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December 09, 1964 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-12-09

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WKti £idigzu Baitg
Sevent y-i f th Yre
EDTrD AND MANAGED BSTUDENs OF THE UNIYERsrY 04 McbosAt
SUNDE. AUTHORMTY OF BOARD IN CONTROL Op STUDENT PUBLCATIOMS
ev ail 420 MAYNARD T., ANN ARBOt, MicH. NEws PHONE: 764-0552
s printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

ANN ARBOR AND THE BERKELEY PROTESTS:
Apathy Here, Revolution There Why?

DECEMBER 9, 1964

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JOHNSTON1

City Needs Mass Transit
To Avoid Urban Sprawl

IE LACK of adequate development of
public transportation facilities in Ann
>or may make this area a sprawling;
an fiasco.
.ccording to a recent report issued by
subcommittee of the City Planning
nmission, Ann Arbor will have a popu-
on of 108,000 by 1980. This report not-
that between 1960 and 1980, "The
ount of land in the Ann Arbor area de-
ed to urban density development will
rease from 15 square miles to approx-
itely 30 square miles. There has been a
uction in the formerly close commer-
., social and cultural association be-
en the whole community and the Cen-
1 Business District because of this
ler distribution of population."
.s a panacea to the problems of over-
wding, traffic congestion, the lack of
quate parking facilities and urban
awl, the planning commission sug-
ted such sterile concepts as building
re parking structures, eliminating on
et parking and developing an inte-
ted traffic flow system. However, no-
ere did the commission mention the
sibility of a modern public transpor-
on system as a solution to the com-
nity's problem.

than an automobile on these thorough-
fares.
Many sadder but wiser city planners now
realize mass transportation is the cheap-
est and most efficient method of solving
the commuting problems of urban sprawl.
Ann, Arbor can avoid the fate of other
cities by installing such a system com-
plemented by sagacious city planning.
For example, all automobiles with the
exception of supply vehicles might be
excluded from the central campus area.
Streets could be converted into plazas,
and a monorail system could run from
the outskirts of Ann Arbor to the central
area. Students could live quite a physi-
cal distance away from the campus and
still have easy access to it without using
automobiles.
Furthermore, the ready accessibility
of cheaper sources of supply of food, liv-
ing quarters and clothing made possible
by the installation of such a system would
be a natural control over the prices of
these commodities in the campus area.
Still another benefit would be the re-
juvenation of the traditionally close ties
between the campus area and the rest of
the community.
Of course, it can be pointed out that
Ann Arbor already has a public bus sys-
tem, However, it is old, slow, runs infre-
quently and has few routes.

First in a Series
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
AT HIS CONVOCATION with
Berkeley students Monday, the
president of the University of
California attracted upwards of
13,000 students from a campus
which holds 27,400.
At his convocation with Uni-
versity students a month ago, the
president of the University of
Michigan drew under 200 students
from a campus population exceed-
ing 29,000.
The contrast in attendance is
only a vague barometer of some
very basic differences in the cur-
rent political climates of the in-
stitutions. These are differences
which have come clear in the re-
cent three months of student pro-
test for political rights at Berke-
ley.
The observer 2000 miles away
in Ann Arbor is encouraged to re-
flect on the ingredients of a stu-
dent movement at an institution
comparable to his own which can
so thoroughly excite students and
inflame administrators.
* *. *
AS A MEMBER of a multi-
campus chain of institutions
known as the University of Cali-
fornia, Berkeley and its campus
life are regulated by the same
tough guidelines which apply to
its less distinguished brothers. As
a foil to these rules, the campus
is populated by a faculty-partic-
ularly at the teaching fellow level
-which has a tradition of liberal
leanings. From this conflict cane
the spark which led to conflagra-
tion this fall.
By contrast, although it has
minor extensions at Flint and
Dearborn, this University is es-
sentially a one-campus institution.
As a consequence, the administra-
tion and Regents have provided a
more unified and immediate tar-
get for discontented students to
shoot at. The administration's

