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September 06, 1963 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-06

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6, 1963

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

6, 1903 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Diem Denies Brother

To

Take

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By The Associated Press
SAIGON, VietNam -- President
Ngo Dinh Diem and his younger
brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu; told'news-
men in an exclusive interview yes-
terday that Diem is the boss.
Both the chief executive and his
brother, secret police chief, denied
Nhu controlled the government,
claiming he has no political ambi-
tions.
Meanwhile, The Washington
Post reported yesterday that a
plan is under consideration which
would make secret police chief
Ngo Dinh Nhu president of South
Viet Nam before the end of the
month.
Government Sources
The Post reported sources close
to the government have told Reu-
French Role
Wins Favo
French President Charles de
Gaulle's recent offer to help South
Viet Nam end "foreign influence"
It understood to have received a
highly favorable response from
Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother and politi-
cal adviser of President Ngo Dinh
Diem.
Nhu, chief of the secret police,
has been pointedly identified by
Washington as the force behind
the assaults on Buddhist pagodas
that brought the crisis to a climax
on Aug. 21.
Roger Lalouette, the French am-
bassador to South Viet Nam, is
reliably reported to have ap-
proached other Western embas-
sies in an effort to persuade Hen-
ry Cabot Lodge, the new United
States ambassador, t9 try to soften
Washington's criticism of the gov-
ernment.
This action was disclosed by a
senior diplomat, who described a
plan to enlist diplomats in a per-
suasion effort.
Lalouette is understood to have
gained support from the embassies
of West Germany and Italy and
from the diplomatic representative
of the Vatican. These diplomats
are said to constitute an informal
committee to bring pressure on
Lodge for a more conciliatory
United States approach to Nhu. I
In Washington, officials assert-,
ed that Nhu was maneuvering to
blackmail and discredit the United
States, and they predicted that he
would fail.
Copyright, 1963, The New York Times

ters News Agency that the plan
is under consideration in the pres-
idential palace itself. They stress-
ed that President Ngo Dinh Diem
may well resign to clear the way
for his brother Nhu.
Meanwhile, United States Am-
bassador Henry Cabot Lodge was
understood to be pressing ahead
with a policy aimed at getting
rid of Nhu, who he believes largely
responsible for the fierce govern-
ment crackdown against the Bud-
dhist majority in their feud with
the Catholic-led government.
Solution
Nhu appeared confident that
the domestic situation was well
on its way to a solution in his
favor and was reported ready for
a showdown with Lodge.
Diem told Associated Press news-
men at the presidential palace
"Mr. Nhu is working for his coun-
try and has no, personal ambi-
tions."
Nhu, counselor to the president
and lately considered the more
powerful of the two, echoed Diem's
views:
No Political Ambitions
' I have never controlled the gov-
ernment. The president is very au-
thoritarian. He asks the advice of
everyone, even Americans, but it is
he who decides and he who accepts
the consequences of the decisions
he makes. . . . I tell you sincerely
I have no political ambitions. My
wife and I do not want to make
politics a career," Nhu commented.
Pressed as to whether he and
Mrs.. Nhu were considering retire-
ment, he said no. He is planning
to run for deputy in the National
Assembly when the general elec-
tion postponed from Aug. 31 is
rescheduled.
Both Diem and Nhu expressed
hope for a quick return to normal-
cy from South Viet Nam's politi-
cal-religious crisis. They forecast

NGO DINH NHU
... Vietnamese leader?
an improvement in the strained
relations between Viet Nam and
the United States, its ally in a war
against Communist guerrillas.
U.S. Forces
Among other things Nhu said,
United States servicemen directly
backing up Vietnamese units, in
the jungle battlefields may be pull-
ed back to training and logistical
support "on a progressive basis,
starting now, because of a consid-
erable improvement in the situa-
tion."
At about the same time, the
United States State Department
announced in Washington that
curbs have been put on official
United States travel to South Viet
Nam because of "the unsettled sit-
uation." It suggested that Ameri-
can tourists hold off visits, too.
Press Officer Robert McCloskey
said, however, that the curb is not
a restriction on United States mili-
tary movements. It does not signify

