By ROGER RAPOPORT
"Get The Daily out of Viet Nam
Defoliate the Arb, Deflower the
Thetas, Stop the senseless wastej
of human beings, Close the Un-'
The sign stood high above a!
midnight Diag throng at Wed-
nesday night's teach-in. But aside
from the few sarcastic onlookers!
most of the shivering crowd of'
over 2000 listened closely to Prof.
Kenneth Boulding of the Econom-
les Department saying, "The
Y poorest peasant in Viet Nam
should have as much right as the
richest American. The world has
become much too small and
crowded for what we are doing.'
The midnight rally was thet
highlight of the 12 hour marathon
Nearly 3000 students came to
hear one or more of the lectures
or take part in the seminars
held in Auditoriums A, B, C, and
D of Angell Hall as well as six
Mason Hall classrooms.
"We only expected 500 stu-
dents," said Prof. Arnold Kauf-
man of the Philosophy Depart-
ment, one of the 200 faculty mem-
bers who planned the event.
Women were allowed all night
permission to attend the teach-
in and as Jared Stammel, '68, re-
marked, "This undoubtedly gave
a big stimulus to the event."
By 7:45 p.m., 15 minutes be-
fore the teach-in began, Auditor-
iums' A, B, C, and D of Angell
Hall were packed to the walls.
Carl Oglesby of the speech de-
partment told students that revo-
tutions in nations like Viet Nam
may be "inspired by the monied
few who exploit their power by
iniversal bureaucratic corruption,
governmental indifference to the
condition of men, police-state
ippression of honest dissent, no
work, and no wages."
Three bomb' scares forced evac-
uation of Angell Hall and an early'
start for the midnight Diag rally.
Hecklers abounded in the crowd,
much about this," he said, "but
after tonight I think we should
get out of-Viet Nam."
A few feet away the Fishbowl
wvas overflowing. Amidst the ar-
;uing and folksinging students.
there were bulletin boards full
:f clippings on Viet Nam, 50 cent
like the one athlete who came buttons asking to "Stop the war
iressed in an Alabama football in Viet Nam," and a protest peti
shirt (No. 55). A group of 75 Lion to President Lyndon B. John-
students marched through the
crowd chanting "Better dead than
fed." One sign read, "All, the
Way with LBJ"-underneath was
a huge black bomb.
Nearby a student said "this
thing isn't fair at all. They aren't
presenting the other side. These
)eople want another Munich." One
of the faculty leader.; quipped to
a friend, "That guy is going to'
One student remarked, "Just
look at who is leading this thing
-the philosophy and psychology
In the midst of the turmoil was
a boy collecting money for the
United Jewish Appeal.
Not Only Activists
Many of the students wading
through I. F. Stone's rebuttal t:,
the State Department's "white pa-
per" or talking to teachers didj
not appear to be activists. Manyj
:ame-it seemed for curiosity's
In the early morning seminars
were held. The topics were not
planned. They were led by stu-
:lents and centered around such
issues as student involvement and
alternatives to student policy.
One professor noted that "Wet
are to blame ourselves for the Viet
Nam predicament, for we were si-
lent and did not let our voices be
Ironically, it was Republicans
who came to the defense of Pres-
ident Johnson's current Viet Nam
Chairman Albert Gamson of
the psychology department noted
that many sign carrying hecklers,
"Came into our seminars and en-
gaged in intelligent debate. This
was our purpose: to promote seri-
aus examination of United States'
Gaison added. "I learned some-
thing I should have known, how
bri.,ht and serious our students
are. The closeness between fac-
ulty and students was most mov-
Gamson said the faculty com-
mittee will send a delegation to
Washington on April 8, 9, and 10
to ask legislative action on Viet
Nam policy. They also plan to
support a march on Washington
One of the sit-in guest lectur-
ers, Arthur Waskow of Washing-
ton commented, "This teach-in is
in the true spirit of a University
where students and faculty learn
from each other and not from the
During a 3 o'clock coffee break.
See VIET, Page 2
:,,:.::::"..::::" : ":department. You don't see any
political science people here-do
E dl At the back of the crowd a soph-
omore was parked on a Honda -
his girl friend seated behind hinm,
''HE USUALLY UNORGANIZED and ineffective intellectual I'd never really thought very
community is beginning to stir. With the phenomenal success -
of yesterday's Viet Nam protest and the burgeoning plans for
similar activities on campuses across the country, it is clear that
at least some faculty and students are seeking a greater role in
shaping American policies.
