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January 20, 1965 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-01-20

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Clam Ed
Seventy-Fifth Yea
EDITED ANDMANAGEDBY STUDENTs Of THE UNVERSrTY OFMICHiGAN
UNEX AUrTrORTY OF BOARD IN CONTROL( O STUDENT PIhLTCATIONS

SAVING AN ELEPHANT:

Bliss May Not Be Republican Answer

B A"'e " 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN AoRBoR, MICH.
P revailr

NEWS PHoNE: 764-0552

is printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

20 JANUARY 1965

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JOHNSTON

SGC Must.Schedule
A Movie Theatre Sit-In

By HAROLD WOLMAN
REPUBLICANS of all ideological
persuasions have greeted the
appointment of Ray Bliss to re-
place Dean Burch as national
committee chairman with the
hope and excitement characteris-
tic of a drowning animal which
has lust been thrown a lifesaver.
Unfortunately, a lifesaver is not
sufficient to save an elephant.
The hopes of these Republicans
-including conservatives dismay-
ed by Golwwater's electoral ca-
tastrophe--are based on the un-
questioned ability of the new
chairman.
As state chairman in Ohio, Bliss
built up the strongest GOP or-
ganization in the country and was
the chief architect of a series of
stunning Republican victories. Re-
publicans now hope (and some
even predict) that he will be able

to lead the party to national vic-
tory just as he did on the state
level.
UNFORTUNATELY for these
admirers of Bliss, their hero is
now in no position to do much
leading.
The great clamor accompanying
the battle to purge Dean Burch
has obscured the fact that the
post of national chairman is not,
in itself, a position of power or
particular importance in party
affairs.
The national committee's major)
task is the largely mechanical one
of organizing the national con-
vention every four years. In ad-
dition, the committee may help
coordinate congressional and pres-
idential campaigns (if the can-
didates so desire-and many do
not).
The committee also raises funds,

does research on issues (almost
all of which is ignored), acts as
a center for the distribution of
party literature and, generally
speaking, performs in the role of
a service organization to the
party.
* * * ,
THE CHAIRMAN, however, does
not make policy, nor does he de-
termine electoral strategy, al-
though if he is respected and per-
suasive he may be able to con-
vince candidates to" adopt his,
strategy. But this would be true
regardless of whether he was na-
tional chairman or .not.
The relative weakness of the
chairman reflects rather well the
nature of the American party
system. In fact, he is not the
chairman of one national party,
but of 50 state parties, many of
which are highly factionalized.
At the same time he must deal

ENT GOVERNMENT COUNCIL is
ng its last chance to be a meaning-
ganization by urging a "boycott"
than a sit-in,'to protest the 25 per
crease at local movie theatres.
ght the organization will take up a
>int motion by Thomas Smithson,
ants students "to refuse to attend
eatres on Friday, Jan. 22."
hson refuses to call his boycott a
t because "it would draw attention
University."
again SGC is taking the wrong,
ch, the one SGC has been taking
,r. Students should draw all the
on they can to the fact that the
Lovie monopoly-Butterfield Thea-
partially owned by the University)
y upped its prices 2,5 cents during
n, when students weren't here to
TIME to point out the exploita-
of students by greedy merchants.
xample, the book stores have sev-
icks in their trade. One of the
offers only a $1.65 paperback ver-
Neustadt's "Presidential Power."
ts who don't know that another
iy publishes the same book for 60
,re out $1.05. One student tells of
)ffered $3.25 for history books in
.ndition that were purchased at the'
;ore for $16 four months earlier.
can go to five men's clothing stores'
rn that they all have the same in-
prices for umbrellas.
there is no end in sight. The Ann
:abs plan to raise their fares next;
ENTS ARE MORE than willing to
anel their disgust at being ex-
into a demonstration indicative
situation. And SGC already has
quadrangle Council, the Student
es Union and the Lawyers Club
tee supporting any SGC plan of
Council is throwing away its big
if it merely calls for a non-boycott
ycott will not work. Anyone inter-
n seeing a movie will hardly re-,
passive SGC protest action. More
int, there is no way for the theatre,
3r to analyze the effect of a boy-
ce he cannot anticipate with great

