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October 19, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-10-19

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THE NEW NDEA
AMENDMENTS
See Editorial Page

Lit i~t au

tii

MODERATE
Partly cloudy tonight
with chance of showers

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 30 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

E1GHT PAGES

Students Protest
Firin of Editor
Colorado President Dismisses
Gary Althen; Groups Take Action
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
An ad hoc protest committee of 500 University of Colorado stu-
dents gathered Wednesday night to take action in the controversy
over Wednesday's firing of Colorado Daily Editor Gary Althen by
University of Colorado President Quigg Newton.
The indoor meeting, sponsored jointly by the Young Republicans,
Young Democrats, Conservative Club an dthe Young Peoples' Socialist
< League, unanimously adopted the

Award Nobel Prize
For DNA Research
STOCKHOLM (A')-A young American biologist and two British
scientists were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Medicine
yesterday for a major break-through into the mysteries of heredity.
Among other things, their work gives clues to some of the funda-
mental secrets of life. It also points toward new studies into the
causes of ailments such as anemia.
Sharing the award were Dr. James Dewey Watson, 34, of Harvard
University; Dr. Francis Harry'.

Ranger Moon Rocket

Fails

To Achieve Goal;

Misses Mark 300 Miles

i

PROF. JAMES POLLOCK
.. . debates key issues

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ROBERT MORGAN
... alumnus

Alumni Pick
New Directo~r
Robert O. Morgan, '31 Ed, will
become the Alumni Association's
new general secretary Nov. 1, asso-
ciation President Frank J. Ortman
announced Wednesday.
He will take over the key alumni
post from John E. Tirrell, '51, who
has resigned to help create a new
junior college district in St. Louis.
In this position, Morgan is in
charge of the management of a
large range of alumni programs,
and also inherits the editorship of
the alumni magazine, the Michi-
gan Alumnus. He will be respon-
sible to the association's board of
directors.
Morgan has held several posi-
tions with the Alumni Association
-secretary of the class officers'
council, field secretary and assist-
ant general secretary-in the past
27 years.
While a student at the Univer-
sity, Morgan played center on the
1929 and 1930 football teams,
heavyweight boxing champion of
the campus, a member of Phi Mu
Alpha fraternity and an honorary
member of Druids honorary
society.
He was line coach of Denison
University's football team in 1931,
athletic director, teacher and
assistant principal in Akron, N.Y.;
from 1923-35, and secretary-treas-
urer of the Varsity "M" Letter-
men's Club, 1947-62.
Reserve Board
MoveS To Aid
U.S. Economy1
WASHINGTON (P) - The Fed-
eral Reserve Board, in a move to:
boost the sluggish economy, re-
duced bank reserve requirements
involving savings and time de-
posits yesterday.
This will add about $4.6 billion
to the lending power of the na-
tion's banks.
. hHeretofore, banks belonging to
the reserve system. have had to
maintain reserves amounting to
five per cent of savings and time
deposits. The reduction is to four
per cent.
The reduction will go into effect
in New York, Chicago, and other
major cities, on Oct. 25. Banks
in smaller communities will bene-
fit from the reduction starting
Nov. 1.
In announcing the move, the
board said that one motive was
to provide "for the longer term
growth in bank deposits needed to
facilitate the expansion of eco-
nomic activity and trade."
This was one way of saying that
the move will ease credit and en-
courage borrowing to expand the

