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January 16, 1965 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-01-16

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A

Seventy-Fifth Year
E DITE AND MANAGED NY STUDENTs OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHXGAM
UNDER AUTHORtTY Ole BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

- Tm

-er APS** 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARO, MIcH.
Pm vau

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, 16 JANUARY 1965 NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN BRYANT

Rose Bowl Trip Takes
Students for a Ride

$TUDENTS, like the football team, the
band and alumni, are a part of the
University. They are important too. This
lesson, at least, should be drawn from the
mistakes and confusion which have pre-
vailed since Michigan accepted a Rose
Bowl invitation in late November.
The Rose Bowl trip was planned by a
special committee appointed by the Pres-
ident. To handle student arrangements,
the Office of Student Affairs authorized
a travel agency, Gibbs Tours, Inc., to es-
tablish package plans including transpor-
tation, accommodations and ticket reser-
vations.
The tours ran into snags before they
could get off the ground. The chartered
planes from little-known airlines often
departed hours late and were slow in the
air.
In California one of the hotels, the
Alexandria, was expected to house about
half the group. Strictly second-rate and
located in a third-rate neighborhood, it
compounded matters by being unpre-
pared. Students who had paid for dou-
bles found themselves in triples and quad-
ruples. Some were so dissatisfied they
checked out. Over 150 others were relo-
cated in another hotel.
EVEN NOW, the students find tour de-
tails dangling. Those tour members
who had elected rail travel were prom-
ised $15 rebates by Gibbs, Inc. Only some
of them got the refunds as one of the
railroads withdrew its promise to cut
rates by the same figure. Gibbs did like-
wise-a few days before the tour was
to begin. Student Government Council

has protested this action and is also seek-
ing rebates for students who were tripled
up or left the Alexandria.
Where does the blame lie for these
entanglements? No one could have for-
seen some of the foul-ups. OSA officials
did work feverishly to soothe problems
before and during the tours.
At the same time, however, there is
evidence that the University was not as
meticulous as it might have been-even
on short notice.
AS SPONSOR OF THE TOUR, Univer-
sity officials should not have relied
on Gibbs alone to inspect the hotel. Some
officials had thought all accommodations
would be personally inspected by the ad-
vance team which the University sent to
the coast. But the word was not passed
along.
In view of the later problems, the Uni-
versity as sponsor might have kept a
watch on the airline and railroad plans
also.
The successful accommodation of other
groups reflects the University's ability to
tie up the details where it so wanted. The
football team, the band, the alumni, the
official party-in short, the representa-
tives of the University who had the most
influence on public exposure were faced
with a minimum of inconvenience.
BUT AS SO OFTEN HAPPENS, when
the machinery broke down the stu-
dents were the first to suffer. With a
little imagination. the Alexandria Hotel
could be South Quadrangle.
-LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM

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EUROPEAN COMMENTARY:
The Netherlands Today:
State of the Nation

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
in a series of studies into the Neth-
erlands' position in the world to-
day.
By ERIC KELLER
Daily Correspondent
THE NETHERLANDS today of-
fers an image very different
from that of windmills and cows.
Certainly, windmills and cows
still belong to it, but the coun-
try's industrial features have now
become its dominant elements.
Factories, new apartment neigh-
borhoods and, above all, throngs
of automobiles have changed this
country's appearances.
And even underneath the most
elementary statistics, appearances
are not necessarily deceptive.
Since World War II, the Nether-
lands have gone through an in-
dustrialization barely matched by
any other country. Considering
that it was still a predominantly
agricultural country before World
War II and the state in which it
was left by the Nazis in 1945, the
emergence of such powerful in-
dustrial capacity is astonishing.
* * *
SUCH BRAND NAMES as
Philips and Royal Shell have be-
come world famous; KLM, the
Dutch Airline, has an extensive
network, considering that it is
based in such a minute nation
(one-third the size of Michigan,
11 million people).
There have been many factors
that made this development pos-
sible. For one, the government's
attitude has always been to en-
courage free enterprise, although
some definite guidelines were
necessary to lead industrializa-
tion onto the right tracks. The
1949 government guidelines pro-
moted long-term human plan-

