See Editorial Page '
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
4:3 a t.1
VOL. LXXV, No. 22
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1964
Detail Structure of
Conibined Executive Would Have
Four Senior Officers on Board
By PHYLLIS KOCH
Further progress on the Union-League merger was reported last
night as Women's League President Nancy Freitag, '65, detailed the
internal structure of the proposed new organization.
Her report, delivered to the League Council, was based on a
meeting last Saturday of League and Michigan Union representatives.
External structure had been worked out the previous week.
The executive board is to consist of four senior officers:
-An executive vice-president, in charge of the total budget and
finances for the organization and the daily liaison with the business
'offies of the Union and League;
;- k j _ -An administrative vice-presi-
iu ; Y dent, in charge of the committees
and their projects, and
r -A coordinating vice-president,
B t S14 n in charge of the coordinate activi-
ties, including such major week-
ends as Homecoming, Spring
Weekend, Soph Show.
Petitioners for senior officers
would have to have junior stand-
SAIGN (P)-ith the end of in.
SAIGON ()-Wi he en Michigan Union President Kent
Saigon's general strike, the po- Cartwright, '65, will report to his
litical heat on Premier Nguyen board of directors today - their
Khanh's government has subsided first meeting of this academic
once again, but observers say the year.
lull probably won't last more than "There is absolutely no question
a few days. that the merger is a reality," Cart-
The capital's major labor union wright said yesterday. While not
is satisfied for the moment, and completely satisfied he said that
demonstrating crowds are off the it is "the best possible student or-
streets. But new trouble looks ganization that could be conceived
likely to come from other quar- at this point."
ters. The city is tense. The merger will bring every-
r Crises have beset Khanh for the thing under one Board of Direc-
past two months at increasingly tors, merging student activities on
frequent intervals with increas- all levels.
ingly serious results. In every case Three steps remain until the
.the goverrnment has won tempor- merger becomes official: approval
arily peace only by making ma- by the League Board of Govevnors,
jor concessions to political, re- the Union Board of Directors, ard
ligious and labor opponents. th iRegents.
Mandate The proposed merger has been
Khanh has a mandate to rule the subject of debate for quite
as premier for only 36 more days. som9 time at the University. The
He has promised to relinquish his prol em became the object of pub
mandate at the end of that time lie attention after the issuance of
to a "high national council" of the Robertson report in the spring
lr to 20 members being organ- Of 1963.
ized by the chief of state, Maj.'
Gen. Duong Van Minh.
The council's mission is to ,
create a civilian government, and
it can ask Khanli to remain as
caretaker premier for an addi-
tional period. But it is to be made k..":
up of diverse elements, including
rival political and religious lead-
ers. In the past, such groups have
not achieved unity of action and
opinion in South Viet Nam.
Should Khanh take things into
his own hands and try to stay on s
without the council's approval, he
is sure to face more hostile dem-.r z """'
onstrations by Buddhists, stu . ..
dents,, and other 'groups. This ..
would increase the likelihood of
another coup attempt by young
officers who have demanded a
A revolt of mountain tribesmen RICHARD CARDINAL CUSHIN
in- the highlands of central Viet Cardinal Meyer of Chicago confe
Nam 150 miles north of Saigon of the twentieth Ecumenical Coi
still causes major concern. It be-
gan Sunday with a "declaration U " S. 3m
of independence" and a demand
for regional autonomy by several
hundred primitive "montagnards" " w
whom U.S. special forces had
trained and armed to be guerrilla
fighters against the Communist
Viet Cong . VATICAN CITY (P)-America
The revolt 'appeared yesterday Ecumenical Council yesterday for
to be spreading throughout Dar- and set off a conflict with Eun
lad province and apparently in- Americans' stand was applauded, in
cluded many more of the tribes- eansy thn ira bad in
men than participated originally. Nearly the entire body of 24
The Saigon government ordered bishops from Canada and Latin Am
reinforcements of lowland Viet- council to come out in favor of r
namese troops into the area. from Italy and Spain denounced
The tribesmen held -five camps to the Roman Catholic Church.
just outside Ban Me Thuot and highlighted one of the most dra-'
refused to talk to government of- matic meetings of the 3-year-old
ficials. American special forces council.
men were trying to act as inter- In the space of less than four
meDaros demonstrations by hours, the following issues arose:
Dangaaerous ed r-yThe council fathers9accepe
youiths at the coastal town of Quil 'Tecuclftesacpe
Nhon appeared quelled for the 1111by a vote of 1,927. to 292 a cru-
moment by government promises cial provision that bishops in un-
to oust a number of town officials. ion with the Pope share in his
Many observers believe this supreme jurisdiction over the
pattern is leading South Viet church. This is the heart of the
Nam toward a general collapse collegiality issue which Pope Pau
that can be averted only if the has called the "weightiest and
Saigon government regains some most delicate" business of the
cif its authority. council. 'It could ultimately lead
Wellman Skeptical of U' Senate Refori
By JEFFREY GOODMAN
When University professors re-open discussion next month on
whether to restructure the faculty Senate, they will find the man
at the helm of the organization calmly skeptical.
