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September 14, 1962 - Image 20

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-14

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Present NSA Acts on

Testing, Iudices,

Cold War


Resolution Condemns
All Nuclear Blasts
FACT: The 13th National Student Congress "supported the con-
tinuing nuclear test ban negotiations and all serious efforts to realize
an .effective and definite agreement concerning the cessation of nu-
clear bomb testing."
The 14th NSC urged that the "nuclear powers continue both at
the negotiating table and in the laboratory their efforts to arrive at
effective arms control measures and mutually satisfactory agreement.
The goal should be general disarmament based on effective controls
and inspection measures, so that no party can begin or increase the
production of nuclear arms without the full knowledge of the others."
The ,14th NSC further recognized that complete and total cessa-
tion of the production of the means of warfare - chemical, radiologi-
cal, biological and nuclear - must be the goal of all negotiations on
this subject."
The Soviet Union announced resumption of atmospheric nuclear
testing on August 30, 1961, and initiated these tests on, Sept. 2, thus
breaking a 34 month U.S.-U.S.S.R. moratorium on testing. In March,
1962, the United States announced its intention to begin its current
series of tests in April, and in late April started this series.
On August 6, 1962, the Soviet Union started its second and current
series of atmospheric tests.
PRINCIPLE: Throughout history, war has been a major deterrent
in the attempt of the academic community to define and realize the 1
goal of a free society; its impending threat continually obstructs the
university's right to retain an independent critical position toward
DECLARATION: USNSA realizes that each of the nuclear powers
is acting on what it feels to be its national interests. USNSA condemns
militarily and politically oriented tests of nuclear devices - whether
by the Soviet Union, United States, United Kingdom, France, or, by
any other nation currently developing nuclear devices or whether at-
mospheric, underwater, underground or in outer space. USNSA feels
the consequent fear of radioactive contamination and the effect of
such tests in accelerating the arms race, make more difficult the
successful conclusion of any negotiations for the cessation of nuclear
weapons testing and the provisions of adequate international inspec-
tion and control.
USNSA particularly condemns the resumption of nuclear testing
by the Soviet Government in 1961 which broke the 34 month U.S.-
U.S.S.R. moratorium in testing.
USNSA supports the present efforts at Geneva by the U.S., USSR
and U.K. to achieve agreements on testing but urges that all nations
possessing nuclear weapons also. participate in these talks. USNSA
urges the present nuclear powers to make all efforts to prevent an
expansion of the number of world powers which now possess nuclear
arms so that the realization of a test ban and general disarmament
will not become any more difficult.
USNSA supports the right of students to express themselves on
the question of testing and. disarmament and hopes that students in
all parts of the world will continue to make known their feelings. In
particular USNSA notes the demonstrations of American students in
Washington and across the country this last .year, and the recent at-
tempt of Japanese students to protest Soviet and American testing
in Moscow. USNSA deplores the action of Soviet authorities in pre-
venting such expression of student opinion and reaffirms that such
actions by any government constitute a denial of essential student
ACTION: USNSA encourages member schools, to assist in the
dissemination of information on the subjects of nuclear testing and
disarmament, and to support action designed to encourage discus-
sion of proposals for nuclear disarmament. USNSA encourages the
formation of groups to study and act on the isuses of nuclear testing
and disarmament on campuses where such groups are not now in

Cites DangersTo Education

NSA SESSION-Many hours of debate and discussion went into the various resolutions passed by
the United States National Student Association.
Urges Due Student Judicial Processes

FACT: In recent years, college
and universitynadministrations
have suspended or dismissed stu-
dents without permitting the ac-
cused students to defend them-
selves, cross examine the witnesses
against them, or be present at the
proceedings. S o m e universities
have refused to give students the
specific reasons for their suspen-
sion or dismissal. In other cases,
only after the commission ofhan
apparently innocent act have
amorphous regulations been con-
strued to render this action a vio-
lation of university policy.
PRINCIPLE: USNSA affirms its
belief that:
1. The university has the respon-
a. to state clearly, as clearly and
completely as possible, which
actions shall; be considered
violations of university regu-
b. to delineate and make public
the penalties which could be
c. to give the accused student
adequate notice of the partic-
ular charges placed against
2. The student has the right:
a. to have access to all relevant
information, including the
testimony of his accusers;
b. to offer personal testimony
and witnesses in his own be-
c. to decline to testify against
d. to receive the rationale be-
hindthe decision;
e. to be free from the possibil-
ity of double jeopardy;
f. to be tried by an impartial
g. to have free choice of coun-

h. to be prosecuted by someone
other than a member of the
trial body.
DECLARATION: In accordance
with the preceding principles,
USNSA recommends that each
university esablish a judicial coun-
cil, which shall be either the ulti-
mate court of appeal or the only
judicial court. The council should
be composed of faculty and stu-
dents; in no case shall the coun-
cil include a member who has
brought charges or who is en-
gaged in pressing charges. All in-
fraction of university rules, both
social and academic, which can
lead to expulsion or suspension
should be heard by the council,
unless the accused requests that
Oppose Postal
Censoring Bill
FACT: An amendment to the
Postal Revision Act of 1961,
known as the Cunningham
Amendment has passed the House
and has been sent to the Senate.
The amendment would prohibit
the "receipt, handling, transport
or delivery of mail matter deter-
mined by the Attorney General to
be Communist political propagan-
da financed or sponsored directly
or indirectly by any Communist
controlled government."
PRINCIPLE: Any act of re-
stricting, suppressing, or censoring
the flow of any material for po-
litical reasons interferes with the
citizen's right of free access to in-
formation and with academic
freedom and places in jeopardy
the foundations of an informed
democratic society.

