-THSE MICHIGAN DAILY
7, 1963 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Kisl Sees Snkian Moves,
As Historically Reasonable
By DAVID BLOCK
The recent influx of Chinese citizens into Russian central Asia
is a logical continuation of historical developments along this desolate
border area, according to Prof. George Kish of the geography depart-
Sinkiang Province, from which most of the Chinese have been
emigrating, has for many years been under the control of the Chinese
Western Sources Say
U.S. Refuses Order
To Deliver Buddhists
WASHINGTON ()-Until it receives satisfactory assurances for
their safety, the United States will not turn over to South Viet Nam
the three Buddhist Monks who have taken refuge in the United States
Embassy at Saigon.
State Department Press Officer Richard I. Phillips made this
point clear yesterday as the monks provided a new focus of tension
between Washington and the gov-~
ernment of Vietnamese President
Ngo Dinh Diem. Ball Confers
Phillips acknowledged that the
Diem government now has request-
ed formally that the three monks In P r ul
be turned over. But he said thiso
buestion "remains under study,
pending satisfactory assurances as LISBON ( )-United States Un-
to their safety if they should leav dersecretary of State George W.
the embassy premises . . . ThedesctayoSaeGoreW
South Viet Nam government has Ball returned to Portugal yester-
not yet offered satisfactory assur- day to continue talks believed to
ances." be concerned with renewal of an
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PROF. GEORGE KISH
... logical development'
P asses Aid
WASHINGTON (?) - Senate
passage yesterday sent to the
House President John F. Kennedy's
plan to expand the job training
program for unemployed youths
and to add new literacy courses,
mainly for older jobless workers.
Approval came on a 41-26 vote
after defeat of Republican efforts
to slash the cost from $200 million
to $60 million and to write in sev-
eral limitations. The House Labor
Committee has held hearings on
the proposal but has not yet acted.
The bill would remedy some of
the deficiencies which Kennedy
told Congress in June had turned
up in the Manpower Act passed
last year for training unemployed
workers and for upgrading skills
of those with jobs.
It is a companion measure to
one the Senate passed and sent to
the House on Wednesday, aimed'
at keeping the program going de-
spite failure of most states to take
over half the load. Under this, the
federal government will continue
+ to pay 100 per cent of the $322
million cost through mid-1965.
Meanwhile, the Labor Depart-
ment's Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported yesterday that unemploy-
ment hits the lowest point of the
year thus far last month when it
dropped to 3.9 million.
Drop in Labor Force
The decline in the number of
jobless from July to August was
500,000, or about what was ex-
pected at this time of year.
The total labor force dropped
by 750,000 to 77.2 million.
'central government. However, this
region, rich in undeveloped gold,
uranium and oil resources, has
long been desired by the Soviets.
The Chinese of Sinkiang are
more closely related to their north-
western neighbors in the Soviet
republics of Kazakh and Tirghiz
than to their Chinese brothers
further south and east. These Asi-
atics are Moslems, speak a Turki
language and are in other ways'
socially and biologically similar to
the Soviets across the border, Prof.
Allegiance to China
Furthermore, these people have
never demonstrated any great al-
legiance to China. The area has
long been remote and up to recent
years no Chinese government has
ever been able to exert any great
influence over the region.
In the late 19th century, Sin-
kiang registered its disfavor with
its Chinese masters by rising in
rebellion. Following the Russian
Revolution in 1917, many people
from the Russian border areas
moved into Sinkiang where they
found more freedom than under
These emigrations were the bas-'
is for Sino-Soviet friction in the
1920's, Prof. Kish added.
However, with advancements in
transportationf and communica-
tions, including the completion of
the first railroad from the central
part of China, Sinkiang has be-
come less isolated, and the Red
Chinese today have been able to
move in and expldTh the region
Joint Mining Concerns
The Communists first attempt-
ed to make the area autonomous
on the Soviet model, and even
agreedito create joint mining con-
cerns in Sinkiang with the Soviets.
However, the/ cooperation of the
two countries in this region, as
well as the region's autonomy, has
dissipated in recent years.
Cite Red Feud
I Iner Asia.
j WASHINGTON ()-Sen. Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont) suggested
yesterday that current tensions be-
tween Russia and Communist
China may stem from competition
for control of the vast inner ter-
ritory of Asia.
Mansfield, the Senate Democrat-
ic leader, said in a prepared Sen-
ate speech that the possibility of
clashes along the thousands of
miles of vague borders between
two countries makes it more im-
perative than ever that the Senate
ratify the limited nuclear test ban
"Some might anticipate with rel-
ish the prospects of these clashes,
even if they were nuclear," Mans-
TOKYO W-)-Communist China's
leaders continued their efforts yes-
terday to ride Soviet Premier Ni-
kita S. Khrushchev out of the in-
ternational Communist movement
on a rail.
"You have committed innumer-
able foul deeds. Not all the water
in the Volga can wash away the
great shame you have brought
upon the Communist Party of the
Soviet Union and upon the Soviet
Union itself," they charged.
