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October 02, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-02

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Kennedy Puts Rigi
Ahe d o T x L gi

Democratic Leaders
Urge Sale to R ussia
WASHINGTON-Democratic congressional leaders urged Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy yesterday to permit sale of United States
wheat to Russia and its satellite nations, but the Chief Executive
gave them no indication of his own view.
This was reported to newsmen by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of
Minnesota, assistant Senate Democratic leader, after the leaders'
weekly White House breakfast gathering. "The consensus of leader-


HSenators Hit
Tax Tactics
KALAMAZOO (A)-State Sena-
tor Clyde H. Geerlings, touting his
own tax programs as an alterna-
tive to Gov. George Romney's, ran
into criticism by three fellow Re-
publicans at a Sente Tax Com-
mittee Hearing Monday night.
Senator William L. G. Milliken
(R-Traverse City), vice-chairman
of the Tax Committee, was Geer-
ling's main critic, accusing Geer-
lings of using his position as com-
mittee chairman to make speeches
when he should have been solicit-
ing facts from' persons who testi-
Rep. Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) and Senator Garry E.
Brown (R-Schooleraft) sied with
Milliken against Geerlings.
Milliken's wrath was triggered
by Geerlings' questioning of wit,
nesses, especially Dean Pridgeon
of Montgomery.
Pridgeon was one of 15 wit-
nesses, 14 of whom approved
Romney's program in principle, in-
cluding a statewide income tax.
w Early in the hearings, Geerlings
slipped references to his own pro-
gram with questions he fired at

Oship" at the meeting was in sup-
port of the sale, reported Hum-
phery, who said he was among'
those who urged that Kennedy,
give his approval.
Hint from Russia
But a hint that Russia may
have bought enough wheat from
Canada and Australia and does
not need any United States grainj
came in a speech by Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev pub-
lished in Moscow yesterday. He
"If we use bread economically,
the resources we now have will be
sufficient for the normal supply
of the population."
Khrushchev's remarks were the
first official word in Moscow of
the overseas wheat purchases to
counter a Soviet failure. It did not
rule out the possibility that the
Russians might buy American
.wheat to build up a reserve-or to
win friends in the United States.
Predicts President's Comment
Humphrey said the President
may decide within 72 hours, or by
Friday, whether to lift the restric-
tions against sale of wheat to
Iron Curtain countries.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana told news-
men that the possible wheat sale
was discussed. But he said it
could not be explored thoroughly
because other topics consumed too
much time.

... civil rights action

Report Rise
In School Aid
Business contributions to col-
leges and universities rose last
year by $22,000,000 over 1960, and
the companies increased their giv-
ing from 0.28 per cent of income
before taxes to 0.3 per cent, the
New York Times reported yester-
Citing a report from the Council
for Financial Aid to Education,
the Times noted that for the
same years, educational institu-
tions received a larger share of the
business contribution dollar-38
per cent in 1962, compared with
35.6 per cent in 1960.
Despite the increases, Holgar J.
Johnson, president of the council,
warned that the growth of volun-
tary aid to education would have to
increase in the near future.

