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January 11, 1963 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-11

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Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MIcH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. Thh must be noted in all reprints.

AT CINEMA GUILD:
'Bad Day' at the Rock:
The Horse's are Jeeps

I

)AY, JANUARY 11, 1963

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID MARCUS

Literary College Should Allow
Concentration in Engineering

ENROLLMENT in engineering curricula has
been lagging behind the increasing enroll-
paent in liberal arts curricula in colleges across
the country. Many colleges, including the Uni-
versity's engineering college, have experienced
a decrease in the number of students. This
drop comes at a time when the need and de-
mand for ranpower are far greater in the ap-
plied sciences than in the theoretical sciences.
A partial solution to this problem at the
University level would be to break down arti-
ficial divisions between the literary college
and the engineering college.
To the incoming freshman who is interested
in the sciences, the University offers two
choices. He can become a skilled professional
engineer, or he can become a liberal arts stu-
dent with little or no study in engineering.
There is no middle ground. Engineers must
take about 40 hours in the natural sciences
and 60-80 hours of engineering courses, includ-
ing engineering graphics and more professional
subjects at the higher levels. On the other
hand, literary college students can take, at
most, 12 hours of engineering courses.
FACED WITH this narrow choice, the in-
coming freshman more and more frequently
decides to become a liberal arts student rather
than a professional engineer. But why?
First, the engineering profession is misun-
derstood and foreign to most high school stu-
dents. No courses of an engineering nature,
except perhaps drafting, are taught at the
high school leve Also, most high school sci-
ence teachers are liberal arts graduates them-
selves and have probably never taken an en-
gineering course. Such teachers can easily pass
on prejudiced concepts of an engineer being
a mere technician slaving over a slide rule.
So the high school student usually has neither
first-hand experience with engineering stu-
dies nor contact with anyone with reliable,
sympathetic views of the profession. The rela-
tively large number of students who change
their minds and drop out of engineering is evi-
dence of the students' inability to decide with
confidence to enter the engineering college.
Second, engineering as a profession has be-
come unpopular. The importance of a broad
education is being stressed to such an extent
*that social pressure pushes a student toward
liberal arts and away from a restricted pro-
fessional subject having fewer humanities re-
quirements. Also, in the natural sciences the
theory itself is considered a much more crea-
tive field than the "dirty work," the applica-
tions of the theory.
Among mathematicians at least, the gener-
al attitude seems to be, "Once you solve the
theory behiid the problem, you can always
find someone to stick in the resistors." This
attitude leads students to regard engineering
as unchallenging drudgery which can always
be done by someone else. The total effect is
that most students prefer to be in the literary
college along with everybody else.
T HE ENGINEERING college is only partly
responsible for this problem. Its present
four and one-half year program doe not pro-
vide time for acquiring both a thorough knowl-
edge of a field and a liberal education. But
many problems in engineering can be solved
by mathematicians, physicists and chemists
if they are given a sufficient background in
engineering science.
Engineers are the first to ridicule the inabil-
ity of'theoretical scientists to cope with even
the most elementary engineering problems.
:However, neither the literary college nor the
engineering college has provisions for an edu-
cation covering only a small area of a field
of engineering.
The literary college leaves all responsibility
Houses Should P
QUADRANGLE house councils will have the
opportunity this weekend to liberalize the
structure of the Inter-Quad Council and open
the Council to more active and acute leader-
ship. If a proposed amendment to the IQC con-
stitution, initiated in Strauss House last week,
passes 16 house councils, it will become effec-
tive and open the office of president. of IQC
to sophomore candidates.
The present constitution provides that a
presidential candidate must be a junior, but
since elections are held in the spring semester,

the president serves the bulk of his term as a
senior. The amendment would allow, but not
require, that the president be a junior during
the main part of his term.
Business Staff
LEE SCLAR, Business Manager
SUE FOOTE............. ..... Finance Manager
RUTH STEPHNSON ............Accounts Manager
SUE TURNER ......... Associate Business Manager
THOMAS BENNETT ...........Advertising Manager
ThegDaily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Editorial Staff
h mT.T.AR. n.TN .K V -n