a United States intent to cut back
its massive aid to South Viet Nam.
To Release Students
The president said all monks
and students arrested in the pago-
da raids of Aug. 21 and the later
youth demonstrations will be re-
leased.
Diem said the decision to close
and put under surveillance about
10 of the country's 4500 pagodas
was taken because they had ceas-
ed to be places of worship but in-
stead harbored small groups of
extremists. Old monks were being
pushed aside by young monks more
interested in politics than religion,
he said.
He insisted that no monks had
been killed when the pagodas were
raided and said so far as he knew
no student had lost his life either.
Students Underground
While Diem and Nhu said they
regard the Buddhist student affair
as closed, students opposing the
government have gone under-
ground with typewriters and mim-
eograph machines since the crush-
ing of their street demonstrations
Aug. 26.
A writer identifying himself as
president of the Buddhist Student
Association of Viet Nam declared
in a letter to Ambassador Lodge
that "the Buddhist issue is not
settled yet."
Diem, however, charged that,
"The Buddhist affair, which has
been only the illness stemming
from too fast a growth of Bud-
dhism in South Viet Nam, has
been exploited by the enemies of
the independence of the Vietna-
mese people in order to overthrow
the government of free Viet Nam,"
he said. "A thorough campaign of

intoxication and terrorism on an
international scale has been or-
ganized against my government. It
has failed. My government has
smashed the underground organi-
zation which intoxicated and ter-
rorized the Bonzes (monks) and
the students."
Answers de Gaulle
The Vietnamese leader showed
little concern for French Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle's recent
offer of aid. "To my knowledge,
Gen. de Gaulle has offered his as-
sistance to North and South Viet
Nam alike," Diem commented.
"Now, as I am at war with the
Communist invaders, I would very
much like to be helped in winning
that war. That is what interests
me for the time being."
President John F. Kennedy had
said the United States would wel-
come material aid, but pointed out
that we have carried the load for
10 years in South Viet Nam, with
a total investment exceeding $2
billion.
Diem commented, "I think rela-
tions between Viet Nam and the
United States will be better be-
cause American opinion will be
better informed about our prob-
lems than it has been so far."
(One implication was that Lodge,
as the new American envoy, was
bypassing State Department chan-
nels and dealing directly with
Kennedy on matters concerning
Vietnamese politics.)
Tensions eased somewhat in Sai-
gon yesterday, and the official gov-
ernment press agency announced
that high schools in Saigon and
adjacent Gia Ginh, closed two

r

t

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The House Committee on Un-American Activi-
ties announced it will question the students who visited Cuba this
summer in defiance of a state department travel ban. Chairman
Edwin E. Willis (D-La) said a subcommittee will hold a hearing next
Thursday on travel by U.S. citizens to countries with which the
United States does not have diplomatic relations.
* * * *s

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FILECCIA
Expert Shoe
Quick Service ava
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DAMASCUS-Iraq's military attache in Syria, Col. Mohammed
Mahdawi said yesterday the two countries are pushing ahead with
plans for closer military coopera-
tion. Mahdawi said part of the
agreement would be for exchange
of army units in the event of
"aggression or external attack"
against either country. This was
Repairing an obvious refere-nceto Israel.
NEW YORK-Defying the Su-
preme Court order, nine states
illa bl e on request will continue Bible readings this
fall, the Wall Street Journal re-
ported. They are: Delaware, Ala-
UN IVE RSITY bama, Arkansas, Tennessee, Geor-
gia, South Carolina, Florida, Penn-
sylvania and Maryland. Georgia
Supt. of Schools Claude Purcell
claimed such action does not imply
"ignoring the Supreme Court rul-
ing." However, Purcell said, "We're
not sending out directives saying
CLIPPING S 1the schools can't read the Bible
SEATTLE-The Boeing Co. won
a research contract today to de-
velop, a quick-reacting rocket
booster called Hibex for an anti-
N IVERS1ITY missile missile.
higan Pharmacy WASHINGTON - The Navy
abandoned its search for the sub-
--marine Thresher today after an-
nouncing the recovery of a single
Ii Lbit of copper tubing from the
sunken vessel's hull.

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