While he definitely doesn't want to be a block to free dis-
cussion on the question, he does have his personal views.
Prof. Richard Wellman of the Law School, chairman of the
Senate's 19-man Senate Advisory Committee on University Affairs,
feels that the proposed reorganization of the Senate is essentially
unnecessary and possibly detrimental to the Senate's function.
He views that function as providing an "ongoing
tinuing structure through which faculty can evaluate
University." And he believes that the Senate's present
in the context of the overall University structure, is
rational one for fulfilling that function.
Not necessarily so, according to the members of the Senate's
Subcommittee on University Freedom and Responsibility. If their
opinions follow the proposal they issued last spring, these men
feel the Senate structure could and should be much more action-
The idea is that the 1200-man Senate-which meets only once
a semester-would elect a 65-man University Assembly to meet
once a month. The Assembly would be authorized to speak for
the Senate on matters of University interest.
SACUA, which now meets once a month, would meet weekly
and be cut from 19 to nine members. It would continue to serve
as the Senate's executive arm and liaison with the administration.
Thus, the thinking goes, the Assembly would involve more
faculty more frequently in the ongoing business of the University.
And the executive body-because it would be smaller-would be
better able to put. Senate decisions into effect, even though it
would continue doing a sizeable part of its work through its
The freedom and responsibilitycommittee goes even farther,
however. In its original proposal was a section defining general
and special Senate responsibilities in a form seemingly much
different from present responsibilities. While this section was not
submitted to the Senate at the spring meeting-and thus is
not formally on the agenda for further debate-indications are
that it will be brought up at the restructuring discussion, sched-
uled for Oct. 14.
Generally, one paragraph reads, the Senate should "enable
the faculty to participate in the making of University policy
decisions and in the appointment of leading administrative of-
Participate in Policy-Making
Among other specific duties, "the Senate shall (through its
delegated bodies) participate in the formation of University policy.
in relation to:
-"The annual and other general University budgets, particu-
larly those features of such budgets which concern changes of
policy that occur from one year to another;
-"The directions to schools and colleges concerning prin-
ciples of appointment, promotion and salary."
Wellman sees an essential ambiguity in the whole responsibili-
ties section. If it merely seeks to define the faculty's voice in the
University power structure, he feels it is unnecessary, since
adequate channels already exist 'for the expression of faculty
On the other hand, the proposal may be seeking to establish,
a greatly expanded authority for the faculty.
Yet this authority, Wellman feels, could not be handled ef-
ficiently or effectively, for it would conflict with the special
professional functions of the faculty.
And whatever its responsibilities are to be, he says, the
Senate-would be hampered by a restructuring.
AsWellman views it, the University power structureis
rationally organized. Through it, decisions of all kinds are
in the hands of men whose specific function is to determin
ought to be done in given cases.
In the hierarchy, faculty are best suited to furtherin
versity interests through teaching.
At other levels, they work with departments, schoc
colleges to exercise their expertise in matters such as a]
ments, curriculum and counselling. At an even more in
level, the administration's executive officers are responsil
trained directly for such tasks as mediating between con
demands for fipances.
Through this structure, Wellman feels, faculty have a
quate means of influencing decisions at the levels wher
are most concerned and most knowledgeable. Not only do
Senate, through its myriad committees, provide a direct
for criticizing administrative policies, but the departmen
organized to allow maximum faculty participation.
In the smaller departments this is often provided by
faculty a direct vote in 'key decisions; in larger departmer
on the college level, power is delegated to the chairmen, dea
executive committees who are in constant touch with pro
"I see no need for new legislation to provide for a
voice which already exists," Wellman feels. "I don't thi
system is at all static. We are coming more and more
point where we can say with assurance that any Un
matter anyone wants discussed can be attended to by a
committee, which can communicate directly with the appr
If, however, the responsibilities section of the proposa
expanded power, the faculty would be overstepping its r
"I don't think the Senate, SACUA or a University A&
should think it their purpose to run the University," WE
See DOUBTS, Page 2
tRAP Inches Toward
Helping Nation's Poor
The Economic Research and Action Project took some small, al-
most invisible steps this summer toward what its sponsors hope will
be success in organizing the poor for social and economic gains.
