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November 13, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-11-13

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France, Germany Cash Openly
Ove LitoVTrf xepin

Upheavals Mark Arab Relationships

By The Associated Press
CAIRO - A common language
and religion link the Arab na-

By The Associated Press
BRUSSELS - In a clash with
West Germany, France insisted
yesterday on doubling the list of
items to be exempt from 50 per
cent tariff cuts on industrial
goods when the Kennedy Round
of talks opens Monday in Geneva.
The dispute came at a meeting
of European Common Market
economics ministers.
The plan to cut tariffs designed
to free the flows of world trade'
was one of the late President John I
F. Kennedy's proposals, hence the
discussions are named after him.
"The French want to exclude
some 33 per cent of the trade in
products subject to tariffs," a
West German official said.
The European Common Market
commission was attempting to
save the negotiations from a dead.-
lock. The joint list of products
prepared by the executive com-
mission for the six countries
covers 12 per cent of trade with
non-member countries on items

subject to tariff.
The ministers agreed at last to
ask the commission to try to work
on a compromise bringing the list
of excluded products to 19 per
cent. West Germany said even this
would be too long. .
The Netherlands economics
minister, J. Andriessen, com-
plained there was little move-
ment toward any concessions but
the Dutch were willing to give and
a .Italia Angrd
"Both thea gre French and the Ger-
mans refuse all compromise at
present," the Italian delegate, Am-
bassador Antonio Venturine said.
"'We too have products to add to
the original list but are willing to
come to a compromise."
France and West Germany al-
ready are embroiled within the
six-nation Market because Ger-
many refuses to lower grain prices
in the line with the other nations.
The problem arises because Ger-
many's farm prices, supported by

government subsidy, are higher
than those in France, Paris has
insisted that Bonn reduce the
prices, at least part way, and has
indicated that it might withdraw
from the Common Mar'ket's activi-
ties if there is no settlement.
The market is trying to get to-
gether before it meets with the
United States and other major
world traders in Geneva. The
traders have agreed to say what
items they are willing to see the
tariff cut 50 per cent and what
items they want to see exempt.
The items to be left out are de-
tailed by each participant in a
"list of exceptions" deposited in
Geneva with the organization
called the General Agreement on
Tariffs and Trade - GATT.
Member Nation
The Common Market must get
agreement on a list from its mem-
ber nations -- France, West Ger-
many, Italy, Belgium and Luxem-

tions of the world. But this does
The efforts of the Common not prevent political upheavals in
.Market's decision makers have individual nations under the im-
been spurred by reports, attribut- pact of internal stresses.
ed to high United States officials, Thirteen nations belong to the
mndicating that Washington will Aa ege-teUie rb
withhold 'astonishingly few" tmsRepublic, Algeria, Libya, Sudan,
from the tariff cut. ~

A basic list of 210 items has
been prepared by the Common
Market Executive Commission. It
would exempt from tariff cuts 12
per cent of the total Market im-
ports that now bear tariffs.
This figure would rise to 40
per cent if other items proposed
by five of the members were add-
ed to the commission list.-
While the United States is ex-
pected to accept the present 12
per cent list as a basis for nego-
tiations, a 40 per cent cut is de-
scribed as out of the question.
Against Additions
West Germany argued yester-
day against additions to the com-
mission's list. Germany as the
community's biggest industrial
exporter, has the biggest stake in
a successful Kennedy Round.
30-40 per cent of trade from the
tariff slash," a high Bonn official
In these circumstances the
West Germans would in effect be
making the Common Market ask
for a postponement of the Nov.
16 deadline, hoping they could
get a better break in an end-of-
the-year package deal now shap-

Mo~roccou and . TuniIadI in fica;
Iraq Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Kuwait and Yemen,
in the Middle East outside the
African continent.,
All have their problems as they
try to reconcile their individual
aspirations with the common
goals of the Arab League.
Assumes Throne ,
Crown Prince Faisal has as-
sumed the throne in oil-rich Saudi
Arabia, in a move expected in the
Arab world but bound to have
repercussions outside that feudal-
istic kingdom.

royalists. United Nations efforts
to resolve the problem met with
failure. The shakeup in Saudi
Arabia might speed settlement.
A new civil regime has displaced
the military government in Su-
dan, the largest country in Africa.
Sir El Khatim El Khalifa has pro-
claimed a policy of neutralism,
but the former dictator-president,
Ibrahim Abbeud, remains as com-
mander-in-chief of the army, re-
garded as a pro-Western force.
Algeria, which proclaims also a
policy of neutrality, has been hav-
ing its troubles with rebels.
It has under arrest Ferhat Ab-
bas, the former president of the
National Assembly, as well as oth-
er leaders who played a role in
the winning of independence from
Ben Bella Challenge
But there is no apparent chal-
lenge to the rule of President Ben

