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October 12, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-10-12

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54g itiat ltl
Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
A-UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBOR, MICH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail">:
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Once More Unto The Brink, Once More"

COMMON MARKET:
Britain's Entry
Affects U.S.

DAY, OCTOBER 12, 1962

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SUTIN

Proposed Branch for' LSA
RA Step in Right Direction

THE ENACTMENT of the proposal for a small, both executive
experimental branch of the literary college branch and the
would be an exciting and valuable step forward pointments so
for the University and one which would dem- in undergradu
onstrate that great concern for the undergrad- research and t
"ate and his education still exists on the part attractde to t
of faculty and administration, dents at the b
The curriculum committee's report empha- only by the lar
sizes that the proposal is a reaction to contem- ances to permi
plated expansion of the literary college. The between depar
committee sees the next decade as "likely to be to - hSA
one characterized by a constantly overburdened The new col
faculty, a reduction in student-teacher inter- The lack of p
action, increasing traffic jams between classes, mean that it m
and crowded classrooms" if past history is in- classrooms, off
dicative of the future. It proposes a branch of campus, certai
the literary college as one possible solution to identity for the
the problems of increased size. Those depart
Yet the committee's desire for a new branch nical instructio
of the LSA does not seem solely motivated by to duplicate the
the problem of University size, but strongly af- Campus where
fected by valid educational considerations. The be located. Ma
new branch is an attempt to solve four basic and library fac
problem areas now afflicting undergraduate be available onl
liberal arts education at the University: not be able to
branch with s
1) NTERACTION in the student body out- only those in t
side the classroom. The common con- ences, but woul
cerns which are the basis of social communica- partments with
tion are not those of intellectual contest. This is journalism, libr
largely de to residential arrangements. foreign languag
2) Interaction between professor and student. THUS THE N
Formal and informal contacts with the faculty T THE h
are fewer in a larger college since students rare- a unit with
ly meet the professor for more than a single partments (mai
course, attend few common social functions and ties) with too l
are not housed in close proximity to one an- necessary to de
other - The new colle
3) Interaction between faculty mlembers of University prob]
different departments. Academic life would be ration and intell
enriched for many professors if they were not of different coll
always "immersed" in their own disciplines and
out of intellectual contact with others. Perhaps it is
4) Faculty involvement in undergraduate by making an i
education. The present literary college is too but what contac
large for adequate experimentation in instruc- clleges have wis
tion and curriculum reform since the possible tecture and des
repercussions of change are not easily seen. THE ESTABL
E SUGGESTION to build new residential the LSA wou
liberal arts branches to the LSA, limited in to bring studen
enrollment to about 2,000, would hopefully work sponsibilities of i
to obviate these problems. Faculty and students potentialities a
would be housed together as might students poulteg n
taking similar classes. Departments would be should begin no'
small and faculty in close contact with each ing.
other. Experimental teaching and curriculum I t n
innovations would be encouraged,perimen a eac
The curriculum committee's proposal is some- Periment with t
what visionary, yet realistic enough to spot and administrat
some of the problems that this new college posal is to ncre
might pose. The eight members who signed the will get a libera
report are familiar enough with departmental securing that ed
and faculty affairs to know that even a pre-s
liminary discussion of the new college should in- If the new col
lude considerations of organizing a dean and cause of financi
executive committee, providing for a budget, concepts it was
defining the nature of departments, fixing per- within the prese
sonnel appointments and promotions and es- Hall offices, for
tablishing curriculum and distribution require- so that sociolog
ments political scientis
The main problem with the new college, as bumping elbows
the committee envisions it, would be its rela- Freshmen might
tion to the rest of the University. The branch of courses they
should be separate and autonomous enough so sorority houses
that its faculty and students can develop a sense cipline residence
of being together in a distinct unit and so that of the residents
experimentation can occur, yet linked closely other 15 per cen
enough to the rest of the campus so that it may random selectio
benefit from the assets of a large University and colleges.
so that its policies and programs are consistent Hopefully, ho
with thebroader educational aims of the en- college within th
tire institution. reality and with
major step forw
THE COMMITTEE provides in its proposal ingful and perso
many mechanisms for creating this delicate
balance: approval of faculty appointments by
The Gargoyle

