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September 24, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-24

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See Editorial Page

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Chance of rain




Resolution Passes Unchanged;
Hold Vote on Ratification Today'





...reservation ... opposes treaty
Communist Nations Attack
West Germany n tIN
UNITED NATIONS (RP)-The smaller nations echoed yesterday
in the United Nations General Assembly the moderate tone set by the
United States and the Soviet Union, but West Germany became a
growing target for Communist attack.
Vaclav David, foreign minister of Czechoslovakia, called for an
end to what he called "pirate raids" on Cuba by foreign ships and
planes. He described the South Viet Nam government as a'puppet dic-
<>tatorship supported by foreign aid

.. foreign ministers

R uskMeets
W ith Leaders
tary of State' Dean Rusk got off
to a fast start yesterday in his
diplomatic hobnobbing at the
United Nations..
He was reported pleased with
the results.
Hoping to see virtually all of the
'70 or so foreign leaders at the
General Assembly's fall session
during his visit over the next 10
days, Rusk opened shop with ap-
pointments with 11 foreign min-
isters the first day.
A major get-together with So-
viet Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko and British Foreign Sec-
retary Lord Home to explore what
further East-West agreements
may be possible following the lim-
ited test ban treaty was tenta-
tively set for Saturday.
tTroops In
First to troop into Rusk's office
yesterday at the United States
mission to the UN headquarters
was Spain's Foreign Minister Fer-.
nando Castiella.
A spokesman reported after the
hour-long meeting that Rusk was
"very encouraged about progress"
on the issue of United States bases
in Spain and further developments
are expected.
The 10-year United States-
Spanish agreement providing for
three big United States air bases
and a naval station in Spain is
slated for Sept. 26. Negotiations
for a renewal have been bogged
down for months, reportedly over
Spanish demands for more eco-
nomic and political help than
Washington wants to supply.
Student Exchange
Peru's Foreign Minister Fernan-
do Schwalb said Rusk proposed
during their talks a student ex-
change deal under which Ameri-
cans would get scholarships to at-
tend Peruvian universities and

and following a policy of terror.
He did not blame any nation by
name for either the attacks on
Cuba or what he called the dis-
turbing and dangerous situation
in South Viet Nam.
Criticizes Government
But he criticized the West Ger-
man government for hesitation in
signing the limited nuclear test
ban treaty, saying its attitude was
"hostile to peace and deserving
to be denounced."
David was the first Communist
speaker in the, general policy- de.
bate to follow Soviet Foreign Min-
ister Andrei Gromyko, who took
a similar line against the West
German government last week.
David endorsed Gromyko's call
for an 18-nation summit confer-
ence on disarmament before mid-
1964, and all the Soviet proposals
on disarmament, reduction of
armed forces in East and West
Germany, and establishment of
denuclearized zones in Central Eu-
rope and other areas of the world.
Asks Expulsion
He asked for expulsion of the
Chinese Nationalists from the
United Nations and admission of
the Chinese Communists, but
made clear also Prague was lined.
up with Moscow in the current
Soviet-Chinese feud. He said
Czechoslovakia is dedicated to
peaceful coexistence and coopera-
tion among countries with differ-
ent economic and social systems.
Vladimir Popovic, chief delegate
from Yugoslavia, expressed sup-1
port for Soviet disarmament pro-
posals. But he made no comment
on Gromyko's call for a disarma-
ment meeting on the summit level.
President Tito, who has been
patching up differences between
the Soviet Union and his inde-
pendent Communist regime, will
'address the Assembly next month.
He may comment then on the
Gromyko proposals.
Popovic limited himself to a
declaration that the UN has the
right to expect more from the 18-
nation disarmament committee in
the wake of the limited nuclear
test ban pact.'
Iranian Foreign Minister Abbas
Aram told the Assembly that his
country-a longtime ally of the
United States-is now on better
terms with the Soviet Union.