The blast appeared in identical
attacks on Khrushchev printed in
the official People's Daily and the
Communist theoretical journal Red
Plag, printed in Peking.
The articles made a new charge
against the Soviet Union: that in
August 1962 "the Soviet govern-
ment formally notified China that
the Soviet Union would conclude
an agreement with the United
States on the prevention of nu-
clear proliferation." In other
words, that the two powers would
work together to keep any other
nation from getting nuclear weap-
There was no record in Western
news files of such a proposition.
The brunt of the Chinese indict-
ment against Khrushchev was that
since 1956 he has tried to bring
about a thaw in the cold war,
fought stubbornly against Peking's
campaign to impose revolution to
advance communism, and even
now is engaged in a "love feast"
with the United States, India and
The massive Chinese article said
China first got angry w i t h
Khrushchev in 1956 when he tried
to sweep away the- reign of terror
favored by the late Josef Stalin
and proposed his program of
peaceful coexistence and "socialist
But no amount of personal badg-
ering by the Chinese leader in
Moscow in 1957, and no argument,
no matter how harsh in the years
which followed, succeeded in
budging Khrushchev for more
than a short time. Instead, Khru-
shchev "passionately sought col-
laboration with United States im-
NIKITA S. KHRUSHCHEV
.. . out on a rail?
MOSCOW (P)-The Kremlin was
officially silent, but Western sourc-
es reported yesterday refugees
from China have been streaming
into the Soviet Union by the thou-
sands for the past year.
One Westerner said Soviet offi-
cials told him they were still com-
ing as late as last week. He put the
figure at 50,000.
These' reports, undoubtedly So-
viet-inspired, spread through dip-
lomatic quarters soon after Com-
munist China charged Moscow
'enticed and coerced several tens
of thousands of Chinese citizens
into going to the Soviet Union."
The Chinese cnarged the Rus-
sians planned to use these emigres
to overthrow the Chinese admin-
istration in Ili, a mountainous dis-
trict of Sinkiang on the borderof
Communist China and the So-
viet Union signed a 30-year con-
tract in 1950 to exploit the oil
and mineral riches of Sinkiang
jointly. These include gold and
Peking said the Kremlin had
refused demands to send the Chi-
nese back "on the pretext of a
sense of Soviet legality and hu-
Peking radio added the incident
still was unsettled and called it
"an astounding event, unheard of
in the relations between socialist
It said the exodus occurred in
April and May 1962 and made no
mention of a continuing flow.
Neither did some of the Western
sources here, although one men-
tioned he heard the number was
This was the first charge of
troubles and provocations along
the thousands of miles of ill-defin-
ed border between the two Com-
munist giants. Even more -than
China's anger at Soviet refusal to
supply her with atomic weapons,
it marked the shift of the Commu-
nist quarrel from the ideological to
the severely practical sphere.
United States authorities in
Washington acknowledged yester-
day receiving reports of the refu-
gee flow, but voiced doubt that the
Sino-Soviet conflict would erupt
soon into a frontier shooting
They tend to assess Peking's
newest, 30,000 - word d i a t r i b e
against Moscow as evidence of a
further deepening of the split be-
tween the giant Communist rivals.
Still, they do not expect an out-
right diplomatic rupture in the
The Red Chinese charged the
Russians with having admitted
tens of thousands of Chinese into
Soviet territory last year in an at-
tempt to overthrow the Chinese
administration in Ili, in remote
Sinkiang province. Peking declar-
ed Soviet-Chinese relations have
reached "the brink of a split."
The only similar recent case isI
that of Hungary's Joseph Cardinal
Mindzsenty who has been in theI
United States Legation in Buda-
pest since the 1956 Hungarian rev-I
One of the Buddhist monks,l
Thich Tri Quang, is a high official
in the General Buddhist Associa-
tion. The other two monks are
While the Viet Nam governmentI
has 'made some effort to pla atet
the Buddhists since an Aug. 21
crackdown which resulted in thet
arrests of hundreds of monks andI
nuns, authorities have talked
about wiping out those monks who
are politically motivated. Officials
here believe that Quang is consid-
ered one of the political leaders ini
the Buddhist movement. ds
Meanwhile at the United Na-
tions, thirteen Asian, African and
Latin American nations formally
proposed that the United Nations
General Assembly opening Sept. 17
give top priority to debate on the
treatment of Buddhists by the gov-
erment of South Viet Nam.
The request to put the issue be-1
fore the Assembly was handed to
United Nations Secretary-General
U Thant by Ambassadors Sir Sen-
erat Gunewardene of Ceylon and
Gershon B. 0. Collier of Sierre
Gunewardene told a reporter a
primary object of the move was
to bring world public opinion to
bear against mistreatment of Bud-
dhists in South Viet Nam.
World Public Opinion
He said no country could, ignore
world public opinion and that was
proved by the effect of successive
reports of the Assembly's special
committee on Hungary.
MACKINAC ISLAND (R')-Gov.
