see Pace 4
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
A-N---LISU1L, MIUIUL*AIN , .._ __,..._iIIi,~b ,,.e.. . UW.4N'J
MILT. Vb A 1'
VOL. LX .No. 114
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 1960
I I I Yr11 N
By NAN MARKEL
Most families in Michigan think that higher taxes alone-
with no raises in tuition-should take care of expansion at the
state's colleges and universities.
Forty to fifty per cent of adults sampled in an unpublished
survey made for the Council of State College Presidents hold this
point of view. Only one in four advocates a combination of higher
taxes and raised tuition.
Another one-fourth thinks this money should come from
users of colleges-students and their families.
This is a part of "The Public's Picture of Higher Education
in the State of Michigan" presented in a preliminary report from
the University's Survey Research Center. The state college presi-
dents group commissioned the report because, as the study points
:With prospects of further growth, facilities and faculties will
have to be expanded, and financing for this expansion must be
",.. .Faced with such problems and pressures, it becomes
necessary for officials in educational institutions to understand
the viewpoints of the public, and for the public to understand the
actions, policies and needs of these institutions."
Questions to the sample of 950 adults (scientifically chosen
to represent the total adult population in the state) ranged from
"In what ways do you think some young people are not as good
after going to college?" to "If tax money from the state is used
in research, what sorts of research do you think should be done
with the money?"
Some answers were surprising.
For instance, estimates of cost for a year at college ranged
from less than $400 up to $5,000. Twenty-two per cent guessed it
would cost less than $1,200.
The middle estimate is about $1,580.
People in the state "overwhelmingly" think the University is
the best school in the state. "As many rank this university first
(51 per cent) as give primary rank to all other colleges and uni-
versities combined," it was reported.
But no such majority expects to send its children to the Uni-
versity, In fact, a greater number say their children might go to
Michigan State University than to Ann Arbor.
(The social scientists who headed the survey - Stephen
What Do You Think?
Ask yourself what you think are people's attitudes on the
following questions. Then see the survey report on "The
Public's Picture of Higher Education in the State of Michigan"
for what people actually think.
What do most people see asthe greatest advantage of a
On what bases do people tend to evaluate colleges and
Are these the same criteria parents use in deciding where
their own children are going to go?
Withey, Jack McLeod and James Swinehart of the Survey Re-
search Center-point out that this finding might not hold if the
study were done again.
It is 25 per cent of only 212 people who expect to send children
to MSU, a number so small that it is not statistically reliable. But
another survey would not be likely to find a reversal in favor
of the University, they said.)
Only nine per cent of those naming a college where their
child might go chose schools in other states.
Looking at the possible disadvantages in a college education,
about one out of every four people thinks some boys or girls who
go to college might turn out to be snobbish or egotistical.
Look at Disadvantages
About half as many think students learn to "expect too much,
something for nothing," or frown on personal habits learned, like
smoking or manner of dress.
Very few people object to colleges for teaching immoral be-
havior, or "breakdown of thinking about right and wrong," or
upsetting faith in God so students don't go to church, or turning
students "pink or red."
About half the adults in Michigan can think of no way a
college education ;ould change a person "for the worse."
"The values of society and the economy have moved to the
point where adults in Michigan are overwhelmingly in favor of a
college education for their children if they can manage it," the
"Among all adults in Michigan, about 95 per cent believe that,
any boy who has the ability to use college training should cer-
tainly obtain it.
"Today there is reason to believe that virtually everyone thinks
a college education is desirable if - one's children are to get a
favorable share of society's benefits."
What about college training for girls? Almost as many think
it is a good idea for girls as for boys. Most of those that do gay it
makes it easier for a girl to get a job.
Only about one out of every four people speaks of college
training as helping a girl become a better wife and mother.
The "payoff" in getting a college education, for both boys and
girls, is that it makes it easier to get a better Job, the great ma-
jority believes. They do not emphasize "the values and heritage of
society" or cultural values of a general education.
They say instead the advantage is that college graduates get:
better jobs, have greater job security, and receive higher salaries
than people who do not go to college.
When people in Michigan think about where to send their
children to college-and about one family in three is currently
pretty certain about the decision!-they say they like a school with
a good reputation and one that is close to home.
Many choose because of "affiliation of the college with a pre-
ferred group, such as religious denomination."
People favor a college close to home over one at a distance by
a ratio of about 11 to 4. They favor attendance within the state
rather than going to schools outside Michigan by about 9 to 1.
Although cost is not mentioned much, the survey report notes
"it is likely that this factor lurks behind some original screening
See REPORT, Page 2
Acts Follow Report
To City by Committee
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Nearly 100 students, both Negro
and white, passively picketed four
Ann Arbor stores yesterday.
