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December 10, 1964 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-12-10

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ETM AND MANAO~b ST STVMENTS OF THE UNIYER.ITT yop MICRTGAi4
tYNDRA Xr't Atyop tY oxvnq CoNIthoL 0FSTUENT PM~LIC.&TIONS

SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT:
A Triumph over the Hierarchy

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sere 11i1ons Free, 420 M&txARD Sr., ANN ARllo, Mica.
Truth Will reail

NEws PoNm: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD HERSTEIN
The Situation at Berkeley:
Imlications for Ann Arbor ..

PERHAPS THE REASON so few faculty
members care about undergraduate
education is that so few undergraduates
seem to care. If so, then it's time to bring
the Berkeley protests to Ann Arbor.
At present, it appears that an instruc-
tor can hand almost anything masquerad-
ing as education to students and they
won't complain. They may grumble pri-
vately, but as long as he gives out grades
and credits more or less equitably, he can
drone indefinitely through the same old
lecture notes and collect his paycheck.
As long as students don't seem to care,
no pious proclamations from the Univer-
sity's president or deans about the value
of teaching will change this. Faculty
members will know that they can get
away with mediocrity or worse-indeed,
they will see no particular reward in doing
otherwise-and will continue to seek dis-
tinction someplace where effort is more
visible, such as in the laboratory.
To change this, students must show
that they do care. They must show not
only that they would like better educa-
tion, but that they absolutely will not put
up with the dull, arbitrary, irrelevant, in-.
sulting and sometimes downright asinine
ritual which often passes as education
here.
Faced with such a situation, they should
do what the Berkeley students did: raise
some hell.
THE BERKELEY protestors were faced
with the same situation, though on a
different administrative level, which stu-
dents here face daily: an action which
they considered an outrage, yet one
against which there was no easy appeal.
When polite arguments failed, the only
alternative to enduring it was to make
things hot for the perpetrator of the out-
rage-hot enough that giving them what
they wanted became the path of least
resistance.
Justified or not, the Berkeley demon-
strations again illustrated the effective.-
ness of this method. While the California
sit-in may not bring total victory, the
protest already must be marked as a
successful one.
THERE IS NO POINT in sitting-in at
the administration building here when
a particular professor is incompetent or
lazy; the administrators there didn't or-
der him to be that way and probably don't
even know he is. In a decentralized uni-
versity like this, they probably couldn't
even do much about it. Nor is such a
demonstration effective when it demands
something nebulous like "better under-
graduate education"; specific demands
are necessary.
Concerned students must focus on the
root of the trouble: the faculty member
himself. They must first get together out-
side the classroom and decide just what
the faculty member has done, or failed to
do, that they find objectionable. Then
they must present the grievance to him.
In many cases this show of interest will
be all that is necessary.
If it isn't, the students must hit the
professor where it hurts the most: in his
reputation. Suppose, for example, the
complaint is that his lectures consist of
nothing but a re-hash of the textbook-
a comrmon practice. One day no one
should go to his lecture. Instead, the en-

tire class should convene at the depart-
ment chairman's office. Representatives
would discuss the teacher's laxness with
the chairman, while the others mill
around embarrassingly outside, perhaps
passing out leaflets explaining what the
professor had been doing. Such a demon-
stration, organized with ample publicity,
would quite effectively encourage the pro-
fessor to spend his next free evening
thinking about his students instead of his
latest journal article.
MANY PRACTICES cry out for protest.
Language classes should tear up the
time cards which show they've served
their time in the language lab. A recent
introductory-course assignment ordered
students to write not more than four
typewritten, doublespaced pages of elite
type, or six pages of pica type. "I will
not read beyond the sixth page," the in-
structor declared. Perhaps this instructor
would get the message if everyone simply
wrote insulting comments about him on
the seventh page. Whatever the means of
protest, such petty authoritarianism
should not be meekly accepted. Busy-
work assignments should not be done.
Worthless classes should be boycotted.
Hopelessly incompetent teachers should
be condemned in public demonstrations.
As a more comprehensive project, some
student group should assemble and sell-
without University sponsorship or as-
sent, both of which have been denied in
the past-a course and teacher evaluation
booklet. Again, Berkeley students have set
the example. SLATE, a campus political
organization, surveys student opinion on
courses and teachers twice a year and
combines the results into a well-written
and provocative "Supplement to the Gen-
eral Catalog." A random selection from
the "Supplement" evaluations of Berke-
ley faculty members:
Messrs. Fish, Littlejohn and Seeyle
can be safely recommended. Several
students said that Mr. McNulty made
obvious his contempt for teaching
both the course and the students. Mr.
Eskin was afraid of his class, unwill-
ing to admit discussion, and resented
interruptions.
Knowing that he will be evaluated this
bluntly and publicly should keep any fac-
ulty member on his toes.
CAREFULLY PLAN and execute just a
few such projects, and things will
begin to happen beyond the department
directly involved. Faculty members who
have been selling students short will
begin to worry. More importantly, the
minority of faculty and administrators
who really are concerned with improving
education will at last find a response.
There are many who are willing to
champion the student's cause, but so far
the student hasn't seemed to want a
champion. The real educators have had
to fight not only their colleagues but the
students themselves.
Students who show active concern for
education will find not only kindred spir-
its but equally active support. But until
students are willing to stand up and
fight, they will get exactly what they de-
serve-and they will get it again and
again.
-KENNETH WINTER
Managing Editor

