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Soviets Aid Cyprus, Sukarno
Robbins Sees Idealism Underlying NS2
Y By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - The Soviet Union
agreed to give aid to Cyprus and
offered further military assistance
to Indonesia here yesterday in a
pair of diplomatic meetings with
leaders of the two countries.
Foreign Minister Soyros Kypri-
anou of Cyprus said in a press
conference he had signed an
agreement wilth the Soviets for
military assistance w i t h "no
He refused to comment on the
weapons or financial arrange-
ments involved, or on whether
the agreement would bring Soviet
personnel to the Mediterranean
island torn by communal strife.
Kyprianou said only that he was
"completely satisfied with the
outcome of our talks here and
with the agreement which, we
have reached." ,
Earlier, Costas Ashiotis, director
general of the Cypriot foreign
ministry, said the agreement also
A LABOR DISPUTE HAS CAUSED NEW YORK City's principal
fleet of school buses to suspend service completely. Mayor Robert
F. Wagner (left) reacted immediately to the situation, assigning
the city's chief labor mediator to straighten the matter out. The
City's school Superintendent, Calvin Gross (right), urged parents
to make the best possible arrangements for sending their children
to school during the crisis.
Chief New York us Fleet
Suspends Student Service
NEW YORK OP) - The city's principal fleet of school buses,
crippled by four days of immobilized or slowed vehicles, yesterday
suspended service completely.
The shutdown raised the prospect that 87,000 pupils would be left
without their usual means of getting to school today.
Notice of the action was received by the board of education from
the Children's Bus Service, Inc., whose 600 buses carry an overwhelm-
ing proportion of city school children who ride buses daily.
The move came in the midst of a complicated dispute, which on
four successive school days,, has left thousands of children stranded
on street corners, and caused un-
counted others to be late to
covered economic aid. But Kypri-
anou said: "We did not discuss
He replied, "yes," when asked
if the Soviet officials expressed
complete support for the policies
of the Greek Cypriot government
of Archbishop Makarios.
. ,here had been speculation that
the Soviet Union might offer the
Cypriots aid in the form of air-
craft to fend off Turkish air
attacks. But Greek Cypriot offi-
cials would not comment on the
Cyprus first requested aid from
the Soviet Union last month. At
first, the Soviets declined, but
after talks agreed to consider giv-
ing assistance. Turkey has at-
tacked Greeks Cypriot villages in
Cyprus several times from the air
in retaliation to a Greek Cypriot
campaign to starve out Turkish
After a final meeting later in
the day, President Ahmed 6u-
karno of Indonesia commented to
reporters that his brief visit to
Moscow "has been very fruitful."
Authoritative Indonesian sources
said they expected it to lead to
Indonesia's purchase of more arms
from the Soviet' Union.
The sources, answering news-
men's question at a Kremlin re-
ception for Sukarno, declined. to
specify what types of weapons.
The Soviet Union has provided
more than $1 billion worth of
arms to Indonesia since 1960 on
1 v-cost, low-credit terms. Indo-
nesia has been seeking even more
for its campaign against neighbor-
Sukarno toasted Indonesian-
Soviet.. friendship with Soviet
President Anastas I. Mikoyan at
He and his defense minister,
Gen. Abdul Haris Nasution, had
two meetings with Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev between Sukarno's
arrival in Moscow Tuesday and
Khrushchev's departure on vaca-
Sukarno is scheduled to fly to
Geneva today en route to a con-
ference on nonaligned nations
opening in Cairo Monday.
Set To Allow
VATICAN CITY OP)- Votes in
the Vatican Ecumenical Council
yesterday gave final approval to
two historic measures in the key
chapter of its Schema De Ecclesia,
"on the nature of the church."
The first was the recognition
of shared authority between the
Pope and Roman Catholic bishops.
The second was creation of a per-
manent body of deacons, whose
membership may iclude mature
At the same time the 2500 pre-
lates in St. Peter's Basilica began
debate on revelation, using a newly
worded schema that by-passes a
long disagreement of the relative
merits of scripture and tradition.
