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October 21, 1962 - Image 6

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-10-21

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..3xt1X U L n JR I , ne

'T.h W .I1-.r.



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This and other KLH products now on demonstration
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1319 S, .University

Stoessinger Cites UN Finance Problem

Baha'i Faith Feels Answer
To Problems Lies in Union



"It is rare that one sees so many
people arguing so much over so
little money as in the current dis-
pute over United Nations financ-
ing," Prof. John G. Stoessinger of
the School of International Affairs
at Columbia University said yes-
Prof. Stoessinger. addressing the
Campus United Nations on the
topic "The Alternatives of United
Nations Financing," explained that
although there are several budgets
connected with the UN, the con-
troversy revolves around those
needed to finance peace forces
such as were sent to Suez in 1956
and the Congo in 1960. The fact
that these troops were dispatched
was only the beginning of the
crisis, as there was no direct pre-
cedent which might advise how
said troops should be financed, he

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The members of the United Na-
tions were divided as to who
should pay the cost of the troops.
Many nations supported Dag
Hammerskjold, then Secretary-
General of the UN General Assem-
bly, who said that all nations
should shoulder the responsibility,
since "a Suez or Congo crisis could
happen anywhere."
The USSR and Arab State Bloc,
however, called such a measure
"illegal," saying the "aggressors"
(meaning Britain and France in
this case) should pay. The rest
of the members followed the in-'
evitable middle-of-the-road path.
At the 16th UN General Assem-
bly, which met in 1961, two
courses of action were taken, Prof.
Stoessinger went on. First, a UN
bond issue was set up, whereby
members would pay back both
principal and interest on said
bonds at 2 per cent per year. The
idea that the United States assume
half of this cost met with opposi-
tion, and it was finally agreed
that the U.S. should pay only $25
million unconditionally, the rest
to be matched dollar for dollar by
the total remaining membership
of the UN.
The Assembly also tried to clear
up legal ambiguities concerning
the matter. To this end it request-
ed the legal advice of the World
Court, and this body voted affirm-
atively; that is, that the idea of a
plan whereby all nations would
contribute to the total fund for
peace-keeping operations was legal
and binding.
Deprived of Vote;
From this controversy arose
Article 19 of the Charter of the
United Nations, which provides
that any nation in arrears in pay-;
ments should be deprived of its
vote in the General Assembly "if
the amount of its arrears equals
or exceeds the amount of the con-
tributions due from it for the pre-;
ceding two full years," provided it
was able to pay to begin with.

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. ..UN finances
Prof. Stoessinger proceeded to
list the pros and cons of this
article being invoked against
member nations.of the UN.
If this article is invoked, many
nations may walk out of the UN,
refusing to recognize the com-
pulsory nature of the advice of
the World Court, Prof. Stoessinger
If Article 19 is not invoked, it
would make a mockery of the
Charter and of the World Court.
He added that the dangers of im-
posing such a sanction are greater
than those of invoking no such
Without Controversy
Many suggestions have been of-
fered for ways to put the UN on
a more viable fiscal basis without
stirring up further controversy
over whether or not to invoke
Article 19, Prof. Stoessinger went
on. One of these is to formulate
some new scale to determine how
much any nation would be obli-
gated to pay toward peace-keeping

