Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

October 18, 1964 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Fifth Year

ammosim-Sel -- - -_R=

v Opinions Are Free420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
truth will Prevail

NEwS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Chinese A-Bomb: Time for
U.S. Policy Changes

THE EXPLOSION of an atomic weapon
by Red China is regarded by Ameri-
cans 'with great horror, though not with
any particular surprise. Indeed the New
York Times of Oct. 15 reported that Mao
Tse-tung had called on all "peace-loving
peoples to struggle for complete, thor-
ough, total and resolute prohibition and
destruction of nuclear weapons." The re-
port then sarcastically added, "The Chi-
nese have been working for years to de-
velop nuclear weapons. There have been
reports they will test their first nuclear
device before the end of the year."
It is interesting that Americans can
regard this blatant contradiction with
such horror and cynicism, when it is pre-
cisely one which they themselves have
expressed. "Peace through preparedness"
is the cry and we build nuclear weapons
to achieve this "peace." "No man any-
where wants peace more than I do . .. If
we want to save America's future and
freedom, we must be stronger than the
enemy-not just by a little, but by far."
And the man who said this has achieved
sufficient support to win the nomination
for President of the United States-Barry
THE GROTESQUE distortions in this
argument are painfully apparent. How
this nation, or any nation, can believe it
can achieve peace by constantly prepar-
ing for war is yet to be established. We
operate under the belief that prepared-
ness will deter war and we continue to
add to our stockpile. But the race doesn't
end. As this country enlarges its stock-
pile, so does Russia, and now, China.
When does this cycle end? Where does
it lead? Does man have no greater des-
tiny than self-destruction?
Goldwater, speaking to Dallas' Ameri-
can Legion in late September, complained
because "the sharp rise in federal spend-
ing in the present administration has
been mainly for purposes other than
common defense . . . (It) proposes ac-
tually to cut our military spending in or-
der to provide funds for sticking the gov-
ernment's fingers in still a larger mess
of pies-for handouts here, subsidies
AND WHAT IS Mr. Goldwater's solution
to the achievement of peace? "And I
am speaking for peace when I say we
must build our strength and show the will
to halt the Reds' aggression. I am speak-
ing for peace when I say we must quit
helping the Reds - by sending them
wheat, for example-to keep their oppres-
sive and unsound system alive. Their sys-
tem has so many intrinsic faults it would
collapse if it wasn't braced from the out-
side as we've been bracing it."
Unfortunately, Mr. Goldwater's attitude
is not too different than that of the pres-
ent administration which vests its drives
for peace in the continued program of
building nuclear arms. The rising "threat"
of Red China will undoubtedly cause in-
creased reliance on these weapons.
ed States is particularly evident in
this country's refusal to recognize Red
China. Indeed, it seems it will be most
difficult for the United States to nego-
tiate about Red China when the gov-
ernment of Chiank Kai-shek is still con-
sidered the representative Chinese gov-
ernment and Mao Tse-tung a "passing
The United States has vacillated be-
tween predicting the demise of Red China
-headlines for 1950 read: "Famine This
Year Will Be Catastrophic" (New York
Times editorial March 2), and even in
1963: "March and April will be months
to watch. It is then that food stocks will

be the lowest. Unrest among Chinese
peasants expected. Revolts are likely"-
(U.S. News and World Report, Jan. 7)-
and warning of its emergence as a third
world power with nuclear capacities.
The prophecies of catastrophe and in-
ternal revolution causing the govern-
ment's demise are identical to those pre-
dicted about Russia - predicted in the
'30's, in the '49's, in the '50's. There is
no definite indication that Red China's
problems will be great enough to cause
internal revolution. The entry of Red
China into the circle of nuclear nations
will give its government further strength
and prestige that increase the improb-
ability of internal dissolution. '