Last of a Two-Part Series
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
W HEN THE faculty senate of
the University of Michigan
convened for its semi-annual
meeting last month, about 200 of
its more than 2100 members show-
ed up.
When the faculty senate of the
University of California at Berke-
ley assembled for a regularly-
scheduled session Tuesday, nearly
1000 of its more than 2100 mem-
bers were present.
The prime order of business in
Berkeley was to review the latest
in an endless batch of peace pro-
posals aimed at resolving the
three-month-old crisis which has
shaken the campus. By contrast,
the prime order of business in Ann
Arbor was two insipid resolutions:
one condemning professionalism
in athletics and one urging re-
vised pay scales, a problem which
the administration has been tack-
ling for months.
** *
WHAT BROUGHT five mem-
bers of the Berkeley faculty to
their meeting for every one of
their counterparts who attended
here was the pressing need for
mediation in the rule dispute be-
tween students and the adminis-
tration.
That they decided overwhelm-
ingly in favor of students is a bit
ahead of our story.
It began in a lot of places with
a lot ofaissues and through the
efforts of lots of people-finally
bursting into combustion this fall.
" There were the directives of
California President Clark Kerr
in 1959 which sought to keep "off-
campus" issues, such as civil rights
in the South, away from the cam-
pus. They resulted in a regental
policy placing heavy restrictions
on student political activity. This
was the first but by no means
the last example of administrative
rigidity there.
" There was San Francisco in
1960 where a small band of Berke-
ley (and other) protestors came
peacefully to express their opposi-
tion to the House Un-American
Ativities Committee inquisition
taking place there. The peace was
shattered when students inside
and outside the hearing room were
abruptly gouged with jets of water
from hoses and then dragged
away in a public display of police
brutality. This was to become a
national issue, the first time that
Berkeleyites sensed their moral
concerns merited such attention.
* There was the imposition of
a specific restriction against on-
campus fund and member recruit-
ment for off-campus activities.
This ban drew its authority from
the Kerr directives. In mid-
September, when the dean of stu-
dents dusted off this ruling, ig-
nored until then, the students
prepared to erupt into the two
and one half months of turmoil.
As time progressed, the original
issues of free unrestricted political
activity were joined by others such
as the concern for mistreatment
of protest leaders and the wrath
against mass police intervention.
* There was the student who
felt babied by a disciplinary-
mindedaadministration and be-
trayed by the foggy and ineffec-
tive channels of student govern-
ment. This student was one of a
core group of several thousands-
representing board political spe-
trums-who formed the "Free
Speech Movement" to protest ad-
ministration policies.
Buttmainlyithere was the
"fringe student" who was attract-
ed by the issue and the dedicated
protest core group, fascinated by
the mob, perhaps pricked by an
urge to be off-beat. Ascan average
guy who normally shunned poli-
tics (except in small national
doses every four years), preferring
grades and girls, he was the most
surprising element in the combus-
tion and the one with the most

relevance for students here.
As has been frequently pointed
out on these pages, the great in-
accuracy of American society is
the rebel label which the older