troops; as for examrle, a formal-
ized rebate formuR under which
nations receiving technical assist-
ance from the UN would pay back
part toward the general fund.
Another idea would have special
reductions in financial obligations
be given to any nation which had
contributed troops r materials Ic
such an action as the Congo peace
It was suggested as well that
general peace-keeping assessments
be raised across the board while
small nations in turn would agree
to be bound by those assessments
delegated to them.
Another Proposal
Yet another proposal brought
before the UN suggested that any
nation. receiving foreign aid fromn
the United States e obligated tao
set aside a small percentage of its
troops "on call" for peace-keeping
operations. It was also suggested
that a sliding scale be established,
under which the proportion of
assessments delegated to poorer
nations would be reduced, and that
of richer ones raised, as the total
sum increased.
The unfortunate fact . remairs
that none of these proposals gets
to the heart of the matter, Prof.
Stoessinger said. That is, how to
make members of the big 5 (the
USSR and France in particular)
pay up their debts. Thus a plan
is needed which would not make
UN finances dependent on the
vagaries of .national support.
Finally, the thought arises that
the UN could be Just as badly off
with too much revenue as too
little, since it might then use this
money for many purposes without
consent of the member nations
"The problem, then, is to strike
the 'golden mean' between the
Scylla of bankruptcy and the
Charybdis of affluence; and I am
hopeful that in the final analysis,
this mean will be struck," Prof.
Stoessinger concluded.

The Baha'i World Faith believes
that the answer to all of the
world's problems lies in a union
of all peoples in one common faith
and one common cause, Winston
Evans said recently.
Evans discussed Baha'i and its
founder, Baha'u'llah, sponsored by
the Baha'i student group.
"Baha'is belive that God is not
dead and that He is still lord of
history," he continued. Truth is
one-religion reveals certain parts
of that truth and science reveals
certain aspects of it, but neither
has yet discovered all of it.
Unfolding Truth
"Baha'is believe in a progressive
and continuous unfolding of all
truth and man's concept of truth
is relative."
The world is disillusioned: most
people live in a religious void. "I
have spoken to many Christian
leaders and they were troubled by
three things: an inability to in-
terpret the signs of the, time,
Christian unity and the role of
non-Christians in the divine
scheme of things," Evans noted.
God loves all his children, what-
ever their race or creed, he con-
tinued. The Baha'is think of God
in the sense of a loving benevo-
lent, ominiscient power. "Christ
did not claim that his teachings
were the final message from God."
Christ Spirit
Baha'u'llah manifested t h e
Christ spirit in the 20th century.
He lived approximately 100 years
ago. During his lifetime, European
scholars responded very favorably
to his messages.
"Tolstoy wrote that Baha'u'-
llah's teachings now present us
with the highest and purest form
of religious teaching," 1vans
noted. "He wrote to Queen Vic-
toria of England about the need
for unity among all people long
before this need was felt by Chris-
tian leaders.
"Certain portions of the Prot-

estant world could be united, but
the Christian world is ill-prepared
for this problem (of unity). Chris-
tians today don't dare think be-
yond their own world when they
think in terms of unity," Evans
Attacks No Religion
However, Baha'i provides the
basis by which all religions can
unite. Baha'i does not attack the
theories of any religion. It seeks
to connect, unify and fulfill the
past revelations of other religions,
he explained.
"Modern man acts as if he be-
lieves God is dead. Is there a possi-
bility of more divine revelations in
the 20th century? We can't say
that God had His greatest revela-
tion 2000 years ago because we do
not know,"' Evans said.
Baha'u'llah said that all found-
ers of world religions were "man-
ifestations." They appeared when
the world most needed guidance
and light. Their teachings har-
monized with the changes which
had taken place in the world at
the time they appeared.
'Sometimes Tremendous'
"We need something tremend-
ous to lift us out of our infatua-
tion with doom," Evans declared.
The mistake which Billy Gra-
ham and the Fundamentalists
make today, and which the Jews
made 2000 years ago, is that they
try to interpret symbolic prophetic
language literally. They believe
everything that is written in the
Bible, in a narrow, liberal way.
"Liberal Christian leaders have
discarded many portions of the
Bible pertaining to the present
period, but it is up to the indi-
vidual to seek and find the truth.
"Baha'i teachings are for those
who are seeking a better under-
standing of this period in history,
for those seeking a better under-
standing of God's will in this age
and for those not satisfied to re-
main on low spiritual levels,"
Evans concluded.



