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February 28, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-28

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S9ee Editorial Page




Partly cloudy;
rain Monday

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


U.S. Blasts Hanoi Aggression,
Peking Aid in Viet Nam War

Pact Ends.

Cut seven in GROUP

By The Associated Press
States blasted Communist North
Viet Nam yesterday with a 14,-
000-word "white paper" charging
the Communist state with waging
"concealed aggression" against the
South on a massive and growing
Charges of "direct support" of
the war were directed at Commu-
nist China and other Red nations.
The report, charging violation
of international agreements in de-
fiance of the United Nations char-
ter, was dispatched by the State
Department to the UN Security
Council for the information of all
of its members, including the So-
viet 'Union.
By this means the U.S. put be-
fore the council its accusation that
the North Vietnamese attack on
the South "is as real as that of an
invading army."
Will Fight Back
It warned the UN that the U.S.
and South Viet Nam will fight
back with whatever means they
wish-including air strikes.
The U.S. said it had hoped
widening of the war might be
avoided but that the Communist
leaders in Hanoi met restraint on
the U.S.-South Vietnamese side
with greater violence. Therefore,
the paper said, the U.S. and South
Viet Nam decided air strikes
against infiltration and supply
bases in North Viet Nam were
equired for the defense of the
'North Viet Nam's commitment
seize control of the South is
no less total than -was the com-
mitment of the regime in (Com-
munist) North Korea in 1950. But
knowing the consequences of the
latter's undisguised attack, the
planners in Hanoi have tried des-
perately to conceal their hand.
The white paper with maps,
photographs and stories of sol-
diers in the South-was design-
ed to build up convincing and
massive evidence of North Viet-
namese control of the war with
the alleged direct support of Com-
munist China and some help from
the Soviet Union and other Com-
munist countries.
The report said that of more
than 4000 Communist guerrillas
of the Viet Cong known to have
entered the South in the first
eight months of 1964, about 75 per
cent are natives of the North. In
earlier years the bulk of troops
infiltrated into the south were de-
scribed as southerners who had
been trained in the north.
This. asserted switch in the
source of manpower was cited in
an attempt to show that the mili-
tary forces of the North are be-
coming much more deeply involv-
ed in Southern fighting.
Communist Weapons
Lists of weapons printed in the
appendix to the white paper show-
ed captured guns and ammunition
identified as having originated in
Communist China, the Soviet Un-
ion, Czechoslovakia and North Viet
The body of the report itself
carried a breakdown of weapons
it said were found in connection
with the Feb. 16 sinking of an
arms ship running into the South
Vietnamese coastal province of
Phu Yen. The State Department
said documents found aboard the
vessel showed it had come from
Supports Unit
kOn Humanities
University President H a r 1 a n
Hatcher has proposed establish-
ng a humanities foundation to
aralel the National Science
His recommendation was given
recently before a House-Senate

"arts panel" on legislation to es-
tablish such a foundation intro-
duced by Sen. Claiborn Pell (D-
RD and Rep. William S. Moore-
head (D-Pa).
The legislation is based on a
report from the Commission on
the Humanities and has received
the approval of the Johnson ad-
As conceived by administration
spokesmen, a National Humanities
and Arts Foundation would be cre-
ated as a counterpart of the NSF.
The foundation's function would
be divided into two autonomous
The humanities unit would con-
centrate on upgrading university
curricula and promoting studies in

GALVESTON, Tex. (P) - Long-
sought agreement was reached last
night when a 22-man longshore-
men's negotiating team and the
maritime industry came to terms
on a new four-year contract in
area. P
The breakthrough apparently{Ton
signals the beginning of the end
of a billion-dollar walkout that
began Jan. 11 and tied up ports
from Maine to Texas. F r E e to





RHO'S FROM 'U"? Candidates
Ca p sS l'pelAt State Convention 1,Fo r Today
Election Committee
By PHYLLIS KOCHSays Members Violated
Special To The Daila a
f'lll..-#70 V '11db' Pib i? .i 'f f

Yesterday's action, however, does
not mean an immediate end to the
48-day-old walkout in 11 ports
from Lake Charles, La., to
Brownsville, Tex.
The contract-which could ?gave

Thirteen Candidates
Run for Council Seats
Polls will open tomorrow in

-Associated Press
A UNITED STATES "White Paper" on Viet Nam, released yester-
day, labelled the above pile of supplies "part of the huge stock
of Chinese and other Communist weapons and ammunition
seized from the Viet Cong . . . in February, 1965." The White
Paper charged North Viet Nam with "concealed aggression"
against South Viet Nam.