These activities must continue. In general, the larger the
number of people openly expressing opinions on policy issues-
whatever their views-the more viable our democratic processes
Specifically, this particular series of protests raises some;
fundamental questions .about United States policies in Viet
Nam, and if the protests do not affect policy, they can at least
pressure the Johnson administration into presenting a full de- VOL. LXXV, No. 150
fense of its position.
DECISION NOT R
BUT THE SUCCESS of yesterday's protest should not preclude
more radical actions in the future. Faculty and students at
the University should not forget the issue which originally F P A e-
confronted them when they were planning a teaching strike in-
stead of a "teach-in." That issue is whether teachers have the
i~< de facto as well as de juris right to make final judgments on the T rig o n 1
relative value of differentreducational activities and whether
this right extends, without legislative or administration sanctions,
to political protests which require class time. By LAUREN(
Given the original faculty group's deeper immediate con
;. t The Fraternity President Asses
cern for Viet Nam, however, we feel the decision to cancel theTeFraternity Ceint Ese
the Interfraternity Council Exec
teaching strike is tactically justified. The faculty group would Trigon discrimination case last nigl
not have been able to present as large and effective a program The appeal was heard last nig
as it did yesterday if it had had to fight on a second front at decision on the case. A statementt
the same time. at an FPA meeting planned for ea
With respect to Viet Nam, a number of questions raised at will also be written.
Wednesday's protest deserve serious consideration: On March 11, FPA moved to d
sired -To what extent is our presence in South Viet Nam de- ing that Trigon had not dealt in
sired by the people there and to what extent do they support the -
Viet Cong? Caneel
-Are there alternatives to the policy of escalating the war
by bombing North Viet Nam? .
-Would a Viet Cong election victory in South Viet Nam i r 'eV
4 eventually validate or refute the "domino theory" of. foreign af-
fairs-i.e., the theory that Communist rule in one country makes
it inevitable .that Communist rule will eventually be established Last night's scheduled meeting
between the Young Republican
Sin that nation's neighbors? .Club and Joint Judiciary Coun-
Could North Viet Nam, if bombed into surrender, halt io was cancelled. i
'insurgent action by the Viet Cong or is the Viet; Cong sufficient- Joint Judiciary was to have
ly indigenous that war would continue indefinitely?. :ii* served as a fact-finding group in
-What is the likelihood that continued bombing will bring the dispute between the two fac-
d h R tions of the YR's, each of which
Communist China into the fray-and perhaps Russia?I.Lishso theReco ich
wishes to be the recognized cam-
pus YR organization.
THE VERY FACT that these basic questions are being raised Lyle Stewart, Grad, elected last
with such vigor points to the possibility that our policy in November as YR president, stress-
Viet Nam is not in the best interest of the U.S. or the Viet- ed that this is "not a moderate-
namese. The war there has tremendous military, economic and = conservative fight, it is strictly
humanitarian implications about which everyone should be con- between personalities." He said "it
cerndaiand1aboutawhichtheuacwdemicecemynity sould ve n is the feeling of the executive
cerned and about which the academic community should have _^ board" of the YR's that the group
much to say. headed by Ronald Gottschalk, '65,
-THE ACTING SENIOR EDITORS be reinstated on probation in the
group that Stewart heads. Stew-
, : :...:.. >...... .:"........,...,.,art's group was the recognized YR
"TfHERSTO FOLL OW:organization last semester.
T E ., ,, T LL
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, 26 MARCH 1965 SEVEN CENTS EIGHT PAGES
Montgomery March Ends
mbly decided to hear an appeal of.
utive Committee decision on the
ht, reversing action taken March 11.
ght but FPA refused to reveal theirf
will be released after it is approved
rly next week. A dissenting opinion
eny Trigon the right to appeal, feel-
good faith with the fraternity sys-
tem. It was understood, however,
that, at some later date FPA
could vote to hear the appeal.
Last Jan. 12 the IFC executive
committee had found alleged re-
ligious discrimination in Trigon's
constitution and rituals-a viola-1
tion of IFC by-laws.1
The executive committee ruled
Jan. 26 that Trigon must revise
their constitution and rituals or E
face possible expulsion from IFC.