accuracy how large a crowd he could
normally expect.
A 25 per cent sit-in would be the ideal
student protest. SGC could concentrate~
its efforts on one good movie this Friday.
"MARY POPPINS," which has been pop-
ular all over the country, will start
here Friday for $1.50 (25 cents extra for
Walt Disney movies).
The plan of action would be simple.
Simply fill the theatre with students at 7
p.m. and refuse to leave until 25 per cent
of the 9 p.m. show is over. Since few
potential 9 p.m. customers will wait in
the cold to see the last three-quarters
of the movie, Butterfield stands to lose
a minimum of several hundred dollars.
Furthermore, far more students would
join in a sit-in than would participate in
a boycott. Instead of having to find some-
where else to go if they wanted to demon-
strate their protest of the price hikes--
hardly a very spectacular gesture --movie
theatre patrons would have to sit for a
short while longer than usual-something
both easy and, if properly handled, ex-
citing. Everyone sitting could feel his di-
rect participation; if leaders could be
found and literature distributed, it is
likely that almost all of them would be-
come a part of the demonstration.
Organization of the sit-in would be
simple:
--Put up posters around campus;
--Have IQC distribute notices in the
residence halls;
-Have the law students contact sym-
pathetic professors, urging them to en-.
courage students to take part;
--Have the employes union be respon-
sible for pickets Friday night.
FRIDAY NIGHT'S SIT-IN will undoubt-
edly attract several thousands stu-
dents to Liberty St. Then, too, with a Life,
photographer on campus right now, real
demonstration might win nationwide
publicity.
But to arrange a sit-in would require
more courage than SGC has thus far
shown. Tonight's meeting gives Council
members a perfect chance to demonstrate
that they merit those attractive blue
chairs they sit in every Wednesday.
-ROGER RAPOPORT

with individual senators and con-
gressmen, some of whom operate
independently of the state party,
relying on their own personal
popularity or personal organiza-
tion.
* * *
THUS THE chairman's con-
stituency consists of a variety of
groups with different political,
social and economic interests, ad-
vocating widely varying and some-
times opposing policies, and en-
gaging in electoral competition in
circumstances which are not likely
to be at all similar.
As a consequence, each of these
interests looks to the national
chairman for different reasons (if
they look at all). It is no wonder
that the chairman can determine
neither policy nor strategy.t
What the national chairman
can do, however, is to act as a
public relations man for the party.
Because he is the official head of
the party organization, the chair-
man has the opportunity to set,
to some extent, the image of the
party through appearances on
television, public speeches and
newspaper interviews. He assumes
importance to the extent that the
general public pays attention to
what he says.
* * *
THE National Chairman also
acts as "hell-raiser," a term coin-
ed by Cotter and Hennessy in
their study aptly entitled "Politics
Without Power - The National
Party Committees." By this they
mean that the chairman acts as
the official critic of the opposing
party, far exceeding through his
partisan fervor the attacks of his
congressional brethren, who, after
all, must coexist with their op-
ponents in the legislature.
Cotter and Hennessy conclude
that the major roles of the chair-
man, in order of their importance,
are: image-maker, "hell-raiser,"
fund-raiser, campaign, manager
and administrator. They then sug-
gest that the chairman of the
party out of office must engage
even more heavily in the roles of
image-maker and "hell-raiser."
This is exactly what, Bliss will
not be able to do. Short and un-
prepossessing, he does not project
a good public image. Further-
more, he is basically shy and in-
clined to shun the public lime-
light as much as possible. His con-
siderable talents lie almost wholly
in organization techniques and
behind - the - scenes political ma-
neuvering.
WHETHER Dean Burch would
have been able to perform theser
functions more satisfactorily is
somewhat academic. Burch, by
his close identification with Gold-
water, would have presented to
the public an image of the party
too tied to Goldwater as far as
many Republicans were concerned.'
Instead, however, Bliss is likely
to present no image at all to the"
general public.
Thus, the appointment of Bliss

