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November 28, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-11-28

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See Editorial Page




Generally fair;
little change in temperature.


Years of Editorial Freedom



' To Try To Calm Iiidia's Neighbor
NEW DELHI (IP)-Chiefs of the United States and British missions
which. have been surveying India's Himalayan defense needs turned
yesterday to the job of trying to soothe Pakistanis inflamed by the
flow of Western arms to the Indians.
British Commonwealth Relations Secretary Duncan Sandys flew
from New Delhi to Pakistan and United States Assistant Secretary of
State W. Averell Harriman plans to follow him today for this auxiliary






.the Indian crisis
Of egroes
Two of the greatest problems
the Negro faces in the North, ac-
cording to Charles Sleet, coordin-
ator of the Ann Arbor tutorial pro-
ject, are subtle social barriers and
the linguistics problem.
"The Negro," Sleet said yester-
day in a discussion of the Negro
in the North, "has a distinct dia-
lect, a separate language called
slang." In response to this prob-
lem, which includes pronounca-
tion difficulties he added, the tu-
torial project will be trying to
teach Negro children "a new dia-
lect." The new program will make
use of tape recordings.
"The major reason for the exist-
ence of a lower class Negro ele-
ment in society is psychological,"
Sleet said. "When a Negro as-
sociates with a white person, it
is like walking into a room with
chairs on the celng"
Symbol of Rejection
"White people come to symbolize
rejection to the Negro, even
though particular whites may not
themselves discriminate," Sleet
noted. -
The tutorial project helps com-
bat this psychological factor be-
cause "it not only teaches Negro
children how to read and write,
but it accustoms them to whites."
The tutorial coordinator added
that athletics has played a large
role in breaking' down psycholog-
ical barriers between Negroes and
whites because it eases tension
and gives members of both races
a short range common purpose.
No Real Discrimination
"The Ann Arbor school system
is typical of Northern school 3ys-
tems," Sleet noted. "There are no
real discriminatory policies, bat
the psychological problem never-
theless exists."
According to Carroll McFadden, I
community representative for the
tutorial project, the problem in
Ann Arbor high schools is not
discrimination, but a change in
The tutorial project, set up two
year ago, ofers free school help
However there ocurred a lack

by Martha Prescod, '65, and Shar-
on Jeffrey, '63. "The object of the
~~utorial program is to afford Ne-
gro students a basis for equal
footing in the schools.
The tutors are University stu-
dents who meet twice a week with
the same students to discuss school

phase of their study of the India-
Heat of a 15-year quarrel be-
tween nonaligned India and pro-
Western Pakistan over the border
state of Kashmir complicated the
task of the Western diplomats. It
is understood that Sandys, at
least, will not attempt to inter-
vene. Both are known to have In-
dian-Pakistan relations as a prom-
inent consideration in their work.
Neither Take
Informed sources said neither
Sandys nor Harriman is going to
take from Indian Prime Minister
Jawaharlul Nehru to Pakistani
President Mohammed Ayub Khan
any sort of proposal, offer or sug-
gestion about improving their re-
On the other hand, some knowl-
edgeable informants said Nehru
told both mission leaders that
India would appeal to the United
Nations for protection if its Mos-
lem neighbor used the Chinese at-,
tack as a cover for causing trouble
in Kashmir. i
Nehru has declined suggestions
that he lay his current troubles
with the Chinese Communists be-
fore the United Nations. He has
spurned for years a United Nations
resolution calling for a plebiscite
in Kashmir, predominantly Mos-
lem, to decide its political future.
Strong Pressure
Ayub Khan's government is un-
der strong parliamentary pressure
to withdraw from the Southeast
Asia and Central Treaty Organi-
zations (SEATO and CENTO) be-
cause of the West's military
strengthening of India.
The United States is estimated.
to have already delivered more
than 1000 tons of weapons for In-
dia's battered forces, now recuper-
ating in the sixth day of a cease-
fire set by Peking, and the British
have sent 200 tons or more.
A foreign ministry spokesman
said yesterday the background of
the India-China border dispute
as outlined in Peking's Nov. 21
cease-fire proclamation is "a
completely travesty of fact."
False Complexes
"It is entirely false to say that
the government of India have de-
liberately kept the Sino-Indian
question unsettled on the border,"
he said. ". . . it is the government
of China's policy of unlawfully
occupying Indian territory that
has now culminated in large-scale,
unabashed aggression.''
This was another in a series of
what happened to be peacemeal
rejections of the Indian terms.
Monday the spokesman announced
India's rejection of the key provi-
sion for the troop withdrawals,
saying it would leave Chinese
troops in illegal possession of 2000
square miles of Ladakh in the
West and some strategic mountain
passes in the East.
Moves To Ease
Yemen Situation
BEIR UT, Lebanon (AP) - The
United States has quietly moved
to cool the Yemen crisis with a
package plan for withdrawal of
outsiders from the conflict and
eventual American recognition of
the republican regime.