by Mao Tse-tung. The New York Times of
June 1, 1958, reported: "Without mention-
ing names or places, Marshal Tito said
the Chinese liked to boast that their pop-
ulation of 600 million was a guarantee
of victory in war. According to President
Tito, Peking calculated that 'if 300 mil-
lion were killed there would still remain
300 million Chinese'."
Indeed, Felix Greene, in his book "A
Curtain of Ignorance," reported writings
of Mao Tse-tung which said that war is
a "monster of mutual slaughter," and
predicted its final elimination "through
the progress of human society and in no
distant future." The call for nuclear dis-
armament by Mao does not appear so sur-
prising in the light of these attitudes.
tently distrusted such comments from
the "enemy" nations-whether they be
Russia or China. Russia's proposals for
disarmament, her expressed wish to es-
tablish a UN police force, have been re-
garded as "hoaxes" and this country has
gone to astounding lengths to discover the
"catches" in such proposals.
And perhaps the United States has
not quite recognized the Red Chinese hos-
tility as partially justified. The U.S. re-
fuses to recognize the country, refuses
to permit its admission in the UN, per-
mits no commercial intercourse and when
the people of Red China were starving
would not send any of its surplus crops
to them. And then the United States
government acts indignant when the Chi-
nese are not "peace-loving" and do not
seem particularly friendly. The U.S. is
like a boy who has kicked someone in the
stomach and then expects that person
to be his devoted friend.
IT IS INCREDIBLE that a nation can
spend $55 billion on building destruc-
tive weapons-to annihilate the human
population-and then to profess to be for
the UN, for peace, and for the develop-
ment of civilization. We condemn Nazis
for speaking so coldly of genocide while
we quibble about the number of human*
beings that would be killed by our weap-
ons, while we spend millions of dollars
preparing for germ warfare.
This country should not have to resort
to mass weaponry to maintain its insti-
tutions. It seems far more evil, far more
dangerous to discuss the relative capaci-
ties of nuclear weapons for destroying
"Commies" than it does to speak of the
relative merits of democracy over Com-
munism. To consider "Commies" as some-
thing less than human-to place such
little value on human life-is a far great-
er desecration of democratic principles
than to reach some sane, rational pro-
gram for peaceful co-existence.
WHEN WE SPEND $55 billion a year on
building destructive capabilities rath-
er than providing the money for much
needed internal improvements, we are
weakening democracy far more than any
Communist onslaught or propaganda
could. Seymour Melman, an economist at
Columbia University, reports that if the
U.S. would stop building new weapons
and just maintain its present stockpile,
we could save approximately $22 billion.
This money could be used to help fight
poverty, to improve schools and universi-
ties, -to clear slums. We could inaugurate
and expand foreign aid programs like the
Alliance for Progress and thus help un-
derdeveloped countries mobilize their
economies and improve social conditions.
It is time that the United States prove
its true desire for peace. It is time that

the U.S. stop branding all other nations
as "aggressive" and totally relieve itself
of blame. The spiral must be stopped
somewhere. It is up to this country, with
its tremendous wealth and its tremendous
prestige and its noble humanitarian
values to take the first steps. The U.S.
could then establish in the world the
kind of peace envisioned by Nietzsche:
when a people, distinguished by wars
and victories and by the highest develop-
ment of a military order and intelligence,
and accustomed to making the heaviest
sacrifices for these things, will exclaim
of its own free will, "We break the