No violence was reported as the
demonstrators marched from 1 to
5 p.m. before The Cousins Shop,
F. W. Woolworth's, and two S. S.
The Cousins Shop has been ac-
cused of racial discrimination in a
report of the Ann Arbor Human.
Relations Commission to the City
Council. The other stores are
members of national chains which
allegedly discriminate in some
John Leggett, Grad., spokesman
for the demonstrators, said he
was "pleased" with the picketing,
particularly with the number of
persons who joined the effort.
The picketers were not members
of a single organization. "But I
would hope some type of organi-
zation might develop out of this,"
At least one store manager said
Saturday business was not im-
paired by the picketing. Both
whites and Negroes crossed picket
lines to shop in the stores.
Leggett said the demonstrations
did not urge economic boycotts,
but rather "a psychological boy-
cott-a boycott of their minds."
Picketers in front of the Cousins
Shop explained on placards their
"wish to dramatize" the Human
Relation Commission's report and
"bring this matter before the pub-
They requested the Human Re-
lations Commission and the City
Council to "act with haste to im-
plement the findings of the Com-
A sign before the Kresge store
read, "this protest is not directed
against this particular store but
against the policies of the Kresge
Another noted "southern Negro
students have been engaging in
sit-down demonstrations to end
these practices. In solidarity with
their struggles, we picket today."
The picketing may be continued
next week, Leggett said, if the
group feels such action will be
GENEVA (M)-Delegates of the
North Atlantic Treaty powers and
the Soviet Bloc assembled in Ge-
neva yesterday for a 10-nation
disarmament conference opening
The two blocs brought rival plan
to disarm the world that probably
will be debated for months.
The Western plan, hammered
out in difficult bargaining in
Washington and Paris, was given
final approval by the North At-
lantic Council earlier yesterday in
the French capital.
The plan agreed upon by the
United States, Britain, France,
Canada and Italy, the five West-
ern representatives to the disarm-
ament talks, calls for these three
1) Creation of an international
disarmament agency to centralize
all records of arms and troops
possessed by all nations.
2) Agreement of all nations in-
volved to stop making nuclear
weapons. Fissionable material on
hand would be converted to
"atoms for peace" programs. Un-
officially, it was reported that as
part of this stage the United
States will cut its armed forces to
2,100,000 men if the Soviet Union
agrees to do the same.
3) Agreement to end production
of nuclear weapons and ballistic
missiles for military use. Eventu-
ally, the armies of -all nations
would be cut to the lowest level
needed for security.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian Zorin, arriving earlier in
the day as the head of the Soviet
Bloc, announced the rival plan
will be based on Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's program for world'
Khrushchev unfolded his plan
last September in a speech before
the United Nations. It calls for
total abolition of national military
forces and war staffs over a four-
SELECT CANDIDATES-Students will go to the polls Tuesday and Wednesday to vote for SOC
candidates, senior class officers, student representatives to the Board in Control of Athletics, Board in
Control of Student Publications, and Union Board of Directors. Two candidates for SGC have said
they will refuse to be seated if fewer than 5,000 vote in this election.
SGC Candidates EXpress Vews
PICKET STORES-Groups of students and Ann Arbor citizens picketed three local stores yesterday
to protest alleged discrimination either by the Ann Arbor stores or chain members in the South. There
was no disturbance during the demonstration, though both Negro and white shoppers Ignored the
picket lines. At least one store manager said business had not fallen off during yesterday's picketing.
IN FLORIDA, NEW JERSEY:
Discrimination Prtlests Increase
By JEAN SPENCER
Proposing changes, taking
stands, voicing opinions, 12 candi-
dates for Student Government
Council spent their evenings this
week at open houses in various
Brereton Bissell, '61, and Paul
Heil, '61, have announced that
they will not take their seats if
elected unless at least 5,000 stu-
dents vote in the election Tuesday
, "Student government fails when
18 students make decisions on
problems like discrimination and
University regulations in the
lethargic and apathetic atmos-
phere which now surrounds SGC,"
Bissell said in a mimeographed
"letter" which he distributed at
The Daily open house Tuesday,
In order to fight "student
apathy," Bissell says, he is willing
to place his Council membership
in jeopardy to encourage a large
"Oceans of apathy are engulfing
the campus," Heil said Tuesday.
He related how Bissell had helped
him realize the serious nature of
this problem, and convinced him
to join his stand against it.
Bissell and Heil have challenged
By The Associated Press
Princeton University students
from the south attacked a group'
of anti - segregationist student'
pickets yesterday, throwing snow-
balls and a few punches and rip-
ping the pickets' signs:
The pickets, a group of white
Princeton undergraduates, were
parading in front of an F. W.