The council fathers accepted-
1,624 to 42, with 572 ballots fav-
rable but with reservations-13l
articles dealing with bishops'
powers and including the principle
of collegiality, or shared authority
with the Pope.
A pp roved
By BRUCE WAS SERSTEIN
Congress yesterday approved a
bill expanding the Reserve Officer
Training Corps program at both
the college and high school level.
The exact effect of the bill upon
the University's ROTC program
will not be known until after the
President signs the bill into law.
At that time the Department of
Defense will announce the Uni-
versity's financial share.
However, officials in the de-
partment of military science here
expressed satisfaction with the bill
It calls for these steps:
--Increasing of the monthly re-
tainer pay for all upper class
ROTC students from $27 a month
to at least $40 a month;
-Setting up of a scholarship
program in colleges ranging up to
$850 a year for tuition and books
and $500 a year in retainer pay;
-Introducing of a two year
ROTC program in those colleges
that request it and
-Expanding the junior ROTC
from 254 high schools to a maxi-
mrum of 1200 schools.
The passage of the bill was a
defeat for Secretary bf Defense
Robert S. McNamara who oppos-
ed the expansion of the high
school ROTC program because
"there is no present military re-
quiement to step up the program
which now costs about $5 million
The unanimous voice approval
of the bill a victory for Sen.
Richard B. Russell (D-Ga), chair-
man of the Senate Armed Services
Committee, who had supported
Bill's Effect Uncertain
Lt. Colonel McNair, chairman
of the military science depart-
ment, said he was gratified by the
passage of the bill. He said that
increase in the number of high
school students taking ROTC be-
cause of the bill will result in
more enthusiasm for college ROTC
and "better-prepared" men en-
tering the program.
Military science officials here
will have to confer with University
administrators about the feasi-
bility of introducing the two year
ROTC program here.
Lt. Colonel McNair replaced Lt.
Colonel Harris as chairman of the
military science department this
By KAREN KENAH
"People are most idealistic and
most concerned during their stu-
dent years," United States Na-
tiona! Student Association Presi-
dent Steve Robbins said last iiigh.
Robbins who is at the Univer-
sits as part of a four day tour of
six midwestern campuses said that
one of the resasons NSA gets in-
voived "so broadly" is to utilize
the time, when students are most
able to work idealistically.
"Once they get out into the
world they no longer have time."
He described three basic areas
of concern: civil rights, aendemic
reform, and integantional services.
"NSA has worked a long time in
civil rights. As a result we have
lost every major southern school."
Currently the organization is try-
ing to establish ties with the
South, Robbins said.
"Two NSA representatives and
28 ministers from the Council of
Churches are currently in Ma-
comb, Miss., to establish presence
to prevent bombing in that city,"
NSA is seriously thinking' about
holding conferences entitled "Stu-
dent in the City" in the major
cities in the United S'tates. They
will be geared to education of stu-
dents as to conditions within the
"Ninety per cent of students
have no concept about what is
going on within the ghetto. For
example -'there are instances of
12 people living in one room and
each paying $30 a mont'l in Har-
lem." he added.
Robbins said he hoped the stu-
dent governments of the schools'
who attend the conferences will
then establish similar educational+
projects on their own campuses.
"I.SA believes that students
should reflect on the educational1
process and ought to improve it
wherever possible," Robbins said,
speaking about NSA's work on
The major emphasis currently
is on getting the student engagedl
in the academic decision-making
NSA does not yet have suffi-
cient information to formulate
definite policy in the field.
"The area of academic reform
is new in the sense of doing any-
thing definite about it. Before
1955, NSA did some work on
course evaluation, but nothing in
the present vein," he commented.
Robbins said that the main
emphasis in international affairs
dur ng the coming year will be to
explain and inform natiornal stu-
S GCDisallows Candi
Refuses Appeal; Move Leaves Six Elig
By DAVID BLOCK
Student Government Council
last night upheld its Credentials'
and Rules Committee's ruling to
remove the name of Sharon Man-
ning, '65Ed, from the ballot in the
upcoming SGC election.
