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October 29, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-29

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. Army Ousts President,
Dissolves Government

In Dahomey


-Associated Press
MOROCCANS CLAIM SUCCESS-Morocco claimed yesterday its
troops had penetrated almost to Tindouf, open arrow. Shaded is
disputed border with Algeria. Tinfouchy and Hassi-Beida have
been other battle points.
Morocco Claims Troops
Enter Algerian Territory
MARRAKECH, Morocco W--The government said yesterday
royal Moroccan troops have moved into the Algerian-held Sahara,
pushing close to the ore center of Tindouf.
The move was seen as a bid to strengthen the hand of King
Hassan II at peace talks in Mali today.
Fear mounted among Western diplomats, meanwhile, that the
undeclared frontier war between Algeria and Morocco might turn
'into a conflict between East and

Coup Comes
After Strike
By Workers
New Ruler Reverses
Loyalty Proclamation
COTONOU, Dahomey (YP)-The
oommander of Dahomey's 800-
man army seized control of the
government yesterday following,
workers' demands for the ouster of
the West African nation's first
and only president, Hubert Maga.
The workers, in the fourth day
of a general strike, had succeeded
in forcing Maga to dissolve the
government but the president, his
vice-president and another min-
ister formed a provisional govern-
ment Sunday. Col. Christophe
Soglo, the armed forces chief of
staff, had proclaimed his loyalty
to the provisional government.
But in a reversal yesterday, So-
glo seized power. First reports
said the national, assembly was
trikers Parade
Before Soglo made his move,
1000 strikers paraded past Magta's
new palace. Troops diverted 3000
others into side streets. Most of
the demonstrators were peaceful.
One group ripped a sign bearing
Maga's name from a: hospital.
The Dahomey General Workers
union called the general strike to
back demands for improved work-
ing conditions. There were other
underlying causes of dissatisfac-
tion. Syndicalists protested that
the union's affiliation with the
ruling Dahomey Unity political
party hampered free trade union-
The strikers, waving banners
proclaiming "Maga must resign,"
passed out sheets of paper with
a scrawled three-point demand:
Maga's resignation, dissolution of
the national assembly and re-
vision of the constitution.
The strikers said they would
not return to their jobs until
Maga was ousted.
Slaying Sparks Protest
The release of a national deputy
accused of slaying a political
worker sparked antigovernment
protests about 10 days ago. The
deputy was taken into custody
again last week but the protests
Maga was elected president Dec.
77, 1960, four months after Da-
homey gained independence from
France. He had been premier while
Dahomey was under French rule.
The governing Dahomey Unity
party represented a coalition

To Review
WASHINGTON - The research
activities of the National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration
will come under the scrutiny of
another congressional committee
-the Senate Space Committee-
Nov. 21 and 22. -
The committee, under chair-
man Sen. Clinton Anderson (D-
NM), will consider NASA's rela-
tionship with higher education
during two days of hearings.
'Vital Activity'
Although h i g h e r education
spending represents about one per
cent of NASA's current budget,-its
facilities, training and research
grant programs are "a vital activ-
ity," Anderson said.
In the 1964 appropriation au-
thorization bill, NASA was allo-
cated $40 million for such pro-
grams, although the final amount
must wait passage of the actual
appropriation. NASA spent $30.6
million last year-$10 million -for
facilities, including a $1.75 mil-
lion building at the University, $15
million for training grants and
$5.6 million for research grants.
To Hear Testimony
The committee will hear admin-
istration officials and may seek
testimony from colleges and uni-
versities on NASA's impact, An-
derson noted.
In other congressional action
concerning higher education, Rep.
Ray J. Madden (D-Ind), speaking
for conference committee consid-
eration of more funds for National
Defense Education Act loans, not-
ed that 121 colleges and universi-
ties have requested funds exceed-
ing the $250,000 institutional loan

Associated Press Staff Writer
ROME - The world's rich na-
tiotis ate better in the past year
than ever before, but in the poor
countries, pangs of hunger bit
The 1962-63 annual report of
the Food and Agriculture Orga-
nization (FAO) told of the widen-
ing of a trend evident since World
War II, the gap between want
and plenty.
More food was grown. World
food trade increased. But the FAO
said the increases and the bulk
of the food imports were in the
well-off countries, not in the poor-
er lands of skyrocketing popula-
Better Price
The farmer generally got a bet-
ter price for his produce. But the
FAO said he ended up worse off,
as the improvement in his income
did not offset the even greater
price increases in the goods he
had to buy.
Other highlights of the report:
-Soviet Russia and Eastern
Europe were hit by a year of bad
weather which hurt food produc-
-Hungry Red China finally had
a better crop year, after a long
run of bad weather seasons, but
still needs vast food imports.
-Huge food surpluses remain
stockpiled in the richer nations,
but these showed some decrease in
--World agricultural production
rose by two to three per cent in
1962-63, keeping slightly ahead of
the annual population increase of
about two per cent.
Record Crops
Record crops of wheat, barley
and cotton contributed mainly to

Study Shows Increase in Food Gap

the increase in iood production.
Oats, corn, sugar, citrus fruits,
coffee and cocoa decreased, along
with jute and timber.
FAO reported that four-fifths of
the world's agricultural exports
went to the industrialized nations
of North America, Western Europe,
Oceania and Japan. Agricultural
imports by non-industrial coun-
tries declined by two per cent.
It said agricultural production
appears to have increased appre-
ciably in each of the main regions
of the world except Latin America
and the Far East, both areas of
fast-increasing population.



