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September 14, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

YY, SEPTEMBER 14, x.962

THE, MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE!

Y, SEPTEMBER 14, 1962 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
- S . -

W-

President
Against C

Warns

Russia

uban

Threats
U.S. Ready
m nr To Protect

SENATORIAL CONSENT:
Kennedy Gets Call Up P

Full Cabinet Ready
To Resign in Brazil
Lay Action to Dispute with Congress
Over Powers of President Goulart
BRASILIA (W)-The Brazilian Cabinet authorized Prime Minister
Brochado da Rocha last night to turn in its resignation.
An announcement said the collective resignation was being offer-
ed because it was impossible to solve a dispute with Congress, over
powers of President Joao Goulart.
However, it held up its action.
Lack of a government would plunge Brazil deeper into a political
crisis that is threatening to bring intervention by military leaders.
Goulart is seeking to have Congress set up a plebiscite to run with
next month's presidential elections. The plebiscite would propose that
Brazil return to its former strong
presidential system. Goulart now
operates as a figurehead in a par- Hope Firms
liamentary system established dur-
ing a military crisis a year ago. Accept U ni '
Cancels Appearance A cept nion

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WASHINGTON (P) - The Sen-
ate voted unanimously yesterday to
give President John F. Kennedy
the authority he requested to call
up 150,000 military reserves if they
are needed after Congress ad-
journs.
The resolution was adopted
quickly and smoothly after Sen-
Britain Pushes
EEC Policies
LONDON (M)-Prime Minister
Macmillan yesterday launched an
informal and highly personal at-
tempt to sell his Common Mar-
ket policies to the critical prime
ministers of the Commonwealth.
Macmillan now has a great per-
sonal stake in the issue. His con-
tinuation as Britain's Prime Min-
ister could turn on whether he
can successfully defend his plan
ta link Britain with the six-na-
tion European trading grouping.
The Commonwealth prime min-
isters conference, now in its fifth
day, split up into small study
groups to analyze details of the
Brussels negotiations.

ate leaders squelched an incipient
political brawl over the Commu-
nist buildup in Cuba.
The vote was announced as 76 to
0 in favor of the resolution, with
48 Democrats and 28 Republicans
being recorded. Later it was an-
nounced that the 16 Democrats
and 8 Republicans who were ab-
sent when the roll was called were
in favor of the resolution, thus
putting all 100 senators on record.
With only hours to spare be-
fore Kennedy was due to face the
country in a nationally broadcast
news conference, the Senate Dem-
ocratic and Republican leaders
worked out an agreement to put
aside other issues for the moment.
Critical Situation
The resolution, which -Kennedy
sought in view of what the White
House called a critical internation-
al situation, was sent to the House
for expected quick approval there.
The Senate action came after
Republicans agreed to hold off a
series of get-tough-with-Castro
proposals they had offered as
amendments to the reserve callup
legislation.
Democratic leaders obviously
feared that these proposed riders

U U

would set off a free-for-all floor
debate on Soviet military ad to
Cuba that might give some other
nations an impression of disunity
in this country.
Postpone Action
The situation was discussed at
a lengthy White House meeting
yesterday morning between Ken-
nedy and the Democratic leaders,
and the agreement to postpone ac-
tion on the Republican proposals
was worked out with GOP Senate
leaders.
Sen. Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana, the Democratic floor leader,
offered a resolution to put the
Senate firmly on record as sup-
porting Kennedyin any move, in-
cluding the use of arms if neces-
sary, to prevent the Fidel Castro
regime from "exporting its aggres-
sive purposes" outside of Cuba.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Democratic
leaders now figure Congress can
adjourn Friday, Oct. 5, Sen. Hubert
H. Humphrey (D-Minn) said yes-
terday after a White House con-
ference. That would give the mem-
bers of Congress a full montn to
campaign back home before elec-
tion day.
WASHINGTON-The Food and
Drug Administration said yester-
day it has reports indicating that
at least 10 deformed babies have
been born in this country to wom-
en who took the sedative drug
thalidomide. A spokesman said in-
vestigations of reported cases are
under way.in Maryland, in North
Carolina, in the Cincinnati area in
Ohia, and in Philadelphia. A num-
ber of other preliminary reports
are being checked.
* * *
WASHINGTON-The Kennedy
Administration won a series of key
votes yesterday as the Senate Fi-
nance Committee worked its way
through the trade expansion bill.
Chairman Harry F. Byrd (D-Va),
who voted with the minority most
of the time, told newsmen the com-
mittee probably can complete ac-
tion on this prime administration
legislation today. This would Per-
mit Senate Democratic leaders to
bring the bill to the floor for action
next week.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Defense
Department said yesterday it is
working on a plan to make it eas-
ier for refugee Cuban nationals to
enlist in the U.S. armed forces. A
spokesman said details of the plan
should be completed very soon, but
added it is too early to say how
many exilen from Cuba might
want to enlist.
* * *
WASHINGTON-President John
F. Kennedy denounced as "cow-
ardly as well as outrageous" yes-
terday the burning of two Negro
churches in racially troubled
Southwest Georgia last Sunday.
Kennedy told his news conference
there are a number of FBI agents
there "and as soon as we are able
to find out who did it, we will ar-
rest them and we will bring them
before a jury, and I am sure that
they will be appropriately dealt
with."