Miss Manning was accused of
violating Council's election rules
by not personally circulating her'
petition for candidacy. This. now
leaves six candidates running for
SGC also heard John Stegmal
of Charter Realty, as a spokesman
for landlords and realtors of stu:
dent off-campus housing; express
his desire for closer communica-
tion between students and realtors candidate must
in order to alleviate many of the tion "personally
grievances tendered by each side. The committ
Miss Manning's candidacy was port to Counc
discussed earlier in the day at a considerable c
meeting of the credentials com- 'body decided t
mittee. Her petition was invali- mittee's ruling.
dated unanimously by that body accepting the
on the' grounds that some of the to have Council
signatures on it were solicited by committee's rer
her associates. a motion to re
Although Miss Manning was ning's name a
close by the area where her friends candidates on t
circulated a part of the petition, Speaking for
and was apparently identified tc igan Union Pre
all who signed the document, the wright, '65, em
committee ruled that she violat- was disqualifyir
ed that clause of the SGC elec- didate on a
tion rules which specifies that a technicality.
ruling. He sai
ed it was not t
cil to eliminat&
s He said tha
} presence in th
K illegal petitioni
dent unions about the new char-
ter of the International Student
Coagress, a newly re-organized
international students group.
NFA will sponsor an increasing
number of bi-lateral exchanges of
delegations from nation unions or
other student organizations. Dele-
gations from Tunesia, Romania,
Yugoslavia, Nigeria and Venezuela
are coming to the United States,
They will tour the United States
visiting various parts of the coun-
try to get an overall exposure.
Other NSA international affairs
activities include the organiza-
tion rof press seminars anl assist-
ance to regional groups in setting
Cuban exile sources reported
two unconfirmed developments it
their homeland yesterday: an an
ti-Castro landing and the con
struction of a series of military
emplacements surrounding th
U.S. naval base near Guantanamo
Officials in Washington denie
L The sources based their report
of a landing on a Cuban military
The version given by the exile
sources quoted a Cuban militia
unit as reporting over an intra-
militia radio network "at the fun
damental point, action is develop.
ing . . . but communications with
chiefs of (militia) units have been
lost because of very bad weath-
In Washington, official sources
expressed doubts there was any
fighting between forces of the Fi-
del Castro government and anti-
'From what we shave been told
of the content of the broadcasts
originating in Cuba, it Appears
they relate to a military exercise.
It will be recalled that such ex-
ercises were announced some time
One source in Washington said:
"In other words, we get the im-,
pression they are maneuvers,
rather than the real thing."
The Cuban broadcast was
At the same time, other sources
said Soviet technicians and mili-'
tary men are supervising con-
struction of a series of' military
emplacements surrounding the
United States naval base near
The reports were published yes-
terday by the Citizens Committee
for a Free Cuba, an organization
of U.S. citizens opposing the Fidel
Castro Communist regime in Cuba.
The committee said it was told
"the Soviet fortifications include
a vast underground network
carved into the hills and moun-
tains, and that they are manned
Mayor Robert F. Wagner, in-
formed of the suspension, prompt-
ly assigned the city's chief labor
mediator, Morris Tarshis, to look
into the situation to try to
d straighten it out.
n School Superintendent Calvin E.
- Gross urged parents of the pupils
- to try to "make the best arrange-
y ments they can to get their chil-
e dren to and from school safely."
. He said classes would go on as
Under City Contract
Children's Bus Service operates'
y under contract with the city,
' hauling 87,000 of the 92,000 chil-
dren receiving bus service, 75 per
e cent of them in public schools.
a The rest are in private or paro-
- chial schools.