The Students for a Democratic Society project sent about 110
students into 10 centers of urban poverty this summer and will con-
tinue work in seven or eight of them through the coming year.
Most projects involved organizing poor whites into small groups
for action on jobs, better housing and welfare conditions and schools.
"It's wrong to measure success in terms of ERAP's long-term goal
-an inter-racial organization of the poor. It is too early to say
-Associated Press ]
G (right) of Boston and Albert
er yesterday at the second session
an cardinals pressed the Vaticano
a declaration on religious liberty
xopean conservative prelates. The
violation of council rules.
44 U.S. bishops, with support by
nerica, issued urgent appeals for the
eligious freedom for all. Cardinals
such a declaration as a danger
The clash in St. Peter's Basilica
>anything about that," declared
ERAP director Rennie Davis.
"You have to look at begin-
nings. I was impressed with the
success ERAP had in reaching
whites. The groups discussed, plan-
ned actions on economic issues."
Davis said that in at least
seven areas, ERAP summer project
staff members had created viable
community groups able "to oper-
ate under their own steam."
The project has emphasized
building block organizations in the
cities in which it worked. Davis
explained block organizations pro-
vide a stronger political base.
The summer found ERAP proj-
ects in these cities:
-Baltimore. ERAP staffers have
helped form a biracial 300-member
union of the unemployed called
Union for Jobs or Income Now'
(U-JOIN). Its major effort has
been protesting red tape in receiv-
ing unemployment compensation
and demanding more retraining
programs and projects that would
employ the area's unemployed.
-Chicago. The ERAP project
there is similar to Baltimore with
the Jobs or Income Now (JOIN)
unemployeds union dealing with
some 200 to 300 persons. JOIN is
collecting signatures for a peti-
tion to Mayor Richard Daley seek-
ing more jobs and public projects.
Five out of 11 summer staffers
are staying with the project this
-Philadelphia. ERAP has tak-
en a different approach by setting
See 'ERAP,' Page 8
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The Supreme
Court yesterday granted a stay
temporarily blocking a lower court
decision which struck down a
section of the civil rights act af
applied to a Birmingham restaur-
At the same time, Justice Hugc
L. Black said he had been au-
thorized by the five other justices
here to announce that the court
is willing to hear arguments on
the case Monday, Oct. 5.
That is the opening day of the
court's new term, at which it haf
already agreed to hear the first
challenge to the new civil rights
act-the Atlanta motel case. It I,
rare for the tribunal to hear ar-
guments on opening day.
Black, who supervises the cir--
cuit where the cases were heard
said "it is a rule of law that courts
of equity will not enjoin the en-
forcement of an act of Congress
except under the most imperativf
or exigent circumstances."
On Aug. 10, Black had refus-
ed on the same ground to block
enforcement of the civil rights law
in the Atlanta case, in which a
three-judge federal tribunal hel(
the public accommodations sectior
of the act constitutional.
The Atlanta situation w a;
slightly different. The Atlanta res-
taurant is located adjacent to
an interstate highway, close to in-
terstate commerce, while the
Birmingham establishment is'sev-
eral blocks from the nearest typ
of interstate travel.
In the Birmingham decision, the
three judges agreed that Congress
has the authority to control in-
terstate commerce and also in-
trastate commerce "only when
those activities have such a close
and substantial relation to inter-
-0V ote ToOn Ms
REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL candidate Barry Goldwater waves
to a cheering crowd yesterday in Dallas, Texas. Earlier in the day,
Goldwater charged in a Fort Worth speech that President Lyndon
B. Johnson "plays politics with defense contracts."
Goldwater Says Johnson
Uses Defense for, Politics
DALLAS (P)-Sen. Barry Goldwater accused the Johnson ad-
ministration yesterday of playing politics -with defense contracts
and using income tax returns to apply pressure for campaign sup-.
New Measure M
Have No Legal
Ing party leaders in tl
dissolved their uneasy pi
on legislative reappo
yesterday and agreed I
vote " today that. may
way to adjourning Con
fore election day.
Democratic leader Mi
field (D-Mont) won rel
his co-sponsorship of R
leader Everett M. Dirk
offered a compromise I
end a 35-day-old stalema
The compromise pla:
voted on today and if it
ed the legislative logjai
Sen. Paul Douglas
leader of the liberal g
The Republican presidential nominee also fired a new barrage
of charges at Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara.