N

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
The Congo Role in the Political Circus

Coordination Conflicts

I E FIRST MEETING between the
Michigan Council of State College
Presidents and Michigan's newly-elected
State Board of Education has been ar-
ranged for January 26. The meeting could,
be one of the most important to take
place in Michigan this year because po-
tential jurisdictional conflicts could arise
between the college presidents and the
board.
These conflicts are created by Michi-
gau:'s new constitution which both grants
autonomy to the state colleges and
charges the board with "leadership and
general supervision over all public edu-
cation." Conflicts of interest have al-
ready arisen regarding the question of a
unified budget request.
CERTAINLY, these difficulties will not
be resolved in the course of a single
meeting. But the meeting will aid both
groups because it will provide a mutual
basis for understanding. The voters of
the state have no right to ask for more
Sleep
A TRUE STORY.
The time: early yesterday morning.
The occasion: some passersby had dfs-
covered a burglar entering a store; one
of them had seen the intruder inside the
building. The police had arrived, and one
officer was questioning the witness.
HIS FIRST QUESTION: "Was he black?"
A few minutes later a car drove past;
a Negro at the wheel. The driver made
some wisecrack to the policeman as he
passed. "God-damn niggers," the police-
man muttered. Another remark about
the "coons in the car" ensued.
South Africa? Mississippi? Nope: Ann
Arbor, Michigan.
-K. WINTER
H. NEIL BERKSON, Editor
KENNETH WINTER EDWARD HRSTEIN
Managing Editor Editorial Director
ANN OWIRTZMAN.... Personnel Director
BILL SULL~ARD . ...........Sports Editor
MICHAEL. SATTINGER .... Associate Managing Editor
JOHN KENNY . .. ........ Assistant Managing Editor
DEBORAH BEATTIE..Associate Editorial Director
LOUIS LIN.........Assistant Editorial Director in
Charge of the Magazine
TOM ROWLAND..............Associate Sports Editor
GARY TWINER ............... Associate Sports Editor
STEVEN HALLER...............Contributing Editor
MARY LOU BUTCHER ...........Contributing Editor
JAMES NESON .,...............Chief Photographer

than this understanding at such a pre-
liminary meeting.
But that preliminary understanding
they do have a right to ask for; indeed,
to demand. And it is the duty of those
taking part in the meeting to achieve it
simply because the worst thing that could
happen to Michigan's higher education is
that it should suffer because of a con-
trolling board involved in constant strug-
gle with the state universities..
AT THE SAME TIME, there are con-
crete issues which should be covered
at the meeting. If, as seems to be the
case, budget coordination is to loom as
the board's first major task in office, it
is important that both the presidents
and the board discuss how such coordina-
tion should be achieved.
If the coordination is to be voluntary,
how will cooperation between the differ-
ent schools be assured? If it is to be
mandatory, who will enforce it and on
what basis? What is to be the basis for
a coordination plan? Is it to be the plan
for voluntary coordination slowly being
created by the college presidents or an-
other plan drawn up by the board it-
self?
These questions require immediate an-
swers, and the participants in the meet-
ing must keep creation of answers fore-
most in their minds.
AN ISSUE somewhat divorced from co-
ordination but also of immediate im-
portance is the role of the board regard-
ing appropriation requests this year. Ad-
ministrators should leave the meeting
knowing the position of the board on this
issue; how strongly will the board stand
up for the colleges' requests and under
what conditions?
Those participating in this meeting owe
themselves prompt answers to these ques-
tions. But even more, they owe them to
the state of Michigan.
-LEONARD PRATT
Churchill
WINSTON CHURCHILL suffered a strokej
yesterday. He is dying at the time this
editorial is being written. And no one at
the University seems particularly con-
cerned. It is not a topic for conversation
for today.
This man has had one of the finest
minds of our time. And he used it. He was