North Viet Nam.
Officials were vague when ques-
tioned by newsmen about why the
white paper was put out at this
time. They said the timing was de-
termined by the task of compil-
ing the material.
However,hfrom other sources it
appeared there were at least two
major reasons for issuing the doc-
ument now :
1) To show why the Johnson
administration decided earlier
this month to start air attacks
on infiltration centers in North
Viet Nam in retaliation for a
sharp increase in Viet Cong of-
fensive operations in the south;
2) To try to rally public opin-
ion in allied and neutralist coun-
tries on the question of what the
war is allabout.
.International Conflict'
U.S. Chief Delegate Adlai E.
Stevenson made the statement in
a letter to the UN Security Coun-
cil which accompanied the white
paper. Stevenson described the
fighting between the Viet Cong
and the South Vietnamese govern-
ment as "an international con-
flict" involving "an aggressive'
war of conquest" waged by North
Viet Nam.
Meanwhile, American B-57 jet
bombers pounded the jungles near.
Xuyen Moc once every 20 minutes
yesterday in a joint air-ground
operation designed to smoke out
and destroy large concentrations
of Viet Cong guerrillas believed'
hidden there. By nightfall, ground
troops had made no contact with
Red guerrillas, though heavy con-
centrations of Viet Cong were oe-
lieved still in the vicinity.

the way toward an eventual guar- Student Government Council's LANSING-A crack in the University Young Republican Club
anteed annual wage for dockers- semi-annual election, with a ten- turned into an open split yesterday as moderate and right wing
is subject to approval by the main tative slate of 13 candidates for factions claimed to be the official University representative at a
110-man West Gulf District con- nine SGC seats and four aspirants state convention here.
tract committee. for the two Council executive po- A later investigation revealed that the "right-wing" group, led
Assistant Secretary of Labor sitions. by Ronald Gottschalk, '65, has been registered with the Office of
James J. Reynolds said he had The status of seven GROUP Student Affairs. The "moderate"
asked union officials "to do very- (Governmental Revision of Uni- faction, led by Lyle Stewart, Grad,
thing in their power to expedite versity Policy) candidates was
ratification so work in all ports doubtful after a ruling last night is the Young Republican group
can resume at the earliest possi- by SGC's Credentials and Rules registered by the OSA last semes-
ble moment." Committee disqualified them from ter.4
Thomas W. Gleason, Interna- being listed on the official ballot. The Stewart group, however,
tional Longshoremen Association GROUP is appealing the ruling at failed to re-register this semester,
president, said the agreement gives a special session of Council to be and the Gottschalk faction took
the union minimum gang-size pro- held this morning at 11. over the YR recognition.,
tection against automation and a Besides voting for Council po- The conflict erupted when Gott- ;A
seniority clause to protect older sitions, students will cast ballots schalk 'attempted to block the;
men and make room for new men. for members of the Board in Con- seating of the Stewart delegation┬░
In addition, the agreement must trol of Student Publications, Board at the annual convention of theb
be approved b h a-and in Control of Intercollegiate Ath- Michigan Federation of College
beapo vdb the -m raunk-ndfinleletics and the delegation to the Republicans.
of the 7000-member union involv-C
ed. No date has been set for fhat Congress of the United States Na- The move came moments be-,
balloting. tional Students Association. fore the federation's officer elec-
If approved, the new agreement Members of the class of 1966 in tions were to take place. Gott-F
will require management to have the Literary College, the Engineer- schalk appealed to the floor that
il-----aaeetth--;his group be seated as the offi-
at least 16 men in a gang for See Candidates' Platforms, cial voting delegation of the Uni-
general cargo and 18 for bagged Pages 6-8 versity,
cargo. It also calls for an 80-cent - - Gottschalk cited documents
raise in wages and in fringe bene- ing College and the School of proving that the Stewart group no
its spread over a four-year per- Business Administration will also longer is the officially registered
iod. vote for their respective senior YR club of the University. REP. ADAM C. POWELL
Gleason said the Galveston con- class officers.Herfsdtrlaethdou
tract would serve as a pattern for Balloting Stations He refused to release the docut L
agreement in the South Atlantic Balloting stations, open from ments on the convention floor but The Daily. c oo A id
district, where bargaining is to be- 8:45 a.m. to 5:10 p.m., are located
gin again tomorrow morning. at South West and East They consist mainly of the stand-