Trigon filed an appeal to FPA:
and the executive committee set .
March 11 as the date of the ap-
peal. Trigon contended that they!
were not given sufficient noticee
of the date and, therefore, were'
not able to prepare a defense for=
Their request for postponement
was denied and a motion was pass-;
ed denying Trigon the right to
appeal. Executive officers felt
postponement would be a "greatE
inconvenience to all concerned in
the IFC and the FPA."I
A motion to hear the appeal was4
passed at last night's meeting and
FPA moved immediately into the
appeal in a closed meeting. Fra-
ternity presidents were instructed,
not to discuss the hearing and the
outcome was not revealed.
The choices open to FPA were
to uphold the executive commit-
tee decision; find Trigon guilty
but revise the penalty; or find
them not guilty.
FPA is Trigon's last channel of
appeal within the fraternity sys-
tem. However, if they are found
not guilty they are still subject;
to indictment by Student Govern-
ment Council membership com-
..L 3L )
Thousands Enter City
PROF. KENNETH BOULDING of the economics department, Prof. Arnold Kaufman of the philso-
phy department, Justice Paul Adams of the Michigan Supreme Court and Peter Schneider of the
Institute for Human Adjustment listen to one of the speakers in the faculty sponsored teach-in. All
four men participated in the Viet Nam protest that lasted from 8 p.m. Wednesday, March 24, until
8 a.m. Thursday, March 25.
Faculty Teach-In Gets
Wide Spread Recognition
By ROBERT MOORE
"It's hard to imagine better response," smiled Prof. William
Gamson of the sociology department,'the spokesman for the Faculty
and Student Committee to Stop the War in Viet Nam.
As telegrams and calls of support come in from universities all
over the country, and as administrators .continue praising Wednes-
day's teach-in, the all-night, all-morning protest may become a mile-
stone in University political action and initiative.
Over 2250 people attended the series of lectures by three foreign
policy experts that began the 12-hour teach-in. Earlier, faculty and
Gottschalk wants no penalties
of any kind to be levied. He said
that "purges, expulsions and pro-
bations are not part of the prin-
ciples of the Republican party."
Gottschalk said he does not
want the dispute to be settled by
Any groups not within the par-
ty, mainly Joint Judiciary Council.
At a meeting this afternoon,
the executive board of the YR's
would not allow the Gottschalk
faction in without probation.
Stewart said that three members
of the smaller group had been
reinstated, but four are still re-
maining in Gottschalk's group.
Assail Policy or
Of Inaction, S.. Aog ot
"By refusing to take action, the
University is supporting what is To Confront Wallace
happening in Alabama," Barry With Voting Rights
Bluestone, 65, said last night.
Bluestone was expressing a gen- MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AI-More
eral consensus among students than 25,000 persons marched yes-
who traveled to Alabama recently terday with Rev. Martin Luther
--that public inaction, particular- _.King to Alabama's capitol in the
ly inaction by public institutions most massive civil rights demon-
such as the University, is in a stration of the South's turbulent
sense a sanction of events there. racial history.
"The problems I was confront- The march moved along the
ed with in the South are not same route taken . by Ku Klux
merely the results of a few nas- Klansmen in a motorcade protest-
ty people. The whole system must ing the march four days ago. The
be changed," Bluestone, one of flag-waving thousands, cheering
five students who described their "freedom now!" poured into a
Alabama experiences at an open broad street almost beneath the
meeting, said. verywindows of Gov. George C.
He added that the trip was Wallace's office.
educational, because "I realized -Associated Press Soldiers Lined Route
that President Lyndon B. Johnson Soldiers lined , the route of
is not doing anything about guar- MARCHING IN CIVIL RIGHTS PROTEST to Montgomery is march. Helicopters clattered in
anteeing the right to protest as Martin Luther King Jr. (right center) and, to his right, his wife the humid overcast. The entire
he promised in his recent speech." and Dr. Ralph Bunch of the United Nations. four-mile " march was sealed off
Richard Horowitz, '63, pointed by police and hundreds of Na-
out that the Student Nonviolent tional Guardsmen and regular Ar-
Coordinating Committee is not SPONSORSHIP OF EVENTS: my troops called up by order of
trying to integrate lunch coun- President Lyndon B. Johnson.
