any "fool-
proof" way of detecting violators. But there is
no indication that establishing an interna-
tional organization could hasten the develop-
ment of practical control devices anyway. And,
until such a device is invented, no formal in-
ternational disarmament organization will have
much meaning.
T REMAINS therefore quite possible that the
rest of the world may regard the West's
plan as a type of stall because it does not
really solve the very "control problem" ob-
jected to in Khrushchev's plan. The people of
the world will not get much satisfaction from
hearin gthat efforts are being made to solve
the problems of disarmament. But a high-
sounding, specious pledge for all-out disarma-
ment in four year, such as Khrushchev is
making, does at first sound quite attractive.
What the controversy boils down to then is
that Khrushchev is saying he wants total
disarmament immediately, while the West is
calling for greater caution and care in eventu-
ally achieving the same ultimate goal. The
East's proposal might seem to us, empty and
meaningless. The West's is certainly much more
sound. But, regardless, it is not likely that the
Western plan will be accepted very warmly,
and the propaganda effect of the Reds' request
for immediate total disarmament may prove to
be significant.
-SHERMAN SILBER

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ST. PATRICK'S DAY:
Tension Grows in Ireland

In fact, Leggett even drew up a
detailed instruction sheet, which
was given to each picketer.
The group had no platform and
no arbitrary objectives. Some
merely wanted to ;demonstrate
their sympathy with the objectives
of the Southern Negro sit-down
strikers. Some favored complete
ec-cnomic boycott.
Perhaps most were scattered
between these extremes.
Leggett acted wisely in refusing
to specify exactly what the group
objective in this area was.
* * C
LEGGETT emphasized a differ-
ent and more important aspect
of the group's aims. They wished
to call attention to several facts:
1) The Ann Arbor Human Rela-
tions Board had charged that the
Cousins Shop practiced discrimi-
nation and that they said that
an; pressure to force the store
to reverse its policy would have
to come from the University and
Ann Arbor communities.
2) There were people in Ann
Arbor who wished to do everything
possible for the Negro college stu-
dents in their fight against dis-
crimination.
3) There were people on campus
prepared to organize and join in
actions to improve the Ann Arbor
inter-racial scene and further-
more these people could be
counted on to act in an intelligent,
orderly and disciplined manner.
THE GROUP was successful in
accomplishing these objectives.
And although a large share of
the credit belongs to Leggett,
many others also deserve credit.
These people include those that
helped organize the demonstra-
tion, the people who actually took
part in the demonstration, and
those people within the University
and the local community who
aided or at least sympathized
with the picketing.
There was one somewhat ironic
twist to the situation. Robert
Maten ,who is the manager of a
dime store adjacent to the campus,
has been one of the most active
members of the Ann Arbor com-
munity in the Human Realtiorns
area. Yet, his store was one of
the stores which was picketed.
MATEN'S good-natured accept-
ance of the situation was not only
additional evidence of his sin-
cerity, but also symbolizes the
attitude of much of the University
and Ann Arbor communities atti-
tude.
The picketers, the University
and local community should be
very proud of last Saturday.
New Books at Library
Wallace, Irving - The Fabu-
lous Showman: The Life and
Times of P. T. Barnum; NY, Al-
fred A. Knopf, 1959.

