Arts and Letters7
By NORMA SUE WOLFE an opera and can anticipate most,
Special to The Daiy if not all, of the arias.
VIENNA-In America, theatre At a concert, B e e t h o v e n's
and concert-goers neglect sum- "Eroica" which most American
imoning actors or musicians for students discover in college, is
another curtain call while worry- "old hat" to both the young and
ing about checked coats, parked the old. A 20-year-old girl sit-
cars, and traffic home. ting next to me found it necessary
In England, the entertainer is to clasp her hands until they red-
given due applause and then the dened to avoid fingering the en-
audience, spontaneously rises and tire "Koncert for Clavier and Or-
bursts into the impressive "God chestra" on an imaginary key-
Save the Queen." board.
But perhaps a book should have And only in a music-loving city
been written entitled "Only in like Vienna would ushers smile at
Vienna." the following note (translated in-
Only here would anywhere from to German by a sympathetic Aus-
100 to 400 people wait for four trian) and usher the music-lov-
consecutive hours in rain or shine ing tourist to his seat:
for five-shilling ($.20) standing "I speak no German. I had a
room at the opera. ticket for this concert in the bal-
Only here would a group of cony, left, third row, seat number
teen-aged girls give up Saturday 17. But the ticket was stolen.
night dates or parties to attend "If the house is full and this
an opera en masse. particular seat empty, my know-
Only here would you find a not ing it would be so proves it is
more than 10-year-old boy, libret- mine, and I would like to sit and
to in hand, explaining the plot of listen to the performance.
"Carmen" to an equally young "If someone is in the seat, it
friend. may be the man who stole my
Vienna may no longer be the ticket, along with my wallet and
world's center of intrigue, but it money. I should then like to take
is one of the few remaining cul- him outside, speak to him, and
tural nuclei. . see if he would r:turn them.
And when a "Wiener" (Vien- "I would appreciate anything
nese) attends an opera or con- you could do to help me, as I love
cert, he goes fully prepared and Beethoven's music very much."
aware. He knows the basic plot of The concert was excellent..-.
Second Front Page
For Three-Day Visit
WASHINGTON (AP) - German
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer will
get a firm pledge from United
States leaders next week against
any Western effort to stall Russian
threats toward West Berlin by
offering summit concessions.
But President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower and Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter, officials said
yesterday, also will urge their aged
ally to agree on flexibility for the
Western powers in their critical
debate of German issues with Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev next
The 84-year-old Adenauer is due
here tomorrow night. He will spend
several hours with Eisenhower at
the White House beginning Tues-
day morning and late that after-
noon he will confer with Herter at
the State Department.
During his three days in Wash-
ington he will also talk with Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon and
with members of the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee.
He will urge upon all his con-
viction that it is dangerous to offer
any concessions to Khrushchev for
a Berlin agreement or to display
signs of weakness or uncertainty
in the face of Khrushchev's threat
to make a separate peace treaty
with East Germany. Such a move
would almost certainly precipitate
a new Berlin crisis.
Adenauer appeared to be in high
spirits when he left Bonn by air-
plane yesterday for New York and
Washington. He said his trip was
politically important and would
involve hard work in the weeks
ahead. From Washington he will
fly to the Far East.
Worries for Berlin
Both United States and West
German diplomats say that beyond
question Adenauer is coming here
at this time because he is deeply
worried about a possible softening
of Western determination to pro-
tect West Berlin against Com-
munist pressures at any cost.
His deep concern over the future
of United States-British-French
policy goes back to last spring and
the resignation of Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles shortly
before Dulles died of cancer.
Adenauer and Dulles seemed to
have complete confidence in each
other. Neither Eisenhower's as-
sumption of control of United
States foreign policy nor Herter's
appointment as Dulles' successor
reassured Adenauer. He came to
believe that the United States was
shifting toward a willingness to
seek negotiated agreement with
Russia such as British leaders had
Adenauer was reported to be
worried about certain concessions
which Western foreign ministers
offered Russia at Geneva last sum-
mer for a Berlin agreement that
never worked out-because neither
side would compromise on key
WASHINGTON (R) - The State
Department keeps too tight a
string on the United States am-
bassador and permanent mission
to the United Nations; two con-
gressmen-delegates said yesterday.
They said it would be better to
allow the United States delega-
tion more leeway for negotiation.
Reps. Clement J. Zablocki (D-
Wis.) . and James G. Fulton (R-
Pa.) suggested that the State De-
partment or "the machinery as
such" may have been responsible
last year for "our government's
failure to support a candidate for
the Security Council until the 11th
hour-while the Soviets were suc-
cessfully campaigning for their
candidate months in advance."
Zablocki and Fulton, Foreign
Affairs Committee members, served
on the United States delegation
to the United Nations General As-
sembly session Sept. 15-Dec. 12,
"We were unfavorably impressed
by the degree of control exercised
by the State Department over the
United States ambassador ... and
the permanent mission .. ." Zab-
locki and Fulton wrote in a report
to the Committee.
"Not only policy but also pro-
cedural questions are minutely
dealt with in ofilcial position pa-
pers prepared in Washington."
KHRUSHCHEV, DE GAULLE:
Chiefs To Meet in Paris
PARIS (M - Premier Nikita S. r%
Khrushchev, who often laces tough
talk with Russian humor, is
matching wits here next week with
the sharp mind and iron dignity
of President Charles de Gaulle in
a preliminary to the May 16 sum-
He arrives Tuesday.
The most troublesome issue will
be the one which ever since World
War II has stood like a specter
over prospects of East-West re-
conciliation-the question of Ger-
Neither in Moscow nor in Paris
is there much expectation that
these two statesman, so opposed
in temperament, will make great
progress in easing their differences.
"It will be a psychological test
of strength," a French official said.
The two leaders met briefly
once before, in wartime Moscow
Dec. 10, 1944 the French govern-
ment quite evidently is going to
try to soften the Soviet leader with
charm piled on so thick that, if he
submits to it all and survives, that
in itself will be an achievement*r
The program for entertainment
and for a tour around the country
is a secret officially, but eager " .r.>
beaver preparations are under way
in a dozen cities. TO HOLD MEETING-Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev wi
toKhrushche will be taken on meet with French President Charles de Gaulle. next week in
heads were lopped off in a bloody preliminary conference in preparation for the Summit meetix
revolution 128 years before the to be held May 16.
equally bloody Russian revolution.
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
*.. favors flexibility
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