To the Editor:
THERE IS inhumanity in the
Congo, but Phyllis Koch does
not know the half of it. She ap-
parently can't reconcile the op-
position of many African states
to United States-Belgian inter-
vention with the obvious nature of
the mercy mission, nor can she
forgive many of these same states
aiding the rebels who are respon-
sible for the massacres.
Our news media do a poor job
of reporting what happens in
Africa and a worse one of telling
us what Africa is thinking. This
is at least partly the reason why
Miss Koch is led to charge Afri-
can nations with "callous inhu-
manity." One reading only Time,
Life and the World-Telegram will
have seen many crumpled corpses,
terrified nuns and shell-shocked
orphans-all white. There have
been pictures ofthe rebels, too,
"cannibals" as Miss Koch puts it.
We haven't seen the Congolese
corpses and orphans, but we must
not forget that they exist. The
score in the Congo, in this mur-
derous inhumanity, is thousands
of black noncombatants as against
a hundred or so white noncom-
batants.
What is happening in the Congo
is not to be laid solely against the
killers there, black or white. The
Congo is an arena in the world
political circus and, while the
rebels may be killing with Com-
munist arms, the ANC is killing
with Western arms, and expatriot
Cuban volunteers bomb villages.
Major Hoare's mercenaries prob-
ably are paid at least partly with
American funds.
The culpability for Congo blood-
shed is widespread, and it goes
without saying that we run the
risk, when bandying about words
like "inhumanity," of someone
noticing our hands are red.
WHY DID the African states
condemn the Stanleyville opera-
tion so vehemently? Were they
unconcerned about white lives?
In thefirst place, they should not
be held to greater solicitude for
white lives than Western nations
seem to have for black lives. Even
more important, the Congo is a
sovereign state and Africa is hy-
persensitive to the prerogatives of
independence. Our intervention,
however humanitarian may have
been our motives, smacked of gun-
boat diplomacy.
The era is past when powerful
states freely intervened in weaker
ones' affairs to "restore order." If
the operation had been under UN
auspices, complaints would doubt-
less have been few or none. How
would this country react if an
African nation sent troops to Mis-
sissippi? The impossibility of the
happening is of no consequence;
as a comparison it may still help
up to appreciate the outrage felt
in Africa.
Thirdly, there was no certainty
that the white hostages could not
have been released unharmed
after negotiations. The killings
came after intervention, not be-
fore. Finally, the intervention not

ernment? How can they back the
rebels who are embroiling the
Congo in new warfare after a
costly UN peace-keeping opera-
tior that put an end to Katanga's
secession? Essentially, they don't
like Tshombe. Neither did we, not
so long ago. They regard him as
an opportunist and a puppet of
Belgium and the U.S.
His reception in Cairo, truly un-
precedented for a head of gov-
ernment, was indicative of this
dislike. Tshombe is an enemy of
much that modern Africa stands
for -- independence, nationalism.
Since he is not, in the African
view, a true nationalist leader,
African countriesnare looking to
the rebels for one. They antici-
pate a Congo that will join a
neutralist Africa, not one which
is a Western satellite. All of these
highly charged issues, remote here
but dominant in Africa, put the
Congo question in a different light
for Africans.
*~ * *
AS FOR abetting Chinese and
Russian intervention, the 'pro-
gressive" African nations are
aware of the Communists' ulterior
motives but willing to use the help
proferred in order to accomplish
their purpose: Tshombe's ouster.
They would say that since we are
attempting to impose our solution
on the Congo, theirs is the better
right to intervene with whatever
means are at hand, and that as
we involvedaourselves first, let it
be upon our heads. There is a
powerful logic to this argument.
Thus the inhumanity continues,
a by-product of the cold war and
a child of an ideology arising from
a continent's struggle to shake
off colonialism. And its victims
are not only the dead.
-R. M. Leed, '67L
Theatre Prices
To the Editor:
IT IS my hope that SGC, or
some other student group, can
effectively carry the student
body's discontent with the recent
theatre price increase to the But-
terfield chain. The principle prob-
lem in such a protest would be
to decide where the protest should
be lodged. I suggest the protest be
lodged with the controlling stock-
holder.
It may be of interest to those
who undertake this project that
last year a high-ranking Univer-
sity administrator told me that
the University owned the con-
trolling interest in the Butter-
field chain.
-Michael D. Levin, '67
To the Editor:
WE WERE very pleased to see
the editorial "Revolt, Movie-
Goers" in The Daily Thursday.
Besides the interest shown by
The Daily in this problem, we
have had numerous calls backing
up our January 13 letter, which
leads us to believe that action
tnka n Tni.gityc edntc could

