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October 25, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-10-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE CUBAN
CRISIS
See Editorial Page

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SNOW FLURRIES
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Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 35 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
Councl Re ects Referendum on NSA Affil1

EIGHT PAGES
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Motion Defeated
By Members, 8-5
SGC Votes to Condemn Actions
Of Mob at Peace Demonstration
By GAIL EVANS
A motion to place the question of the University's membership
in the United States National Student Association on an all-campus
referendum failed to get the necessary two-thirds vote at last night's
Student Government Council meeting.
The motion for referendum was defeated in an 8-5 vote with one
abstention.
Last Feb. 21, a motion introduced by Council member Paul Car-
der, '62, instructed SGC to give final consideration to its affiliation

II
I
I

S

to NSA before the November
Thant Seeks
T o Pos tpone
U.S. Action
UNITED NATIONS WA) - Actin
Secretary-General U Thant we
reported last night to have appea
ed to President John F. Kenned
to suspend the United States naye
arms blockade of Cuba and 1
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev 1
halt all -Soviet ships bound fC
that country.
Informed sources said he ha
sent messages to the two leader
asking for a 14-day freeze whit
would permit time for negotia
tions. They said he had also of fer
ed them his good offices to assn~
in' the talks.
He was expected to announc
the action to the U.N. Securit
Council which met last night fe
additional debate on rival Unite
States and Soviet proposals f
dealing with the Cuban situation
(In Washington, the Whit
House said Kennedy had receive
a message from U Thant and wi.
reply to it later today.)
Earlier representatives of skas.
er nations at the United Nation
had appealed to Thant to se
some sort of a standstill agree
ment that would head off a Unite
States-Soviet military showdo
that could plunge the world iit
a nuclear war.
Ghana and the United Arb Re
public, both members of the Coun
cil, were seeking to draft a resole
tion acceptable to the Unite
States and the Soviet Union the
would ease the crisis. Informan
said their initial efforts were nc(
acceptable to either side.
One line of thinking was in
dicated by Liberian Secretary
State Rudolph Grimes. He infor
ed Thant that his country woul
like to see the United States dets
its naval arms blockade and ti
Soviet Union divert all its ship
from Cuba while the Unite
Nations sought to work out
settlement.
Stevenson Cite.
Differences
UNITED NATIONS (A)-Unite
States Ambassador Adlai E. St
venson says there are vast. differ
ences between Soviet missile base
in Cuba and the NATO militar
bases that dot areas near the Iro
Curtain.
NATO bases, he said in tic
United Nations Security Counc
Tuesday. were established year
ago, in the open, as a consequen
of repeated Soviet missile threat
The establishment of missile base
in Cuba, he claimed, is an inva
sion of the western hemisphere f
the establishment of a nuclea
threat to an area where none ex
fisted before.
Stevenson said:
"Together with our allies, w
have installed certain bases ove
seas as a prudent precaution in re
sponse to the clear and persister
Soviet threats. In 1959, 18 montl
after the boasts of chairman Nis
ita S. Khrushchev had called ti
world's attention to the threat
Soviet long-range missiles, th
North Atlantic Treaty Organize
tion without concealment or de
ceit as a consequence of agrei
ments freely negotiated and put
licly declared -placed intermc
diate-range ballistic missiles in tli
NATO area.

elections. Council President Steven
- Stockmeyer, '63, and member Rob-
ert Finke, '63, expressed belief that
since NSA represents students,
students should have the oppor-
tunity to considercontinued par-
ticipation.
Stockmeyer pointed out that "to
vote against the referendum is to
deny the right of students to de-
cide this crucial issue involving'
students."
However, SGC member Robert
ag Ross, '63, contended that the
as campus is not adequately informed
1- on the nature and functions of
'y the association to vote intelligent-
al ly on participation.
to Howard Abrams, '63, said that
o"the timing and intent of the mo-
tr ion" was designed to get the Uni-
id versity out of NSA.
rs SGC also suspended the rules
h to consider and vote upon a mo-
a- tion introduced by Abrams which
r- condemned actions taken by a
st mob at yesterday's peace demon-
stration in opposition to "the
ce course of action that President
ty John F. Kennedy has taken in
or the current Cuba crisis." Members
d of the mob threw "eggs and other
or objects," and "pushed and jostled
, various demonstrators," the mo-
te tion stated.
Council expressed regret t h a t
ll "students of the University were
involved in these despicable acts
of violence."
The Abrams motion passed un-
as animously, pointed out that SGC
k did not take a stand on the Cu-
- ban crisis at this time.
In another motion Council
n passed a resolution noting the
to fact that the president of the
Michigan State University student
e- congress Robert Howard refused
- to participate on a "committee
- which would decide the accepta-
d biilty of outside speakers."
ts The proposal indicated that
of SGC "hoped that Howard's pro-
test will lead to a review of the
- MSU lecture policy. '
of In further NSA debate, Olinick
a argued against the referendum be-
Ld cause Council has made no eval-
y uation of NSA prior to the propos-
e al for an all campus vote. He said
that Council has made no attempt
to bring discussion of NSA to the
a campus.
Mary Beth Norton, '64, Assembly
Association president, pointed out
that a referendum is not necessary
S to include NSA as an election is-
sue, since Council itself can make
NSA a campus issue by considering
the University's affiliation in the
association.
d John Meyerholz, '63, Inter-fra-
e- ternity Council president, asked
r- how long the campus had to wait
es to learn about NSA. He thought
y that the referendum would force
n people to say what NSA does for
the campus.