generation pins on adolescents.
The rebellion that is implied
in this case is the struggle for
the use of the family car on week-
ends. The older generation's at-
titude is not rooted in any ob-
servations of deep moral commit-
ment to such vagueries as free
speech or political rights.
The student of today has no in-
herent zeal for massive reform.
He is the great accepter. He knows
that the object of life is to stand
out just a little bit (i.e., being a
little better at doing what every-
one else is doing, such as in get-
ting A's instead of C's). But be-
yond this there is no basic urge
for rebellion.
* * *
NOWHERE is the idea of cau-
tious excellence better shown than
in the student activities here (and
at most institutions), where to
participate requires envelope-
licking and agenda-dittoing skills
in far greater measure than
thoughtful actions of consequence.
Nor does the institution want
"activists." They cause trouble and
raise embarrassing questions. The

against labor at the bargaining
table. Nonetheless, the impulses,
carriers of idealism, are there in
full vibrance during college days.
NORMALLY, the administra-
tion's lack of encouragement for
activities (they are rarely co-
ordinated with the academic sys-
tem) and the student's own career
and grade orientation combine to
repress his impulses to participate
in student political endeavors. But
at Berkeley, once the ball was
rolling and the crowds surging
and the administration became
unusually baffling, his interest
was sparked.
At first he joined as part of the
crowd's fringe, the outer layer of
demonstrators which in press pho-
tographs appeared to be bored
with the entire affair. Gradually,
his interest was whetted as fur-
ther support entered the ring,
particularly the growing volume
of faculty, which was urging such
nonacademic gestures as skipping
classes. Finally, he felt himself
lured in all the way as a partici-
pant in the struggle for political

tees to work for more liberalized
rules.
* * *
MEANWHILE, an ad-hoc faculty
group calling itself "The 200" had
prepared a more liberal document
which they polished Monday even-
ing. It pledged everything Kerr
had offered and more-namely
the relaxing of the restrictions
against on-campus activities which
sparked the riots originally.
The faculty passed the proposal
4-1.
There will be no administrative
reaction until the University of
California Regents, who govern all
its branches, including Berkeley,
meet Friday.
But it is likely the officials will
give in to end what has been an
embarrassing situation, one which
may have cost Kerr a position in
the Johnson cabinet and may
force the "retirement" of the
Berkeley chancellor.
* * *
WHILE THE administrative
forces have been constantly on
the defensive (they have dropped
charges against students on two

Grievances against such things
as crowded housing and poor un-
dergraduate teaching arouse very
little reaction from administrative
or student quarters. They do not
inspire the average student to
leave his pursuit of grades and
career and wife.
* * *
BUT IN A WAY it's too bad.
For all the public embarrassment
and perhaps financial setback
which Berkeley has suffered, it
has given the student, faculty and
administrative elements a good
kick in the pants and a valuable
chance, to re-evaluate their roles
in relation to each other.
Administrators here would no
doubt cringe at the thought of
mass demonstrations, watching
their hopes for a successful $55
million fund drive fade into the
glare of national publicity. And
their present willingness to work
with and listen to students;would
make dramatic protest at this
point a rather contrived activity.
Nevertheless, the next few years
will bring crowding in the dormi-
tories and dilution of education