One significant difference is the
existence of a rotating department
chairman system at Berkeley
which creates a more fluid hier-
archy above the professor. This
allows him greater freedom of ac-
tion without fear of reprimand
at promotions time from his de-
partment head, who in the Berke-
ley system is mainly an adminis-
trator.
There is a significant parallel
in the textures of the student
bodies: both are drawn from their
state locale but are infused with
quality out-of-staters. The current
Berkeley protest is led by a New
Yorker, Mario Savio.
THESE BASIC similarities be-
tween Berkeley and Michigan only
underscore the confusion which
the Ann Arborite might feel at the
current situation in California. It
is as if a brother had hauled off
and committed murder.
Where and how did the two
diverge so radically?
The first answer is campus
tradition.
Like their peers on campuses
across the nation, Berkeley stu-
dents were caught up in a revival
of political spirit generated by the
student crusades in .the South.
Their major protest organization,
formed in 1957, was SLATE. It
was to lead campus indignation
t o w a r d discrimination, nuclear
testing and a spate of other na-
tional problems and policies. Out
of this sentiment the special in-
terest groups such as local SNCC
and CORE chapters were to
flourish.
* * *
BUT UNLIKE Ann Arbor and
other centers of so-called "liberal
activity," Berkeley was also bless-
ed with some unique local issues.
If students in Ann Arbor were
concerned in the fifties and early
sixties about discriminatibn in
barbershops, their counterparts in
California had the famed House

IN THE EARLY STAGES of the Berkeley demonstrations the police were overwhelmed. The demon-
stration pictured above was sparked in early October when authorities tried to arrest a nonstudent
for violating school regulations. But students prevented his removal from the campus area by sur-
rounding the police car which confined him for over 18 hours. Then they used the vehicle for a

'HE LOCAL CIT
learn from the
etropolitan comn
es such as Los A
bitant sums of
othe their grown
eeways and expre
dividual motorist
congestion a bic

CY planners failed to
experiences of other.

munities. Growing ci- ALTHOUGH THE IMAGE of Ann Arbor
ngeles have spent ex- as a small metropolis dominated by
money attempting to plazas and monorails may seem idealistic,
ing pains by building it is a possibility. Certainly the possible
nssways catering to the role of public transportation in Ann Ar-
Now, however, thanks bor's growth warrants consideration.
yclist can move faster -BRUCE WASSERSTEIN
Anything for Money

OMEBODY ONCE said with' homespun
profundity that "when a fellow says
ain't the money but the principle of the
ing, it's the money."
You've got to feel like that about the
and new policy of the athletic depart-
nt, to charge for basketball tickets.
W it's a buck a shot for a look at Cazzie
nking. Why that's more than fourteen
nes the cost of a copy of The Daily.
You may think that a look at a Rus-
l is worth considerably more than four-
in Dailies, but the wallet "still winces
ien you have to pay for something you
ed to get for free. And would you be-
ye it, four years ago it cost one dollar
- all the Michigan football games and
sketball games you could see? Now it
its you twenty-five smackers for that
tertainment. Economists call that
naway inflation; students call it "too
gCULTY MEMBERS are notoriously
timid about their personal lives. With-
their disciplines, they may advocate
3 wildest and most daring positions, but
ond the ivory tower, the stereotype of
i keep-your-mouth-shut-and-stick-to-
r-own-field professor is not too much
an exaggeration.
Except at Berkeley. Daily sources there
>ort that many faculty members, irate
>ut the suppression of student political
ivity and the handling of the stu-
at demonstrators, are seriously con-
ering resigning in protest. Already
ne are talking to their colleagues and
iting to other universities for applica-
oas. To do so requires the sort of moral
dership and courage one has almost-
gotten to expect from today's intel-
tuals.
Iopefully, some of their requests for
>lications will be addressed to Ann
Jor.
-K. WINTER
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
NNETH WINTER EDWARD HERSTEIN
anaging Editor Editorial Director
GWIRTZMAN..............Personnel Director
BULLARD........... ...Sports Editor
AEL SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
N KENNY ............Assistant Managing Editor
ORAH BEATTIE ...... Associate Editorial Director