committees of both the new
LSA, provision for part-time ap-
that the faculty men interested
ates who still want to conduct
each graduate students would be
he branch, permission for stu-
ranch to select courses offered
ge college and budgetary allow-
t a fluidity in shifting of "slots"
tments or from the new college
lege faces difficulties, however.
roper funds to finance it may
gust begin by using the present
ices and residence halls of the
mly a hindrance to creating an
branch.
ments which require much tech-
nal apparatus would be hesitant
ir facilities somewhere on North
the residential branch might
my professors require laboratory
ilities for research which would
y on the main campus and would
spend as much time at the
tudents. This would affect not
he physical and biological sci-
d have impact certainly on de-
unique equipment requirements:
ary science, history of art and
[es.
EW BRANCH might, evolve into
a strong emphasis on a few de-
nly social sciences and humani-
ittle stress on other disciplines
velop a well-rounded individual.
ege also skirts around a central
lem: how to improve communi-
ectual exchange among students
eges.
best and most realistic to begin
mprovement within one college,
ct will the students in the new
th those in music school, archi-
ign or medicine?
ISHMENT of a new branch of
ld also be a unique opportunity
s into the actual duties and re- )
helping to create a college. Par-
adents in the discussion of the
rd problems of the branch
w, at the earliest stages of plan-
llege is to be a model for ex-
h ing and courses, why not ex-
he use of students as teachers
ors? Since the aim of the pro-
ase the chance that a student
1 education, the student should
n defining new approaches to
lucation.
lege proves to be infeasible be-
ial considerations, some of the
to embody could be carried out
nt structure of the LSA. Haven
example, might be scrambled
ists were sharing offices with
ts and English professors were
in the corridors with historians.
be housed together on the basis
were taking. Fraternity and
night be transformed into "dis-
s" where roughly 60 per cent
were majors in one field, an-
t in allied areas and the rest a
n from all departments and
wever, the proposed residential
fe literary college will become a
it the University will take a
rd on the path to more mean-
nal education.
-MICHAEL OLINICK
Editor

FRANCE'S CHOICE:
De Gaulle Reaches for Stability-

By MICHAEL HARRAH
City Editor
UP UNTIL NOW, the United
States has viewed with little
visible reaction the progress of
the Common Market on the Euro-
pean continent. Indeed, for those
few who have expresed any in-
terest at all, their knowledge has
been largely superficial and emo-
tional.
At the present time, however,
the Common Market stands on the
threshhold of its existence, for it
is approaching the point of no
return. The six member nations-
France, West Germany, Italy, Be-
gium, Holland and Luxembourg-
will soon be committed to an in-
tricacy of reduced tariffs, price
supports, customs changes, and
financial policies, from which they
will find it virtually impossible to
extricate themselves.
Until now, the Six have been
left to themselves, while some na-
tions watched their "venture,"
others derided it. Now, however,
their interest and derision have
turned to concern. Great Britain,
a nation which scorned the loud-
est, is negotiating for admission to
the EEC. If her admission is
granted, it will surely have ramifi-
cations which will shake the en-
tire world-including the United
States-to the very core.
BRITAIN CURRENTLY is the
king-pin in the European Free
Trade Alliance, made up of the
"Outer Seven," which surround
the Common Market nations-also
including Denmark, Norway, Aus-
tria, Switzerland, Portugal and
Sweden. If Britain goes into the
EEC, the others will have no
choice but to follow.
Yet, Britain's entry is far from
sure. Practically to a man, the
Commonwealth ministers oppose
the move. They claim, and rightly
so, that it would severely jeopar-
dize the tradition of "Common-
wealth preference," an arrange-
ment akin to a British Common
Market.
Many of the Commonwealth na-
tions depend solely on one or two
staples to support their economy.
These products they market to an
overwhelming extent within the
Commonwealth (meaning Great
Britain), and in return they re-
ceive the many products they lack
from other Commonwealth nations
(through Great Britain). All this
is facilitated by the low tariff and
price arrangement called "Com-
monwealth preference."
* * *
IF BRITAIN enters the Com-
mon Market, this "preference" is
quite likely to come into conflict
with the EEC rules governing
trade outside the Common Mar-
ket (which would include the
Commonwealth nations).
At the close of the recent Com-
monwealth Conference, Canadian
Prime Minister John Diefenbaker
threatened that if Britain joined
the EEC, Canada would be forced
to join the United States. This
remark was treated as a joke but
more than likely Diefenbaker was
deadly serious, for his nation en-
joys a great deal of benefit from
the "Commonwealth preference."
What all this means is that na-
tions outside the Common Market
will be forced to seek a rallying
point-an outlet for goods and
source of supply to supplement
their former benefits.
This focal point will ultimately
be one of two nations: The United
States or Russia.
IN THE United States, reception
of the Common Market has been
almost indifferent-typically un-
concerned in the American tradi-
tion. In Russia, the reception used
to be hostile and belligerent. Now
the attitude seems to have shifted
to one of re-evaluation. Just as
Russia was forced to adjust to the