ters and rest rooms, but is going "iA te to The marchers flowed up Dex-
to the root of the evil in attempt- annel Focuses A ttention ter Avenue to the Capitol and
ing to change the social system. spread into ranks -of about 24
In other campus civil rights ac- " * j . abreast, filling the broad street
tion, all but two cooperative hous- O n 1i R ights uestions ned y troops and wooden bar-
ing units are either not serving ricades.
food for a day or taking up col- "Everyone wants freedom!"
lections to raise money for the Civil rights was the focus of attention at yesterday's Panhellenic sang the marchers.
activities of SNCC. Presidents' Council meeting. "I never saw such a thing be-
The participating cooperatives As a result of Panhellenic's endorsement of last week's civil rights fore. It's the most wonderful thing
are trying to get other housing A euto ahlei' nosmn fls ekscvlrgt in the world," said a disabled Ne-
units torin the inhr p utting march, several alumni asked for explanations of Panhellenic sponsor- in tern, eld atthe Ke-
units to join them in putting Ares- shpo uha vnPeieto ahlei ar ic, '6,. gro veteran, elderly Matthew Ken-
sure on Alabama because of the ship of such an event, President of Panhellenic Laura Fitch, 66, said. nedy.
illegal arrests. "The reason for concern is a federal law requiring sororities to Hundreds of persons, clergy,
.-- - - ----y federal taxes if they support political and labor leaders, col-
any political group," Miss Fitch lege students and housewives -
explained. . from throughout the nation were
Last week the executive council in the march. Dr. Ralph Bunche
of Panhellenic gave its approval of the United Nations staff,
to Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority for marched in the front ranks.
sponsorship of a civil rights 'We Shall Overcome'
march by a group of University "We shall overcome," sang the
B Hstudents. "Sponsorship is neces- massive throng when it moved in-
By KAY HOLMES . sary for any sorority, event that to the street facing the statehouse
Created in the midst of controversy, the latest literary birth is University-wide in order to use -over which fluttered the Ala-
on campus, the Offset staff is not superstitious. Volume 1, Number 1 University property, in this case bama flag and the Confederate
on ampstheOffetstaf i nt spestiiou. olue 1 Nmbe 1the Diag," Miss Fitch said. flag.
was published on the Ides of March. Aigg,"pMis20Fitch ragh.rfag.
Going on sale in the fishbowl yesterday, this issue is of prime "Sponsorship of the march was I A group of s20e civil righters, who
importance to Offset. The financial and literary success of this purely organzational, not poli voting rights petition, were later
first issue will determine the future of the magazine-or if it will scal, she said.p proalenic admitted to the state Capitol,
have one at all-according to stipulations of the Board in Control method of demonstration (the only to be told the governor's of-
of Student Publications last October. peaceful march), and its support fice was closed.
Purpose of Offset of the right of any group to ex- The group went up the capitol
The purpose of Offset is to fill "the need for a non-specialized press its opinions. This does not steps past about 75 state troopers
periodical which can be a vehicle for the publication of non-technical necessarily imply endorsement of were met by Cecil Jackson, the
articles and varieties of fiction, poetry' and drama which do not at its political views," she said. wer e eci soe
. findnnm.1p on nmis." write offset editor. Michael The council also discussed a new who advised them the nealtol was
On Asia Policy
Kenneth T. Young, the former
United States ambassador to
Thailand, and Robert Warren, a
* State Department representative
stationed in Viet Nam for three
years, spoke to a half-filled Rack-
' ham Auditorium audience last
night on the nature of American
policy in Viet Nam and the dis-
advantages of immediate with-
drawal or negotiation.
student committee spokesmen had
spoken of 1500 as "a bit opti-
After the lectures about 450 stu-
dents and faculty members stayed
around to attend seminars.
Committee 'spokesmen had pre-
dicted a turnout of 250 for the
midnight to 6 a.m. seminars.
Dean William I-aber of the lit-
erary college, who stayed at the
teach-in until 3 a.m. himself and
attended five seminars, said the
affair was "most impressive."
He said the possibility of other
teach-ins was "worth exploring,"
but said "the all-night affair did
have considerable interference
with the next day's classes; an-
other schedule might have been
SUCCESS DETERMINES FUTURE: