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December 20, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-12-20

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MERRY
CHRISTMAS

a'Y

I Iit 43UU

:4Iai1y

HAPPY
NEW YEAR

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 79 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

SIX PAGES

To Extend
Meetings
On Congo
Leaders Discuss
Force Additions
UNITED NATIONS (/) - The
head of a Congo-bound United
States military mision said he had
a productive meeting yesterday
with United Nations Secretary-
General U Thant on supplying
United States military equipment
to the UN Congo force.
Lt. Gen. Louis Truman announc-
ed he would meet here again today
with Robert K. A. Gardiner, who
is Thant's chief officer in the
Congo, and Ralph J. Bunche, UN
undersecretary who specializes in
Congo matters.
Asked about reports that the
Soviet Union was making a bid for
influence in the Congo, Truman
replied that his mission is "strictly
military."
Authoritative sources at the UN
said United States air transport
was requested. The United States
has supplied air transport during
the past three weeks of bridge
equipment and other stores from.
Leapoldville into Elisabethville,
capital of secessionist Katanga
province, the sources added.
Favor Law
To- Stop Bias
The Life and Work Department
of the Ann Arbor-Washtenaw
Council of Churches recently rec-
ommended that City Council pass
a fair housing ordinance prohib-
iting ethnic discrimination in four
major areas:
1) All housing built or financed
with public assistance;
2) All other multiple housing
including both land and buildings,
except for a small multiple dwell-
ing in which the owner himself
resides;
3) All activities of those who
regularly engage in the buying,
selling or renting of property;
4) All advertising of housing.
The church council recognized
three major principles to be used
in adopting fair housing measures.
The first declares it unjust to
discriminate on the basis of race,
religion or national origin. The
second recognizes the right of the
individual to dispose of his prop-
erty as he wishes. The third is
that neighborhood ethnic balance
should be maintained.
Because there is a conflict be-i
tween the first two principles, the
church council seeks an anti-bias
housing ordinance which still
leaves the individual a reasonable
amount of control over his prop-
erty.

I .11

Lauds 'U' Projects in Asia

U. S., Britain See Progress

By GAIL EVANS
The University plays an in-
strumental role in the Agency
for International Development
because it is one of 10 or 15
schools with outstanding facul-
ty and.research facilities, Uni-
versity President Harlan
Hatcher reported yesterday.
President Hatcher delineated
the status of the many AID
projects contracted to the Uni-
versity which he visited during
his recent trip to the Far East.
The projects, intended to de-
velop more contact with for-
eign nations and students and
to further the Marshall Plan
concept of aid to underdevel-
oped countries, presently cen-
ter around five major areas.
'U' Projects
They are: 1) governmental
administration; 2) engineering
and technology; 3) nuclear en-
ergy research; 4) the study of
the English language, and 5)
agriculture development.
The University has been em-
ployed to carry out projects in
the first four areas.
Waseda Success
The Institute for Research ii
Productivity at Waseda Uni-
versity in Japan is a combined
industrial engineering and re-
search institute, which has been
working to relate business to
research, President Hatcher
said.
After five years of work,
when the project ends next
year, Waseda will be able to
continue the institute as a part
of its own structure, he indi-
cated. The two University pro-
fessors assigned to Waseda will
return to Ann Arbor.
The public and business ad-
ministration center in Formosa
which has just completed its
first real year of operation is
very similar to the public ad-
ministration project which the
University successfully com-
pleted in the Philippines sev-

eral years ago, President Hatch-
er commented.
Political Problem
This institute, coordinated by
the political science department
and the Institute of Public Ad-
ministration, is designed to
help correct, the problem of
government programs bogging