to fill the national chairman's
post will not mean an end to
the power struggle among Re-
publicans, nor will it mean they
have found a national spokesman.
It has merely eliminated the na-
tional committee as much of a
factor in either.
* * *
INSTEAD, as is generally the
case with American parties, there
will be multiple centers of power,
each one with its own spokesmen.
Everett Dirksen and Gerald Ford
will represent the Republican
congressional party, while John
Lindsay will speak for the liberal
"Wednesday group" in the House.
At the same time, Barry Gold-
water still will speak for a con-
siderable faction, as will individual
state governors such as George
Romney, Nelson Rockefeller and
William Scranton. Then too,
Robert Smylie probably will uti-
lize his position as chairman of
the Governor's Conference as a
platform to make known his views.
It is clear, however, that the
most effective leadership now
rests in the hands of Dirksen and
Ford. Leadership in terms of pol-
icy naturally resides in Congress
for the party which does not hold
the presidency. The public looks
to Congress for policy stands.
Thus it is from Congress that the
party policy inevitably emerges.
BLISS, however, undoubtedly
will bring' about some organiza-
tional changes which many Re-
publicans believe are badly need-
ed. One of these is likely to be a
greater emphasis on organizing
Republican efforts in big cities-
an effort which by all objective
Standards is certainly necessary.
Such organizational efforts are
being viewed by Republicans as
the answer to the party's prob-
lems. They are not.
Good organization enables a
party to, get all their possible'
supporters out tolthe polls. There-
fore it is good to organize. None-
theless, unless the GOP is able to
find some 16 million supporters
who forgot to show up at the polls
on election day, they have still
not found the answer. Any way
you organize 27 million people,
they still only come out to 27
million votes.
THIS SORT of thinking by Re-
publicans ignores the not very
subtle but terribly unpleasant fact
that if both parties were able to
get all their voters to the polls,
the Democrats would win every
election with somewhere between
54 and 56 per cent of the vote.
Therein lies the real problem of
the GOP and all the organization
in the world is not going to
change it. In order to win elec-
tions, the Republican Party must
adopt an image and nominate
candidates appealing to the broad
center of the American public.
Other solutions pr6posed by Re-
publicans may be less painful, out
they will not be very effective.

i :a..T ? L
FO WNIN-TEFORCE 5 of FREE~o 0OR THE EOKLE'S MO(~acOES?

102 Minus 70 Equals Failure

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
U.S. Involvement Goes Beyond Normal Diplomacy

APPARENTLY Robert J. Loescher is un-
;perturbed by the fact that over 70'
students have dropped his History of Art
102 course. Loescher explained that he
has revised the course so that it requires,
a great deal of work rather than a mere
regurgitation of lecture material.
The first reaction might be to blame
the students for their attitude of getting
by with as little work as possible and
quitting when the going gets too rough.
But 'the real villain in the story is dis-
tribution requirements.
The University, in its desire to pro-
duce well,-rounded students, in effect
often crams courses down people's
throats. Most of the students enrolled in
Loescher's course are not budding artists

but math, English, physics and political
science majors who are just, meeting the
humanities requirement.
Some chose the course because they
wanted some quick culture. Others, be-
cause it was supposed to be "cake," an
easy way to get through one leg of the
requirements.
NOW THE WORD will get around that
History of Art 102 is a bad choice to
meet the humanities requirement, and
students will search for some other kind-
hearted professor who will help them
dodge an area they're not interested in.
The best solution would be for students
not to have anything to dodge.
--C. VETZNER