Businessmen Need New Trade Approach

its BiI EndsStudy
,lationIn VJiet .Narn~
SAIGON (1-Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara head-
ed hbme last night with a report
to President John F. Kennedy that
I may set the course for United
Humphrey States policy in the war on the
Communist guerrillas in Viet Nam.
sD anger "The report will give the Presi-
Sees D adent our evaluation of counter-
insurgency action against the
Communist Viet Cong," McNamara
In Filibuster said in a brief statement.
(In Washington, the White
House said Kennedy will meet
MCCOrmaCk Says with McNamara and Gen. Maxwell1
Both Bills Must Pass D. Taylor, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, early this morn-
WASHINGTON (A)-The Ken- ing.) .
nedy administration appeared yes- McNamara's report also is ex-
terday to have made a political pected to give his views of the
decision to press for enactment of effect the crackdown on Buddhists
civil rights legislation at the likely and students by Vietnamese Pres-
cost of a delayed tax cut. ...
Democratic ,leaders quoted Pres- 1.
ident John F. Kennedy as tellingf
them at a White House con-
ference that he wants both bills "
passed this year. But timing andN
events work against any such ac-
complishment in the three remain-h
ing months of 1963.
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of
Minnesota, assistant Senate Demo-
cratic leader, made it clear at a
subsequent news conference that
if there is a collision between the
two problems in the Senate, ac-
tion on the House-passed $11-
billion tax reduction will have to
yield the mainline track to civil
Blunt Statement
Humphrey was blunt in saying
that politics would dictate action
on the rights program before the
year ends.
"Nothing could be more injuri-
ous to the Democratic Party than ROBERT S. McNAMARA
to have a long filibuster on civil ... policy report
rights next year," he said. "'Any-
body who looks ahead to 1964 ident Ngo Dinh Diem's govern-
surely wouldn't want to invite a ment has had on the long anti-
battle over civil rights which guerrilla war supported by mil-
would split the party apart a few lions of United States dollars and
months before the Presidential 14,000 United Sttes military
convention." training personnel.
Conceding that a Southern fili- In his prepared statement, Mc-
buster is inevitable, the Minneso- Namara said in visits to all four
ta senator said lie believes the corps tactical zones in South Viet
differences it might create this Nam he and other Washington of-
fall could be ironed out by next ficials talked with several hun-
summer. dred persons at all levels, includ-
Retroactive Tax Cut ing Diem and members of his
"Wounds have a way of heal- cabinet.
ing," Humphrey observed. -
IAs for tax reduction-which T
Kennedy repeatedly has said is Labels AYO
imperative to boost the economy-
Humphrey said it could be made '
retroactive to Jan. 1, 1964, even
if it is not finally enacted until
early next year. The Subversive Activities Con-
House Speaker John W. Mc- trol Board opened hearings in
Cormack (D-Mass) and Senate New York Monday on the first
Democratic Leader Mike Mans- petition initiated by Attorney Gen-
field of Montana said after the eral Robert F. Kennedy to label
White House meeting there is no an organization a "Communist
valid reason why Congress should front," the New York Times re-
not act on both bills in this ses- ported yesterday.
sion. The proceeding was against the
"No two programs are more es- Advance Youth Organization which
sential to the well being of the the attorney general charged had
nation," McCormack said. been set -up by the Communist
At about the time McCormack party to promote its purposes and
spoke, however, the Senate fi- to prepare candidates for party
nance committee was smacking membership.
down 11-4 an effort to speed up The petition listed six Advance
Senate finance committee action Youth policies as identical to those
on the tax reduction bill. of the party.
vIfnthe petition is successful, Ad-
________________________ -vance will have to register its
SW orld 7members with and report its fi-
nances to the Attorney General.
By The Associated Press

eign Relations Committee inves-
tigation was ordered yesterday to
determine whether any United
States business interests were in-
volved in the overthrow of Domin-
ican Republic President Juan
Bosch. Chairman J. William Ful-
bright (D-Ark) directed the com-
mittee staff to set up a briefing
at the request of Sen. Wayne
Morse (D-Ore).
KARACHI-Pakistan yesterday
signed a barter trade agreement_
with two more Communist coun-
tries-Hungary and Czechoslovak-
ia-to exchange trade with raw
WASHINGTON-House passage
by 332-5 vote yesterday sent to
President John F. Kennedy a pay
raise for most of the 2.7 million
men and women in the armed
forces starting this month. The
raises will go to all uniformed
service personnel with more than
two years service and will cost an
estimated $1.2 billion a year. It is
the first general military pay raise
since 1958 and the biggest in his-
* * 4
NEW YORK-The stock market
recovered yesterday from losses
taken during the previous session
with a day of lively trading. The
Dow-Jones averages showed 30 in-"
dustrials up 5.54, 20 railroads up
.40, 15 utilities down .08, and 65
stocks up 1.24.

VATICAN CITY ()-A decisive
vote at the Vatican Ecumenical
Council opened the way yesterday
for a sweeping new Roman Cath-
olic outlook toward Christian uni-
An official council theologian
said a schema, or topic, approved
in principle, contains modern theo-
logical thinking that "all who are
baptized and share a Christian
faith belong somehow (to the one
Church), in a mysterious way not
yet fully understood."
The schema is "De Ecclesia"
(concerning the Church), a topic
that explores the nature of the
Roman Catholic Church.
Voting Results
More than 95 per cent of the 2,-
301 council fathers voting in St.
Peter's Basilica approved the gen-
eral outlines of the schema and
authorized detailed discussion of
its four chapters.
Before the schema emerges from
the*council in its final form, the
document undoubtedly will be al-
tered. It has now weathered its
first test. An adverse vote might
possibly have shelved it.
"De Ecclesia" covers a wide
range of ideas of what constitutes
the Roman Catholic Church, who
belongs to it and how they be-
Aids Christian Unity
The original document was thor-
oughly revised during a nine-
month recess after the council last
fall felt it lacked an ecumenical

and his Sextet


and pastoral spirit. Pope John
XXIII agreed with the prevailing
attitude that all the schemata
should be phrased to help the
Christian unity cause and reach
the understanding of the average
Catholic or be pastoral.
Cardinals, archbishops and bish-
ops who took the floor in the first
days of the second session found
that the revised schema generally
lives up to the mandate of Pope
John and his successor, Pope Paul
The Rev. Gregory Baum, Cana-
dian Augustinian priest who is a

leading Catholic ecumenist
Christian unity expert, explain
that "De Ecclesia" does more tx
look at the roles of bishops a
laymen within the C a t h o
Share in Papal Authority
Parts of the schema outli
how bishops share in papal auth
ity, he added, but the schema
self is more basic than that.
"This is an important part
modern (Catholic) theology wh
sees the church as a myster
said the Toronto Seminary p