Marshall Plan, so now she may be
forced to adjust to the Common
Market.
And suppose that Russia 0oe
decide to adjust. What then? Many
members of the EEC, and many
prospective members, have never
had any qualms about maintain-
ing friendly exchange with the
Russians. France and Italy have
strong Communist parties; Brit-
ain's hospitality to Moscow has
become almost irksome; Scandi-
navia, Austria and the Benelux
countries have not been hostile.
In fact, only the United States
and Canada have pursued a course
of open revulsion.
This means that the EEC would
certainly consider carefully carry-
ing on trade agreements with the
Communists-a situation quite un-
acceptable to the nations in North
America.
And if the European nations
should emerge in any sort of ar-
rangement with Russia, the United
States and Canada would find
themselves faced with a four-
headed monster-France, Great
Britain, Germany and Russia, all
linked economically together.
* * *
NOW IT IS inconceivable that
the Common Market could always
be operated on a strictly economic
basis. With two strong men like
General de Gaulle and Chancellor
Adenaur in the forefront, politics
can not be eliminated.
On the one hand, there is
France - clearly a second-rate
power, fallen from her once proud
position as a major nation. This
status she seeks to regain.'
On the other hand there is Ger-
many, three times in one centuiy
an aggressor nation, with a strong
national spirit. Her main desire
is to reunite her country-by one
means or another.
Tie that together with the ever-
liugering fear of German military
might that lingers in every Euro-
pean nation, and you have, a
strong incentive for a United
Europe under the Common Mar-
ket. No country wants to give up
its soveriegnty, but it wants even
less to be overrun by an invading
army again. This builds a strong
case fer a voluntary alliance.
RUSSIA MEANWHILE is not
adverse to changing partners. The
United States and Canada are her
real enemies; the European allies
are mere pawns on the board,
easily swept aside with the proper
assault. Her allies in 1945 are
quite different from her allies now.
Quite probably she would not be
hesitant to shift her sentiments
once again, should it suit her
purposes.
Quite clearly the United States
cannot tarry any longer. American
officials must make their stand on
the Common Market quite definite,
so that there will not be any con-
fusion. Whatever side America
takes, Russia will take the other,
so the United States must be pre-
pared to choose-irrevocably-her
course. She must decide whether
to cling to her present alliances,
or whether to strike out alone
again, attracting a new set of
allies.
However, if Britain does not
gain admission to the Common
Market, the course becomes sim-
plicity personified. The Common-
wealth and EFTA will remain in-
tact; economies of newly-indepen-
dent nations will not be disturbed
by, tariff gyrations. Events will
proceed as they have been.
Clearly, as Britain maneuvers
for admission to the EEC, she is
also negotiating the future of
America. Taken in that light, the
United States must speak up for
herself-since all too suddenly, the
course of world events could be
changed.
And this time the United States
cannot afford the luxury of her
famous tradition-she cannot be
unprepared.

By PHILIP SUTIN
FOR THE FIRST time since he
was propelled into office over
four years ago, French President
Charles de Gaulle enters a politi-
cal battle which he may well lose.
In a head-on challenge, he is try-
ing to solve France's perennial di-
lemma-the swing between near
anarchy and authoritarianism.
De Gaulle is attempting to im-
pose upon the French people the
near authoritarian solution to its
political ills. Convinced that the
basic hindrance to French great-
ness is a government weakened by
a divided, ineffectual, but 'struc-
turally strong parliament, the
French president is attempting to
strengthen his office to near dic-
tatorship proportions.
This approach naturally is ab-
horent to the old Fourth-Republic
politicians and to a large segment
of the populace. Now that the Al-
gerian crisis has been largely set-
tIed, the pressure against oppos-
ing de Gaulle has lessened and the
old parliamentarians are gaining
strength. De Gaulle has brusquely
challenged them and the politi-
cians are ready for a fight.
* * *
THE CONSTITUTION of the
Fifth Republic was tailored to fit
de Gaulle and the problem of suc-
cession has been in the back of
the French mind since he took
power in 1958. However, this point
was forcibly brought home to de
Gaulle only recently when a Secret
Army assassin's bullet whizzed
inches by his head.
Since then, de Gaulle has de-
vised a scheme to insure the con-
tinuation of a strong French gov-
ernment after his death or retire-