UP with High-Rise Apartments

ANN ARBOR CITY COUNCIL decided by
a 6-5 vote at their meeting Monday
that they won't stand in the way of the
growth of the city by clamping a 15-
story limit on all new buildings.
There were several good reasons to op-
pose such a limit, and really none to sup-
port it.
With the enrollment boom at the Uni-
versity' is coming a greatly expanded
market for apartments, which places land
usable for apartment buildings at a pre-
mium. Simple arithmetic will show that
a 24-story building will hold more apart-
ments of comparable size than a 15-story
building. Thus more students will be hous-
ed through this more efficient use of the
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
KENNETH WINTER EDWARD HERSTEIN
Managing Editor Editorial Director

scarce land supply in the campus area.
BUT WILL ALL the new high-rise struc-
tures be apartment buildings? The an-
swer almost has to be "yes." There is
simply no need at present for an office
building the size of the proposed high-
rise structures, due to the lack of any
real industry in Ann Arbor aside from the
University.
One problem involved in the building of
sky - high "cash - register"' apartment
buildings is that of parking tenants' cars
in such a building. At present there is no
easy way to handle the cars of the fen-
ants in even a 15-story building, let alone
one of 20 or 30 stories. But if a solution
were ever found to the parking problem,
it would apply just as easily to the taller
buildings as the smaller.
Those who favored a height limit con-
tended that the size of the buildings
would ruin the appearance of the city, im-
n1vino that*their hpiirht a1n mxrl ml 1Qb k

To the Editor:
WOULD LIKE to congratulate
Mr. Gethol on his January 19
letter, and The Daily for pub-
lishing it. Although I, like most
citizens of this nation, know only
as much about the' machinations
of United States foreign policy as
I am allowed to learn through the
reports of the mass news media, it
is becoming more and more ap-
parent that this nation is deeply
involved in the internal affairs in
many areas where, supposedly, the
United States is merely carrying
out normal diplomatic policies.
Perhaps if the citizens of this
country were better informed by
their government as to its inter-
national activities, such incidents
as the U-2 affair and the Bay
of Pigs Invasion would not result
in waves of shock, indignation and
distrust in the agencies responsi-
ble for their instigation; and bet-
ter plans for such actions could
be laid as the actual performance
would not have to be done with
the added encumbrance of secrecy.
I do not believe that the gov-
ernment of this nation can con-
tinue much longer to try to direct
the course of world affairs in se-
cret and still maintain the confi-
dence of its citizens in itself.
-Mark Lafer, '68
Theatres
To the Editor:
THE DAILY is a student news-
paper and is representative of
the student body of the Univer-
sity in many ways. The ?Daily,
prints articles about student af-
fairs and issues, and draws on
the student body' for not only its
staff but the board which regu-
lates the policies which govern
the functioning of the paper.
It is our opinion that The Daily
as our representative possesses a
certain responsibility to the stu-
dent. The Daily is able to act in

price increase has been justified
by them and a public statement
made to that effect.
THE .ECONOMIC reasons for
such action by The Daily are
obvious. This move by The Daily
would be taken either indepen-
dently or in conjunction with a
formal boycott of the three movie
theaters, beginning with 'a sit-in
on the nine o'clock show by the
seven o'clock patrons on Friday
and Saturday nights, the 22nd
and 23rd of January. Such action
is presently under discussion by
several campus groups.;
While we recognize the contro-
versial nature of our proposal, we
hope that The Daily will print
this letter so that it may serve
to initiate discussion on viable
alternatives to action on the price
increase issue and so that The
Daily may serve as a forum for
this discussion.
-Matt Ash, '65
Jay Gans, '65
Elliott Hochman, '65
David Wallace, Staff
EDITOR'S NOTE: Your letter
raises several issues, two of which
seem especially important:
1) The Daily is responsible to no
particular group or faction but,'
above all, to its own sense of ethics
and standards. At a minimum, The,
Daily directs itself to the entire
community-it is a University news-
paper and beyond. While, for in-
stance, there are three students on
the Board in Control of Student
Publications, there are also five
faculty members, two alumni and
two ex-officio administrators.
4) Regarding your specific pro-
posal,,too often newspapers allow
editorial policy to be affected by
advertising considerations. The re-
verse. would be equally reprehensi-
ble. The Daily's open editorial policy
precludes positions on the part of
the newspaper anyway, but even if
it didn't, we would be unjustified
in accepting only "agreeable" adver-
tising.
Moreover, discussion has already
been initiated concerning the movie
price rise, and The Daily is al-
ready serving as a forum through
news stories, editorials and letters.