Hear Report (
On New Unit
Of Medicine
Co mteeSfs Data,,,
On Possible Location
The Michigan Co-Ordinating
Council for Higher Education's
committee on a possible third
medical school for the state is
'gathering statistics on possible
sites for the institution, and will
report to the council in M arch,
DenWilimHbado h
Medical School reported yesterday.
Hubbard, who has been doing
research for the committee of
nationally-known educators and
study the problem said the com-
mittee has met twice to consider
the need for such a school, and to
collect and evaluate data about
various areas in the state.
He said the committee is seek-
ing data on each potential area's
present and projected population,
hospital resources availagle for
Medical School use and charac-
teristics of the physician popula-
Wants To Know
The committee, Hubbard con-
tinued, wants to know the number
and variety of general practician-
ers and specialists in each part of
the state.
It has discussed the medical
school with hospital board of trus-
tees and educational officials in
the Lansing-East Lansing area';
Flint; Kalamazoo and Grand Rap-
ids, he reported.
The group also plans to confer
with similar officils in the Tri-city
Saginaw valley and the Traverse
City area.iR ai .
The feasibility of setting up a
medical school was discussed with
these officials with the exception
of Lansing-East Lansing and Kal-
amazoo officials where the com-
mittee talked to Michigan State
and Western Michigan University
administrators about their relation
to the proposed school, Hubbard
Among the factors the commit-
tee will consider in determining
potential contribution to the lo-
cality, he said. Also to be weighed,
Hubbard reported, is the amount
of local support-hiospital and ed-
ucational facilities, funds and
population-needed to sustain a
Consider potential
The committee will also consider
the potential disruptive effects of
a third medical school, especially
to the patient flow to local hos-
pitals and its competition with
local hospital and public health
agencies, he added.
Hubbard stressed the commit-
tee's work in its preliminary stag-
es. Asked if next March is too soon
a deadline for a well-thoughout re-
port, he declared, "to start a third
medical school by 1971, the sched-
ule is tight already as the study
started late. The pace has not
impared the validity of the data."
Although there has been much
effort exerted in establishing the
medical school, there has similarly
been a good deal of reluctance due
to fear of setting up medical cen-
ters in areas which may least need

Cites Elementary
Uses of Programs
"The revolution in education
(caused by teaching machines)
will occur in the teaching of fun-
damental skills now not employed
at all in the classroom," Prof.
James Holland of the Harvard
University psychology department
said yesterday.
Speaking before the 16th annual
Conference on Higher Education,
presided over by University Exe-
cutive Vice-President Marvin L-.
Neihuss, Prof. Holland emphasized
that programmed learning using
the so-called "teaching machine"
would not find its most valuable
applications in higher education,
but in the more elementary levels
of learning.
Prof. Holland explained that
teaching machines offer the possi-
bility of teaching things which
cannot be appropriately taught
any way now. For example, a
teaching machine program was
recently used successfully to aid
young children who had difficulty
in properly speaking.
Only One of Many
Prof. Holland pointed out that
this is only one of the many areas
of education that cannot be ade-
quately covered by present text-
book teaching methods.
He said that a programmed
learning approach to learning
Russian could enormously ease
the study of the language and that
such a program is planned.
Throughout his speech, Prof.
Holland emphasized the broadness
of the concept of programmed
learning. He defined programmed
instruction as the "application of
technology developed in the en-
gineering laboratory to aid in edu-
SGives Illustration
To illustrate the breadth of the
realm in which teaching machines
may be applied, Prof. Holland pro-
jected a sample of a program
currently being used at Harvard
to teach crystalography.
It was unique in that it used
three dimensional visual concepts
rather than just a written pro-
TAM Strikes
Lockheed Co.
At Canaveral
BURBANK (AP) - The Interna-
tional Association of Machinists
struck Lockheed Aircraft Co. facili-
ties at Cape Canaveral, Fla., last
night while talks continued here in
an effort to avert a nationwide
The strike is the first at Cape
Canaveral since the government
See related story, Page 3
obtained a no-strike pledge from
unions on missile and space proj-
ects in May, 1961.
The strike could tie up many
Cape Canaveral activities, depend-
ing on how many of the center's
8,000 other union workers refuse
to cross the picket lines.

