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November 01, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-11-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1964

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THE a.aMVa 1IE 'l L { Al1J.V

PAGE THRET

,1

Soviet Chief s Pled ge
Hard" Line on China
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW-Pravda yesterday pledged support of key tenets of
former Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's policies on Red China and
assured Russians there would be a better life for the average man,
with no return to police rule in the Soviet Union.
The main organ of the Central Committee also promised to con-
tinue a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West and to work for

Split-Ticket Voters To Affect State Elections

Huong Asks
YDiscipline in
Viet Struggle
SAIGON (P) - The High Na-
tional Council confirmed Tran
} Van Huong as premier last night,
and the new chief of state called
for discipline, sacrifice and belt-
tightening in South Viet Nam's
war against Communism.
Americans said they were im-
pressed by his display of tough-
ness.
Confirmation of the 61-year-old
leader took place in a brief, formal
session of the 16-member council,
which took over the government
from Premier Nguyen Khanh's
military regime. Huong, former
mayor of Saigon, is a civilian.
In his first public speech since
being elected by the council,
Huong vowed to crack down on
what he called the degradation of
youth and to clean up government.
He said his regime would revital-
ize the nation's efforts in the war
against Communism.
He vowed to break up a thriving
black market and to halt injus-
tices he said are being carried out
by local officials. He said he be-
lieved politics should be kept out
of religion, apparently a reference
to past problems steeming from
Buddhist-Roman Catholic rivalry.
Huong said that to "defeat the
Communists and bring welfare to
r the people, we. should . . . square
our shoulders with the armed
forces to achieve victory. We must
improve and clean up government
machinery, simplifying adminis-
trative procedure and cleaning up
red tape, giving local officials
enough power to solve emergency
problems."
Council Views
Catholic Birth
Control Stand
VATICAN CITY (A) - Roman
Catholic teaching on birth control
underwent searching examination
yesterday on two separate fronts,
but it may be years before any
firm decisions are announced.
In the Vatican Ecumenical
Council of the past two days,
cardinals and bishops, many of
them prominent progressives, have
risen to question the centuries-old
Roman Catholic teaching on mar-,
ital sex and birth control.
In this week's council debate
which ended yesterday, several
cardinals and prelates questioned
the very validity of the Church's
birth control teaching, suggesting
that conjugal love was necessary
for the spiritual well being of the
married couple and should not be
considered simply from the view-
point of procreation.
The Church now officially op-
poses the entire concept of birth
control, except for the rhythm
system, but a 1951 speech by Pope
Pius XII is often cited as provid-
ing the conditions under which it
can be used.
Pius said "serious motives" of
a medical, economic or social
nature might "exempt" a couple
from the "positive and obligatory
carrying out of the (sex) act."
But he added it was wrong "to
avoid habitually the fecundity
(child bearing) of the union .. .
while at the same time continuing
to satisfy fully their sensuality."
A council drafting commission
must take the recent debate into
account in revising a draft schema
on the Church in the modern
world. The commission expects to
complete its work in 1966.

0"the improvement and develop-
ment of relations with all capital-
ist countries."
That would obviously mean,
first of all, with the United States.
Without mentioning Khrush-
chev by name, the newspaper
praised many of the achievements
-especially in space, agriculture
and industry-made while he was
the Soviet Union's leader.
Attack Chinese
For the first time since Khrush-
chev's ouster, Pravda returned to
an attack on the Chinese Com-
munists-without naming them-
and repeated the call for an inter-
national Communist congress on
the problem, a Khrushchev pro-
ject bitterly opposed by the
Chinese.
Pravda attacked "chauvinism
and petty bourgeois adventurism
. opportunism and dogmatic
or revisionist distortion of theory"
-all epithets hurled at Peking
leaders at the height of the Soviet-
Chinese dispute.
Thesoutspoken defense of the
Soviet ideological position appear-
ed certain to aggravate the dis-
pute, which has been in a state
of truce since Khrushchev lost
power Oct. 14.
New Leadership
The front-page editorial was
the first word to the Soviet reader
of what he can expect under the
new leadership of First Commun-
ist Party Secretary Leonid Brezh-
nev and Premier Alexei Kosygin.
The paper said the party's
leadership "regards as the most
important task the improvement
of the principles of socialist de-
mocracy, strict observation of
socialist legality, eradication of
any violations of law and order.
"The transition to Communism
spells the utmost development of
the freedom of the personality and
the rights of Soviet citizens."
This was a clear pledge not to
return to the terror of Stalin's day.
Under these new conditions, the
paper said, the country's planning
must "give the necessary scope
for independent economic activity
of enterprises, for the continuous
growth of the creative initiative
of the working people."
"As the material standards of
the Soviet people rise, they be-
come more exacting as to the
quality of goods. The 'take what-
ever you are offered' principle, a
survival of bygone times, is no
longer in vogue. What the people
want is not any textiles, any
clothes or footwear, or furniture,
but good, fashionable, attractive
goods."