"There is only one more year
under the present contract but
the Thai instructors believe
they cannot carry out the proj-
ect alone," President Hatcher
said. He emphasized the im-
portance of the project and the
need to extend the contract.
India Activity
Two University professors
are coordinating the building
of the Indian Institute of Tech-
nology at Kanpur. "It will be
a model university in sciences
-and engineering," he added.
Vice-President and director of
the Dearborn Center William E.
Stirton acted as head of the
project and was instrumental
in selecting the site for the in-
stitution.
Although the specific Uni-
versity projects are progress-
ing successfully, P r e si d e t
Hatcher said that AID lacks
continuity. "The United States
has spread itself so thin, the
question arises on how much it
can do effectively." Project em-
phasis shifts from administra-
tion to administration, he
added.
Also, he pointed to-the prob-
lem that the AID projects in
South America and the Alliance
for Progress "are not respond-
ing" as well as President John
F. Kennedy would have liked.
How Much?
There is also the question of
how many projects the Uni-
versity can handle. President
Hatcher said that AID often
contacts University depart-
ments to try to interest them
in projects.
If the department has the
interest and the personnel to
take charge of the project,
then the University tries to help
"in every way possible."
The decision to take on a
project is made by everyone
concerned with its implementa-
tion, he commented.

In

Discussion

of

Conference Hears
Arms Strategies

~kyboit
To Continue
Conference
On Missiles
Kennedy, Macmillan
Weigh.Alternatives

Foster Notes Risks
In Nuclear Policies
By BARBARA LAZARUS

McNaughton Explains
Military Restraints
By ELLEN SILVERMAN

HARLAN HATCHER
... inspects Asia work

down because of a lack of abil-
ity in public administration on
the local level and the organi-
zational level.
The University's Formosa
project contract will last an-
other three to four years.
The English Language Insti-
tute developments in Thailand
Laos and Cambodia under the
direction of Prof. Edward M.
Anthony, are trying to improve
the nationals' ability .to speak
English and root out pronun-
ciation problems caused by dia-
lects. Techniques for teaching
English as a foreign language
are another important part of
the program.

'FAVORABLE' RESULTS:
Legislative Group Ends Research Tour

With the Joint Legislative Com-
mittee on lconomic Growth hav-
ing completed its three-day tour
of research facilities in Ann Ar-
bor and Detroit, its chairman last
night reported that the gap be-
tween universities and industry
seems to have been closed some-
what-at least in attitude-as a
result of the meetings.
Last Issue
With this issue, the Daily
suspends publication for the
Christmas holidays. Publication
will resume after vacation, with
the first regular issue on Jan. 4.

KEPT PERSONAL:
Stirton, Governor
Guar Frlens 1P
BY GERALD STORCH
Although he counts Michigan's governor-elect as one of his
best friends, Vice-President and director of the Dearborr Center Wil-
liam E. Stirton promises not to "take advantage" of his close asso-
ciation with George Romney in "special pleading" for more money
for the University.
"This would certainly be inappropriate, and a violation of what
friendship means," Stirton related yesterday. Both men keep their
relationship on a personal, and
not professional level...........:<:,.:::::::::.:::.... ::
"'I don't watto become in- . .
volved in politics," and Romney
doesn't sound out the vice-presi-
dent on University affairs.
BI-Partisan Respect
"I have the utmost respect for
Gov. John B. Swainson and for
Romney," Stirton said. But al- :>".:...;.
though is "very anxiou
to learn more about higher edu
cation in Michigan, discussion of
this problem would hit a "very
tender spot," for a University vice-
president has considerable diffi-
culty in assuming the role of a
private citizen, Stirton explained.
The two men's association goes
back to pre-World War II days in WILLIAM E. STIRTON
Detroit, when Stirton was an as- ... dilemma
sistant principal at Cass Technical
High School and Romney was working for the Automobile Manufac-
turers Association.
Both were active in various civic organizations which were striv-
ing to improve the city's negative social and economic image.
Forerunners