smashed Sen. Barry Goldwater's
(R-Ariz) Cuban reservation 75-17
yesterday and went on to smother
all other proposed amendments to
the resolution for ratifying the
limited nuclear test ban treaty.
Defeat of Goldwater's proposal
and the others was a solid victory
for the Democratic and Republi-
can leadership, which teamed up
to push the resolution through un-
The lopsided margin of the vot-
ing indicated that the pact will
easily win ratification today, even
though yesterday's balloting was
not strictly on a lineup of those
for or against the pact. Ratifica-
tion will take a two-thirds major-
ity-67 senators if all 100 vote
at 10:30 a.m., the windup hour
agreed to after two weeks of de-
Simple Majority
Voting on the reservation was by
simple majority. And the first one
taken up was by Goldwater to de-
lay the effect of ratification until
Russia removes all of its nuclear
forces from Cuba.
The Senate leaders had smooth
sailing until the final reservation
was offered when they ran into a
stiff unhearlded fight. This was
over a move to attach an "under-
standing" that the treaty does not
inhibit the use of nuclear weapons
by the United States in its own
defense or in defense of its allies.
The proposal was offered by
Sen. John G. Tower (R-Tex) on
behalf of absent Sen. Russell B.
Long (D-La) in the form of a
reservation. It was amended to an
"understanding" at the suggestion
of Sen. Speesard L. Holland (D-
Tabling Motion
Democratic Senate Leader Mike
Mansfield and GOP Leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen said they objected
to it in any form. It was killed by
a 61-33 vote on a tabling motion
by Mansfield.
With the reservations fight
settled, the Senate then turned to
a preamble to the resolution pro-
posed by Sen. Richard B. Russell
d-Ga).- T4eclares that any
amendments to this or other trea-
ties must be submitted by the
President to the Senate for rati-
He told the Senate, "We cannot
be too careful" about guarding the
Senate's constitutional right in the
field of treaty making."
Sen. John McClellan (D-Ark)
added his name to those who op-
pose the treaty.
Also, Sen. Edwin L. Mechem (R-'
NM) became the 17th senator to
announce he will vote against rati-
fication today. He had been list-
ed by colleagues as inclined to
support ratification.
Barnett Speech
At WMU Stirs
Romney Query
LANSING (P) - Gov. George
Romney said yesterday he "ques-
tions the wisdom" of an invitation
to Gov. Ross Barnett of Mississip-
pi to speak at Western Michigan
Barnett is scheduled to address
the school's senior class at Kala-
mazoo tonight.
Romney's comment was in re-
sponse to a telegram from the De-
troit chapter of the National As-
sociation for the Advancement of;
Colored People. The NAACP asked
him to speak out publicly againsti
Barnett's appearance.a
The NAACP officials also asked
Western Michigan President James
W. Miller to cancel Barnett's;
speech. Miller previously declinedi
to act on a similar request fromi
the Kalamazoo NAACP chapter.

House Begins
Tax Debate;
GOP Resists
WASHINGTON (P) - Upwards
of 80 million Americans and their
dependents have a direct financial
stake in an $11 billion tax reduc-
tion bill on which the House starts
debate today.
For almost all of them, the bill
as drafted by the House Ways and
Means Committee and supported
by President John F. Kennedy
would mean lower tares starting
next January.
For about 1.5 million in the
low-income brackets, it would
mean the end of federal income
tax payments.
With final voting set for late
tomorrow, there was no certainty
last night what shape the meas-
ure will be in if and when it clears
the House.
The big fight will be on a Re-
publican-backed proposal to tie
tax cutting to reduced government
spending. GOP leaders want to
make the cuts depend on sub-
mission by the President of re-
duced spending estimates for the
present fiscal year and the next
year starting July 1, 1964. The re-
ductions would not be cancelled
if spending exceeded the estimates.
Republicans have called the ad-
ministration measure a fraud and
"morally wrong." For the average
taxpayer, they claim, the tax cuts
would amount only to "cigarette
Kennedy is against the condi-
tions proposed by the Republicans.
The bill as drited s the corner-
stone of his economic program.
U.S. Backs
Department told the Supreme
Court yesterday that federal courts
have power to act in cases chal-
lenging congressional districting.
The department made the state-
ment in a "friend of the court"
brief submitted as a preliminary
to the hearing of arguments in
the fall on a case from Fulton
County, Georgia.
Two county voters appealed to
the Supreme Court from dismissal
by a three-judge federal district
court in Atlanta of their complaint
that they were deprived of voting
power which they said the United
States Constitution guarantees
In its brief, the Justice De-
partment asked the high tribunal
to rule that the district court had
authority to grant relief to the
voters. The brief suggested that
the case be sent back to the dis-
trict court for a final ruling on
the merits of the contentions of
the voters.
The Justice Department refer-
red to a Supreme Court decision
in March, 1962 that the distribu-
tion of seats in state legislatures
is subject to federal court scrutiny.
The brief said that the Justice
Department read that decision, in
a Tennessee case, as declaring the
cases involving congressional dis-
tricting are justiciable in federal