following motion: "Be it resolved
that we, the students of the Uni-
versity of Colorado, deplore the
manner in which the University
administration acted in the firing
of Colorado Daily Editor Gary
Althen.
External Pressures
"Although we realize that ex-
ternal pressures may have moti-
vated the president's decision, we
also feel that his action was an-j
tagonistic to former statementsI
regarding academic freedom and
the mechanisms within the uni-
versity by which this liberty isj
protected.j
"We urge an immediate recon-
sideration of this decision."
The motion was written and
presented by student senate pres-
ident Ardis Gaither, and was one
of several motions put before the;
committee..
Referendum
The group then voted to place
Gaither's motion before the entire
student body in the form of a
referendum. The proposal for the
referendum was placed before the
Student Senate for adoption and
calandering late Wednesday night
in a regularly scheduled meeting.
The Student Senate issued a
request to Newton that he "explain
to all interested students why he
removed Gary Althen." Newton
has agreed to the request and will
meet with student leaders to set
a date for the address,
Senate then voted to place the.
ad hoc committee's resolution be-
fore the student body in a refer
endum to be held "on. the two
days following Newton's speech
(explaining his action), but no
later than next Wednesday."
'Old Futzer'
Althen was fired two weeks after
he allowed a letter to the editor
to be printed in the Colorado
Daily which referred to former
President Dwight Eisenhower as
an "old futzer" and a "nice pal-
dog." Newton has made no expla-
nation of his action except to say
that it was "in the best interests
of the university."
Althen's firing precipitated sev-
eral immediate resignations of
Colorado Daily staff members
Wednesday afternoon.
Colorado Daily Executive Editor
Paul Danish reported by telephone
that most of the newspaper staff
has remained to put out a paper
because "with a paper we can go
on fighting."
No Restrictions
No direct restrictions on the
editorial freedom of the paper has
been instituted, Danish said.
The effect of the referendum as
a pressure on Newton to change
his decision is questionable, Dan-
ish commented.
"If there is an overwhelming
positive vote, condemning New-
ton's action, then it will be in-
interpreted as a vote of no-
confidence in the president," Dan-
ish continued.
"Newton might take a vote of
heavy and overwhelming student
protest into consideration. After
all, he has to maintain some de-
gree of student respect to keep
order," Danish explained.

Downs Views
ConstitutionF
By THOMAS HUNTER
Two members of the recent;
constitutional convention debated
the strengths and weaknesses of
the proposed document last night.
Convention vice-president Thom-;
as Downs, a Democrat and Prof.
James K. Pollock of the political
science department who was also
a Republican representative to the
convention from this district ar-'
gued the passage of the con-'
stitution this spring. They spoke
before the political science Grad-
uate Round-Table series.
Downs urged defeat of the con-
stitution on "the basic problem of
representation" and the restric-
tions upon the power of the gov-
ernor in that appointments must'
be made "with' the advice and
consent of legislature controlled
by the other party."
Conflict
He pointed out that the greater
majority of the popular vote polled
by the Democratic party "winds up
with an overwhelming majority of
Republicans in the legislature" and
leads to "built-in conflict in the
government." The new constitu-
tion does not resolve this, he said.
In pressing for acceptance of
the document, Pollock said that
it puts Michigan "at the top of
all the states" in eliminating the
apportionment problems for both
branches of legislature and that
there is better efficiency and re-
lations between the several gov-
ernmental institutions.
Popular Election
Downs charged, "In the proposed
constitution neither house would
be elected on a population basis."
Disparities in representation
would remain. Of the four new
senators provided for, three would
be elected Republicans.
In the machinery provided to
determine legislative districts, 70
per cent of the people would have
a quarter of the votes.
Downs said he would rather see
the constitution defeated so that
the August Scholle court case, now
pending consideration for appeal
to the United States Supreme
Court, would remain alive to re-
turn the state to its approximate
one man-one vote stature under
the 1908 constitution. Adoption of
a new constitution would have the
effect of nullifying the Scholle
case, in which the Michigan Su-
preme Court ruled'against the 1952
amendment establishing the pres-
ent system.
Pollock answered that the con-
stitution's plan varied only two
seats out of 110 from the results
of the straight population plan. He
said that it was important that the
districting commission would be
bi-partisan. If the commission
could come up with no workable
plan, then appeal to the supreme
court for a final ruling has been
provided for.