for engineering education to the engineering
college. And the engineering college wants its
graduates to be professional engineers with
complete backgrounds in their fields of work.
IT SHOULD be possible for a student to get
a liberal arts education with the equivalent
of a major in some engineering field. The
engineering college will soon start a joint pro-
gram with the literary college which would
give a student both an engineering and a lib-
eral arts degree.
But this combined degree program lacks
the advantages of a straight liberal arts pro-
gram. Few students have the necessary moti-
vation to spend five or more years as under-
graduates. Also, the literary college curriculum
committee has recently accepted a report by
a subcommittee on combined degree programs
which states that students in the program will
be required to receive their majors in a literary
college department rather than in an engi-
neering department. So even when the com-
bined degree program is put into effect, no
student would be able to work for one degree
in the literary college with a major in an en-
gineering field.
The literary college curriculum committee
has not yet considered and certainly has not
denied the possibility of majoring in anengi-
neering field. The reason that engineering fields
have not been accepted as areas of concentra-
tion is that literary college personnel are un-
familiar with the nature of engineering studies.
It is interesting to note that when the
engineering education division was first sep-
arated from the liberal arts division in 1895,
the reason given was not that engineering
studies were not acceptable for a liberal arts
education. Instead, President James B. Angell
said that the separation was for the purpose
of making the citizens of Michigan aware that
engineering courses were being offered within
the state.
In fact, the first dean of the engineering
college, Prof. Charles E. Greene, was reluctant
to have a separate college for engineering,
feeling that an engineer's curriculum should
be as close to a liberal education as possible.
YODAY BY ALLOWING certain engineering
fields to be considered as majors, the fields
would change complexion from professional
subjects to just other areas of study, like
physics or chemistry. The value of a liberal
arts degree would not be cheapened by equat-
ing engineering with natural sciences. The fact
that engineering studies are motivated by ap-
plication does not in any way detract from
their value in a liberal arts education as com-
pared to the value of the theoretical sciences.
Most studies, such as engineering mechanics,
do not consist'of nuts and bolts courses. They
cover areas different from those of the theor-
etical sciences with the same intensity and
depth.
Re-establishing a liberal arts engineering
education would have many advantages. High
school students would no longer be forced to
decide at an early date whether to begin a pro-
fessional engineering education in the engi-
neering college or to miss engineering entirely.
A student majoring in an engineering field
would get a liberal education, would not be a
professional engineer, but would have a work-
able knowledge in his specific engineering field.
Enrollment in the engineering college would
probably continue to decrease, but registra-
tion in engineering courses might increase,
and the number of graduates ;apable of en-
gineering work would increase. With these
possible advantages in mind, the literary and
engineering colleges should seek to eliminate
the present gap in educational opportunity.
-MICHAEL SATTINGER
'ass IQC Change
THE ADVANTAGES of this kind of expansion
of resources are many, the disadvantages
unimportant. Any increase in the number of
potential office-holders automatically spirits
added concern and discussion of policies and
issues which face the officer after election.
These expressions naturally lead to some form
of debate of quadrangle problems and alter-
nate methods of solution.
The implications of debate and competition
for position on IQC are nothing but beneficial
for quad residents. More candidates will likely

mean a wider perspective on quad problems
and a more constructive and competitive search
for their solutions.
The resident will gain insight into matters
of his every-day concern, for exemple, rules
concerning distribution of literature in the
quads by campus groups, and intc matters re-
lating to his role in campus politics, such as
criteria to be used by IQC in endorsing SGC
candidates. There are, of course, many other
problems which are part of the quad system
and quad residents have the right to know
what their IQC officers intend to do in ap-
proaching the difficulties.
THE ONLY serious objection which can be
voiced against the amendment is that jun-
iors are not fully oriented to the University

4 -."
*"AYW ' UR MEKN CH/CO-'IT COSY FIDESTHREWHOLE PRIMERS."
THE KATANGA CRISIS:
Conflict Remains Unsolved