the case be heard in the appropri-
ate administrative office. Any stu-
dent in danger of dismissal should
be given adequate notice of the
hearing and sufficient information
concerning the offense of which
he is accused to enable him to
prepare for the adjudication of
the registered charge. A hearing
would be conducted in which the
accused would have an opportuni-
ty to present his defenses and to
cross examine witnesses giving evi-
dence against him.
A student appearing before this
council should have the right to
have assistance of his own choos-
ing in the presentation of his case
if he so desires. Complete records
of the proceedings should be kept
to facilitate possible appeals.
The decision reached by the ju-
dicial council should not be sub-
ject to review by any other uni-
versity authority, except where
state law provides that the presi-
dent of the board of trustees of
the university are to have the ulti-
mate disciplinary power. In such
situations USNSA urges that the
president or board of trustees dele-
gate their authority to the council.

FACT: Since the end of World
War II, institutions of higher ed-
ucation have become involved in
and vitally affected by what is
known as the cold war.
Universities have become func-
tionally tied to the conduct of do-'
mestic and foreign policy. Vast
amounts of federal funds subsidize
a great proportion of the scientif-
ic resources of the academic world.
Infringement of academic free-
dom and restrictions on access to
information have been justified in
the name of implied or explicit
threats to national security.
PRINCIPLE: The principles of
academic freedom, university au-
tonomy, student rights and unbi-
ased inquiry require constant de-
fense and reaffirmation.
Intellectual communities best
contribute to their society when
the critical and exploratory fac-
ulties are free to confront the cru-
cial questions before the society.
Maintaining the c ha n nels
through which knowledge may be
freely obtained and deliberately
considered has become a prime
task of ,those concerned with the
future of education.
Unless relevant knowledge can
be obtained and judiciously ap-
plied to the decisive events of this
era, our competence to master
these events will be at best inade-
USNSA recognizes the responsi-
bility of the system of higher edu-
cation to the society which sup-
The following are excerpts
from resolutions passed at the
National Student Congress.
ports it. It affirms also, the obli-
gation of the universities to take
the initiative in establishing the
manner by which they shall ful-
fill their responsibilities.
upon universities and colleges,
students and faculty to reexamine
their relations to the Cold War.

USNSA reaffirms the right and
the obligation of faculty and stu-
dents to maintain and foster the
spirit of free inquiry, and to con-
tinue, with renewed vigor, to exer-
cise the critical function of the
academic community.iThe aca-
demic community should also edu-
cate the broader society to the
dangers inherent in the restric-
tion or elimination of both un-
biased inquiry and social criti-
cism. Such practices can only im-
pair the ability of institutions of
higher learning to face the cru-
cial problem of our time with in-
tellectual competence and integri-
USNSA commits itself to respon-
sible and continual attempts to
comprehend the broad implications
of the present relationship be-
tween higher education and inter-

national events. It urges students
to examine and redefine the in-
tellectually and psychologically
harmful institutions of the cold
war and seek the best means by
whichethe nation can remain true
to the principles oif liberty and
Continue To Sell
Bicycle Licenses
Bicycle licenses to be displayed
on all bikes before October 1 are
on sale this week, and if necessary,
next week on the first floor of the
Student Activities Bldg. Sales of
the licenses will continue follow-
ing this time at the office of the
city clerk at City Hall. Cost is 50

1210 S. University 304 S. Thayer
NO 3-6922 NO 5-4855



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BEETHOVEN: Symphony No. 1 in
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Symphony No. 2 in D; Overtures
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Symphony No. 3 in E Flat "Eroica"
Symphony No. 3 in E Flat "Eroica"
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Symphony No. 4 in B Flat; Overture,
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Symphony No. 5 in C minor;
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Symphony No. 5 in C minor;
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Symphony No. 6 in F, "Pastorale"
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The Complete Nine Symphonies
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Symphony No. 2 in D; Overture,
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Symphony No. 3 in F; Overture,
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Symphony No. 4 in E minor (S)
The Four Symphonies (4 discs) (S)
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Violin Concerto (Oistrakh) (S) 35836t
BRUCKNER: Symphony No. 7
WAGNER: Siegfried Idyll (2 discs)
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HAYDN: Symphonies No. 98 in B
Flat, No. 101 in D "The Clock" (S)
MAHLER: Symphony No. 4 in G
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MENDELSSOHN: Symphony No. 4 in
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Symphony No. 3 in A minor
"Scotch;" Overture, "The Hebrides"
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A Midsummer Night's Dream,
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Symphonies Nos. 25 and 40 in G
Iminor (5) 35407
Symphonies No. 38 in D "Prague;"
No. 39 in E Flat 35408
Horn Concertos (Civil, horn) (S)
SCHUBERT: Symphony No. 9 in C
"The Great" (S) 35946
spiegel, Dance of the Seven Veils
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