By DICK BARNES
Associated Press Staff Writer
DETROIT (/P)-An election cam-
paign washed by some of the most
unpredictable cross-currents in
Michigan history goes to the vot-
ers Tuesday for decisions on Pres-
ident, governor, United States
senator and hundreds of lesser
offices, including the entire state
legislature.
Will large numbers of voters
split their ballots?
Is it national or state decisions
that are responsible for Michigan's
economic progress?
Do many persons think the civil
rights movement has gone too
far too fast?
Can a governor win reelection
if he won't support his party's
presidential candidate?
Questionsj
These are just a few of the
questions that could be directly
or indirectly answered when the
Michigan electorate chooses:
Between Democratic President
Lyndon B. Johnson and Sen. Barry
Goldwater (R-Ariz).
-B e t w e e n Republican Gov.
George Romney and U. S. Rep.
Neil Staebler.
-Between U.S. Sen. Philip Hart
and long-time Republican worker
Mrs. Elly Peterson.
-Nineteen congressmen for the
House in Washington.
-A redistricted legislature of
35 senators and 110 representa-
tives.
-A new State Board of Educa-
tion to formulate broad education
policy and recommend appropria-
tion amounts for the state's 10
higher education institutions.
-A new State Court of Appeals
to remove some of the Supreme
Court's workload.
-Certain higher education pol-
icy-makers.
-Hundreds of local and county
officials ranging from mayors to
drain commissioners.
-Between the present party
ticket ballot form and the pro-
posed office-block, or Massachu-
setts, ballot.
Johnson Favored
Johnson is an overwhelming
favorite to capture Michigan's 21
electoral' votes. Goldwater stal-
warts stoutly insist the Arizona
Republican can win, but most ob-
servers give Johnson a probable
margin ranging from 300,000 to
750,000 votes.
Some zealous Democrats even
put the margin at one million
votes out of an expected turnout
of around 3.3 million.
Romney is in a far closer race
to win another two-year term. He
held a powerful lead in the sum-
mer sampling, but Democrats
claim they've pulled up to virtu-
ally even.
The governor nevertheless re-
mains confident--and so does
Staebler.

Democrats peg inuch of their
gubernatorial hopes on the ability
of Johnson to carry Staebler home,
via the party ticket level - by
which one motion casts ballots
for all candidates of one party.
Democrats claim that if Johnson'
wins by 750,000, Romney could not
find enough split tickets to win.
But history indicates he could-
barely.
In 1956 President Eisenhower,
a Republican, carried Michigan by
353,700 votes while Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams, a Democrat, won
reelection by 290,000. That meant
at least 23 per cent of the ballots
were split.
That much split this year would
take in 759,000 ballots - if the
turnout is 3.3 million.
Progress
The gubernatorial race 'has cen-
tered on the question: "Who is
responsible for Michigan's prog-
ress?"
Romney says state decisions
during his two years in office have
"restored Michigan's good name "
He points to an improvement in
the state general fund from $85
million in the red to $57 million
in the black.
"In the past 21 months, we've
solved more problems, made more
progress and made more prepara-
tion.for future progress than any
other state inthe union," Rom-
ney has said again and again in
his campaign.
Staebler maintains that the na-
tional economy, not state decisions,
have brought prosperity to Michi-
gan. He says nuisance taxes en-
acted five months before Romney
took office account for the treas-
ury surplus.
Identification
Staebler has also tried to link
Romney with Goldwater, although
the governor has refused to en-
dorse the senator. Staebler asks
for votes for the "entire Demo-
cratic team." Romney ignores the
presidential contest.
Staebler's plan is to get back
half of the 20 to 22 per cent of
Democrats who voted for Romney
in 1962 when he unseated Gov.
John Swainson by about 80,000
votes.
Romney, however, says he is
running stronger among Negroes
and factory workers than two
years ago and also expects to in-
crease the narrow margin he poll-
ed in the Upper Peninsula his first
time out.
Staebler says he should run far
ahead of Swainson's suburban
vote. Swainson was -hurt in that
area two years ago when he vetoed
a bill which would have knocked

out city income taxes, which can
be collected from suburbanites
working in the city.
No Endorsement
Discussions with Republicans in
Michigan indicate that Romney
will lose only a handful of votes
from Republicans who are irate
at his lack of endorsement for
Goldwater. Southwestern Michi-
gan would be the most likely area
for any such loss.
Both candidates have put extra
emphasis into Wayne County cam-
paigning because of the Detroit
newspaper strike. Romney carried
39 per cent of the county in 1962.
A Republican who polls less than
35 per cent there usually loses.
One factor not expected to af-
fect the gubernatorial race is so-
called white backlash-but it
might appear in other contests.
Romney and Staebler are both.
strong advocates of civil rights
and nondiscrimination. But such.
areas as Hamtramck and Dear-
born could swing more toward
Goldwater than expected if back-
lash materializes.
Homeowners
Legislative races in the Detroit
area could also be affected by
back lash. Detroit voters approved
in the primary election a so-called
homeowners' r i g h t s ordinance
which civil rights supporters call
a license to discriminate in pro-
perty transactions.
Sen. Hart, a one-term Democrat,
is strongly favored over Mrs.'
Peterson, with the expected John-
son victory likely to help keep the
margin comfortable.
Mrs. Peterson has campaigned
in all 83 counties, claiming that
"Phil is a nice guy, but he's in-
effectual." Hart goes solidly dawn
the line with the record of the
Kennedy-Johnson administration.
FCC Rejects ;
GOP Bid AgainI
WASHINGTON AP)-The Fed-
eral Communications Commissionk
yesterday for the second time de-i
nied Sen. Barry Goldwater equali
time on radio and television toE
answer President Lyndon B. John=
son's Oct. 18 address to the nation. i
The 5-1 decision represents the
fourth denial the Republican party
has encountered in its efforts to
reply to John on free time. An
FCC statement said the networks
had not abused "considerable dis-
cretion which they have in this
area."