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the dlay preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday,
THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 190
VOL. LXX, NO. 125
General Notices
Bicycle Control Program-All bicycles
impounded prior to Jan. 1, 1960,will
one' wishing to reclaim one in 'this
be sold at auction on Sat., April 9. Any.
group must do so before the begin-
rling of Spring Vacation (March 28).
Persons who have lost bicycles dur-
ing the past two years are urged to
check the impounded bicycles as many
of these either have no license or one
that has been defaced.
The Bicycle Storage Garages, Ilcated
on the south side of East Washington
St. between Fletcher and Forest, are
open Mon., Tues., and Thur., between S
and 6 p.m. and Sat. from 10 a.m. to
noon. For further information regard-
ing the Bicycle Control Program, call
Ext. 3146.
Bicycles must be stored at the owners
place of residence during vacation.
Campus racks will be cleaned out dur-
ing the Spring Vacation. May we also
remind all bicycle owners that, to
comply with City and University regu-
lations and to protect your property,
you must register your bicycle at the
City Hall and attach the 1960i clense.
Burton Holmes Travelogue: Rbert
Mallett will narrate the film "Italy-
Roundabout Rome" on Thurs., March.
17 at 8:30 p.m. in Hill And.
Today at 4:10 p.m. the Department of
Speech will present Christopher Fry's
"A Phoenix Too Frequent" in True-
blood Aud., Frieze Bldg. No admission
will be charged.
Lectures
Lecture: Dr. vernon Ingram, Prof. of
Biology at Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, will speak on "The Genetic
Control of Protein Specificity" oa
Thurs., March 17 at 4 p.m., Third Level
Amphitheater, Med. Scl. Bldg.
Lecture: Prof. Harry G. Johnson, Uni-
versity of Chicago, will speak on "The
Political Economy of Opulence" on
Thurs., March 17 at 8 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheater.
Prof. Howard Emmons, of Harvard
University, will speak at a combined
seminar with Aeronautical Engineering
Mechanical Engrg., Physics, Math.,
and Engineering Mechanics on "High
Temperature Gas Dynamics," Thurs.,
March 17, at 4:00 p.m. in Room 311 West
Engineering. Refreshments will be
served in the Faculty Lounge, 214 West
Engineering, at 3:30 p.m.
Lecture by Prof. Martin Malta of thi
University of California, Berkeley. on
"The Origins of the Russian Intelli-
gentsia" on Thurs., 17 March at 4:10
p.m. in Aud. 8.
Guest Lecturer-Milton Babbitt will
lecture on the topic "Electronic Music
-How and Why" in Aud. A on Thurs.,
March 17. at 4:13 p.m. Open to the
general public.
(Continued on Page 5)

By JUDITH DONER
Daily Staff Writer
E ACH successive Saint Patrick's
Day finds a stronger trickle of
orange infiltrating the permeable
green ranks of the marching Irish.
This is the outward symbol of
the tension in Ireland, a tension
which grows stronger as time goes
on.
Robert (Robin) Farr, Grad., is
sure that it is the inextricable
mixture of politics and religion inl
Ireland, which renders his home
"a land of bitter conflict."
Although the North of Ireland
is predominantly Protestant, Farr
emphasizes that the proportion of
Roman Catholics there is about
34 per cent and is steadily in-
creasing. Yet the northern govern-
ment remains strongly Unionist,
wishing to maintain its link with
Britain.
The South is much more pre-
dominantly Catholic than the
North is Protestant. Protestants
comprise only five per cent of
Eire's population. Farr says that
the Ihoman Catholic Church can
and does dominate politically with
very little opposition.
* a -
ACTUALLY, Farr points out, a
better association between Pro-
testants and Catholics exists m
the South than in the North.
He suggests this is because the
balance of power is so much more
precarious in the North.
Not only is the Catholic popula-
tion increasing more rapidly than
the Protestant one, but in at 'east
two of the six Northern countries,
Catholic nationalist majorities ex-
ist. Many rural areas also have
Catholic majorities.
The Church's control of such
matters as censorship, marriage
laws and birth in the South con-
firms the Northern Protestant's
fear of what would happen in a
united Ireland.
According to Farr, "the Protes-
tant majority in Ulster would be
come a minority in a united Ire-
land'.'
* * *
MOST ULSTER Unionists are
members of the Orange Order,
which has as its aim "to protect
the Protestant cause in the
North." The Order takes its name

from William of Orange, who
defeated the Catholics in the bat-
tle of the Boyne in 1690.
Officially the Orange Order is a
purely "religious" organization,
but its political implications are
all too apparent, is Farr's wry
comment.
Aggressive speeches by special
Orange Order members meet with
the approval of the majority in
Northern Ireland. "In certain
areas," Farr recalls, "it is quite
fashionable to condemn the irre-
sponsibility of Catholics for hav-
ing large families which the wel-
fare state must support."
The increased number of Cath-
olics is also cited as a cause of
* the high rate of unemployment in
Ulster. "These 'explanations' tend
to be accepted and approved by
many of the Protestant majority,"
the young man says with a trace
of sadness.
WHAT IT comes down to. Farr
ernestly declares, is that "religion
is regarded almost as a racial
thing in Ireland." It tends to be
very like the Negro-White conflict
in the United States, but in actu-
ality it is more all-encompassing
t_^n that.
"The most spectacular expres-
sions of the conflicts are those
which occur along the border,"
the young Irishman declares.
Armed raiders from the South
cross the border in attempts to
destroy government property -
anything from police barracks and
customs houses to electricity gen-
erator: and railway lines.
In answer to the very obvious
question of "Who carried out these
raids?" Farr lists the Irish Re-
publican Army, the Sein Fein and
other militantly nationalist groups.
"In the official pronouncements
of the Southern government, these
are all unofficial and illegal or-
i nizations," he acknowledgce.
"Nevertheless, they train taeir
soldiers openly In the hills hecar
the border and in theWicklow
mountains to the south of Dublin."
* * *
THESE NATIONALIST groups
aim at a "united Ireland," Farr
continues,. And you don't have to
look very far to see where their
financial support is based.