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Associated Press Business News Writer
NEW YORK-America could do
a lot more business in foreign
lands if she'd really go after it.
That's the consensus of busi-
nessmen in foreign capitals asked
by Associated Press bureaus to
comment on how good a job
United States firms do at export-
} They said that too few Ameri-
can salesmen know their way
around foreign markets and too
few companies adapt to foreign
Avoid Errors
But the American companies
that avoid these errors are very
successful, showing it's merely a
matter of taking the trouble, these
foreign buyers say.
Their Judgment carries special
significance in a day when the
United States government is look-
ing to higher exports as an aid to
two problems: a balance of pay-
ments deficit and persistafit un-
employment. A special meeting on
these questions now is under way
in Washington.
American packaging, advertis-
ing, product quality and, in some
areas, follow-up service is rated
highly by many foreign buyers.
Many Complaints
But many complaints also are
A salesman asked the Amerlcan
embassy in Paris to line up inter-
views for him, then ignored all
appointments that hadn't been
arranged conveniently or the
hotel where he was staying.
A Venezuelan firm inquired
about auto parts and all it re-
ceived, months later, was a thick
catalogue, in English, quoting dol-
Few Replies
A Buenos Aires firm asked 29
United States companies to quote
on delivering 500 pounds of sugar
a month and got only one reply.
The ratings United States sales-
men receive abroad vary according
to geography (a Colombian banker


says: "They have about as much
of the market as there is to get")
and product categories (excellent
in industrial goods, weak in con-
sumer goods, says a Stockholm
Also, judgments expressed by
foreign businessmen make it clear
a lot depends on the company.
Need Attention
From Britain comes the com-
plaint, "a lot of American com-
panies want export orders but
export is handled by the (com-
pany) president as a spare-time
job-and I mean a spare-time job.
it makes it difficult to get atten-
In Paris, the United States com-
mercial counselor says "Too few
manufacturers know the well-
traveled commercial paths of ex-
port-minded Europe. They are
babes in the~ woods."
And :n Frankfort, a banker
comments, "I sometimes have the
impression that American sales-
men when they get here don't
know what they want. They come
looking for information they could
get at home."
Small Town
In India, complaints are heard
that American salesmen aren't as
willing as their competitors to
leave the air-conditioned big city
hotels to go to the small industrial
Then there are the special prob-
.ems of language and pne, both
troublesome yet not as bad as one
might think.
There are many tales of sales
literature incomprehensible to a
foreign buyer, of technical cata-
logues requiring tedicus translat-
ing, of salesmen who offend with
their disregard for thei cus-
tomer's tongue.
No Barrier
Yet, thanks largely to the
British empire, English seems to
be the world's business language.
The only ,language complaint
raised by a man in Lagos, was
that quotations were in dollars
rather than English pounds. Most
foreign businessmen seemed to

agree with the German banker
who ,aid "It's nice if the Ameri-
cans speak our language, but not
Price difficulties are illustrated
by this comment from Jaime
Souza, owner of a Mexico City
discount department store. "An
American company wined me and
dined me and showed me a ma-
chine costing $10,000," he said.
"Then a European salesman
showed me a machine that would
do the same thing for $1,500.
"I understand perfectly the rea-;
son for American prices," he
added. "But that doesn't mean
I'm willing to pay them."
Home Office
American salesmen have pushed
their home offices to cut costs be-'
cause of this tough competition.'
On many items, American advan-
tages of better trained workers,
getter machines and cheaper raw
materials make it possible to off-
set lower foreign wage rates.
Growing inflation abroad appears
to be aiding in this task, also.
"Made in USA" prestige helps
a lot.
A civil engineer with the Colom-
bit public works department said
"evern if an American tractor costs
.5 per cent more than a European
one, I'll buy it because I know it's
good and I know the company is
A complaint widely heard is
that American firms aren't geared
for foreign markets.
Quick Change
The import manager of a Ger-
man department store chain said,
American firms change styles too
often and discontinue lines too
quickly. Europeans don't like to
be told something is not being
made anymore."
A Danish buyer said in Copen-
hagen that United States firms
"often want to use traditional
American outlets like chain stores,.
without realizing that the chain
store system is not nearly so well
developed here.
"The Americans over-estimate
our marketing arrangements. They
think we are more advanced than
we actually are."
U.S. Aid Eventually
An American official in Argen-
tina said that where the American;
Export-Import bank won't guar-
antee a loan for a project because
of political unrest, a European
firm steps in with attractive terms
and gets the sale.
"It doesn't need the guarantee
because it knows that sooner or
later the United States will help
Argentina with it balance of pay-
ments," he said.

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