Khrushchev
Urges U.S.
To Summit
MOSCOW (A) - Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev, calling for a sum-
mit meeting, urged yesterday that
the United States stay its hand in
the Cuban crisis to quench the
threat of thermonuclear war.
The Soviet Union will make no
reckless decisions, he said, but will
act if the United States carries out
"piratic actions.",
"As long as'rocket nuclear wea-
pons are not put into play it is
still possible to avert war," he said.
'The question of war and peace
is so vital that we should consider
useful a top-level meeting in order
to discuss all problems which have
arisen, to do everything possible
to remove the danger of unleash-
ing a thermonuclear war."
To Bertrand Russell
Khrushchev's comment came in
a message to Bertrand Russell,
British philosopher who had sent
a message to the Soviet leader ap-
pealing to him "not to be provoked
by the unjustifiable action of the
United States in Cuba." Russell
also sent a message to President
John F. Kennedy calling the Unit-
ed States quarantine action a
threat to human survival and urg-
ing him to "end this madness."
The Khrushchev reply did not
discuss the central issue raised by
the United States-the announced
establishment of missile bases in
Cuba under Soviet auspices. But
he accused the United States gov-
ernment of hatred of the Cuban
people and of "election campaign
considerations."
No Reaction
There was no immediate reac-
tion from the State Department
in Washington. One source said no
conclusion should be formed from
Khrushchev's words until it was
known how Soviet ships would
meet the United States naval
blockade.
In the message broadcast by
Moscow radio, Khrushchev said
the Soviet Union will take no reck-
less decisions or "be provoked by
unwarranted actions of the United
States."
"We will do everything in our
power to prevent war," he said.
Soviets Speak
On Indian War
MOSCOW ()-The government
newspaper . Izvestia last night
broke the Soviet blackout on news
of the Chinese-Indian conflict by
publishing the text of a Peiping
statement proposing summit peace
talks and a pullback of troops
from the fighting line.
The Tass dispatch from Peiping
was the first mention of the border
fighting since it broke out six
days ago.

-AP wirephoto
SUPPORTS CUBA ACTION-Venezuelan ambassador to the United Nations Carlos Sosa-Rodriguez,
right, huddles with United States ambassador Adlai Stevenson at the U. N. security council meeting
yesterday after the Latin American statesman declared Soviet weapons in Cuba were a threat to
the entire hemisphere. Britain also threw its support behind the U.S. military quarantine of Cuba.
Refuse, Blockade Negotiations

'Crisis Point Near,
OnCuban Front
Russian Vessels Change Course;
No Showdown on Quarantine Yet
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Some Soviet bloc ships steaming toward
an historic high seas showdown with a massive United States
fleet blockading Cuba "appear to have altered course," the De-
fense Department said yesterday.
A spokesman said "other vessels are proceeding toward
Cuba." He added that "no intercept has yet been necessary,"
backing up an earlier Defense Department news conference
statement that no Russian ships had been stopped.
The terse comments only partially dispelled the mystery
shrouding the whereabouts and intentions of a reported 25
Soviet vessels belieVed bound
for Cuba with more offensiveA
missiles and bombers that the A d Hoc
United States has proclaimed
it will turn back with force if
necessary.
The Washington Post quoted a
reliable government source as say-
ing six Russian ships nearest Cuba lC b iew s
had altered their course but did
not turn back. It quoted the offi- By MICHAEL ZWEIG
cial as saying a Polish ship farther
back was continuing toward Cuba. Over 300 students gathered on
LearedRelablythe Diag yesterday afternoon to
earned ly protest President John F. Kenne-
The Miami Daily News reported dy's action in establishing the
it had learned reliably that the blockade around Cuba, and were
Cuba-bound vessels had turned met there by over 500 pro-blockade
back. But Arthur Sylvester, assist- students.
ant secretary of defense, told the The demonstration against the
news conference he could not blockade was called by the Ad Hoc
"either confirm or deny" that the Committee for United Nations Ac-
ships had turned back. tion in the Crisis. A telegram,.
He refused to say whether there drafted by the committee and
had been any contacts with the signed by 285 people, was sent
Communist ships, to President Kennedy and U
Still missing was any firm evi- Thant. United Nations General As-
dence of whether the Soviet Union sembly president.
might now or later head some or Great Powers
all of the ships into a full test of The telegram read: "The great
the American quarantine on of- powers are on a collision course
fensive arms shipments into Prime which can escalate to disaster.
Minister Fidel Castro's encircled You must urge UN action to avoid
island ordered by President John ,direct confrontation. We urge no
F. Kennedy in a nationwide ad- further unilateral action by the
dress Monday night. U. S. UN intervention and nego-
Presiden Kennedy was reported tiations must be used to remove
holding the door open for a crisis the threat of nuclear missiles in
conference with Soviet Premier the hemisphere. U.S., Cuba, and
Khrushchev if the right conditions Soviet Union must all recognize
develop., security interests of each and re-