Rep. Gilbert E. Bursley (R-Ann
Arbor) noted that the Dearborn
Center and the Institute of Science
and Technology received much fa-
vorable attention from the legisla-
tors, who included most of the
high-ranking officials in the Sen-
ate and House.I
No recommendations came out
of the whirlwind tour. But Burs-
ley said the committee will meet
on Dec. 27 (when the Legislature
briefly re-convenes) to discuss
means of state programs which
would "give stronger backing to
research.
Made Clear
"The relation of research to in-
dustrial development has been
made clear," Bursley reported. The
next step is instituting specific
programs.
He has a number of ideas in
mind, with plans including a 30-
minute documentary film to pub-
licize research in Michigan and
various tax incentives for and di-
versification of industry.
The committee went through
University facilities at Willow Run
and North Campus on Monday.
Visit WSU
Wayne State University was al-
so visited. Bursley noted that WSU
is working closely with the city of
Detroit in developing a "research
park" in conjunction with are re-
development. The committee plans
to tour Michigan State University's
plant sometime in the future.
Another beneficial aspect was
the amount of basic research being
conducted at large corporations in
Detroit, Bursley said, much of
which is done by men holding
doctoral degrees.
With proper support, a research
"corridor" could spring up between
Detroit and Ann Arbor, he said.
This has arisen in the much-pub-
licized research activities on the
East and West coasts.
Rep. Wilfred G. Bassett (R-
Jackson), one of the tour mem-
bers, declared that while emphasis
MONOTONOUS:

on physical and natural research
was certainly desirable, "sociologi-
cal and economic" studies should
also be instituted to help small
businessmen.
WSU President Clarence Hil-
berry declare it was the first time
that legislatois, industrialists and
academicians had sat down for a
cordial discussion of the topic.
"Our meeting points the way to-
wards economic growth in Michi-
gan," he said.
Expect .Regents
To Pick Three
New Chairmen
The Regents are expected to
approve the appointments of three
new department chairmen at their
monthly meeting at 2 p.m. to-
morrow in the Regents Rm. of
he Administration Bldg.
Two depv:tment heads in the
engineering college and one in
the literary college willnretire next
year. They are Professors Russell
Dodge, chairman of the engineer-
ing mechanics department, Wyeth
Allen, chairman of the industrial
engineering department, and Ken-
neth Jones, chairman of the bot-
any department.
There is a possibility that the
Regents may give some additional
consideration to the outside speak-
er bylaw. The Board had postpon-
ed permanent consideration of the
policy until the January meeting,
after the Michigan Coordinating
Council for Public Higher Educa-
tion suggested a state-wide speak-
er policy.
However, Regent Donald M.
Thurber of Detroit said he would
not be surprised if the Regents
did discuss the speaker policy and
he wouldn't be surprised if they
didn't.

WILBUR K. PIERPONT
... addresses committee
Urges Action
In Activities
By LOUISE LIND
"This committee has a golden
opportunity to set the framework
of student activities for the next
50 years," Vice-President for
Business and Finance Wilbur K.
Pierpont told the Union-League
Study Committee last night.
"The time has come to set a
curve for a whole new era of
student activities, and real prog-
ress can be made," he added.
Pierpont advised the committee,
which is currently considering the
question of a merger between the
Michigan Union and the Women's
League, to make a clear-cut analy-
sis of what students are and
should be involved with on cam-
pus, to define what kinds of ac-
tivities students want and to try
to establish an organization struc-
ture to accommodate these.
Academic Aim
"Students do not come to the
University to undertake the oper-
ation of a business enterprise," he
commented, "but rather come in
search of scholarship and student
activities in a broad sense.
"Somehow, on this campus, we
got off the track and student ac-
tivities became involved in hotel
management, labor relations and
financial management."
Pierpont urged the committee
to consider its immediate prob-
lem in terms of the "serious needs
of the University." He cited as
most pressing among these, the
need for an international student
center, a conference center, an en-
larged and improved faculty center
and more faculty offices.
Face Problem
"Above all, let's find out what
the student's main interest is. If
there is a desire to have co-edu-
cational activities, then let's face
up to it and get them. Then, in
that framework, you can carry on
all activities, expecting support
from the administration and get-
ting it.
"The students at the University
will get the finest support for the
things which will create in them
the finest kind of educational ex-
perience."
'U' Tie Favored '
Ini Polls at Delta
By The Associated Press
BAY CITY - According to two
recent polls, Delta College faculty
members (78 per cent) and stu-
dents (90 per cent) are in favor
of having a proposed two extra!
years at the present junior com-
munity college come under . Uni-
versity auspices. Negotiations are
currently being conducted on this
matter, but no decisions have been
made.