Haitian Rebels Trigger Fight

Dominican Republic and Haiti
accused each other of shooting
across their common frontier yes-
The new border flareup appar-
ently was triggered by Haitian reb-
els fleeing into Dominican terri-
tory after an abortive attempt to
topple Haitian President Francois
Haitian ex-General Leon Can-
tave, who led an insurgent inva-
sion of Haiti last August, was
among the 80 Haitian stragglers
reported to have crossed into the
Dominican Republic after a battle
in the Haitian border town of Ou-
anaminthe. He was interned in a
camp near Santo Domingo, in-
formed sources reported.
Confirm Speculation
Events seemed to confirm ear-
lier speculation that the reported
shelling of the Dominican border
town of Dajabon had resulted from
Haitian fire aimed at Haitian reb-
President Juan Bosch's govern-
ment had accused the Haitian reg-
ular forces of shooting up Dajabon
with .50-caliber machine guns, and
the Dominican radio said Bosch
threatened a retaliatory raid on
Duvalier's palace in Port au
The Duvalier regime denied the
Dominican charges and in turn
accussed Dominican forces of hav-
ing fired on Ouanaminthe.
Led Forces
However, Cantave was reported
to have told Dominican authori-
ties that he had led a rebel force
against Ouanaminthe and run in-
tp a government army garrisan
totaling about 500 men. Cantave
said two Duvalier planes had at-
tacked rebel positions.
Cantave said he lost about 60
men killed in what he described as
an all-out rebel attack on Ouana-
minthe. He estimated Haitian gov-
ernment casualties at more than
100 and said some rebels were still
fighting in Ouanaminthe under a
man named Antonio Baptiste.
Dominican border authorities
stripped the fleeing Haitian rebels
of their arms, reported to be of
American make.
Cantave was flown to Santo Do-
mingo in custody of a special army
commission Bosch had dispatched
to investigate the flareup.
The Dominican government's
next step was not immediately
The Duvalier regime had said it
would take its case to the Orga-
nization of American States.
No Meeting
However, OAS Council President
Ganzalo Facio said in Washington
that no emergency meeting would
be held immediately to deal with
the renewed tension on the his-
toric Caribbean island of Hispan-
iola which the Dominican Republic
and Haiti share.
Facio also said Dominican For-
eign Minister Hector Garvia Go-
doy assured him in a telephone
conversation from Santo Domingo
that the Bosch government had
not served an ultimatum on Du-
valier's regime.
The radio said Bosch threaten-
ed to order Dominican planes to
bomb Duvalier's palace unless Hai-
ti met three conditions: an im-
mediate cease-fire; punishment of
the guilty, beginning with Duvalier
himself; and compensation for

ATTACK REPORTED- The Dominican Republic yesterday
charged that Haitian forces shelled the Dominican village of
Dajabon (shown above) and that Haitian forces were concen-
trated opposite the village at Ounminthe, Haiti.
NAACP Seeks Counl
To Unify Rights Action,
The local chapter of the National Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People 'called for formation of a new Coordinating
Council on Civil Rights last Sunday.
The proposed council would be composed of "individuals who for
the past six months have met informally to coordinate efforts to
secure a comprehensive fair housing ordinance." The proposed coun-
cil's suggested membership would$