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the sec-
ond of two articles outlining the
history of recent events in Katanga.)
By DANIEL SHAFER
Word on June 26, 1961 that
Tshombe had reached accord with
Ileo on a program to end Katan-
ga's secession was even more
shocking than the release of
Tshombe three days earlier. While
the world was still reeling from
the shock of these two surprise
moves in such a short period of
time the United Nations, in a
completely surprise maneuver on
August 26 sent troops into Ka-
tanga with the publicly-stated in-
tention of disarming the forces of
the Katangese government.
By August 29, United Nations
troops occupied Elisabethville and
had arrested the white officers in
the Katanga army.
**
ON WHAT grounds and for
what reason this sudden military
intervention had been taken was
never made clear. But it was made
clear that the United Nations was
pretty disturbed, apparently about
the way the Katangan government
was reacting to and handling the
agreement reportedly reached
with Ileo and his official aides on
the end of the Katangan seces-
sion move.
On September 2, the United Na-
tions announced that it had of-
ficially broken off relations with
the province of Katanga. This
was just the beginning of a long
series of other such "war-like"
acts engaged in by the United
Nations in the Katanga crisis.
On September 14, after a bitter
battle against fierce Katanga op-
position, United Nations forces
seized control of Elisabethville,
most important city in the little
province. The United Nations
made the triumphant announce-
ment just a few hours before the
Katanga troops, in a "fierce coun-
ter-attack", caused virtual war in
the streets of Elisabethville. The
United Nations' hold on this key
city had lasted less than twelve
hours.
Six days of fighting finally end-
ed in a Katanga cease-fire propos-
al, submitted by several interested
neutrals in the African area.
* * *
WHEN, on October 25, the
United Nations and Katanga had
both finally ratified the cease-fire
agreement, the Congolese govern-
ment leaders didn't attempt to
disguise their disapproval. In less
than a week, Cyril Adoula an-
nounced that the Congolese Gov-
ernment would take immediate
"police action" to end Katanga se-
cession.
This threat was met mostly with
skepticism in European and Amer-
ican newspapers, who denounced
the statement as an empty threat,
of which the Congolese govern-
ment had made many 'in the past.
But Adoula and his Congolese
cohorts disappointed the foreign
press by moving en masse on the
Katanga capital and other key
points on November 3.
The situation quieted down
somewhat after reports on Novem-
ber 5 that Katangan troops had
successfully repulsed the attempt-

after taking office that he was
not going to stand for any pro-
longation of the Katanga crisis
unless it was absolutely necessary
for the maintenance of security
and peace. On December 4, he an-
nounced that he would resort to
force if necessary to restore peace
in the Congo.
The Katangans, apparently not
taking Thant's threats any more
seriously than previous threats by
the Congolese government against
Katanga, decided that they were
tired of the United Nations forces
which occupied large portions of
their province and, on December
6. starteda street fight with the
UN troops in Elisabethville.
THE MONTH of December was
filled with such events as UN jets
attacking the Elisabethville post
office and radio station, orders
from U Thant to UN troops to
take any action necessary both
on lafid and in the air to put down
the secessionist movement in Ka-
tanga, and many battles between
Katangan troops and UN forces.
Finally, at the end of December,
1961, some respite seemed in view.
On December 21, Adoula and
Tshombe reportedly reached an
agreement providing for the re-
turn of Katanga to a united Congo
with a strong central government.
But Tshombe made it clear at that
time that any such proposal would
have to be approved by the legis-
lature of his province. He person-
ally agreed to accept six of the
eight points of the agreement and
said he would be willing to make
reasonable concessions on the
other two.
Six months went by with vir-
tually no trouble. In fact, on May
18, Tshombe announced for the
first 'time that he was ready to
shed Katanga sovereignty claims
and return his province to a unit-
ed Congo.
TWO MONTHS later, to the
day, more trouble broke out. This
time, 10,000 Katangan women and
children stormed a UN roadblock
in Elisabethville, resulting in sev-
eral dozen casualties and many
fatalities.
On July 20, the United States
denounced continued Katanga se-
cession maneuvers and threatened
"all possible measures", short of
war, to end the drawn-out Ka-
Education
YOU MAY be worried, as I am,
that too many of our most bril-
liant students who are coming out
of college today tend to be mere
commentators, o b s e r v e r s, and
critics of society. We seem to have
in plentiful supply the detached
observers, and not enough "do-
ers," young men and women who
are fully committed and construc-
tive participants in programs
aimed toward solving the problems
of our cities and our nation. I
commented a while ago about the
highly-charged intellectual at-
mosphere in many colleges today.
This is good if students in devel-
oping awareness of the world's
problems are also ready to partic-
-,., ..rn~ . l iy ho r v ln -