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Harvard
crimson sent two reporters repre-
senting the Daily Californian, The
Daily and themselves to the United
Nations to interview the Cuban dele-
gates.)
By PAUL S. COWAN
and FREDRICK H. GARDNER
Special To The Daily
UNITED NATIONS-The Cuban
government will not negotiate with
the United States while under mili-
tary blockade, Mario Garcia-In-
chaustegui, head of the Cuban
mission to the United Nations, said
yesetrday.
Any symbolic gestures by either
government would not reduce the
atmosphere of tension, he said.
Garcia shrugged off the sugges-
tions of prisoner repatriation or
halting of "unsanctioned" raids by
saying, "It's too little. We need
something big now."
Another C u b a n government
source added that negotiations
would only be possible on the basis
if an open agenda which would
bring more than strictly military
matters under discussion.
U.S. View
In reply, Sen. Gordon Allot (R-
Colo), who spoke for the American
view, said that negotiations were
impossible until "Cuba's offensive
weapons were dismantled."
While Allot insisted that an in-
vasion of the island was unlikely
before "all possibilities of work-
ing through the UN are exhaust-
ed," Garcia strongly repeated his
country's refusal to admit UN ad-
visory personnel. "They can ma-
nauver for the enemy as witness
the Congo," he said.
On its most somber anniversary,
the UN believed itself slightly out-

side the nerve-center of the crisis.
Just as the first Soviet ship was
supposed to approach the Ameri-
can blockade, the Security Coun-
cil adjourned to attend a UN day
concert by the Leningrad Sym-
phony Orchestra.
Council Impotence
One observer believed that the
adjournment symbolized the Coun-
cil's impotence when the two ma-
jor powers decide to confront each
other in a military area. "There
is no way that the neutralists can
ipply sufficient pressure," he
pointed out.
Others added, however, that the
UN would become influential as
Allies Rally
To Sup""port
LONDON (RP)-The major United
States allies and friends in
Europe and Latin America rallied
yesterday to the support of the
United States blockade of Cuba.
Many uncommitted nations ex-
pressed an understanding of or
sympathy with the United States
stand.
Algeria sided with Cuba, but
offered no concrete help. Most
countries turned to the United
Nations in hopes of averting war.
France joined Britain, West
Germany and Italy in lining up
solidly behind President John F.
Kennedy's action.
Official and unofficial express-
ions supporting the United States
also came from Turkey, Greece,
Israel, J a p a n, Thailand and
Jamaica.
In Latin America - where the
United States once had feared
some unfavorable response to any
move against Cuba - Argentina,
Peru and Venezuela alerted their

soon as the military situation crys-
talized. Garcia, who had held that
the U.S. "by word and deed" could
make Cuba's militarization unnec-
essary, felt himself unable to spe-
cify where to begin,
"First must come the removal of
the blockade," he reiterated.
The ambassador had taken time
from an appointment with acting
Secretary-General U Thant to
meet with representatives of the'
student press. He had not been in-
terviewed since President John F.'
Kennedy's announcement on the
blockade Monday night.
Consistent Action
Ironically, both Garcia and Al-
lot argued from different direc-
tions, that the present action was
consistent with the Bay of Pigs
invasion policy.
"Cuba has been invaded once
already, the U.S. has not," Gar-
cia insisted. "We are taking meas-
,ures obviously in defense; we do
not want weapons."
Allot, when asked what meas-
ures had been taken to improve
'American intelligence and avoid
repetition of the previous fiasco,
answered: "The problem last time
was not one of information, but of
execution and vaccilation."
"The reciprocal pledges of' the
North Atlantic treaty are and re-
main the basis of French policy,"
a Paris cabinet communique said.
There was no immediate out-
ward response in Western Euro-
pean circles to an indirect call by
Khrushchev for summit talks.
Cuba Tensely
Awaits Clash
HAVANA ({A)-An air of expect-
ancy hung over Havana yesterday
as the United States blockade on
strategic shipments to Cuba went
into effect.
There were stirrings at the arm-
ed forces ministry and a Cuban
navy corvette patrolled the waters
close to Havana bay's entrance.
Blue and green militia uniforms
were conspicuous downtown. Some,
steel helmeted soldiers were seen
holding rifles. Anti-aircraft artil-
lery was strengthened.
Several public buildings board-
ed up their plate glass windows.
Posters raising a "call to arms"
appeared overnight. They showed
a militiaman beckoning with his
burp gun raised above his head.
The revolutionary slogan "Father-
land or Death-We Will Win"
showed on billboards.
At several hotels Eastern Euro-
nean guests gathered and talked