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The Daily Bulletin is an official
publication of the University of
Michigan ,for which The Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3564
Administration Building before 2
p.m. two days preceding publication.
Day Calendar
2:30 p.m.-School of Music Concert -
Univ. All-State High School
Choir, Weston Noble, con-
ductor; Univ. Men's Glee
Club, Philip Duey, conduc-
tor; and Univ. Choir, May-
nard Klein, conductor: Hill
3:00 p.m.-Professional Theatre Program
-Association of Producing
Artists in "The Tavern": Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.
7:00 and 9:00 p.m.-Cinema Guild-Jean-
Pierre Laud and Patrick
Auffay, "The 400 Blows";
short, "Hans Memling": Ar-
chitecture Aud.
General Notices
Due to vandalism some subscriptions
to "The Mich. Technic" have been lost.
All subscriptions for "The Technic" will
be filled by Mon., Oct. 22. If you have
signed up for a subscription and do not
receive one by this date; please take
vSSSSS rS S itw. trur.":.}A:.": : A.m.".".: . . "::.:v ...".:. .:::::

a copy from the Honor Sales stands in
E. of W. Engrg. Bldgs. and sign the ap-
propriate list. You will be billed by
mail later.
Physical Education-Women Students:
Students completing the physical ed.
requirement who were medically defer-
fer for the first season, may register for
the second season in Barbour Gym-
nasium. Registration may be done in
Office 15, Barbour Gym between 8:00
and 12:00, 1:00 and 5:00 (except Sat.)
before Thurs., Oct. 25.
Whitely Foundation Scholarships:
Students who live in Ingham County
and who are studying in the fields of
business, education, pre-law, and psy-
chology are eligible to compete for a
John and Elizabeth Whitely Foundation
Scholarship. Further information may
be obtained at ,the Scholarship Office,
2011 Student Activities Bldg. Applica-
tions are due by Nov. 1.
Summary of Action Taken by Student
Government Council at Its Meeting of
October 17, 1962
Adopted: That Student Government
Council accept the following Executive
Committee appointments to the Office
of Student Affairs Advisory Committee:
Robert Finke, Richard G'sell, Michael
Olinick, John Meyerholz, Kenneth Mil-
ler, Robert Ross, Steven Stockmeyer.
Adopted: That Student Government
Council send $14.43 from the Algerian
Refugee Fund to the office of Union
Generale des Etudients Muselmans Al-

Appointed: That Joyce Leix, Tom
Brown, Pat Elkins, and Howard Abrams
be appointed to the Student Activities
Scholarship Board. Terms are to ex-
pire June 1, 1963.
Adopted: That the President of Stu-
dent Government Council be given a
salary of $25.00 per month for an eight
and a half month period each year.
The other executive officers be given
a salary of $15.00 per month on the
same basis.
The officers will no longer have reg-
ularly scheduled Executive Committee
meals paid for.
Accepted: The following changes in
the Assembly Association Constitution:
1) The phrase "of the Independent
Women" has been omitted in the name.
2) Membership is to be limited to
independent women affiliated with an
organized residence hall.
3) The offices of first and second
vice-presidents are to be combined in
the office of Administrative Vice-Presi-
dent; the additional offices of housing
chairman and service chairman will be
4) To change the name of Assembly
Dormitory Council to Assembly House
Council, and to allow two representa-
tives each from Stockwell and Couzens,
instead of one.
5) To change election procedures in
three ways:
a) The president and vice-president.
will be elected by Assembly House Coun-
b) The two above offices shall be
elected 2 weeks prior to interviewing
for the remaining offices.