ment. Under the 1958 constitution,
the French president is elected by
80,000 "electors" who are local of-
ficials and politicians. De Gaulle
feels this does n9t give enough
prestige to the presidency and has
called a referendum Oct. 28, to
provide for the direct election of
the president.
This move would add to the al-
ready strong powers of the presi-
dency and strength of popular
sanction.
THE PARLIAMENT can impose
few checks on the president. It
can remove the premier on a vote
of no confidence, but if the par-
liament has been in session more
than a year, the president can
dissolve it. The president also holds
a double veto over parliament. If
he does not approve of a measure,
he can veto it or he can have the
Senate consider it. If it approves
of the bill, the measure goes back
to the Assembly where it must
vote favorably or face dissolution.
The parliament's only protec-
tion lies in its guarantee that it
must be in a session at least one
year. In that year, the president
cannot touch it and it therefore
can impose its will. However, this
can be only one year of the presi-
dent's seven year term.
NOW that problem has been
solved andthe French can turn
to its internal problems. De Gaulle
no longer is as sacred as he once
was although he is still the most
popular figure in France. The par-
liamentarians have a chance to
reassert themselves.
De Gaulle played into their
hands when, in his usual haughty

manner, he bypassed parliament
in amending the constitution. The
outraged parliamentarians dump-
ed the government of Premier
Georges Pompidou-the first suc-
cessful no-confidence vote in the
Fifth Republic-and prepared to.
battle de Gaulle.'
The president still maintains the
upper hand. He is still the unify-
ing element in French politics and
no one wishes to see him resign as
he has warned he would if he lost.
France has prospered under the
Common Market and times are
generally good.
However, there is a great deal
of discontent the parliamentarians
can play upon. French farmers are
markedly out of sympathy with
de Gaulle's efforts to modernige
agriculture and reduce government
subsidies.
* * *
WITH THE EXCEPTION of the
Vichy regime which was imposed
by the Germans, but did have
some measure of popular support,
the strong regimes have always
led France to grandeur and then
disaster. On the other hand, the
parliamentary regimes have been
marked by drift and stagnation
and usually fall to authoritarian
hands in crisis.
The de Gaulle era has been
marked by prosperity and invig-
orated foreign' policy asserting
France's role as a great power. The
parliamentarians are largely the
bankrupt politicians of the Fourth
Republic, seeking to return to pow-
er.
Thus de Gaulle leaves France a
choice: either undue authority or
ineffective government. There is
no middle way.

APA PERFORMANCE:
P-

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Michiganensian

T HE COLLEGE humor magazine seems to be
dying as an institution all over the nation.
But Dick Pollinger and his cohorts are right in
there fighting again. They will submit the dum-
my of the proposed new Gargoyle for approval
of the Board in Control of Student Publications
today.
This has been going on for about three years
now, as various motley groups have prepared
their Garg dummies in an effort to wring an
approving nod from the Board. So far the ef-
fort has met with no success at all. The last
reason given for rejection, last year, was that
the dummy was simply "not funny."
Humor is an extraordinarily difficult thing
to analyze in any specific way. It is likewise
perhaps the most difficult of all effects to con-
vey well in writing. Especially in the satiric
form, humor depends ultimately upon the vast
social mood of its audience-a mood always in
a state of flux, and almost intangible except to
instinct.