COOLEY LECTURE SERIES:
Davies Says Court Powers Injurious

Letter to Kennedy
In a letter to Kennedy, officials
here said, Khrushchev made no di-
rect bid for a conference and con-
centrated his remarks on de-
nouncing Kennedy's action Mon-
day night in ordering a quarantine
of Cuba..
But United States officials
stressed that while sticking to his
readiness for United States-Soviet
negotiations, Kennedy's main con-
cern and overriding objective is
to put an end to Soviet nuclear
missile bases in Cuba.
The President was said to have
given most careful consideration
to the proposal made last night
by acting United Nations Secre-
tary-General U Thant to freeze
the crisis for two weeks so that
negotiations can proceed. The
White House announced the Pres-
ident was replying immediately.
New Aerial
The Pentagon said last night it'
has new aerial reconnaissance pho-
tographs of Soviet ballistic missile
bases in Cuba, "even more reveal-
ing" than those which led Presi-
dent Kennedy to order the quar-
antine action.
Some of the new series of pic-
tures were described as having
been made at comparatively low
level.
President Kennedy reported to
the top men in Congress on the
Cuban situation and some of the
leaders now are returning to their
home states.
Police Disperse
OI a a @1S

solve differences without resort to
war."
Some demonstrators carried
signs saying "Support UN Action"
"End the Blockade" and other de-
mands for United Nations action
in place of unilateral action by the
Soviet Union and the United
States.
At the same time, over 500 stu-
dents gathered on the Diag to sup-
port the blockade and American
action. They displayed such signs
as "To Hell with Fidel" and "Use
the Bomb .. . Annihilate Cuba."
To Hell With Fidel
Tom Hayden, Grad., spoke to
the demonstrators, stressing the
danger of nuclear war if unilateral
action is continued. He suggested
that the United Nations be ap-
pealed to immediately, and that
no nation take unilateral action.
Hayden's remarks elicited a
barrage of eggs, stones .and other
objects as pro-blockade students
sang The National Anthem and
"From the Halls of Montezuma."
There were unison chants of "To
Hell with Fidel."
z Silent Vigil

By JOHN BRYANT armed forces or offered miltary
Generalities in law and broad judicial interpretations are danger- help to the United States if
ous to the freedoms of individuals, said Prof. D. Seaborne Davies,n
Dean of the Faculty of Law of the University of Liverpool, yesterday.
Prof. Davies was referring to an opinion by a British high court H ill Burns?
which stated that the court has residual power to preserve thel J
moral welfare of the people. I T, ni 1
Th AR d where,~ l ther sAt t

Only New Laws
He feels that this opinion, which implies thatI
make new laws, could be especially dangerous in the
colonies which have English common law because
power could use it to gain more power.
Lecturing on "The Machinery of Reform in
sketched out the history of law reform in England
what was being done there now.

the court can
former British
the party in
England," he
and then told

1 e oi saw, wnr nr
smoke, there's fire" fortunately
didn't turn out to be true last
night for Hill Aud., Charles
Munch and the French Nation-
al Orchestra.
At 9:10 p.m., an alarm was
turned in to the fire department
reporting smokein the auditor-
ium. Several fire trucks soon
arrived on the scene and dis-
pelled any doubts that the
building would have to be evac-

After Hayden's speech, the anti-
blockade, pro-UN demonstrators
moved to the Ann Arbor City
County Building downtown, where
they joined Ann Arbor citizens
from Women for Peace and Voters
Voice for Peace in a silent vigil.
Pro - blockade demonstrators
also proceeded to the City Cointy
Building, where they continued
their demonstration, which in-
cluded a unison recital of the
pledge of allegiance to the flag.
Dick Flacks, spokesman for the
Ad Hoc Committee, said that a
I reat value of the protest rally was

He noted that although the major transition of English law
from a conglomeration of rules to a modern consolidated version
of these rules took place in 1861, only a modest amount of general

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