Compton Crick and Dr. Maurice
H. F. Wilkins, both well-known
English scientists.
Sharing Alike
This year's prize is worth $49,-
656, to be shared jointly.
The Nobel Prize for Medicine is
the first to be announced. Others
to be awarded later will be for'
literature, chemistry, physics and
peace.
The three award winners yester-
day were cited for "their discov-
eries concerning the molecular
structure of nucleic acids" which
dictate the growth and develop-
ment of the cells of the body.
Stockholm's Royal Caroline In-
stitute of Medicine and Surgery,
which selected the winners, said
their findings "will have far-
reaching consequences in biology
and medicine."
DNA Breakthrough
"Research1 workers all over the'
world are busy trying to decipher
the biological code in all its varie-
ties and the breakthrough for this
most fundamental problem is the
discovery of the molecular struc-
ture of deoxyribonucleic acid made
by this year's awardees."
The announcement said they
have shown how the building
stones of life, sugars, organic bases
and phosphoric acid are strung
together to form the large nucleic
acid molecules.
Note Needs
In Election
By DANIEL SHAFER
Fiscal reform, education nd the
proposed constitution were de-
bated by the six Washtenaw Coun-
ty candidatesfor the Legislature
last night at the third annual
"Know Your Candidates" program
of the Ann Arbor Junior Chamber
of Commerce.
Democratic challengers Prof.
Henry L. Bretton of the political
science department, Charles F.
Gray and Prof. Robert J. Niess
of the romance languages depart-
ment running for the first and
second district House, and the
Senate seat, respectively argued
that the state's problem boils down
to fiscal reform.
GOP incumbents Rep. Gilbert
Bursley (R-Ann Arbor) and James
F. Warner (R-Ypsilanti) and Sen.
Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann Arbor)
agreed, but emphasized the need
for spending reform - over the
Democrat's tax reform schemes.
Thayer and Prof. Niess agreed
that more funds should be approp-
riated for higher education, es-
pecially for financing the Univer-
sity's proposed year-round opera-
tions program.
The Republicans and Democrats
split along party lines on the pro-
posed constitution.
The GOP incumbents noted
that many sweeping reforms are
included in the new document es-
pecially the projected appoint-
ment of the administrative board.
The Democrats cited the appor-
tionment provisions of the new
constitution were worse than the
"unfair" districting in the current
model.
They also cited the new search
and seizure provisions which
"might violate the United States
Constitution."

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By RICHARD MERCER

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er of Sci

Prof. Marston Bates of the
zoologyrdepartment, in an ar-
ticle prepared for "The New
York Times," points out the
man-made nature of theuworld
in which we live.
Man's relatively recent dis-
covery of "the power of science"
may lead him into more trouble
than he has reckoned on if he
continues to neglect the original
system of nature that gave him
birth.
In the article, Prof. Bates
points out that by disturbing
the delicate balances in the en-
vironment around him the laws
of nature could very well begin
working against man. Man's
progress has been with the aid
of nature and the possibilities
of him being able to run coun-
ter to these laws without in-
curring serious problems are
doubtful.
Changing Environment
Man, since the beginning of
his residence on this planet,
has been at work changing his
environment. When the first
"man-like animal" began to
form stones in order to perform
tasks more efficiently the long
journey to earth satellites and
atom bombs began. Probably
even then there were those who
complained that man was on
the road to his own destruction,
and maybe they will prove to be
right.
Man has come a long way
from building better stones, and
his changes on the world have
become more profound. Scien-
tists in Great Britain have an-
nounced that before the year is

m Ce
aspects of the ways hi which
man will strive to change the
world around him. The exist-
ance of taboos around certain
foods are complicated and hard
to understand. Man's ingenuity
seems to be getting around'
some of the forbidden foods,
however, as chops made out of
peanut butter for vegetarians
will prove.
Shiny Rice
Not all of the changes man
makes on his food are for the
better. Polishing rice or refining
wheat causes a nutritional loss
that is replaced only by the
further addition of vitamins.
The use of insecticides, be-
sides developing breeds of super
insects, has introduced chemical
compounds into our diets, the
effects of which are unknown.
Until these effects are learned
we should exercise caution with
the materials known to be the
most potentially dangerous.
Control Pain
At present, however, man-
kind, at least in the western
world, appears to be doing quite
well. Physical pain is more un-
der control than it ever has
been in the past and the ber'e-
fits of learning are within the
reach of a great number of our
population. The great possibili-
ties of "different styles of life"
allow the individual an unheard
of amount of freedom.
Yet there still remains the
strong chance that man is liv-
ing on borrowed time. Time
that will run out some day if
he does not pay more attention
to the rules of the world on
which he lives the article con-
cludes.