McNamara addressed the American Legion Convention here
Tuesday strongly defending his policies and contending the U.S. de-
fense establishment never had been more powerful. Goldwater
couldn't wait for his speech before the American Legion convention
to cut loose at McNamara. He began on both the defense secretary
and President Lyndon B. Johnson
on his early morning stop at
nearby Fort Worth.
Spaar Asks Understanding of, Japan
The Student Government Coun
cil Executive Committee announc-
ed officially at the SGC meeting
last night the formation of com-
mittees to study the motion of
Barry Bluestone, '66, on student
Bluestone presented Council with
to a new form of c nurch govern-
ment, a permanent senate of bish-
ops to help the Pontiff rule.
-The controversial declaration
on religious liberty came up for de-
bate for the first time and touch-
ed off an immediate storm. De-
bate will continue on the issue ir
Spearheading the American
bishops' campaign were Cardinal:
Richard Cushing of Boston, Al-
bert Meyer of Chicago and Jo-
seph Ritter of St. Louis.
-The Vatican announced the
By DAVID GARELICK
Richard Spear, speaking on "Some cliches about Japan" said
last night that the "correctness" of certain virtues or vices at-
tributed to Japanese culture "depends only on individual prefer-
Speaking in the International Students Association's "Aware-
ness" program, Spear emphasized the importance of direct ex-
change in understanding other cultures, particularly non-Western
ones, which are often interpreted by Western standards only.
"We must not merely be told what another people is like,"
Spear said. It is frequently a matter of our own judgment; any'
clear cut generalizations or cultural catagorizations only lead to
contradictions. Cultural classifications are seldom clear cut.
He pointed out an example of such a contradiction in the
common misconception of the Japanese people as "polite, reserved.
and soft-spoken" when actually many of them are "cool, violent
anl impolite." The fact that the Japanese may be aggressive when
pushing their way into a bus and then, at the same time, tranquil
and diplomatic when meeting someone that they know on that
and their "slyness and underhandedness" Spear went on to say
that once we gain a thorough understanding of all the customs
and beliefs, any other statements we make concerning the "right-
ness" or "wrongness" are only in the form of subjective personal
preference. According to Spear, before making any sort of value
judgment about Japan, one ought to know something about the
Japanese character and temperment, their concept of pride, group
cooperation and common sense.
The Japanese place great emphasis on the group and the
individual's subordination to the will of the group, he said. In
a classical quote cited by Spear, the Japanese say "If you want
to get on in society, don't make a disturbance." Spear brings this
in to stress the importance this concept has, not only in the daily
life of a Japanese but also in his cultural heritage.
Asked if traditions had been influenced at all by the modern
technological and economic changes in Japan, Spear said that
the cultural changes hadn't been great and expressed the opinion
that the Japanese wouldn't become very "Westernized" "We don't
want all the countries of the world to live in one big Los
He told an estimated 8500 per-
sons in Fort Worth that the TFX
warplane contract was "a poli-
tically oriented piece of business."
"We must never play politic.
with defense," Goldwater said.
But he added quickly that at
President he wouldn't try to shift
the contract-which may total $(
billion before completion - awa'3
from the General Dynamics Corp.
in Fort Worth.
In Evansville, Ind., Sen. Huberi
Humphrey chided Goldwater for
not speaking out against the John
Birch Society during Goldwater';
appearance on television Tuesday
night with former President
Dwight D. Eisenhower. The socie-
ty has attacked Eisenhower.
Goldwater and Eisenhower chat-
ted together about campaign is-
sues in a half-hour program
broadcast from the general's Get-
tysburg farm home and sponsored
"I was kind of hopeful that dur-
tling to uphold the E
Court's June 15 one-man
vote ruling, hailed Man
proposal as "a significant v
Dfrksen took a no-retrea
and said he would return
again next year for a law
ing court-ordered reapporti
until Congress can act on
stitutional amendment ov
ing the Supreme Court ruli
Efforts to end the Doug
filibuster against the D
Mansfield rider had failec
move to table the rider a:
In effect Mansfield'sc
mise would substitute fo
sen's "thou shalt not" edict
courts a simple "we hc
won't" expression of conga
It would have not force
which is what Dirksen
sisted it should have.
One factor . in Mansfield
sion to try to end the d
was the sparse attendance
cent sessions-mute evidei
many members are breaki:
to join political wars back ]
Mansfield adopted subs
ly the same language Dirk
posed Tuesday as a mod
of his original rider. The
difference is that it rsemC
mandatory order to the cot
substitutes the "sense of C
The compromise would