tanga crisis. On September 4,
Tshombe accepted a UN plan to
end the secession of Katanga from
the Congo.
Another lull followed directly,
during which there were some in-
teresting developments in the set-
tlement of the Katanga crisis. The
most noteworthy of these develop-
ments was the announcement on
September 13 that Tshombe had
agreed to share the revenues of
his province with the Congolese
government and would accept a
November 15 deadline for signing
a federation pact with the Congo.
AS HE had done before, Tshom-
be backed down. On November 10,
he announced that he could not
meet the UN's Nov. 15 deadline
for signing the pact incorporating
his government with the Congo.
The entire month of December
was filled with revolts of native
tribesmen throughout Katanga
and occasional skirmishes between
Katanga and United Nations
troops.
On December 15, U Thant
warned the Katangan government
that if it did not immediately
comply with the UN orders for in-
corporation with the Congo, econ-
omic sanctions would be applied
to enforce such decisions.
(The interesting sideline on
this event is that the other na-
tions of Africa would probably
have gone along with the econom-
ic sanctions 100 per cent. None of
the nations of Africa really liked
Tshombe and his secessionist gov-
ernment and very few could even
tolerate his presence.)
* ,* *
DESPITE wide-spread Katan-
gese opposition, the United States
government announced on Decem-
ber 22 that it would send a spe-
cial military mission into the Con-
go, particularly concentrating its
efforts in the secessionist province
of Katanga.
Of late, the most significant de-
velopments have been of a mili-
tary nature - street fights break-
ing out between the UN and Ka-
tanga troops, revolts flaring up
and dying out quickly among the
tribesmen, and such incidents as
the recent shooting and killing of
two of the three occupants of a
small automobile trying to escape
the Katanga province's govern-
ment to return to the Congo.
This brings us up to date on the
Katanga crisis. But have we
learned some -vorthwhile things
from this unfortunate event?
* * *
WE HAVE learned that Adoula's
government, which we so emphat-
ically and enthusiastically sup-
port, is just not g )ing to succeed
in ruling the Katanga province.
We have learned that Tshombe
is totally unreliable He has a his-
tory of broken promises, unful-
filled contracts and unsigned
pacts. He doesn't seem to much
care where his aid and support
come from as long as he does not
have to rejoin the Congolese gov-
ernment.
We have learned that not all
United Nations police action is
going to be as easy as putting
down small revolts here and
there; that it may sometimes in-

ONCE UPON a time there was
a not so good, not so bad west-
ern horribly titled, "Bad Day at
Black Rock," which is now playing
again at Cinema Guild.
"Okay, you yeller varmit,.
draw."
It wasn't that type of western.
"You better get on in the wagon,
son, or else one of those injuns
will sho enough get you. You're
not big enough to carry a rifle
yet...
Not that kind either.
"Who's the stranger in town?"
That's getting warm.
* * *
IT WAS A bad day for the town
when the hero (imagine, the
Spencer Tracy of eight years ago
out-fighting theydesperate cut-
throats on display here) stepped
off the train - not one of those
little chug-chug choo-choo things
but a big modern one, the fastest
looking diesel in the West. It was
the first time in four years that
the train had made a stop at
Black Rock. But this is no ordin-
ary hero-his left arm hangs limp
in the pocket of his black cotton
jacket (it should have been gray
flannel but the desert is too hot
for it), he uses karate with decid-
ed finesse and whips up a very fine
Molotov cocktail while prone un-
der a jeep and being stalked by
the arch-villain.
The rest of the stock material
is there. The villain spouts at his
cohorts for being such lunkheads
and makes nice talk with the hero
while he plans on the best way
to get rid of him (Robert Ryan:
"Well, howdy there stranger ...)
The villain has his toughs who
receive their due in the form of
a few karate blows (Ernest Borg-
nine: "Oooch ... ahhh.. "), and
the nozzle of a fire hose whipped
across his face (Lee Marvin: Si-
lence. He was a quiet fellow any-
way.) There's the young fellow
who somehow got mixed up with
the dirty critters but is really over-
flowing with good and ready to
help our hero at the end.
THERE'S the nubile, young,
sweet little thing (ha!) who, un-
f o r t u n a t e l y doesn't make it
through alive (Anne Francis:
"You know I wouldn't do anything
to hurt you," she tells the villain.
Guess who shot her.) There's the
old "Doc" who befriends the hero
(Walter Brennan: "We should
have done something about it be-
fore," or "Well, at least I tried to
help you.") There's the ox-like
sheriff'who comes out of hiberna-
tion to do his duty before it's too
late and there's the girl's young
brother who somehow gets mixed
up with the dirty critters but is
really overflowing with good to
help the hero at the end.
And don't forget the telegraph
operator. He just runs around with
unsent telegrams acting nice and
scared. The last three are a mite
quieter than the rest of the popu-
lation of Black Rock.
Since it was supposed to be an
adult westernhthe hero doesn't
ride off into the sunset with the
girl (he's too old and she's too
bad). He decides not to pull a
"High Noon" and throw a war
medal into the dust in disgust, but
he casually climbs aboard the
streamliner with his one free hand
(the one that has cleaned up the
town after four years of pesti-
lence) and rides off into the dis-
tance on the humming rails.
JUST TO make sure that this is
a modern western the producers
have seen to it that the only
horses in the movie are those un-
der the hoods of the automobiles
and the diesel.
AT THE CAMPUS:
'Gold Eyes
Rates a 'C