Bella, who is on friendly rela-
tions with the Chinese Commun-
ists and the Cuban regime of Fi-
del Castro.
Despite its internal difficulties,
Yemen is battling the British-
supported South Arabia Federa-
tion. In this, Yemen has the sup-
port of the Arab League nations,,
which bring constant pressure on
Britain at the United Nations on
the issue.
Dspite a United Nations Secur-
ity Council call for efforts to reach
a peaceu soution of the po-
clashes between Yemenl and Brit-
ish patrols along the border of
Aden, which Yemen claims is part I
of its territory.
Despite individual differences
the Arab League is united in oppo-
sition to Israel. The biggest issue
right now is Israel's project for

diverting waters of the Jordan
river to irrigate the Negev desert.
At the summit conference of
Arab nations in Alexandria in
September It was decided to go
ahead with projects in Syria and
[Lebanon that would also tap the
Jordan waters before they reach
The Arabs moved cautiously in
view of Israel's declaration that
any significant Interference with
~the water supply would be regard-
ed as equivalent to a military at-
Israel has complained to the
United Nations that decisions tak-
en at Alexandria were aimed at
liquidating Israel as a state. The
Arabs accused Israel of distorting
the decisions taken at the Alex-
andria meeting, but they have not
relented in their bitter denuncia-
tion of Israel -- tIlus far only
amounting to a war of words.


China Issue Tops UN Agenda

1964 United Nations General As-
sembly will produce the first mneet-
ings of the foreign ministers of
the newly revamped Big Four.
The Assembly's 19th annual ses-
sion which is scheduled to open
Dec. 1 and close March 5 will also
provide the first big sounding
board for international opinion
On Comnmunist China's new role
as a nuclear power.
The new governments of the
Soviet Union and Britain and the
continuing governments of the
By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY--A qualified
source said yesterday a phrase
clearing Jews of any implication
of deicide (God-killing) in the
crucifixion of Jesus Christ has
been restored to the Vatican Ecu-
menical Council's Declaration on
JThe phrase is expected to be
voted upon next week, though
promulgation is not likely before
1965 or 1966.
A member of the Vatican's
Christian Unity Secretariat com-
mented: "I think it is much
stronger than even the first draft
of two years ago."
This news followed action by
the council in accepting a much-
criticized schema on nuns and
religious orders for voting without
revision by a commission.
LONDON-Prime Minister Hiar--
old Wilson intends to ask Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson's support
for a vast new system of interna-
tional credit, British informants
reported last night.
The plan being shaped up by
the Labor government alms at
staving off what Wilson sees as
the peril of a world slump.
The Wilson initiative for im-
proved world fiscal cooperation is
shaping up at a critical moment
in Britain's own economic situa-
tion. Soon after taking of fice in
mid-October the Labor govern-
ment slapped a 15 per cent sur-
avert the peri of a pound sterlin

United States and France are all
sending their foreign ministers.
United States Secretary of State
Dean Rusk is coming up from
Washington Nov. 30 to stay ten
or 12 days and talk with other
ministers in New York for the
The Assembly's general policy
debate, in which foreign ministers
participate, is tentatively set to
open Dec. 3.
The United States has put it-
self down to speak second in the
general debate, right after Bra-
zil, Dec. 3.
President Lyndon B. Johnson
may arrive later. He told Secre-
tary-General U Thant in Wash-
ington last August he would like
to attend the Assembly if the
voters kept him in office.
The British say their new prime
minister, Harold Wilson, will at-
tend the Assembly "if he is in-
vited." He and Johnson both seem
more likely to show up in Jan-
uary than in December. As gov--
ernment leaders, they can speak
when they like.
Debate Communist China
By request of Cambodia backed
by some African countries, the
Assembly will debate whether to

seat Communist China in place of
Nationalist China.
The debate is sure to produce a
lot of talk about the atomic ex-
plosion the Chinese Communists
set off Oct. 16. The explosion will
be used as an argument both for
and against taking the Chinese
Reds in. It seems unlikely to
change more than a few votes, if
it changes any.
Other factors-big-power pres-.
sure, diplomatic activity by the
two Chinese governmnents and the
entry of new members with fixed
policies into the United Nations-
probably will reduce the margin
against the Communists from last
year's 31 votes to 12 votes or less.
But the change will not be big
enough to bring them in.
92 Items on Agenda
The Chinese issue is one of 92
items on the Assembly's agenda.
Communist China is sure to be
mentioned in the debates on some
of the other items.
The Philippines, El Salvador
and Nicaragua are getting the
Assembly to debate charges that
Communist China violates human
rights in Tibet. India is pushing
the subject of checking the spread
of nuclear weapons,

Faisal and the brother he de-
posed, the ailing King Saud, have
been at odds for a long time. The
new king is described as reform-
minded, and wanting to spend the
country's vast oil income for
building schools, roads and com-
dent Gamal Abdel Nasser of the
United Arab Republic reached
agreement at the recent Arab
summit meeting in Alexandria in
September to try and settle their
differences over Yemen.
Over 20,000
Nasser has at least 20,000 tiroops
in Yemen in support of the re-
publican regime. Saudi Arabia
has been supporting the ousted

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