darn much money."
But the athletic department says the
money is needed if the University is to
build the new University Events Building.
Let the students pay and we'll eat cake
seems to be the motto of the athletic de-
partment bureaucrats.
It's a funny thing, but people used to
think that varsity sports existed for the
entertainment of the student body not
their exploitation. That's progress, like
nuclear weapons, nerve gas and the
Rolling Stones.
But if the University is going to have
a new sports palace, why not finance it
in a less painful way? One eminently
logical suggestion is to sell advertising
space in Yost Field House. Plaster the
aged steel beams with ads. Cover the floor
with colorful display. If major league
baseball owners have park fences cov-
ered with selling slogans, so can the
Michigan athletic department. It cer-
tainly couldn't impair the looks of the
basketball barn called Yost. What could?
After selling the space on the back-
boards to an enterprising firm, the ath-
letic department could sell space on the
backs of the players' uniforms. Cazzie's
back on national television would be
worth thousands. Bill Buntin's back,
which is somewhat larger, would also
bring a goodly amount. Even the dorsal
area of a second stringer would be equal
to a couple hundred student tickets.
If backs were successful, the chest
could be sold' too. The soul next.
You probably think this is an imprac-
tical suggestion--the players' numbers
would be obscured by the ads. But num-
bers only exist for the fans. Their dis-
comfort, as long as they are students,
hasn't stopped the athletic department
from imposing price increase after price
increase.
And what if this advertising campaign
fails? Simple. Sell the team to CBS. It
cares as much about the students, and
the network would televise all the games.
-LLOYD GRAFF
Invulnerable
LAST SUMMER a Russian managed to
knock down a low-flying plane with
an empty vodka bottle after the plane
sprayed him, his girl friend and their
picnic lunch with insecticide.

AS PART OF THE SAME demonstration pictured above, a
Berkeley policeman was hauled out of the university's administra-
tion building, Sproul Hall, after he tried to remove pickets station-
ed there. In an 1100-student sit-in which occurred there last
week, local and state police arrived en masse after being ordered
out by the governor. Their intervention and brutality angered
students and faculty.

speakers' podium, bending the roo
affairs. This had the effect of for-
bidding what he called "off-cam-
pus" activities--such as support
for civil rights efforts-from pop-
ping up on campus.
One specific manifestation of
this attitude was a rule prohibit-
ing the on-campus solicitation of
funds or members for such off-
campus activities. This rule was
not strictly enforced until this
year, when the administration re-
ceived complaints from powerful
state politicos about the activities
of Berkeley students in the na-
tional and state campaigns.
The specific crackdown was on
a 25-foot strip of land along Ban-
croft Way at the edge of the
campus which was being used by
groups such as SNCC, CORE and
SLATE for political recruitment
and fund solicitation.
AS A TEST, these groups
(among others) continued to use
tables on that strip. Meanwhile,
in late September, a large demon-
stration occurred to protest the
crackdown. Students invaded a
meeting where the Berkeley chan-
cellor, E. W. Strong, was speak-
ing. Names were taken and stu-
dents summoned to the dean's
office the next day to explain
their conduct.
At this point, the student fac-
tion of protestors, which was less
than 1000, began to develop the
concept of joint guilt. "We are all
guilty," they chanted while ad-
ministrators inside the building
interrogated many of their lead-
ers and co-participants.,
On Sept. 29 and, 30 they con-
ducted demonstrations on the
steps of and inside the university's
administration building, Sproul
Hall. When Strong announced the
suspension of eight leaders on
Sept. 30, it touched off the largest
demonstration to date.
* * *
ONnOCT. 1,a non-student,
working at a table on the Ban-
croft strip, was ordered arrested
by university authorities. When
he was placed in a police car,
surging students surrounded it for
more than 18 hours, letting out
the air in its tires and using the
top for a podium.
He was eventually released and
a moratorium declared so that a
student - faculty - administration
committee could work out a peace
proposal.
In the middle of November,
charges against the eight threat-
ened students were dropped by the
regents. They also made their con-
cessions. But early last week, four
students, including the once-sus-
pended Mario Savio, received let-
ters 'from the administration
threatening disciplinary action,
including possible expulsion for
the Oct. 1 demonstration.
THIS TOUCHED off an 1100-
student sit-in at Sproul Hall
which was inflamed by police who
cleared the building with mass
arrests the next day. Over the
weekend, Gov. Edmund Brown,
Kerr, university regents and de-
partment chairmen ironed out a
conciliatory resolution prepared by
the chairmen. It was presented by
Kerr on Monday at the convoca-
tion in an outdoor theater, but
sentiment was inflamed again
when Savio, seeking to gain the
podium following Kerr's speech,
was forcefully dragged away in
full view by police.
When the crowd booed this ac-
tion, he was allowed to return and
denounced the Kerr concessions
which mainly agreed to let the
courts alone handle the judication
of last week's mass-arrested pro-
testors. It also pledged in ambig-
uous terms a reassessment of rules
by a faculty committee.
Following the assembly, a noon
rally was held by the Free Speech
Movement, which has Incorporat-
ed some 23 campus organizations
into the fight against the adminis-.