It used to be that sex, alcohol, the football
team, academics, and administration were the
major topics of college satire. These things,
much to our credit as students, do not seem to
be adequate anymore. We have grown into the
perception of a world view, and we laugh at our
government more often and more heartily than
we laugh at the old college jokes, witness the
popularity of Mort Sahl and our other social
satire comedians.,
This mood of a "world view" does not mean
that we have grown too serious to laugh. If the
essence of humor is, in fact, incongruity, the
world view holds a greater wealth of laughter
than campus society ever did. But a lot of tra-
dition must be set aside.
THE OLD SUBJECTS will continue to ap-
pear, of course. But they are not sufficient;
they are not the main point anymore. It may
well be that the most incongruous phenomenon
of contemporary campus life is students them-
selves. We consider ourselves adults in a way

WALT WHITMAN sang of the
vitality of life. Richard Bald-
ridge took his solo, divided it into
parts with harmonies and dis-
cords, and made a play. Wednes-
day night, the APA brought to
Baldridge's version ("We, Com-
rades Three") of Whitman's song
("Leaves of Grass") the quality
of aliveness, the face-to-face di-
rectness Whitman achieves in his
best poetry.
In, around, behind, and through
a curiously gilded small-town
bandstand (with a capital build-
ing dome atop) five players gave
us an expansive view of Walt
Whitman's personality and a
tightly condensed version of the
Civil War. From "hooray-and-
hallelujah, let's get in the-e and
fight for ideals" to "the war's
over, let's have fun" and "what
about me? I've been through it,"
the play focused on the Civil
War and America.
* * *
"THE COMRADES Three" were
all Walt-"Young Walt" (Clayton

the play, move toward reconcilia-
tion.
* * *
BALDRIDGE has done a mas-
terful Job of transforming the
printed page into visual drama.
The action flows from one scene
into another, and we roam the
American countryside, seeing per-
sonalities (not that nebulous an-
imal, "the people") live through
20 or 30 years of our history.
The APA, after last week's feast
of precise, glittering acting, prov-
ed itself fully capable of sensitive
ensemble acting. With scenes and
roles changing in swift succession,
each actor kept a central charac-
ter alive while portraying with
facility any number of mutations
in any and all situations.
Will Geer as the seasoned old
man seeking to reconcile his ex-
periences and see, before his
death, what life was all about,
delivered a sympathetic perform-
ance. He relives his past, knowing
what will come to his actions, yet
trying to prevent the mistakes.
Clayton Corzatte, as the young,

ly youthfully innocent, jadedly se-
ductive, and, in the aftermath of
the war ,horrified. Cavada Hum-
phrey, as The Mother, who creates,
watches with both dispassion and
suffering, the lives of men, was
especially magnificent in a su-
perb cast.
* * *
I CAN THINK of no better way
of launching a new, good play. It
has its faults-the first act, with
the War running in and out and
all over, is a bit confusing and
not quite strong enough emotion-
ally-though one couldn't ask for
anything stronger than the hos-
pital scene, when the full ,impact
of what war is sinks in and the
maimed and the nurses join in a
powerfully necessary "Lord's
Prayer." Lincoln's death, though
meant to mirror the whistle-stop
funeral procession across the
country, was simply long-winded
and dull. But Whitman's (the
middle one) pomposity and a
scene in a pink-beaded whore-
house more than made up for the
act's slow start.

To the Editor:
W E ARE NOW in the process of
producing what we. the Edi-
tors of the 1963 Michiganensian,
think will be a totally new, fresh,
and exciting idea for a yearbook
on the Michigan campus.
Obviously, much thought went
into the decision to cut the size
and the price of the book and we
were quite anxious to share this
thinking with the campus. Because
of this we were quite disappointed
in the front page article which was
printed in Tuesday's Daily. We
wrote a complete story including
all the facts about the new book
and reasons for the change-these
facts were cut until what remain-
ed was only a fraction of the
story and left many questions un-
answered.
These are the facts which we
wanted to appear in The Daily-
this is the whole story:
The most notable change is the
elimination of posed group living
shots. However, the 'Ensian will

changes in the atmosphere were
also a contributng factor. Sales
data have indicated that there is
little support for the widely-held
belief that a 500 page book com-
plete with posed shots is what .the
campus really wants. It just has
not been borne out in actuality.
The main supporters of the. book
have been seniors in past years-
other classes have contributed neg-
ligible support to the yearbook
that was supposed to have had
campus-wide appeal.
In recent years living groups
have dropped out of the book at
the last minute; others have been
in only half-heartedly. Instances
such as these make it impossible
to produce a high-quality book
since the staff never knows if
pages will be filled up or not. The
book is planned almost a year in
advance of publication. If a group
that has been planned on for a
page drops out, there is nothing to
do but scramble around for some-
thing to put on it-or leave it

P MAY WELB. RE that the traditional eon-

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