Each Time I Chanced To See Franklin D.
Comments on Hatcher's State of the 'U' Speech
by H. Nel Berkson
THOUGH EVENTS HAVE nearly passed it by, Presi- these important and inescapable facts." It remains to the millions of young people now demanding, and need-
dent Hatcher's State of the University address, be seen how much of this gubernatorial compassion will ing ... post-high school education, there will have to be
delivered to the faculty two Monday nights ago, should be translated into dollars next spring. some adjustment made as to the time of entrance."
not escape comment. The speech is always a noteworthy PRESIDENT HATCHER confronted the issue of This will certainly be an issue of contention.
one, emphasizing the issues and themes which will overcrowding and put it into the same perspective he Another will be trimester itself. While President
preoccupy 500 State St. in the coming year. has in the past: "We were crowded somewhat beyond Hatcher asked support for the system, many people
Research was President Hatcher's topic in speech already think it is a failure. Our calendar is too far
capacity, though not very much in percentage points, ou-fklewihtecenasfohrisiuin.
after speech last year. This year he will apparently because of the rush for entrance into this University, out-of-kilter with the calendars of other institutions.
underscore the contrast between scientific accomplish- as in others, on the opening day of the autumn term. The faculty was responsible for the decision, over the
ments and human failures. Never again in the course of the 52 weeks will any one objections of the administration. Professors were quite
The same cameras which recorded the achievements of these 'universities have as many students as it had hesitant to re-organize their courses. Nevertheless, Vice-
of Ranger VII, "turned back upon the earth itself, at that point." President Heyns told the Regents last winter that interest
would have shown the dark and menacing craters of The past few weeks have seen the dorm situation in the quarter system would grow; he is probably right.
Rochester and Harlem yet to be explored, understood alleviated; the real pressure point remains in literary Praising the residential college concept, President
and humanized," he said. "The most urgent of all college classrooms. Hatcher called it "a prototype of small academic com-
matters before us," he declared, is "how do we get Dealing squarely with the question of growth, Presi- munities . . . within a larger academic community that
the needed knowledge and acquire the technical and dent Hatcher said that the University must continue to consists of. many other units." He did not raise the
social skills to harmonize the conflicts among men on enlarge proportionately to the population. He frankly essential question about the residential college: can a
this overcrowded planet?" The President made the same admitted to reservations, although he didn't dwell upon small, isolated unit survive within a large university,
point to freshmen last August and can be expected to the "facts of life" which most serious observers of higher or will it be overwhelmed? He made it clear, however,
make it again. education see: while the dangers of size cannot be over- that the residential college represents the University's
ONE SUBJECT which comes up over and over is stated, any ceiling on enrollment would drastically attempt to revitalize undergraduate education.
the University's financial situation. Acknowledging that change the nature of the University. Out-of-state stu- Turning to graduate education, he confirmed the
t yniersity'sy'sfialhincoesas ewledngthay dents, whose number is already frozen, would soon suspicion that this area will get "a new and searching
last year's major budget increase went a long way disappear. Moreover, graduate education would soon look" He was not specific, however, leaving us to wonder
toward eradicating the effects of seven lean years overwhelm undergraduate education; perhaps the fresh- just what "fresh and new and stimulating approaches"
at the hands of the Legislature, President Hatcher was man-sophomore years here would have to be eliminated, are in store. Moreover, his elaborate praise of the new
still not satisfied. "An economic fact of life that needs Mr. Hatcher indirectly alluded to the pressures on graduate school dean, Stephen Spurr, must have irritated
more public recognition is that universities are a part him when he said, " . . . I can see nothing in the many faculty members who are not pleased with the
of the total economy of this state and nation. Univer- experience of the United States in higher education . . . appointment.
sities must respond to the same upward pressures that to lead me to believe that we would be better off without
affect every business and industry in the community. our traditional intake of undergraduates in this Univer- IN TOTAL, the speech showed much concern with
They cannot stand still while a 3%-4 per cent per yeart,, the various facets of growth. The University "must bend
improvement factor is introduced into the rest of the s. every effort to continue to discharge in the future the
economy. Merely to stay abreast, therefore, requires HOW WILL THIS INTAKE-which will rise by same kind of service and in as nearly the same relative
each year a considerable addition to a University's more than 1000 per year for the next ten years, at least quantity as it has in the past," President Hatcher said.
budget." -be handled? The University is banking on year-round The question remains whether quantity and quality
In a political gesture worthy of the best profes- operation, and President Hatcher came very close to can co-exist. The answer ig illusive, but it should take
sionals, he added, "I feel sure that both of the distiri- suggesting a deferred admissions policy when he declared, concrete form as the University moves toward a student
guished candidates for governor of Michigan understand "It is perfectly obvious that in order to accommodate body of 50,000.