. .. .r««r:..."" ..rr.., :: 1n ... ".. '1n"": >4:4. «« ..
CONCERT PREVIEW:
Choir, Orchestra and Christmas
FOR STUDENTS, professors and directors of ANOTHER contemporary work to be pre-
the music school, tonight's the night: North sented tonight is Anton Bruckner's "Mass in E
Campus is busily putting finishing touches on Minor." This composer is particularily significant
this year's Christmas Concert. for his colorful instrumental accompaniment.
The concert, open to the public free of "String instruments are the traditional ac-
charge, is to be held at 8:30 this evening in Hill companist, but Bruckner solely relies on the wood-
Aud. The University choirs will join with the winds and brass," Prof. Klein said. "This marks
University Symphony Orchestra and several stu- him as traditionally modern, too."
dent soloists to sample some of the better Christ- The performance will also include the con-
mas music which has been written within the temporary Benjamin Britten and his "Ceremony
past four centuries. of Carols," featuring the Women's Choir, Ruth
S According to Prof. Maynard Klein, director Clark playing the harp and soloists Lois Stoddard
of the University choirs, since the 17th century contralto, Lynda Wilson, soprano, Lynn Utzinger,
there has been more music written for the soprano, and Abbie Van De Walker, mezzo
Christmas celebration than for any other single soprano.
y o r n.event in history.
In addition, the University Choir will sing
three motets by Francis Poulenc, three of the
THE PROGRAM, consequently, is trying to best liturgical pieces of the 20th century, Prof. z
illustrate the diversity of this music by sampling best;litd.
such famed, traditional works as Bach's "Mag-
snificat" plus the music of some of the lesser-
known, contemporary composers as Hugo Distler. AS THE FINAL piece of the concert, com-
know, cntemoray coposrs a Huo ~plementing the contemporary music of the first K:
An oratorio by Distler, originally written in ; emealfno the po raynvsit o iran
German, has been arranged and edited in Englishhaftepgmh nv iy orn
by Prof. Klein under the title, "The Christmas Orchestra will present the 17th century's "Mag-
Story." nificat" by Bach. The oratorio will highlight
It is a distinctively modern oratorio in that John Schafer, harpsichord, and Jackson Ham-
it was written for unaccompanied soloists and mitt, organ, and soloists Constance Triantafillou,
choir. The soloists for "The Christmas Story" CHRISTMAS COMES to Ann soprano, Nancy Jaynes, soprano, Lois Stoddard
are: Waldie Anderson, Stephen Skelley, Noel Arbor with tonight's presenta- contralta, Waldie Anderson, tenor and Daniel «
Rodgers, Lois Stoddard, Daniel Jackson and David tion of the annual Christmas Jackson, bass.
Concert sponsored by the music -Carol Eifrig
Nest. school.---Ca:ol:E!:iigi:.

Kerr directives were specifically
designed to prohibit the raising
of controversial issues by on-
campus groups-and to prevent
their being dragged in from the
outside by off-campus groups.
And yet, despite the inherent
student caution and the institu-
tional discouragement, a crucial
issue came to the fore at Berkeley
through student instigation.
Why?
THE ANSWER seems to lie in
the ability of the crisis there to
appeal to a hidden rebellious qual-
ity in the normally subm-Issive
fringe student.
The same mind which carries
the steering mechanism for a
careful course also produces im-
pulses for deviation. These im-
pulses, repressed as they are, be-
come the generators for whatever
idealism college youth possesses.
Essentially fueled by the student's
perception of a puzzling world,
these impulses cause the society
girl to date a Jew or the wealthy
fraternity boy to think of picket-
ing with labor groups for higher
wages.
These are stereotypes, of course,
but the girl will probably marry
into her country club eventually
and the boy will become a tyrant

freedom. With the vitality of a
twentieth century Jacobin, he un-
leashed himself into the the fray
full -blast.
Hence, the demonstrations grew
in size and daring: from the few
groups which picketed idly in
September to the 1100 who sat-
in overnight at the administration
building in early December to the
13,000 who went to hear President
Kerr discussnthe crisis andthen
rallied to condemn him after-
wards.
ESSENTIALLY, a complete re-
arrangement of the forces within
the university was taking place, a
rearrangement which profoundly
affected the faculty as well.
Sources there describe the fac-
ulty as similar to the one here.
When not in the classroom, it is
engrossed in research, counseling
and committee activity which
leaves it concerned only remotely
with university-wide issues. Less
than 400 faculty members usually
attend the faculty senate meet-
ings.
But Tuesday was different. In
Kerr's speech Monday, the ad-
ministration had agreed to drop
all charges against student leaders
of an October demonstration. He
had made only ambiguous guaran-

occasions and offered some con-
cessions in the rules), the Free
Speech Movement, fortified with
its fringe and backed by the fac-
ulty, has conceded nothing.
In a strict sense, the admrnis-
tration through the regents has
maintained control over decisions.
In actuality, observers point out
that the two other elements of
the institution-students and fac-
ulty - have exercised influence
which is tantamount to setting
policy.
The power realignment, as tem-
porary as it may be, will have
far greater ramifications for
Berkeley than the rule relaxations
which should come within days.
* * *
IT IS this development which
this University community should
ponder.
The example of the student in
revolt and the institution itself
in flux is valuable for Ann Arbor.
There is not the liberal tradition
nor the crucial issue nor the rigid
administration here which fer-
mented massive disorder in Cali-
fornia. The recent burst of stu-
dent sentiment, expressed in the
protest of President Hatcher's
open house and the formation of
the Student Action League, has
all but snuffed itself out.