Irish immigrants in the United
States don't remember their na-
tionality only on Saint Patrick's
Day. A good many send rather
large sums of money to their
homeland-and most have immi-
Lrated from Southern Ireland.
In short, it is Farr's opinion,
that "if you were to get an op-
timistic impression of the Irish
situation, you would be taking an
ostrich's point of view."
In order that a nation unite,
there must be a culture behind it
--a tradition, he asserts. "This
would seem to be the Southern
Irish culture, being that it so
much the richer."
Although a Northern Irishman
might admit to this, he would
point directly to the constitution.
"There would have to be things
written into it that would properly
protect a Protestant minority."
"Personally, I don't think a
union will come within my life-
time, although I would like to see
it," Farr reveals. "Both sides are
pretty firmly entrenched."
"Both unionism and nationalism
are rationally defensible policies,
but mixed up with Protestants
and Catholicism-with religion--
they form an unholy alliance."

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Refugees from Beatnik Cave

To the Editor:
ALTHOUGH I have only been a
student here for a semester
and a half, I would like to com-
ment on the dress and appearance
0t many of the student: I have
observed.
Generally speaking, their ap-
pearance is excellent, and most of
the students appear clean and
wholesome and are inspiring to
behold. However, at the risk of
being misinterpreted as discrimi-
natory, I would like to center my
comments on the "circus freak"
group of American students I have
seen scattered throughout the
campus.
* a *r
THESE are the bearded, long-

haired, sloppy, unsanitary looking
students who appear to be refu-
gees from some beatnik cave.
Although I have had my share
of laughs and at times sincere
amusement at their eccentric ap-
pearance, I must admit that they
are rather disgusting, and I can't
help but wonder that they are
wasting their parents' hard-earned
money by even being in a Univer-
sity.
How fortunate that students on
the college level must resort to
such slovenly methods to get at-
tention and to get the satisfaction
of "feeling different."
* * *
I WONDER just what kind of
future citizens they will mnake if
they are unwilling or too lazy to

attempt to present a clean (how-
ever modest) appearance at this
early stage of their lives. I refer
to the males and the females
(unbearded ones).
I am practical enough to ap-
prove of jeans, shorts, etc. and am
all for the comfort of the indi-
vidual, but at the risk of losing
some of the atmosphere of the
campus and at the risk of curbing
some of the freedom of dress, I
wonder if such indiscretion in ap-
pearance is a good influence on
the modern youth of today.
For the first semester it was a
riot, but now it is getting rather
boring.
-E. Franklin Hal, M.D.
Graduate student
School of Public Health

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Alternative to Strikes?

There's a Bit of the Irish in All of Us .

Associated Press News Analyst
By J. M. ROBERTS
rHE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES are
so accustomed to conducing their affairs
hirough committees that few of the umpteen-
tiousand panels always at work ever create
pore than a small ripple.
However, one went quietly to work in New
ork recently on an agenda which, if success-
ully -carried to a conclusion, could create a
ave in American economic history.
It is headed by Dr. George W. Taylor, who
resided over President Eisenhower's board of
iquiry into last year's steel strike. It includes
epresentatives of the Kaiser steel corporation
rid the TTnite Steelworkers of America.

economic progress can be shared equitably
between stockholders, workers and the public.
Its object is to end strikes:
A human relations research committee of
similar components from the rest of the steel
industry, studying similar problems, will soon
go to work.
THE GOAL will be approached through a
maze of problems, each of which is almost
as complicated as the major theme. Some of
them are:
Better communication between labor and
management so that workers may know as
much about their businesses as members of
the board.
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