Mrs. Peterson, former chairman
of Republican National Committee
women's activities branch, would
seemingly have to pick up a dis-
proportionate share of the female
vote to win. But she did upset two
men in the September primary,
becoming the first Michigan wom-
an ever nominated for the U.S.
Senate by a major party.
House Delegates
Redistricting could bring on
significant change in Michigan's
delegation to the U. S. House of
Representatives.,
The present lineup is 10-8 for
the Republicans with one hereto-
fore-Republican vacancy, but sev-
eral reshuffled districts in popu-
lous areas could swing the final
pattern either way. To hold their
present edge,. Republicans must
win the close races.
Four of the new districts have
no incumbent. In three, the Demo-
cratic candidate is a present state-
wide office-holder whose job was
switched from elective to appoin-
tive under the new state con-
stitution.
These Democratic candidates are
H i g h w a y Commissioner John
Mackie, favored in the 7th; Treas-
urer Sanford Brown, underdog in
the 8th and Auditor General Billie
Farnum, evenly-matched in the
19th.
Legislature
The redistricted legislature is
expected to swing toward the
Democrats. Republicans controlled
the 1963-64 House by 58-52 and
the Senate 23-11. Observers see
about a six-to-10 seat Democratic
House edge this time, with ;a dead
heat possible in the enlarged Sen-I
ate.
At least 47 per cent of the legis-
lature-19 senators and 46 repre-
sentatives-will be newcomers. Re-
apportionment helped contrihute
to the primary election downfall of
35 incumbents, and others quit
without bothering to run in the
primary.
For the first time in Michigan
history, lieutenant governor nom-
inees will run as a ticket with gub-
ernatorial candidates. If Romney
wins, the lieutenant governor will
be Sen. William Milliken of Tra-
verse City. If Staebler wins, it
will be former State Solicitor Gen-
eral Robert Derengoski.
Two incumbent Democrats, Sec-
retary of State James Hare and

Atty. Gen. Frank Kelley, are fav-
ored to repeat. Hare seeks his
sixth term against House Speaker
Allison Green. Kelley faces former
Van Buren County Prosecutor
Meyer Warshawsky.
Board of Education
The eight-member board of edu-
cation and three-district court of
appeals have been established un-
der the new constitution.
Pairs of board members will be
elected for terms of 2, 4, 6 and 8
years. Nominees are running for
specific seats. Hereafter, all terms
will be for eight years.
Six candidates are running in
each court district. Each winner
will gain a 10-year term, the run-
ner-up 'an 8-year term and the
third-placer a six-year term. Here-
after, all terms will be for six
years.
Two Michigan State University
trustees and two Wayne State

University governors will also be
elected to fill eight-year terms.
The Massachusetts ballot ques-
tion goes to the electorate because
Democrats secured 330,000 signa-
tures to force a referendum after
Republican legislators approved
the new ballot form.
The fate of this measure is one
big question mark. Democrats have
campaigned against it but seem-
ingly have made little dent outside
union halls.
Republicans haven't touched the
issue. One poll indicated that
nearly half the voters didn't know
what the question, labelled Propo-
sition 1, is all about.
A yes vote approves the Massa-
chusetts ballot, under which a vot-
er cannot vote a straight party
ticket. A no vote would keep the
present system, under which the
voter can vote for each office
separately or pull the party lever.

INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
INDIAN STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
LEAGUE, UNION
Present:
Ae Ira 4aem: INDIA
" Of Its Role In Today's World?
Discussion: Dr. Rhoads Murphey
7:30 p.m. Mon., ov. 2
Multi-Purpose Room-UGL I
" Of Its Cultural Character?
Discussion: 7:30 p.m. Wed., Nov. 4
Multi-Purpose Room-UGL I
* Of Its People On Campus?
Banquet by Indian Students Association
Sat., Nov.7-7:00 p.m.-Uniorv Ballroom
Indian Students $2.50 Others $3.00
ALL ARE WELCOME

_ ___
i

I

President Hatcher speaks on the subject:
"The President and the Student
Look at the University's Future"
An open question and answer period follows.

I,

GUILD HOUSE
802 Monroe
MONDAY, NOV. 2
LUNCHEON DISCUSSION
with Gilbert Bursley
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