To Propose
Sets Up Greek Unit -
Under Council Groun
With Inquiry Power
Interfratermnity Council and Pai
hellenic Association last night a
nounced their intention to subrr
jointly an amendment to Stude:
Government Council establishing
fraternity - sorority membersh
The committee, under the revie
authority of the SOC membersh
committee, would be empowered
investigate alleged discriminato
practices in the Greek system.
The amendment, to be submitt
tomorrow by IFC President Cl
ford Taylor, '64, and Panhel Pree
dent Patricia Elkins, '64, would
inserted into the motion current
before Council entitled "Membe
ship Selection in Student Orga.
Work with Group
The amendment calls for' t
establishment of an "IFC-Pan-
committee working in conjuncti
with the SOC membership cot
mittee. The Greek committ
would carry out the functions
the SGC committee with regard
fraternities and sororities."
The SOC membership commi
tee is currently empowered und
the motions to "receive .cot
pLdnts, collect relevant inform
tion and investigate suspect
The addition of this 1re
membership committee would ta
the original investigative authe
ity of the SC membershp e01
mittee, according to Taylor.
Refer Case
He explained that this IF4
Panhel committee would not I
gather information but could lat
refer the case to the proper 12
or Panhel judicial channel fi
These are the IFC Executi
Committee and the Panhe i
ecutive Council.
The Panhei-IFC members#i
committee would continue to o
erate "until such time that SC
finds the committee inadequate
Taylor noted.
Not Obstructionist
Taylor, in indicating his re
sons for submitting the amen
ment, emphasized that "this.
not an obstructionist move."'
He noted that "it is high tir
that the fraternities and soro
ties clean their own dirty laundi
This amendment should lead
better cooperation with SOC."
Miss Elkins, in announcing l
reason for submitting the mea
ure, said "there is no reason I
Panhel not to cooperate-our c
ganization wants to get rid of di
She explained that "we hope
achieve better cooperation b
tween the sororities and SGC sin
the sororitie-particularly att
national level-will see that the
own group is taking - charge
the matter."
Voice Names
For SGC Race
Voice Political, Party last nig1
gave its endorsement to Stude
Government Council candidat
Howard Schechter, '66, and Thor
as Smithson, '65, for the fort
coming election.

Appearing before the Voice ca:
pal13O a otpqS '2u4aa uXsa4P
for Council to "end OSA and ac
ministration oppression." He pr
posed that Council work for "a
equitable student-faculty gover:
ment and the right to make i
own conduct rules."
Smithson, the incumbent SC
administrative vice-nresident. asl


111 Y Y

include about 20 representatives of
various groups that have been
leaders in the movement for a
"more complete" fair housing or-
dinance plus five individuals who
may not belong to groups but
have shown interest and leader-
ship in civil rights.
No Control
Mrs. Albert Wheeler, president
of the chapter, stated that the
new organization was not designed
to control the activities of the
various member organizations.
"Rather, the council will at-
tempt to coordinate, plan and
speak out on civil rights issues,"
she noted.
No details of the organizations
operations have been worked out,
she continued. However, it will be
a permanent organization, not one
which would fold if a fair housing
ordinance satisfactory to the group
would be passed.
No New Ideas
The NAACP meeting also scored
the Human Relations Commission
for "demonstrating an inability to
conceive new ideas, to capitalize
on suggestions and to organize and
lead in the field of human rights."

Jpoint Judiciary
Officially Gives
IFC Authority
Joint Judiciaky Council last
night officially gave Interfrater-
nity Council the judicial authority
over complaints of fraternity group
conduct violations.
This authority will be subject
to later review, according to Joint
Judic Chairman Harry Youtt, '64.
The authority had been request-
ed by IFC Executive Vice-Presi-
dent Richard Mandel, '64. Joint
Judic had previously maintained
jurisdiction over these complaints.
In turning over this judicial' au-
thority, Joint Judic passed aumo-
tion stating that the IFC execu-
tive committee-its judicial branch
-would handle "those cases in-
volving fraternity infractions of
University regulations .. . referred
to it by the referral committee of
Joint Judic."
The review authority was also
given in the motion. It stated that
on April 1, 1964, Joint Judic
"shall review this judicial author-
ity of IFC."
Youtt noted that Judic "was
strongly recommending" that IFC
have created a separate judicial
branch by that time to handle the
Currently the IFC Executive
Committee Is composed of mem-
bers, including chairman Mandel,
who work "in an executive as well
as judicial capacity," Youtt said.
After Judic makes its review of
IFC's handling of this new author-
ity, Youtt said, it will go to Stu-
dent Government Council for final
T -.1

Smithson Calls SGC Members Trailblazers'

Thomas Smithson, '65, administrative vice-president of Student
Government Council, last told members of the SGC Committee on
University Affairs that they were "trailblazers" in the student-faculty
government movement on this campus.
The committee, whose structure closely parallels that of the
University Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs, is the
student half of a plan to "involve students more meaningfully in
the decisions made at all levels in the University community." Smith-
son said.
-. . . . .. .. - 2 . - r+ cfni ArTTA

faculty." He cautioned against "using the plan as a lever for student
Not Clear
Since the area of student participation on faculty sub-committees
is not, as yet, a clearly-formulated one, Smithson pointed out to
student members that "your job is, essentially, as you see it-to do
whatever you can within the area of your sub-committee."
He encouraged students to request all pertinent documents-
summaries of action taken last year and prospecti for this year-from
the SACUA sub-committee chairmen in order to gain greater

F WWN4 M:1*5

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