ErcsnExplaims T New ~ yaw
Learning Method ~T

V w' R .3.4 M/Y'/'.E L .4'EUUN."/17

Policy Analogous

*. hosts speakers
Student .Government Council
will act tonight on a motion to
request the Regents to allow the
Council president and the chair-
man of the Senate Advisory Com-
mittee on University Affairs to
participate in Regent's meetings.
The motion requests that these
persons have full speaking pri-
vileges at the Regents' meeting.
According to the motion, this.
would provide a better means of
communication between the Re-
gents and the faculty and stu-
Kaplan Proposal
Ralph Kaplan, '63, as chairman
of SGC's Committee on the Uni-
versity, will make a motion en-
dorsing the principle of joint gov-
ernment of the students and fac-
ulty over University policy. The
acts of such a body would be
subject to the veto of the Re-
This proposal Intends to give
policy making power to those
groups most concerned with aca-
demic affairs, the faculty and stu-
Council willalso consider a mo-
tio"t patcpt in the Foin
United States National Student
USNSA Motion
The USNSA committee will bring
up a motion to establish a Cam-
pus Travel Board. The purpose of
the Board will be to administer
the programs of Educational
Travel, Inc. It will also provide
travel information and carry on
various field programs.
Council will also consider recom-
mendations of the Interviewing
and Nominating Committee for
appointments to its related boards.
The committee proposed David
Aroner, '64BAd, for chairman of
the Human Relations Board. For
manager of the Student Book
Exchange, it nominated Christo-
pher Cohen, '64. Walter Zelman',
'65, was selected by the commit-
tee as Public Relations Director.

"Programmed learning is not a
cookbook, but a model, a blueprint
having tremendous value for
strengthening the educational
process," Prof. Stanford Ericksen
of the psychology department said
yesterday in the opening ssin
of the sixteenth annualCnerne
on Higher Education.
The conference, which is being
held in Ann Arbor by the Michi-
gan College Association and the
University, has as its theme, "Pro-
grammed Learning, Teaching Ma-
chines and Similar Auto Instruc-
tion Methods in Colleges.
Prof. Ericksen, who also serves
as director of the University's Cen-
ter for Research on Learning and
Teaching, addressed the Michigan
educators on "Programmed Learn-
ing as a New Educational Proc-
Explains Uses
Programmd learning is - th s
of a machine which presents ques-
tions to the learner, and confirms
or rejects his answer. If the an-
swer is wrong, the machine pre-
sents the question until the stu-
dent feeds it the right answer.
In programmed learning, the
questions follow a very easy pro-
gression. Each question, or frame,
is only slightly harder than the
preceding one. The process of
learning is a pyramid, placing sim-
ple fact upon simple fact.
Professors Erikso nand Charles
L. Darby of the Purdue University
psychology department spoke on
"Programmed Instruction - The
Promises and the Pitfalls."
Understand Drawbacks
Both recognized drawbacks to
this system of learning. The draw-
backs, however, were in the atti-
tudes which mighe develop toward
It. Prof. Darby pointed out that
of the three phases of education,
the process of giving information',
exposing ignorance, and sparking
creativity, programmed learning
only fulfills the first.
So long that it is realized that
programmed learning can only re-
place' drill of the basic facts of a
subject, and that presently it can-
not deal with the abstract con-
cepts, it can be used effectively to
release the teacher from this tedi-
ous drill.
The teacher is still a necessary
fixture in the classroom.
SNCC Meets
.The Student Non-Violent Coord-
inating Committee, meeting in
Nashville, Tenn., last weekend, dis-
cussed the SNCC voter registration
projects in Georgia and Mississip--
pi and participated in a series of
sit-ins resulting in several arrests.
SNCC chairman Charles McDew
told the 150 participants that the
base of the struggle for integra-
tion was a struggle for human dig-
nity and that this goal would be
achieved only after much hard-
ship. He emphasized that the "suf-
fering and pain endured" by peo-
ple who work for integration in
the South is "sad but necessary to
rid the country of the cancer of
downtw Nashville caeeisa
wel as oe of Nahil' moex

ed after posting $25 bail each.
McDew said that voter registra-
tion in Mississippi and Georgia was
~ clnwlv "in thp f~P Af