soon because of the present in-
terest in the problem. If The Daily
could publish a list of substitute
activities for the weekends (i.e.
Cinema Guild, concerts, dances,
etc.), we feel that action could
be effective.
**
IF INTEREST were not great
enough to make a boycott effec-
tive, the idea of a sit-in might
provide the needed stimuli for a
price change. This would require
only, half as much interest, but
would only be half as effective
since the theatres would be full
for the first show.
Whatever action is taken we
hope The Daily will lead the way,
for no single group could be as
effective as a newspaper.
-John Gleysteen, '68M
James Ritchie, '68
Dale Flook, '68E
Richard Morris, '68
Mark Putney, '68
Roger Ulrich, '68
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily's
"Across Campus" column every day
carries a fairly complete listing of
the next two days' events. "The
Week To Come" each Sunday lists
the events planned for the next
week. The Daily will not ellead the
way" by taking stands on this or
other issues, since aileditorials are
individual opinions. It will report
this and other issues when their
news value is sufficient, and staff
members will continue to editorial-
ize when they feel so moved.
To the Editor:
THE EDITORIAL which appear-
ed in yesterday's Daily on the
subject of the price increase at
the Butterfield theatres was dis-
appointing to both of us.
It is obvious that no effective
steps can be taken without lead-
ership. Instead of printing a list
of practical and impractical solu-
tions The Daily should provide the
necessary leadership.
* * *
WE SUGGEST that the Butter-
field management be challenged
to submit a written justification
of the price increase for publica-
tion in The Daily. If the theatres
are losing money, we might begin
a bucket drive to support the
families of the management.
Also, The Daily should back a
specific plan of action against
the price increase. Of the solu-
tions listed, the boycott and the
sit-in are the only practical ones.
We would be willing to support
either.
-Richard Reynolds, '65
Gerald Lazarowitz, Grad
Challenge
To the Editor:
HECHALLENGE of Commu-
.nistChina is pleased to an-
nounce the "slashing" success of
its first week on campus.
In a fit of obvious exuberance
about the fine quality of our pub-
licity program, some student has
been so enthusiastic as to cut a
' h 8' naintiao nf adraon frnm

We hope the thief will not be
so cheap as to boast of any more
than his vandalistic talent. Let
the credit go where credit is due.
The young lady awaits you every-
day 3-5 in 2538 SAB.
* * '
IN OTHER instances people
have been anxious to get more
than Challenge can afford to give.
A number of our posters have
disappeared from bulletin boards.
Apparently people have wished to
admire the craftsmanship of these
posters in the peace and quiet of
their rooms in order to compre-
hend the full precision of these
works.
Actually Challenge wasn't con-
ceived as a clearing house for ob-
jects of art-though this is a
possibility for next semester. Our
avowed purpose is to discuss ob-
jectively the phenomena of Com-
munist China. We were pleased
to see that well over 250 people
attempted to come to Prof. Ken-
neth Boulding's introductory lec-
ture.
This Sunday, in expectation of
a larger crowd, we are moving to
the Union Ballroom. Lindsey
Grant, a spokesman of the State
Department, will unveil U.S. China
policy at 2 p.m.
We close by saying that Chal-
lenge really encourages one type
of thief-the idea robber. Such
thievery costs Challenge nothing,
but the distinction of the Chal-
lenge speakers will certainly add
much value to the term papers
and perhaps even to the minds
of those who do beg, borrow or
steal these men's ideas. Value
created out of nothing; a new law
of academia. Please help your-
selves.
-William K. Cummings, '65
The Minority
To the Editor:
I WAS quite amused by Cal Skin-
ner's editorial in Tuesday's
paper. He seems to think libertar-
ianism is dead in American poli-
tics. He did an average job on
it but the New York Times has
done better.
He assumes that the Republican
right wing will role over and die
now that it has lost the big one.
We don't plan to. Many of us
would rather lose with a man we
believe in (i.e. Goldwater) than
win with a body we're ashamed
of (i.e. Javits, Lindsay, and the
Rock). Goldwater ran as good a
race as he could under the cir-
cumstances; in some ways it's a
miracle he did as well as he did.
* * *
AS FOR NEXT TIME, don't get
your hopes up. This country is a
far cry from that one-party non-
sense; we still have a disagreeing
minority. Some day, 'with the
trend as it is, this minority will
be the majority. Then we will all
rejoice in America's withdrawal
from the United Nations, volun-
tary social security, a flat-rate
income tax, no tariffs and a host