tration. This rally drew over
12,000 students.
* * *
THE VICTORY for the protes-
tors appeared to be imminent yes-
terday as the faculty senate over-
whelmingly approved a sunnli._

willingnessrtodlisten combined
with the prodding of concerned
students has shaped one of the
most restriction-free campuses in
the country.
Despite their, opportunity, the
students and faculty as a whole
have been reticent to engage in
political activity beyond the sup-
port of candidates in- election
years. The elite of students press-
ing a greater political role in the
University community has been
muffled by the Student Repre-
sentative (SGC, IQC and com-
pany) and deferred by superficial
administration co-operation.
* . * *
THE BRIEFLY-SKETCHED dif-
ferences between Berkeley and
Ann Arbor - there, the students
willing, but the administration
autocratic; here, the administra-
tion flexible, but the students
apathetic-are an insufficient ex-
planation for the growth of stu-
dent action at Berkeley and the
lack of such activity here.
Indeed, a brief tracing of the
institutional similarities creates
the impresison that the catalyst in
California can o n I y be the
weather.
Berkeley and Michigan have
been ranked very closely in polls
of academic excellence. But the
similarities go deeper than that.
Both institutions are financed
heavily by their state legislatures
and the federal government. This
gives them a certain "public" con-
sciousness-meaning the institu-
tions are reluctant to buck public
sentiment.
A STRONG anti-discrimination
statement here (in 1959) came
only after the first federal civil
rights act; two teachers accused
of Communist affiliation were dis-
missed in the McCarthy era. At

Un-American Activities Commit-
tee hearings and the Caryl Chess-
man controversy right in their
own backyard.
In Michigan, HUAC conducted
Communism hearings culminating
In the dismissal of two faculty
men. But somehow the Red-hunt-
ing situation during the McCarthy
era did not touch students here as
deeply as the HUAC hearings in
San Francisco affected Berkeley
students in 1960.
When the HUAC came to San
Francisco in May of 1960, several
hundred Berkeley students par-
ticipated in a demonstration at
the city hall which eventually
turned into a melee. On that par-
ticular "Black Friday," protesting
students both inside and outside
of the hearing rooms were treated
with verified and photographed
incidents of police brutality, in
which several students were in-
jured.
* * *
THE INCIDENT might have
died down except that the HUAC
produced a movie, "Operation
Abolition," taken from television
films of the hearings, which link-
ed the demonstrations to Com-
munist inspiration. In actuality,
the police were basically respon-
sible for the disorder which
erupted.
The question of the students role
in the fracas rose again in an
ensuing special report from J.
Edgar Hoover and still later in a
trial of one of the students in-
volved in the "Black Friday" fra-
cas. He was exonerated and the
charges against him dropped, but
the idea of student participation
in headline-making events was
established on the campus by 1961.
Over the course of the next few
years, the issue of Communist
sneaker bans (also a auestion in

speech and political bans were
supplemented by demands for
fair treatment of leaders and
wrath at police interference. In
addition, faculty support, which
had provided a strong undercur-
rent for the movement, came
above ground in full force follow-
ing the police intervention 'and
brutality.
The combination of legitimate
objections to the directives against
political activity and the brutal
reaction by officials at all levels
only solidified the student com-
munity.
* * *
THERE IS, however, a third
factor which converged with the.
other two to transform the pro-
test from a small demonstration
into a struggle of community-wide
meaning and impact.
The FSM claims a membership
of 3000 and yet there were more

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Arrests in Mississippi
Result of Public Protest

than 13,000 to hear the president
and 12,000 ate the rally afterwards.
What drew the thousands of
students who might, like a ma-
jority here, have no proclivity to-
ward liberal interests and perhaps
no political sentiment of any con-
sequence beyond a mild interest
in national elections?
They were of course attracted
by the dedicated core of protes-
tors and the unusually clear issues
which the Berkeley situation of-
fered. They were no doubt fas-
cinated by the power of the mob
and intrigued by doing something
off-beat.
But they were not radical in
any sense of the term. For this
reasdn, their participation gives
the Berkeley crisis a wider signi-
ficance for the student community.
TOMORROW: The fringe par-
ticipant and his significance for
this University.