They make up about 10 per
- cent of the city's total school
The board of education accused
- union drivers of a deliberate slow-
down and "power play" aimed at
scuttling board contracts with
other bus companies using non-
Adding to the argument, a civil
rights group contended there was
something suspicious about the
timing of the transportation snarl,
and that it was "sabotaging New
York's school integration pro-
This program, sponsored by the
board of education, is busing stu-
dents from segregated neighbor-
hoods to bi-racial schools. A mas-
sive two-day school boycott, pro-
testing the program was launched
by white citizens groups when the
public schools opened three weeks
VIETNAME (P)-Laos will with-
draw its ambassador from North
Viet Nam, Premier Souvanna
Phouma told the National Assem-
After the assembly meeting,,
Phouma told reporters the recall
of the ambassador does not mean
he is cutting off diplomatic rela-
tions with North Viet Nam. Laos
Student Government Council voted last night to uphold the decision of the Credentials 'and Rules
Committee and disqualify Sharon Manning as a candidate in the forthcoming SGC election. From
left to right are Executive Vice-President Douglas Brook, '65, President Tom Smi'hson, '65, Treasur-
er Gary Cunningham, '65, Barry Bluestone, '66, Sherry Miller, '65, International Student Association
President Yee Chen, '65, and Michigan Union President Kent Cartwright, '65.
CHINESE CHARGE 'FABRICATION'
Foreign Capitals eact oRusk Cl'taim
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-A statement by Secre-
tary of State Dean Rusk announc-
ing that Red China will soon
explode a nuclear device drew con-'
flicting comments from two for-
eign capitals yesterday.
In Ottawa, Canada's For'eign
Secretary Paul Martin went a
step further than Rusk, bluntly
predicting that the Chinese nu-
clear test will be atmospheric and
probably followed by a series of
Decreasing Isolation of Germany Cited
By ROBERTA POLLACK
The emergence of Germany in post-war Europe has been charac-
terized by a policy of decreasing isolationism, Prof. Gerhard Weinberg
of the history department said last night.
His speech was delivered as part of the series "Are You Aware?"
sponsored by the International Students' Association.
He cited three conditions within the country making the
decreasing isolationism possible.
The first is the integration of foreigners within Germany society.
By bolstering the labor force, these immigrants have -contributed
"significantly" to West Germany's economic revival, he said.
A second factor is West Germany's "shopping for inhabitants,"
he said. In contrasg to previous policy, Germans are trying to find
workers from other countries-such as Czechoslovakia-"to fill up
the empty spaces."
The third change is West Germany's controlled production of
coal. "It is much like the United States' situation with wheat. People
are being paid not to produce," he said.
If this deisolation continues, the "structural role of West Ger-
many will be so different it will be almost unrecognizable from the
Germany of 1932 or 1948."
He, pointed specifically to West Germany's increasing economic
integration with the rest of Europe through the Common Market.
"Even in the area of defense, there have been admirable
a,, n'a m' flai -ne Ia *7,i d--.1 n a. nrnwamlny in.. 4. prm, , a*nrn
Communist Chinese sources in
Peking, however, termed Rusk's
pronouncement a fabrication.
The Canadian statement was
based on sources of information
which are not dependent on those
of the United States.
The nuclear test will spread con-
tamination far and wide, Martin
said, at a time when a test ban
treaty supported by Canada and
more than '100 other countries-
including the Soviet Union and
the United States-has reduced
radioactive fallout hazards to
Martin would not say how he
knew it would be an atmospheric
test but added that the Canadian
government learned of the im-
minent Chinese detonation with
"regret and concern."
In' Tokyo, a correspondent for
the Japanese Kydo news service,
who arrived in Peking this week
under a new exchange of Japan-
ese and Chinese newsmen, quoted
the sources as saying Rusk's
statement was "without root or
The -sources said "No one-not
even Chairman Mao Tze-Tung or
President Liu Shao-Chi-knows
when Communist China will ex-
plode a nuclear device."
"It is a tragedy that the United
States seems to believe its fab-
rications are believed by the
world," the sources said.
Rusk predicted yesterday that
Communist China would set off
its first nuclear explosion "in the
He pointed out, however, that
"the detonation of a first device