Woolworth store in protest against
segregated lunch counters in the
5 - and - 10 chain's southern
Police said the attack on the
pickets was led by members of
the Colonial Club, a university
eating club consisting primarily of
Southern students, and supported
by local high school students.
Police quickly broke up the
melee without making any arrests.
There were no serious injuries.
Meanwhile, tear gas was used
to break upa Negro student
march in Tallahassee, Fla., yes-
terday after a dramatic face-to-
face meeting between groups of
parading Negroes and white people
almost touched off a race riot.
Florida's Gov. Leroy Collins in-
structed officials of the Negro
Florida A. & M. University at
Tallahassee to confine students
students refused to turn back and
the officers set off some tear gas
bombs. The Negroes then with-
drew and returned to the campus.
The incident occurred after a
near-riot followed sitdown dem-
onstrations in two Tallahassee
About 35 white people led by'
Homer Barrs, executive director of
the Florida White Citzens Coun-
cil, intercepted some 100 Negroes
maching toward the F. W. Wool-
worth store. Barrs held up a three-
foot club and told the Negroes
"you aren't going any further."
the other candidates to make the
Don Corriere, '61, replied to the
challenge, saying he agrees apathy
is a problem. "But it seems to me
you're-cutting off your one chance
to do something effective about
it," he added.
The communication problem
which produces apathy 'may pro-
duce a student body that doesn't
include 5,000 informed voters, he
said. He feels that Bissell's and
Heil's stand "doesn't solve the
Fred Riecker, '63, added on the
same subject, "You can't educate
5,000 people in a week."
SGC should "use tact" in work-
ing with the administration, Per
Hanson, '62, asserted, particularly
with regard to the discrimination
"Sigma Kappa proved SGC is a
creature of the University," he
added, "the Council lost out in the
long run. This time they're organ-
izing better, going more slowly.
SGC should be a creature of the
University, so that "unreasonable
action" can't take place.
James Hadley, '61, thinks SGC
should calendar events for other
student organization, but should
leave final approval up to the
individual organizations. "The
question should be decided be-
tween organizations whether they
can give up the right to decide
what they want to do."
SGC President John Feldkamp,
'61, asserted that SGC does in
fact have the authority to deny
approval of events. "As long as
the Council works in its defined
area of responsibility, concrete
achievement is possible," he said,
adding that the alleged quarrel
with the administration "doesn't
In a discussion of what the Uni-
versity should do about cheating,
Arthur Rosenbaum, '62, said he
thinks the administration should
institute a "get tough" policy in
lieu of an honors system, at least
by Bob Molay, '62. Trained per-
sonnel in the social sciences should
conduct research on such trends in
the environment as profanity,
water fights and disorganized be-
havior, he said.
M. A. Hyder Shah's platform
proposes among other things to
help increase American students'
understanding of international af-
fairs, stressing the importance of
developing a broad "world out-
look" among themselves.
Activities should be extracurric-
ular, Roger Seasonwein, '61, said.
Students should consider them in
the context of the educational
community and participate in
them for individual benefit, he
said. "When the individual parti-
cipates in activities to benefit
other organizations, it's gone too
far," he said.
In LSA Voting
Joint Judiciary Council has is-
sued the following statement of
policy regarding Senior Class elec-
"The new photostated identifi-
cation cards now being issued by
the University fail to indicate the
class standing of those to whom
the cards are issued. Because class
standing is crucial in determining
eligibility for voting in Senior
Class elections, measures are being
taken to insure that those voting
for Senior Class officers are prop-
"The Joint Judiciary Council,
in order to insure the fairness of
these elections and prevent the
irregularities that might surround
them as a result of the new identi-
fication cards, has authorized all
poll workers to make a list of
those people who present the new
cards when voting for Senior Class
This list will be checked by the
Council and persons found to have
300,000 MILES nUT:
Pioneer V SilSnigSrnSgas
WASHINGTON OP)-Pioneer V sent back strong radio signals
yesterday, indicating a top flight performance as it jabbed steadily
through the sea of space.
Scientists predicted the beachball-size sphere would be 292,080
miles from the earth by midnight last night, clipping along at 6,219
miles per hour.
As expected, the Earth's magnetic attraction still was slowing the
sphere's speed. Its velocity was 24,869 miles per hour Friday morning
when it kicked free of the rocket that had lofted it from Cape
Information being relayed back from the newest United States
space probe was being accumulated in tape form to be analyzed later
A spokesman for the National Aeronautics and Space Administra-
tion said space experts had not set a definite time for the start of
their study on Pioneer V's relays. In the past, such information was
9.2 MILLION MILES
July t April 30
51.75 ++++++rriIOR0IT OF
I Venus At
-- ~Tme Of auc
" . ORBIT Of July 19
" Bober 29