PROF. MARSTON BATES
. , synthetic world
over synthetic milk will be on
the market. This development
will probably cause some out-
cries from the dairy industry,
yet man has made changes of
a more radical nature in the
past, Batees' article states.
'Synthetic Caves'
Man changes his environ-
ment in a multitude of ways,
ranging from living in "syn-
thetic caves" to wearing cloth-
ing. These changes enable man
to live more comfortably than
if he were to remain in a purely
natural state.
The changes man inflicts on
nature are peculiar to his be-
liefs or superstitions. The way
people dress and the manner of
food they eat are only two

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FIRST MEETING:

By GERALD S TORCH
At its first meeting of the year last night, Graduate Student
Council directed rather pungent criticism at the administration of
special graduate students' foreign language courses and at last
spring's tuition increase, which sharply increased graduate student
fees,
As a result, two motions were passed: one, to be sent to the
romance languages department, requested pre-registration privileges
next spring for 6'7 students who
U.S. o Atiwere denied enrollment this fall
U.S. Ateiupt into French 111 and 112. The sec-
1 T . ond established a special GSC sub-

ew .Dom 1 eSt
HONOLULU (.)-United States
government scientists are sched-
uled to make another try tonight
at exploding a nuclear device high
above Johnston Island in the Pa-
cific-this time with a new type
booster rocket. Deflated by five
failures and only one success in
the high-altitude test series, the
scientists plan to use either a
Nike-Hercules surface-to-air rock-
et or a new specially constructed
missile.

committee to look into why there
was "very little notice" given to
graduate students concerning the
tuition hike.
At one point in the meeting,
Robert Rosin, Grad, an observer
at the meeting, declared that some
administrators, in particular Vice-
President for Academic Affairs
Roger Heyns "feel that graduate
students should come to the Uni-
versity with a reading knowledge
of a foreign language; yet the
solution is not to deny present
graduate students" the special lan-
guage courses.
Language Requirement
Last spring and this fall 67
graduate students were turned
away from French and German
111 and 112, which exist as a ser-
vice to these students so that they
may fulfill the graduate foreign
language reading requirement. Fi-
nancial reasons were given for the
ni itha.nlr

Students Act
OXFORD ()-The Student Ju-t
dicial Council has begun hearing
cases against at least 11 Univer-
sity of Mississippi students whof
allegedly took part in the campus
riots of Sept. 30, a source close toj
the council said yesterday.
Three ,cases have been heard in
closed session so far, the source
said.
The council reportedly will make
its recommendations to Student
Affairs Dean L. L. Love who will,1
in turn, write a letter to the stu-;
dents telling them what disciplin-
ary action has been taken, if any.
Then, the university is expected
to announce the number of cases
heard, and the action in each case.
List Students
A list of student names and in-
formation on their parts in the'
campus demonstrations that killed
two was turned over to university,
officials by the Justice Depart-
ment. The university gave the list'
to the council for its recommenda-,
tion and to the Mississippi Attor-
ney General.
The council earlier had indi-
cated it would not take action
until the cases were handled by
the state attorney general. There,
has been no action by the attorney
general.
While the cases were being
heard, a professional teaching and
graduate student group at the
University of Mississippi called for
"drastic" disciplinary measures.
Disciplinary Action
The statement adopted by Phi
Betta Kappa Associates said, "We
support drastic disciplinary action,
including possible dismissal of stu-
dents, for those whose behavior
discredits the university."
The group commended those.
who "acted responsibly" during
the integration crisis.
A Justice Department list of
names and information against
some students has been turned
over to university officials. They,
in turn, have turned over the
material to Mississippi Attorney
General Joe Patterson. There has
been no action by Patterson.