tection and identification of un-
derground tests. "This is why we
have continued to include pro-
vision for on-site inspection in our
system of checks and balances."
Kennedy Text
President John F. Kennedy
sent a telegram yesterday to
the International Arms Con-
trol Symposium which reads:
"I wish to extend my per-
sonal greetings and best wishes
to the sponsors of the Interna-
tional Arms Control Symposium
and their guests.
"Recent events have again
brought to the forefront two
very essential facts; first, we
should have no doubts but that
given the shape and nature of
the world today, wise policy re-
quires the maintenance of a
military force sufficient to de-
ter or meet aggression where-
ever it may occur.
"Second, and equally clear,
we must continue to make
strong and patient efforts to re-
duce the risks of war and to
stop and then begin the turn-
down of the armaments race.
"Your consideration of this
latter objective is both gratify-
ing and welcomed. I believe that
eventually all nations must rec-
ognize that it is in this direc-
tion that world peace and se-
curity shall ultimately be
found."
On Tuesday, United Nations
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson
also sent a laudatory telegram,
congratulating the group on. its
research and efforts in the field
of arms control.

And this, in turn, means that i
for one side at least an enemy
first strike will not be decisive
In reducing the damage in ease
of war, McNaughton pointed to the
city avoidance strategy. This is
an attempt to prevent destruction
of population when the enemy is
really attempting to hit Western
defenses not population centers.
Prof. Hans Morgenthau of the
University of Chicago will not
speak at the 9 a.m. seminar as
originally scheduled.

sue on tn eoasis of Papers e ng
prepared by Defense Secretary
Robert S. McNamara, British De-
fense Minister Peter Thorneycroft
and their aides.
In addition, Kennedy and Mac-
millan plan to take up the state
of East-West relations as a result
of the Cuban crisis, the Indian-
Red Chinese conflict, and the
European economic problems, cen-
tering on British negotiations for
membership in the Common Mar-
ket.

COUCH HELPS:
Scientists Prepare
Moho Drilling Test
By MICHAEL JULIAR
The National Academy of Sciences is now preparing for its
Mohole Project by drilling a test hole under the sea off Puerto Rico.
And it is most likely that the final big hole to the Moho-a
discontinuity 25,000 feet beneath the ocean floor-will also be
drilled near the island.
Prof. Richard Couch of the engineering college is a member
of the sub-committee that will recommend the platform design from
which the shaft will be sunk.
"Geologists say now that Puerto
Rico looks more favorable than
the other proposed site near
l Honolulu," he said after returning
::f::omravmeeting of the sub-com-
mittee' in Houston last week
"The only objection to this site
is that it is in a hurricane area,"'
Prof. Couch added.
The Moho is the point where
solid crystal rock meets the outer-
most core or mantle of the earth.
Found 55 Years Ago
It is named after Andrija Mo-
horovicic of Yugoslavia, who dis-
covered the demarcation through
the analysis of earthquake waves
in 1907.
The idea to drill the hole was
born in 1957 at a scientific break-
PD H fast meeting of the American Mis-
PROF. RICHARD COUCH cellaneous Society, a committee
of the National Academy of
Sciences-National Research Council. It was decided that the easiest
way to get to the Moho was by drilling under the ocean floor where
the earth's crust averages five miles thick, one-third its thickness