George Romney Thursday attack-
ed the so-called federal domestic
Peace Corps proposal as a scheme
to "hire mercenaries" to work on
problems best handled locally.
"I see a decline in the oppor-
tunity for our (state and local
governments') capacity to govern
ourselves if these federal programs
continue to expand," said Romney,
often mentioned as a possible Re-
publican presidential nominee.
A proposal before Congress
would create a National Service
Corps to work in distressed areas
with the United States on several
general social problems.
Romney said federal authorities
are trying to push further into lo-
cal governmental affairs with a
program "cohcentrated under the
guise of the National Service
He told a convention of the
Michigan Municipal League here
that he objects to "hiring mercen-
aries" for problems which can be
best solved by citizens working
He said federal grants this year
total $10.4 ;billion-nearly five
times the level of a decade ago.
He said these grants weaken the
receiving governments and lead to
For Form Fresh
Prompt Home Delivery
Phone HU 3-0496
agreement for American use of air
bases in the Azores Islands.
Ball met twice with 74-year-old
Portuguese Antonio De Oliveira
Salazar last week, then went on to
Pakistan where he failed to win a
specific promise from Pakistani
President Ayub Khan not to. move
closer to Red China.
Neither Portuguese nor United
States officials would disclose what
was discussed at the earlier Lis-
bon meeting, but Portugal is said
to be demanding American politi-
cal support of Lisbon's overseas
territorial policies as a condition
for renewal of the bases agreement
which expired at the end of 1962.
Ball will meet today with Sala-
As the United States official ar-
rived Friday, Salazar headed a
delegation seeing Angolese Presi-
dent Americo Thomaz off to An-
Portugal considers Angola an
"overseas province." The Afro-
Asian group of nations has been
stepping up pressure against the
Lisbon government, which recent-
ly hinted it would allow a ref eren-
dum to be held in Portugal and its
"overseas. provinces" on Salazar's
11 16 South University
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The Parables of Jesus
UNIVERSITY REFORMED CHURCH
YMCA, East William & 5th Ave.-4 blocks from campus
NEWMAN CLASS PROGRAM
Non-eredit Courses in Catholic Thought
The Gilbert and Sullivan SocietyQ
presents Go-To, Japanese minstrel-philosopher,
with a few words of wisdomt
for starting out the semester.
Sin art students know how to relax
after a hard week of classes.
Smart students go. to_
Mikado MASS MEETING
Sunday, Sept. 8 Union-7:30 P.M.
THE FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH
Monday and Thursday at 10 a.m., 2-4-8 p.m.
Instructor: Msgr. John F. Bradley
THE FOUNDATIONS OF CHRISTIANITY
Tuesday at 2-4-8 p.m.
Instructor: Rev. Alex J. Brunett
STUDIES IN SACRED SCRIPTURE
Thursday at 1-3-7 p.m.
Instructor: Mr. Robert Reiter
STUDIES IN ST. AUGUSTINE
Tuesday at 7 p.m.
Instructor: Mr. Leo F. Desjarais
AN INTRODUCTION TO SCHOLASTIC PHILOSOPHY
Monday at 8 p.m.
Instructor: Mr. James Nee
MODERN VIEWPOINTS AND THE CATHOLIC FAITH
Tuesday at 8 p.m.
Instructor: Mr. Alan Fontana
HISTORY OF THE PRIMITIVE CHURCH
Tuesday at 1 -3-7 p.m.
Instructor: Mr. Thomas Giles
Monday at 8 p.m.
Instructor: Rev. Alex J. Brunett
Thursday at 7 p.m.
Instructor: Msgr. John F. Bradley
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The -United
States denied yesterday a Soviet
charge that six military aircraft
were furnished to the Laotian gov-
ernment in violation of interna-
tional agreements guaranteeifg
WASHINGTON - I n f o r in e d
sources said last night that the
controversial cancer drug Kre-
biozen has been found to be worth-
less as the result of investigations
made by the Food and Drug Ad-
ministration and the National
WASHINGTON - Sen. Stuart
Symington (D-Mo) confirmed yes-
terday that he has refused to let
former officials of the Eisenhower
administration see or answer a
still-secret report on a Senate in-
quiry -into the $8-billion federal
He was replying to charges made
by Sen. Clifford Case (R-NJ) that
Synington plans to use the report
as a partisan club to belabor prom-
inent Republicans. Case added
that he has been refused permis-
sion to show the rough draft of
the report to those named in it so
they could afford their defense
along with release of the findings.
* * *
F. Kennedy has ordered the merger
of all federal communications sys-
tems and designated Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara to
supervise operation of the new set-
up. The new government unit will
be known as the National Com-
munications System (NCS).
NEW YORK-Trading soared on
the New York Stock Exchange yes-
terday to the highest level since
May 31. 1962, as the Dow Jones
industrial average retreated from
its historic peak. Industrials were
down 2.61, railroads were down
1.39, and utilities were down 0.17.
for the neat
Daily 8:30 A.M.-5:30 P.M.
Classes begin the week of Sept. 8
Register at the 1st class
All classes in the GABRIEL
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