Hemisphere
Asks Americans
To Remain Calm
WASHINGTON (R) - President
John F. Kennedy warned Cuba
and Russia last night that the
United States "will do whatever
must be dione" to protect the West-
ern Hemisphere against aggression
or even the threat of it.
But Kennedy repeated that the
buildup of Soviet military and
technical personnel in Cuba is not
yet "aserious threat to any other
part of this hemisphere." He cau-
tioned against loose, rash talk. He
counseled the American people to
"keep both their nerve and their
head" in this nuclear age as they
have in the past.
But he promised:
"We shall increase our surveil-
lance of the whole Caribbean area.
We shall neither initiate nor per-
mit aggression in this hemi-
sphere."
Castro in Trouble
Kennedy assured the American
people that "it is Mr. Castro and
his supporters who are in trou-
ble," with the Cuban economy
crumbled, the revolution betrayed.
So, he said, it isn't surprising that
Castro should try frantically to
bolster his regime by arousing the
Cuban people with charges an
American invasion is imminent
and by committing himself still
further to "a Soviet take-over."
The President displayed no
alarm whatever over a statement
the Russian government aimed at
this country Tuesday - a state-
ment that said an -attack on Cuba
"will be the beginning of the un-
leashing of war."
Threat Factor?
Kennedy was asked whether this
threat would be a factor in any
decision he might be called upon
to make.
"No," he ,replied, "the United
States will take whatever action
the situation as I described it
would require. As far as the threat,
the United States has been living
with threats for a good many
years, and in a good many parts
of the world.
"But the United States will not
take any action that the situation
does not require and will take
whatever action the situation does
require along the grounds which I
indicated . .."

Brochado da Rocha was sched-
uled to appear before Congress
yesterday afternoon to make a last
ditch attempt to win approval of
the plebiscite. But he suddenly
cancelled the appearance, assert-
ing he would have an announce-
ment of the highest importance to-
day. He did not elaborate. Then
came thedannouncement of the
cabinet's desire to resign.
Brochado da Rocha took over
the prime minister's post in July
with a vow to win the plebiscite
issue or resign,
Stalled Plebiscite
Goulart has been blocked in his
plebiscite efforts by a coalition of
middle-road Social Democrats of
former President Juscelino Kubit-
schek and the right-of-center Na-
tional Democratic Union.
A continued stalemate between
Goulart and his opposition have
brought fears the military might
move into the political scene.
Bar Romney
From Files
LANSING WP - Gov. John B.
Swainson has barred George Rom-
ney, Republican gubernatorial can-
didate, from inspecting state rec-
ords concerning the safety of a
highway bridge over the New York
Central Railroad, near Benton
Harbor.
This decision, Romney's aides
charged, is contrary to Swainson's
June 14 offer to disclose records
to Romney. The governor said that
requests for additional informa-
tion on the highway issue must be
submitted to Highway Commis-
sioner John C. Mackie. Mackie left
yesterday for a five week trip to
Scotland and Spain.
Swainson said that the reason
he is using Mackie as a filter is
that he will not permit interroga-
tion or investigation of state per-
sonnel.

WASHINGTON (-) - President
John F. Kennedy said last night
he hopes four aerospace firms ac-
cept the union shop recommended
by a White House board partic-
ularly since two-thirds approval of
affected workers is required.

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