The United States must weigh In its present military policies. ; For Coinpromise
the risks of continuing of the arms the United States is employing
race in relation to the risks in- three types of arms restraint, John NASSAU (A) - President John
T. McNaugl ..i, general counsel of = F. Kennedy and British Prime
volved in arms control and dis- the defense department, told a Minister Harold Macmillan are
armament, William C. Foster, di- session of the International Arms making determined progress to-
rector of the United States Arms Control Symposium yesterday. ward a compromise solution of
Control and Disarmament Agency, These decisions can be made ; their alliance-splitting dispute
WILBRsKsPeEotd isramon a unilateral basis, without ne- over the Skybolt nuclear missile
asserted yesterday. gotiation, and include those de- issue, a British spokesman dis-
Speaking on "Risk and Security signed to prevent war by "acci- closed last night.
in the Age of Nuclear Weapons" dent" through an unauthorized cr The negotiations are moving
at the International Arms Control unintended firing of a nuclear more slowly than expected, how-
Symposium, Foster added that the weapon, those desigr.ed to pre- ever, and the Nassau conference
United States has emerged from vent war by "miscalculation" and that began with an informal meet-
the Cuban situation with a height- those designed to reduce damage ing Tuesday will definitely be ex-
ened awareness of its present in case a war should occur. tended one day beyond the sched-
strength. In the armed forces, in order uled windup tonight.
"However, we have not, as some to prevent war by accident, there It appeared that Macmillan is
seem to have feared and otheri3 are both administrative and physi- absolutely determined to win a
seem to have hoped, acquired a cal safeguards; administrativeasetlyetereinftoi n-
nuclear superiority complex." ones ones say "you may not," settlement here of the missile con-
Although there is a possibility physical ones say "you can not."' troversy.
that nuclear weapons may, at some Two-Man Check Scrap Skybolt
time, need to be employed -for The administrative checks in- It arose from an evident United
defense, it is also clear that the elude the devolution of authority States decision to scap its pro-
United States needs improved flex- stemming from the President and gram for developing the airborne
ibility of conventional response. a "two-man rule" which requires 1,000-mile Skybolt missile around
"The effort to develop the doc- at least "two responsible indivi- which Britain had planned its
trine and the means of flexible, duals to be present at every level future nuclear striking force.
controlled response is, in its own of operation or handling of nu- One alternative proposal would
clear weapons," McNaughton said. be for the United States to turn
See Related Story, Page 3 Preventing war by miscalcula- over the development to the Brit-
,, tion of "a mistake in the decision ish for completion at an estimat-
way, a form of arms control, making process" is closely related ed cost of $225 million, on top of
Foster added. to the first type of prevention. The the $375 million the United States
Since few countries have demon- classic means of preventing errors has already put in.
strated such sensitivity to world of judgement is time, he explained. Another possibility discussed
opinion as to forego actions they But in the nuclear age, time is would be for the United States to
consider vital to their security, often of the essence and a kind of provide Britain a supply of inter-
"we have to provide a system of fear of each side by the other mediate range Polaris missiles
checks and balances in order to occurs. "The only way to break which United States officials con-
hold the risk within acceptable this cycle of 'reciprocal fear or sider far more advanced and de--
limits." surprise attack' is to move to a pendable.
Speaking of the discussions at situation where at least one :Ade Back to Work
Geneva, Foster said that there is has time." Today Kennedy and Macmillan
still an area of ambiguity in de- Key Word plan to return to the Skybolt is-
tcroar.iniicuui1 i 1,a ilvybuti, iiien~o +1h01- : r110 nn thp bniCof LC fL b 'C inVr

-

Taylor Scores Sterile College Courses

By DAVID MARCUS
zation that the system in the ing that "a whole dimension" is
Sterile course content and mon- American college is not working missing in their lives despite ma-
otonous teaching methods are as it should. terial success.
driving sophisticated students to- "Today, there is greater sophis- He urged students "to keep test-
ward social action and attempts at tication among students about ing yourselves against reality" and
university reform, Harold Taylor, what society is," he said. to work for various reforms with-

lum at a university compiled a list
of works they felt should be read
and submitted it to faculty mem-
bers with the suggestion that they
teach it.
Evolved to Poetry

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