( , I





in Review,

Protests and More Protests

Assistant Managing Editor
Assistant Editorial Director
anti-Student Government
Council groups highlighted a Uni-
versity week that was oveishadow-
ed by Khrushchev's forced resig-
nation, Communist China's first
nuclear explosion and a shaky
Labor victory in Britain.
At Tuesday's meeting with 25
students-activist Voice, Student
Action League, and Student Em-
ployes Union representatives and
SGC members-President Harlan
Hatcher urged students to seek
solutions to the problems of the
University through "the agencies
already created" - specifically,
SGC. After the meeting, represen-
tatives of Voice and SOC mem-
ber Barry Bluestone expressed
strong disagreement with the
President's suggestions. They had
hoped for concrete proposals to
handle student grievances.
The students urged administra-
tors to exert pressure on the Ann
Arbor community to lower rents
and food and clothing prices. They
also mentioned academic policy
as an area needing reform.
ally intended for Tuesday, was
cancelled at a special meeting last
Thrill A fter
At the Michigan Theatre
IF YOU THINK silly movies are
fun to watch, and if you can
forgive two hours' worth of creaky
devices, go see Jules Dassin's pro-
duction "Topkapi."
Turkish intelligence hires Peter
Ustinov as an agent, after he had
unwittingly become a tool of the
thieves. Later the thieves entice
him into joiningtheir plot and
double-crossing the Turkish au-
thorities. The thieves' plans are
blocked by Turkish intelligence,
but within thirty seconds, Maxi-
milian Schell cleverly devises an
ingenious new plan. Exciting? You
just can't imagine.
Schell cunningly keeps many
details of the plan hidden in the
depths of his mind, revealing them
only a few at a time. In the
scenes inewhich he does reveal
details of the plan, the direction
of the film approaches positive
brilliance. Borrowing a technique
used in the filming of tennis
matches, Dassin has the camera
shift back and forth from the con-
fident face of Schell to the tense
faces of his accomplices, as they
question and he expounds.
The script is packed with ex-
changes of surpassing wit. For
example, when Schell demon-
strates a knot that can be pulled
out at will, Melina Mercouri sexily
comments, "Genius!" "Boy scout,"
is Schell's witty rejoinder.

Sunday morning. At that time
Council also voted to change its
Constituent Assembly meeting
from Tuesday until Thursday
(In the meantime, SGC held an
election. Six approved candidates
and three write-ins failed to ex-
cite student interest. Five official
candidates won seats and Sharon
Manning, '65Ed, a write-in can-
didate, defeated James Boughey,
'65, one of the official candidates,
for the sixth seat. From the lowest
voter turn-out in SGC history, it
seems obvious the student body
doesn't really care.)
Thursday was the day for SGC's
"Constituent Assembly," but only
30 constituents showed up. The
students who turned out wanted
rallies and Diag demonstrations
to show the administration stu-
dents are concerned.
Student grievances exist on
campus. But so far student pro-
testors L.ave made noise, but have
not convinced the administration
they really understand the com-
plex University situation.
* * *
hearing before the Joint Judiciary
Council. Director of Student Ac-
tivities and Organizations John
Bingley asked JJC to hear the
case of Voice's holding a Diag
rally two weeks ago and dis-
tributing literature without Uni-
versity permission. Such permis-
sion is issued through Bingley's
The hearing, originally sched-
uled for Oct. 15, was postponed
until this Thursday at the request
of Voice chairman Richard
Horevitz. Open to the public, the
hearings could result in penalties
ranging from a fine to withdrawal
of SGC recognition.
The current lull in student pro-
test action will probably not last
long. SAL's list of housing de-
mands, submitted to Director of
Housing Eugene Haun over a week
ago, have not yet been answered.
SAL will ask for a statement on
those demands this week, Horevitz
said last night.
AT THE ROOT of the problems
which created the "grievances" of
protesting groups is the philosophy
of expansion at the University.