The University discriminates
against poor students. In choosing
our friends and in .making pur-
chases we discriminate all the
time.
WHOSE RIGHTS are infringed
if a fraternity openly states that
it has certain moral or religious
requirements. Trigon is above
board and admits what it stands"
for. It could easily change its
rules for show and continue its
present policies but it is not will-
ing to do this.
What about the fraternities on
campus that do discriminate in
fact because of race or color
whether or not their published
rules require discrimination. This
is the sort of thing which is harm-
ful. It seems to me that Trigon
has been prosecuted for infring-
ing the letter of the present law
rather than its spirit.
-Ralph R. Stewart
Professor of Botany
To the Editor:
SHOULD LIKE to inquire:
1) How many fraternities on
campus (besides Trigon) have in
fact pledged members of the white,
Negro, and oriental races?
2) How . many fraternities on
campus (besides Trigon) have in
fact included in their membership
a religious diversity encompassing,
for example, Catholic, Mormon,
and Unitarian as well as more
traditional expressions of Protest-
antism ?
3) Why IFC insists on making
itself look ridiculous by prosecut-
ing (or should I say persecuting?)
a fraternity which has, in actual
practice, probably been the least
discriminatory one on campus?
* * *
IT IS COMMENDABLE that IFC
should want to undertake its own
policing of discrimination in the
fraternity system. However, by
starting where it has, it implies:
a) That the University has been

bers and not have membership
controlled by outside organiza-
tions. This has been the reason
for the University action over the
past several years against bias
clauses." (Obviously, Trigon has
full local autonomy!)
HAVING HAD the opportunity.
to observe fraternity situations on
several campuses during 12 years
of service as national officer of
a, small, democratic,; fully non'-dis-
criminatory fraternity, I find it al
most amusing as well as sad to
contemplate the evasion of real
issues and the potential embar-
rassment to the University which
the harassment of _:Trigon indi-
cates.
-Edward G. Voss,
Professor of Botany
Pre-Registration
To the Editor:
SINCE I HAD classified for the
fall semester through the sum-
mer orientation program, I was'
unprepared for the chaos and in-
efficiency of the pre-registration

program.
It would be easy to believe that
many sections were changed for no
reason at all. What is the use of
signing up for sections when there
is little chance of getting them?
Of my six time periods, only two
were left unchanged. Many oth-
ers had their schedules altered as
much.
Even more disturbing is the
number of mistakes made by the
University. I know of several stu-
dents who were assigned to classes
that did not exist.
* * *
I HOPE that the University will
study this problem and try to
bring some order into pre-regis-
tration. Surely, with modern data
processing a daily list of closed
classes, and sections could be pub-
lished
A better system of checks could
be used to eliminate mistakes..The
University might consider having
classes assigned by computers, likq
some high schools do now. Some-
thing should be done before con-
ditions get worse as the result of
increased enrollment.
X -Leonard Mascara, '68

MISCONCEPTION :
Books of Know lede
THERE IS a widely spread misconception about the nature of books
which contain knowledge. It is thought that such books are
something the contents of which have to be crammed into our heads.
I think the opposite is closer to the truth.
Books are there to keep the knowledge in while we use our
heads for something better. Books may also be a better place for
such knowledge. In my own head any book-knowledge has a half-life
of a few weeks. So I leave knowledge, for safe-keeping, to books and
libraries and go fishing, sometimes for fish, sometimes for new
knowledge.
FURTHER, it is a widely spread opinion that memorizing will

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