"THE GIRL With The Golden
Eyes," which is now playing
at the Campus "Theatre, has offi-
cially been given a "Class C" rat-
ing by the Catholic Legion of De-
cency, which means that it is "to-
tally morally objectionable for
all." This conclusion is naturally,
debatable, but I would like to
register agreement with the Le-
gion on the third word in their
classification.
The film, which stars Marie La-
Foret and Francoise Prevost, in
terms of plot or story or call it
what you will, is nothing. The pic-
ture begins as a young model -
I think - is spirited away to the
home of a man dressed in a wolf-
man style mask. She is afraid. He
whips off the mask. "Je suis Hen-
ri Marsay," he says, and proceeds
-I think-to seduce her. (Sort
of reminds you of "Marienbad").
* * *
IF THE STORY is nothing,
then obviously continuity is mean-
ingless. Our hero, it seems, is an
amateur seducer. Plus que ca, he
makes bets with his comrades as
to whether he will be able to ac-
complish his purposes. But fate
waits for him in the form of a
young girl he finds sitting in a
car outside his studio; at first she
is like the others, but then he
seems to fall for her, and lo, a
(mistress) (co-worker) (friend)

The sound track sounds as if it
was first put through a Limburger
cheese grinder. The sound is so
grated that you can't understand
half the dialogue, at least at the
beginning and it's terrible anyway.
"Bad Day at Black Rock" got a
"one of the ten best of the year"
award. Somebody with an interest
in the production must have had
a cousin on the reviewing staff of
one of the New York papers that
always gives cinematic efforts of
the past year the dubious distinc-
tion of being one of the 10 best,
Or else 1955 was an awfully bad
year for the movies.
-Michael Juliar
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
To the Editor:
WOULD like to congratulate the
Office of Student Affairs for
succeeding completely in its pro-
gram to create a parking problem
where none existed previously.
The very first day it became ef-
fective, your new policy of per-
mitting parking of motorized cy-
cles only in a limited number of
marked spaces on campus, instead
of in any University bicycle rack
as was previously permitted, has
caused a shortage of parking
spaces.
But the epitome of the achieve-
ment lies in the fact that it has
created this parking problem even
though it is completely unneces-
sary. There still remain, in the
area adjacent to the General Li-
brary, several rows of bicycle
racks which are constantly unoc-
cupied, and could easily be made
available for scooter parking. And
yet, by the OSA's recent fiat, if
any motor scooter ventures to rest
its weary wheels there, it runs
the risk of "being ticketed by the
Ann Arbor police and subject tos
fine of $5 for each violation."
THE IRONY of that last state-
ment, which is quoted from "a re-
cent directive of the OSA an-
nouncing this latest gem designed
to "serve" the students, is that
the only violation involved is a
violation of good faith on the part
of the OSA. When it instituted a
required license fee of $4 each
year from scooter owners several
years ago, the OSA incurred upon
itself the responsibility to use that
money to provide better facilities
for the cycle owners it was taxing.
The recent program of paving
parking areas for scooters is a fine
step in that direction, consonant
with the responsibility of service
implied in the required scooter
"tax". But the concomitant limi- '
tations imposed by this program,
having the net effect of making it
impossible for many scooter own-
ers to park at all on campus al-
though they could do so without
difficulty until recently, are In-
tolerable.
The Office of Student Affairs
must immediately provide more of
the same fine parking facilities
which it has recently begun to
make available, or rescind its evil
decree prohibiting parking in bi-
cycle racks. If it does neither, it
will continue to be guilty of a
serious violation of the trust of
the same University students it is
committed to serve.
-Robert M. Berger, %3
Laissez-Faire ...
To the Editor:
WE ALL KNOW how the local
friendly 'Ann Arbor merchants
have the interests of the student
at heart; hence, I should like to
point out an accidental misrepre-
sentation which appears on a
certain good being sold at a local
bookstore. There is a joint Rich-
mond-Telefunken Records issue
on 8 LP records of the complete

Beethoven' Symphonies. Now, the
records of those two companies
normally sell at $1.98 apiece,
stereo $2.98. Therefore, we should
assume that the entire set would
sell at something under $16, mono.
I checked the various stores
around town, and found that this
was the case; I even checked the
official price lists, which confirmed
this assumption.
Imagine my surprise then when
I walked into the aforementioned
bookstore and found this same
record set mono - with a label
saying $35 (and change), normal
price, which was crossed out and
replaced with $14 (and change),
sale price. I am sure that this cer-
tain store will now realize that
they have unconsciously been de-
ceiving students as to the savings
they are getting, and will imme-
diately correct this error.
Note - the local merchants
have not seen fit to establish a
Better Business Bureau. Specula-
tion is invited as to the reason for
this.
-Steven Hendel,'63
One'
THE CHOICE of submission to
brutality and tyranny for a
single man of the Middle Ages, for

I

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