This topic will be related to the
theme of President Hatcher's first
student convocation.
Lawrence Lossing, IFC president
and chairman of a student group
planning the convocation, indicat-
ed last week the President will
discuss the effects of the expand-
ing University on the individual
Perhaps students will hear some
creative insights into the nature
of a universitycommunity which
predicts an enrollment of over
50,000 by 1975.
* *, *
PROMPTED BY a "shocking"
enrollment surge, Michigan State
University's Board of Trustees
voted this week to ask the state
Legislature for an additional $1
million appropriation to accom-
modate an estimated 5000 more
students next fall.
This brings the total MSU bud-
get request to $49.3 million, up
from $39 million this year. The
increased funds will be used for
more teachers and a 10 per cent
across-the-board faculty salary
Appropriation requests from all
three large state universities have
increased this year. The Univer-
sity is asking for $55 million, an
$11 million increase. Wayne State
University seeks $35 million, $8
million more than last year's re-
killed Phi Mu sorority this week.
The University chapter was of-
ficially closed after two years of
sparse pledging and financial
problems. Three other sororities,
Zeta Tau Alpha, Kappa Delta and
Alpha Omicron Pi face similar
problems, Ann Wickins, Panhel
president said this week.
Speaking at a packed Hill Aud,
American Nazi Party head George
Lincoln Rockwell used an "intel-
lectual" approach, not his more
usual "racist" approach. He said
before his speech that this "log-
ical" approach was intended for
"more intellectual groups." The
protests that raged before his
coming and the picket line in
front of Hill Aud made more
"noise" than Rockwell's toned-
down speech. Yet he still remains
a man to be feared and pitied.

"'Non-Al igned Nation"
d! t
M /

The Role of The Daily
In SGC Rally Action

"Then Just Before The Election He'll Make
One More Wild Swing Around The Country"
.1 ~~~ 4 - r
A \

To the Editor:
IN THE FUTURE, Daily night
editors should be more con-
sientious about getting their stories
straight. Daily neglegence lay at
the heart of Student Government
Council's apparent floundering and
ineffectual handling of an impor-
tant issue last week.
At its regular meeting last Wed-
nesday, SGC voted to hold a rally
in the afternoon, and a consti-
tuent assembly on the evening of
Tuesday, October 13. The express
purpose of the rally was to drum
up student interest, discussion,
and support of Council's actions
in the field of student grievances.
Specifically, we wanted to get
students involved enough to at-
tend a constituent assembly that
night,'at which time it was hoped
a meaningful dialogue would oc-
Out of that dialogue was to
come: for the students-an un-
derstanding of how their elected
representatives were handling the
much discussed field of grievances,
and for Council some new sug-
gestions, a more crystalized "plan
of attack," and perhaps some con-
fidence that students are interest-
ed enough in their own welfare to
advance past the stage of emo-
tional hullabaloo, to the point of
sorting sifting, and understanding
complex problems. It washoped
that the rally would generate ex-
citement that would be directly
channeled into the constructive
activity of a constituent assembly.
* 5. * *
THE SGC rally committee plan-
ned the event with exactly this in
mind. A site was chosen that
would not be objectionable to Uni-

screaming front page headlines the
following day. With this as their
only source of information, Uni-
versity administrators strongly
recommended to the SGC execu-
tive committee that no rally be
held. President Tom Smithson,
acting on this,, and perhaps a
personal misunderstanding of the
purpose of the rally, flatly refused
to have anything to do with the
venture. He explained that the ad-
ministration would necessarily mis-
construe our intent, and that this
would cause our already strained
relations with them to deteriorate
to the point where no real progress
could be made.
This stand of Smithson's, coup-
led with strong pressures along
the same lines from Executive
Vice-President Doug Brook, and
Interfraternity Council President
Larry Lossing (both of whom, in-
cidentally had been absent from
the Wednesday night meeting
when Council discussed the pur-
poses and decided to stage the
rally), convinced a sleepy Council
on Sunday morning to drop the
whole idea.
* * *
I VOTED to hold the rally, be-
cause I thought we could make
our purposes clear by explanations
in the Daily, and by our actions
at the rally itself. Council, how-
ever, decided it was too much of
a gamble. The entire fiasco made
SGC look incompetent and rather
The confusion and subsequent
reversal could have been avoided
had the Daily been more careful,
and had they been aware that
rally does not imply protest. The
Daily ought to be more careful to

Back to Top

© 2024 Regents of the University of Michigan