ReortiesIpl enainPa
Treport pres I peentedbarf au l stpof theLaw
School, chairman of the University and council speaker policy
committees, urges that the governing bodies of the 10 state
schools incorporate the recommended policy on outside speak-
ers in their bylaws.
The general policy statement is patterned after 'the Uni-
versity speaker bylaw recently adopted by the Regents. It

and timely discussion without
prior restraint, limited only by
the provision that "the speak-
er must not urge the audience
to take action which is prohib-
ited by the rules of the univer-
sity or college or which Is ille-
gal under federal or Michigan
No Violence
"Advocating or urging the modi-
fication of the government of the
aUnited States or of the state of
Michigan, by violence or sabotage
is specifically prohibited. It is the
responsibility of the student orga-
nization to inform speakers of
these prohibitions," the policy
statement says.
Prof. Estep maintained that the
policy in no way controls or pro-
hibits discussion on the "desirabil-
ity of changes of legal rules or
even of our form of government.
The only prhibton so ict
tion," he said.
He said that the suggested poli-
cy is only a minimal restriction on
the freedom of speech.
Express Views Openly
The policy encourages student
organizations to invite speakers to
present their views "openly and
they are therefore subject to criti-
cal evaluation." Critical evaluation
in no way implies a policy of equal
time for opposing views, but does
give opportunity for questions, he
The report indicated that be-
cause there is no prior censorship
of speakers, the views expressed by
the speaker does not reflect the
views of the university or college.
The recommended policy only
deals with outside speakers in-
vited to speak at colleges or uni-
versities by a recognized student
In addition to the general policy
statement, the report suggests
adoption of several procedural
rules. It urges proper calendaring
of the event and that a form in-
cluding the name of the speaker I
and the topic of the program be
Legislature To Punish
It indicated that determination
of illegal actions should be left
to governing bodies such as the
T.,egislature and that punishment
of speakers for violation of the
policy be left to civilian authori-
The report proposes that any
student organization violating the
provisions should be subject "only
to the procedures and penalties ap-
plicable to students and student
organizations that violate other
university or college rules."
Clarifying several points, Prof.
Estep said that the policy does not
limit speakers invited to the school
by the faculty or administration
and that it places no restrictions
bys s cl se or sfedera aws
EaCounci Pled es Su p r

. policy formulation
Start Study
A study of the needs of higher
education in the state and the
means of translating these means
into action was authorized yester-
day by the Michigan Co-Ordinat-
ing Council for public Higher Ed-
The study was the result of a
motion, introduced by Michigan
State University President John
A. Hannah, which provided for the
creation of a committee to study
the immediate needs of colleges
and universities and report find-
ings at the January meeting of
the council.
The Co-Ordinating Council also
recognized the need for a long-
range master plan for higher ed-
ucation in the state; however, de-
cided to deal with immediate prob-
lems first.
Power Maintains
Regent Eugene B. Power main-
tained that the basic problems
facing the state was whether it is
desirable to have a "multitude of
smaller independent four-year
colleges with their own programs
and governing boards and approp-
riations or branch campuses of
larger institutions like the Cali-
fornia system." The branch cam-
puses would have "certain auton-
omy" but would be affiliated with
the bigger school, Regent Power
He said that a master plan for
Michigan education was "long
Hannah said, "of course, there
is a need for an overall plan but
not as an excuse for delay on im-
mediate concerns." He empha-
sized that there are problems
which must be faced now, which
cannot and should not wait until
a master plan is formulated.
tl H Hannah Talksere
ever, he also added that hewa

MUSKET 'Fair' Opens Tonight
Weeks of practice, polish and finishing touches will climax tonight
in the premiere of MUSKET's "Bartholomew Fair."
MUSKET is again presenting an original show by Robert James,
~ Grad, and Jack O'Brien, Grad, authors of last year's MUSKET, the
successful, award-winning "Land Ho! ".
"Bartholomew Fair" is a musical fantasy based on Ben Jonson's
last comedy. In a series of character sketches, the musical describes
a day spent by a group of aristocrats at colorful Bartholomew Fair,
a cloth market outside of London.
Cokes at the Fair
Bartholomew Cokes leads the group at the Fair. He is eager to
show the Fair to his fiancee who has just arrived.
Mistress Overdo, his fiancee's guardian, Reverend Busy. and Win-
wife and Quarious, two elegant friends, accompany them on their
gay and mixed-up outing.

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