in unprecedented quantitiesI Dis-
satisfied students, unable to vent
their anger effectively through
official channels, can take heart
in knowing that even a large state
university can have a revolution.
It's something to thinkrabout.
'ANATAHON'
Sour,
S uki-Yali
At the Cinema Guild
AN ALL-JAPANESE cast, an all-
Japanese technical and art
crew, all-Japanese dialogue (no
substitutes), exotic Japanese mu-
sic, a famous German director
who also did the script and
photography, obvious sound-stage
scenery and echoes, a non-stop
English narrative: What does it
add up to?
Possibly a suki-yaki, sauerkraut
combination topped with gobs of
ketchup. But probably only "The
Saga of Anatahon."
"Saga" is the true-life story of
several Japanese sailors who were
ship-wrecked on a small Pacific
island during the World War II
year of 1944. They found a man
and woman already living on the
insignificant island and "Saga"
depicts the conflicts that rented
the fabric of civilization of that
hearty and sometimes barbarian
band. For seven years, they killed
each other and made love, all the
time thinking that the war was
still being fought.
The Cinema Guild has warned
that it will not accept any re-
sponsibility forhthose in the aud-
ience who, while watching the
plight of the microcosmic world
on the screen, come down with
monotonum tremens and demand
their money back.
MY PRECIS of the action sounds
quite like an ad-writer's blurb for
the film only because it is the
best way to describe this very bad
piece of pretension. Made by Josef
von Sternberg (released in 1954 in
this country under the similar
title of "Ana-ta-han") with his
all-Japanese team, "Saga" has
stagyandeunconscious acting and
suffers most from its continuous
narration - a device that would
ordinarily distract the mind from

4

...And a Good, Thing To Copy

CIVIC THEATRE:
Roses Bloom- with Gypsy Rose Lee

BERKELEY is also a leader on another
front: organized note-taking services.
There, a group which calls itself the
"Fybates" has for years been writing up
tle notes from most of the widely-taken
courses and distributing them soon after
classes for set fees.
In the fall of 1960, three student
groups here at the University worked out
procedures to distribute lecture notes to
students for fees. The concept met in-
stant resistance: faculty members didn't
like the idea of having "their" notes stol-
en from them. Numerous reasons were
created to support the great value of
taking notes-organized the listener's
mind, it seemed.
The system's detractors charged that
the note-takers couldn't be trusted-too
many chances for error, they said. But
nrn . . . . _ _r M"+C, Irnr 'M"" nzr n," ^

WITHOUT TODAY'S academic pres-
sures, the service would be an instant
success in literary college courses. A
well-organized, responsible group running
the service would ensure a dependable
and continuous operation. In our own
Medical School, a note-taking service has
long been in operation.
The faculty, of course, will resist. Stu-
dents will begin to listen and think at
the same time. Card games in the back
of the room will give way to decimated
attendance as students realize the ab-
surdity of attending a lecture which can
be had in written form.
Eventually, lectures-a holdover from
the fifteenth century when lecturers were
used to read from the only available text-
books-will be confined to those cases
when they are fitting and proper: when

HE ROSES IN PASADENA will have a hard time matching up to
the rose on the Lydia Mendelssohn stage-Gypsy Rose Lee.
The Civic Theatre of Ann Arbor provides good before-finals
entertainment in "Gypsy" tonight through Saturday.
Taking place in the early 1920's and '30's, "Gypsy" is the story
of a family who tries to make it in a dying Vaudeville. Everyone
in the act leaves the neurotic mother who keeps having dreams of
success for her "babies," who are in their late teens except Louise,
who becomes the great Gypsy Rose Lee.
Judy Riecker, playing Rose, the pushy mother who wants her
daughters to be famous, redeems herself after a weak first act in
a well-played second act. She brings a strong voice to such familiar
songs as "Small World," and "Everything's Coming Up Roses."
Melissa Foster as June, the daughter who leaves the act to
make it on her own is graceful, but lacks the voice and finesse
that her sister Louise, who becomes the gypsy, displays.
Marie Bahas, playing the title role, changes from the second
rate vaudeville flop to a real rose. Miss Bahas' singing, acting and
dancing are clumsy when they are supposed to be and sophisticated

I

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