spaacecraft
Err s Again
[n M oonshot
Blastoff Successful;
But Off Course
By The Associated Press
United States Space Agency
fficials reported late last. night
that the Ranger V moon rocket
launched earlier yesterday was ex-
pected to miss the moon by ap-
proximately 300 miles and would
not be able to accomplish any of
i.ts missions.
The failure marked the third
time this year that the United
States failed to rocket a payload
either to or around the moon to
probe lunar secrets before send-
ing manned ships to the earth's
nearest celestial body.
Scientists at the jet propulsion
laboratory, which is tracking the
space vehicle, attributed the fail-
ure to Ranger's apparent lack of
reception of solar power. After 8
hours and 44 minutes of battery-
powered flight, the battery on
board the spacecraft ran down.
Power Failure
Ranger V carries a small rocket
engine capable of changing its
course by up to 2500 miles, but the
power failure will prevent scient-
ists from putting it in operation.
An earlier attempt to fire the
mid-courserocket before the bat-
tery ran down did not succeed,
for the signal sent out to the
spacecraft arrived too late.
The rocket thundered skyward
yesterday in an attempt to send
the Range V spacecraft a quarter
ofi a million miles to a landing on
the moon.
The mission of the gold-and-
silver-plated spacecraft is to. send
back closeup television pictures of
the moon's surface before landing
the first active instrument pack-
age. This would measure moon-
quakes and meteor hits.
To Land Sunday
If Ranger would have carried
out all its intricate maneuvers, the
gold and silver space laboratory
will arrive in the lunar sky in the
early hours of next Sunday after
a 70-hour flight. It would begin a
furious round of picture-taking,
data gathering and transmitting,
and then crash on to the moon.
Ranger V, riding atop the 10-
story high Atlas-Agena B, lifted
off its launch pad at 11:59 a.m.
Tracking instruments showed
that the first and second stages
separated on schedule. The space-
craft into a parking orbit some
100 miles high and then, about 25
minutes later, fired again to send
Ranger out into space.
Flight Good
It appeared to be performing
with drill-like precision. But pro-
ject officials said they have not
received enough tracking infor-
mation to tell whether Ranger
was on the proper flight plan to
rendezvous with the moon.
The 755-pound rocket has four
missions. What is the moon made
of? Where did it come from? How
did it get its crater-pocked face?
These pictures would have given
science the best closeups ever made
of the moon. The best available
cannot distinguish objects smaller
than a city block. Ranger's could
pinpoint objects the size of a com-
pact car.
Report India,
China Troops
Cla sLH in Snow
NEW DELHI (/P-Fresh skirmn-

ishing, complicated by snow were.
reported yesterday from Indian
and Communist Chinese lines in
the disputed Himalayan foothills
east of Bhutan.
The snowfall complicated the
struggle by impeding troop move-
ments. It could mark the start of
a long winter.
Peiping and New Delhi gave op-
! posing accounts of military ein-
gagements Wednesday, each blam-
ing the other.

BILL OF RIGHTS:
Thomas Cites Debt to Nation's Founders

By THOMAS-DRAPER
Reviewing the challenges to
American civil liberties, Norman
Thomas, six-time Socialist candi-
date for president of the United
States, declared last night "We
owe the formers: of the Bill of
Rights a great debt for giving the
document the sanctity of the Con-
stitution."
He told an overflow crowd in
the Union Ballroom that studies
have shown that if a popular pleb-
iscite were held today on the Bill
of Rights as a new proposal, :t
would fail.
"The dominant fear in my

worship of national sovereigntY. was never guilty of an overt ac- GUC rs Ed d k
"The modern religion of national tion against the government." 050 President Edward.Sasaki,
sovereignty reaches its apogee in McCarran Act Grad, noted that"the budget was
not cut because there wasn't any
mlitar strength. This religion ar-
militays thength.Thismeningf n- The McCarran Act, which re- money-money was available."
gues for the end of meaningful in-
dividual rights. quires the Communist party and While many of the council mem-
State Sovereignty party members to register, places hers supported the "long-range"
T the Communist party and its mem- benefits of the reading require-
The role of individual is ending bers in jeopardy whether or not ment, most agreed with Rosin that
the anarchy of the sovereign they register, Thomas said. It is several of its short-term effects
states," he said.gr rre 'ludicrous: there are several
Thomas added that an internla- illegal not to register and once *r ldcos hr r eea
tional federation would provide a they do they "are subject to all cases of students having their
n r w rsorts of harrassment"doctoral degrees held up only be-
way of ending the "meaningless sscause of the language require-
charges and counter-charges" f "The indifference and lack of ment,."
the present cold war and an ave- knwes nothed Toea Am - Tuition Increases
nue for constructive proposals, can is not good," Thomas said. Rosin also levelled several un-
Speaking on modern challenges "Doubly wrong is the criticism favorable remarks at the tuition
._ .__.. :.. ;._ m ,., --_ a r '1o ntalitarianism when the gOV- ,- -,, - _ ma -- - - cnm -- ac o

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