ning such as extended education
and welfare.
Foreign investment, notably
American and British. was espe-
cially encouraged through the
creation of agencies to cut red
tape and through special tax re-
ductions for new industries. The
country's limited size allowed
faster international readaption
than the Continent's industrial
giants, France and Germany.
- - *
BUT probably most important
of all, the country's unique his-
tory of labor union-government
relations has aided this boom de-
velopment. This country's labor
unions are dominated by quite a
different set of personalities from
the run-of-the-mill labor union
leader.
Labor union leaders cooperate'
with the government planning
commissions in working out work-
er-management profits. Bargain-
ing for benefits has become long
term,sas unions express disdain
for rash, new benefits.
As late as 1962, the confedera-
tion of labor unions emphasized
that it would refrain from asking
higher wages to free new funds
for more investment. High pro-
duction and full employment, it
explained, were more interesting
to the general welfare of the
Dutch worker.
In the first 15 to 20 years of
industrialization, such cooperative
attitudes were certainly laudable.
But now, a great number of work-
ers feel that the time has come
to start enjoyingrthose long-term
benef its. They are increasingly
disgruntled with their own labor
union management which, as they
put it, collaborates with the capi-
talists.
THE RISE of .enormous indus-
trial giants is felt to have been
accomplished at the worker's ex-
pense. And true, housing and sani-
tary conditions are precarious in
comparison with the average Ger-
man or French worker. For in-
stance, only nine per cent of all
new houses are equipped with
central heating. The comparable
figures are 60 per cent in France,
70 per cent in Germany and 99
per cent in Sweden and Switzer-
land.
Furthermore, anti-trust regu-
lations are still minute in this
country. Rather, the formation of
greater and bigger trusts is en-
couraged.
Moreover, there is even too
much full employment-there is
a shortage of labor. It is felt that
instead of creating new jobs, in-
dustry should rather let the woi'k-
er enjoy some of the' funds that
would be invested in more in-
dustrialization.
THUS, even if statistics don't
necessarily reveal it, not all is
well in the Dutch economy. The
situation in this country suggests
a greater social gap between low-
est and highest wages than in
comparable European countries.
'CONNECTION':
The Cool
World
At the Cinema Guild
'T HE CONNECTION," Shirley
Clarke's film of Jack Gelber's
play, is the best film on campus
this weekend. It combines an tm-
portant subject and an excellent
cast with good jazz and imagina-
tive photography to produce a
sensitive film that may be en-
lightening as well as moving.
The "beat" or "hip" world is to
many an incomprehensible and
perhaps ridiculous affectation

practiced by "beardos"; to others
it is the place, a way of life,
natural, free and "real." "The
Connection" shows something of
this world-that of the dope ad-
dict, the guy on pot, punk itching
in his veins and flying high his
sole object in life.
The film is the result of an
attempt to make a documentary
on this world. It simply shows a
"connection waiting for and fin-
ally getting a shot of dope. "Noth-
ing" happens. There is no real
plot; the film is not dramatic. It
takes place in a- single room-a
large loft-and isn't even the
documentary it "appears" to be.
It does not frantically preach a
Cause, but it remains interesting
throughout.
* * *
THOUGH this interest begins
as simple curiosity, it progresses
through fascination to a feeling
of concern.
The film doesn't simply flirt
with the fringe world of the dope
addict as if it were a home movie
taken at the zoo. It skillfully
shears away the romantic visage
of the "coolness" of the hip world
and penetrates to its empty core.
The loose and easy style of the
cast and the naturalistic dialogue
go over well and lend an air of
naturalness to the conceit of

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