c) These two newly elected offi-
cers shall join the Executive Board for
the purpose of interviewing appoint-
ing the other positions.
6) To add "at the request of % of
the Executive Board" to reasons for
holding special meetings.
7) To change postponement of meet-
ings to a majority vote in the
Adopted: The following expression of
opinion regarding the Michiganensian.
The rules were suspended to consider
without the regular one week postpone-
Student Government Council notes
the following change in' the Michigan-
ension for 1963. Its size is being re-
duced to approximately one half the
former size with the elimination oa
individual group living unit pictures.
There will be a much larger proportion
of pages in color and the book will
emphasize informal activities.
While SGC does not wish to make a
value judgment on such a change it
does want to assert its opinion on the
communication of the change. It is
felt that the Michiganensian has been
sold to students without a' complete
understanding of the "new book" that
they have bought. It was only recently
that the knowledge of the change was
made public to the present student
body. The reduction in price is not
sufficient explanation of the change in
content of the "New 'Ensian."
Therefore, SGC recommends the fol-
lowing course of action be followed by
the Michiganensian staff.
1) The privilege of a full refund be
made available to any person purchas-
ing a book before the date of this mo-
2) The necessary steps be taken to
properly identify this "New 'Ensian"
to those students purchasing the book
henceforth. SGC understands that this
has been the intention of the 'Ensian
staff and that steps have been taken to
do this.
Adopted: The following resolution on
the Flint Junior College student news-
paper controversy:
On Tuesday, October 2, 1962, publica-
tion of The College Clamor, a weekly
student newspaper at Flint Junior Col-
lege, was suspended for an indefinite
period by the action of Dr. Lawrence L.
Jarvie, Superintendent of Community
Education of Flint, Michigan. Dr. Jarvie
stated that his action was based on the
recommendation of Dr. Lewis R. Fibel.
Dean of Flint Junior College. ,At the
time of the suspension of publication,
there was no explanation offered for the
action. Since that time Dr. Jarvie has
stated that the basic reason was that
The College Clamor was not fulfilling
the functions of a college newspaper.
Dr. Jarvie also said that the proper
function o any newspaper was to re-

port news and that The College Clamo
should have the additional function of
offering students an opportunity to
learn about journalism. Dr. Jarvie also
said that no single article in The Clamor
had prompted the suspension, rather,
it was the opinion of officials that
the publication has become not so much
of a newspaper as it is an organ for
the expression of student opinion on
various topics; some not related to the
college. Dr. Jarvie further said that his
study of the situation revealed that
there are no clear cut policies governing
the publication of The Clamor, and that
material written by students is not
carefully screened by staff members of
the college.
Dean Fibel has stated: "A lack of
straight news reporting in news ar-
ticles and poor journalism made me
think this move was necessary.
Both Dr. Jarvie and Dean Fibel have
cited the lack of an explicit policy gov-
erning the publication of the Clamor
as one of the reasons underlying the
(Continued on Page 10)
Congregational Disciples E & R Guild,
"The Challenge," Rev. P. Dotson, Dir.,
Protestant Fdn. for International Stu-
dents, Oct. 21, 7:30 p.m., 802 Monroe.
* * *
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Group, Outing at Island Park with MSU,
Meet at Chapel 2:30 p.m., Oct. 21, 1511
* v*s
Graduate Outing Club, Hike, Oct. 21,
2 p.m., Rackham Bldg., Huron St.
Lutheran Student Association, Stu-
dent panel on "Love, Sex and Marriage,"
Oct. 21, 7 p.m., Hill & Forest.
* * *
New .University Thought Discussion
Group, Organizational Meeting, Oct. 25,
7:30 p.m., Union; 3D.
* * *
Sociedad Hispanica, "Tertulia," Oct.
22, 3-5 p.m., 3050 FB.
* * *
Unitarian Student Group, Meeting,
Oct. 21, 7:30 p.m., Church. Speakers:
Mr. & Mrs. Tom Hayden, "The State
of and Role of the Student in Negro In-
* * *
U. of M. Folk Dancers, Meeting, Danc-
ing, Instruction, Oct. 23, 7:30 p.m., 1429

..T:.".S. :'{.u f:...S.A..:...1L."~h:St'e. :J::::.:....:": .....::"A.N.:."":~{f....:i {'i:":

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