To the Editor:
AS A PARTICIPANT in the Mis-
sissippi Summer Project and
a spokesman for the Ann Arbor
Friends of SNCC, I should like
to comment upon the recent ar-
rests in Mississippi.
This action is clearly consistent
with the established pattern of
federal activity, which is that the
government acts only when forced
to by a national outcry.
Friday's arrests are a direct re-
sult of the furor which began"
with the acrimonious exchange
between King's challenge by call-
ing him a "notorious liar," and
affirmed that the bureau was
working on the arrests. In re-
sponce to this, Mississippi. resi-
dents (white) challenged Hoover
to put up or, shutup, to make
arrests if hehad evidence. Mean-
while, additional pressure was put
upon Hoover by the Warren Re-
port which su~ggested failure of
duty and a Newsweek cover story
suggesting that President Johnson
was looking for a new director.
*, * *
IN THE FACE of this mounting
criticism, the FBI has finally act-
ed; but it is clear that it acted
only because of the criticism that
it had been sitting on' this evi-
dence for some time but had done
nothing.
Past government activity indi-
cates a clear pattern along these
lines. Last June, summer- volun-'
teers were told the FBI was an
investigative body and could not
make arrests to protect them. Iin-
mediately following the national
outcry at the disappearance of
Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner,
the Bureau suddenly discovered
its power to act, which, incident-
ally, it had had all along (Section
549, Title 20, U.S. Code).
* * * ' -
MY POINT is to dispell any
illusions that might be growing
about the federal government. It
might appear that all is well,\that
the government is acting on its
own initiative to secure justice in
the deep South, and that we in
the North may sit back and relax.
This is simply ,not the case. In
the future, as in the past, it will-
require a large national outcry to
force the government to act.
AT THE MOMENT there is also
a need for intensive national
lobbying in three areas. The
course of the Southern struggle_
will greatly depend upon how
President Johnson fills the vacan-
cies in the Attorney General's of-
fice and on the Fifth Circuit
Court of Appeals. This matter of
judicial appointments is generally
overlooked and it is regrettable
that the late John F. Kennedy did
much to set back the cause of

the federal government will only
act in response to constant, vigor-
ous pressure from the country at
large.
-Sam Walker, '64
Quadium 90
To the Editor:
AFTER YEARS of frustrating
reseairch, resulting only in hor-
rible effects on the experimental
animals used (i.e. residents of
West Quad), the University's food
service has made a scientific
breakthrough that has shocked
the world.
Quaddies eating the noon meal
on December 5, found that even
the strongest of them could not
shove the prongs of a fork through
the "carmel cuts.", Further in-
vestigation revealed this dessert
may be the most versatile material
yet discovered.
IT CAN be used as a medium in
the field of art, lending itself
equally well to carving l'ke wood
and to chipping like marble for
sculpturing. It might even become
useful as a musical instrument;
when tapped with a metal rod it
produced a sound not unlike a
telegraph key.
Its possibilities as a structural
material are unlimited. Although
it is extremely lightweight,.it has
a stress ratio per unit area at
least as great as a hockey puck.
Insulation, wallboard, bricks, pave-
ment, shoe soles, supporting-beams
for skyscrapers are all possible
uses. Some budding young scien-
tists are running tests at the civil
engineering laboratories which
may determine even other struc-
tural uses.
There are also suggestions that
it be used as heat shielding for
rockets or as a replacement for
asbestos as a fireproof material.
But the potentially most impor-
tant use'is as a cancer preventa-
tive! Preliminary experiments re-
veal that while air passes through
it, it actually filters out smoke
and possibly traps cancer-causing
tars and nicotine in the process.
If this proves to be the case, it
may well replace ineffective filters
now in use and allow people the
pleasure of smoking without the
fear of developing cancer.
* * *
ADDITIONAL uses might be:
replacement of industrial dia-
mond sand carborundum for cut-
ting; as phonograph needles,
tombstones, whetstones and grind-
ing wheels. It is also noncorrosive
--certainly indigestible. The only
solvent yet discovered capable of
acting upon it being the frosting
used when it was originally made.
However, this wonderful ma-
terial may have a fatal drawback.
Evidence based on astronomical

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