Tuesday, October 29th, 12:00
U.M. International Center
(Students 35 cents; others 75 cents)





"In mainland China, in spite of
reports of bad weather in some
areas, all sources agree that 1962-
63 was the second consecutive year
of gradual improvement in the
production of basic foods," the re-
port said.
Better Years
"Official reports indicate, with-
out giving any statistics, that the
harvests of rice and wheat were
the best since 1959-60, though the
production of cotton, oilseeds and
other crops remained low.
"Food rations seem to have im-
proved somewhat, in both quantity
and variety, and have recently in-
cluded some meat, eggs and fish.

Shortages have persisted, however,
and heavy grain imports have con-
The report added, "The rapid
growth of agricultural production
in Eastern Europe and the USSR
that took place during the decade
of the 1950's seems to have slowed
down, at least temporarily ...
"Climatic conditions were un-
favorable in many parts of the
USSR in 1962-63 and yields per
hectare (a metric unit equalling
2.471 acres) wore generally low,
Almost all of the Eastern Euro-
pean countries were affected in
1962-63 by a cold winter and
spring and by subsequent drought.'

Brother David, Benedictine Order
Ph.D. Psychology, Vienna\

Brother David is an artist using media of painting and
stone carving; is interested in symbolism, especially
Arabic and Hebrew, for building and architecture.

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Work Stymied
By Difficulties
LANSING-No matter what it
does, the bipartisan commission on
legslative apportionment appears
headed for trouble, the Detroit
News reported yesterday.
Aside from the wrangling over
setting boundaries for state House
and Senate seats, it also must field
new contradictory c h a 1l e n g e s
thrown its way by Rep. Joseph A.
Gillis (R-Det).
Plans Questioned
The commission's plans to start
informal work before the new state
constitution goes into effect Jan.
1 were questioned when Gillis told
the group last week that he has
asked for an attorney general's
ruling on whether it is lawful even
to begin work drawing new leg-
islative boundary lines before the
new constitution goes into effect.
Adding to the confusion, Gillis
Came back to the commission with
a letter written to Detroitcorpora-
tion counsel Robert Reese from the
city's election director, Louis A.
Urging that the redistricting be
done Jan. 15-some 16 days be-
fore the commission can even sub-
mit a final plan under the rules of
the new constitution, Urban warn-
ed that Detroit's election timetable
would be thrown into chaos.
Gillis, also questioned the le-
gality of the eight member com-
mission, appointed by Democratic
and Republican party leaders.
The new constitution stipulates
that Jan. 31 is the earliest any
final redistricting plan can be of-
fered by the commission.
If a majority of the commission
can't agree on one proposal, dif-
ferent redistricting plans can be
submitted to the Supreme Court
to see which proposal complies
most closely with constitutional

West. Western embassies in North
Africa have dispatched alarming
reports of sizable arrivals of Soviet
weapons in Algerian ports aboard
Cuban and Egyptian freighters.
Some Westerners believe the arms'
were part of deals made by Al-
geria before the border conflict
erupted two weeks ago.
UAR Sends Troops
There were some reports that
the United Arab Republic was
sending three shiploads of para-
chute troops recently withdrawn
from Yemen.
In Cairo, official newspapers
lent credence to - the reports by
publishing the. dispatches from
abroad that Egyptian troops and
arms were heading for Algeria.
I World News
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-Red China is close to
learning the secrets of the atom,
but testing atomic bombs is sever-
al years off because of economic
setbacks, that country's foreign
minister is quoted as saying. Japa-
nese newsmen who interviewed
Foreign Minister Chen Yi in Pe-
king reported he said it would be
some time before China will mass-
produce atomic weapons.
WASHINGTON-Former United
States Senator Tom Connally (D-
Tex), author of the Connally res-
ervation which limits United
States participation in the World
Court, died yesterday at the age
of 86.
NEW YORK - General Motors
Corp. yesterday reported record
profits for the nine month period
ending Sept. 30, but the statement
came in the face of a general de-
cline on the New York Stock Ex-
change. The final Dow-Jones aver-
ages showed 30 industrials down
3.78, 20 railroads down .99, 15 util-
ities up .21 and 65 stocks up .50.






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in cozy-warm, fleecy-soft
cotton flannel. Snug knit ski-cufs.





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