on shells fired by the Viet Cong
were part of State Department
evidence supporting charges of
aggression against North Viet

, 1, kalllpaign iveguiations

Hoope r Urg,
What should the United State
Africa's apartheid policy?
Peter Hooper, Jr., of the Sta
African Affairs, participating in
yesterday discussed the problems
States actions to further "governs
Africa." Hooper noted that althou

rangles, Markley, the Undergrad-
uate Library, Frieze Bldg., the
ess f ealts tic Business Administration Bldg., the
Engineering Arch and the Fish-
4ApartheidRunning for the SGC positions
1, are John Bookston, '68; George
Field, '67; Richard Gentry, '66;
Lawrence Hauptman, '66; Neil
;L HEFFER Hollenshead, '67; Randall Jones,
s do about the Republic of South '68; Christopher Mansfield, '66;
Susan Ness, '68; Paul Pavlick, '66;
David Sloan, '67; Harvey Wasser-
te Department's Office of South a '67; John Winder, '66, and
a conference on South Africa, Kenneth Zuckerman, '68.
and limiting factors on United The seven GROUP candidates
ment of all the people of South were disqualified on the grounds
gh the volume of American trade that they committed infractions of
and investment in South Africa is the election code. The SGC rules

ard OSA forms registering a stu-
dent organization.
The convention overruled his
claim by refusing to support an
amendment installing his group
as the official delegation. The vote
was 269-128.
The convention then elected a
moderate, Jerry Van Wyck of Cal-
vin College, as federation presi-
dent, defeating two Gottschalk-
supported candidates.
The dispute stems from a tech-
nicality in the University regula-
tions concerning student organiza-
tions. They require student or-
ganizations seeking to maintain
recognition to register the officer
names and faculty advisor with
the OSA each semester.
Stewart, who was elected in No-
vember as president of the then-
registered YR's, thought the reg-
istration was automatic.
However, Gottschalk and other
dissident members of that YR
club, secured the registration
forms and submitted them to the
OSA, which approved them.

Bill Stalled
WASHINGTON (P)--Last-min-
ute objections in the House Edu-
cation and Labor Committee stall-
ed final approval yesterday of the
administration's $1.3 billion school
aid bill.
Chairman Adam Clayton Powell
(D-NY) said the committee was
within half an hour of completing
action on the sweeping measure
when a motion to adjourn car-
ried by a 16-15 vote.
Six Democrats had joined with
the-committee's 10 Republicans to
force the adjournment, which was
opposed by Powell and other
strong supporters of the bill.
The main thrust of the admin-
istration bill is toward improving
education in low-income areas,
which leaves little money for the
wealthier suburbs. The section
dealing with low-income area
children is the only one still to
be acted on.

All GROUP candidates for Stu-
dent Government Council posi-
tions-except those running for
president and vice-president-,
were disqualified last night from
being listed on the March 1 elec-
tion ballot by Council's Creden-
tials and Rules Committee.
The committee ruled t h a t
GROUP (Governmental Revision
of University Policy) candidates
had committed two infractions of
the SGC election rules and order-
ed their names removed from the
Council Executive Vice-Presi-
dent Gary Cunningham, '66, also
a candidate in Monday's election,
has scheduled a special session of
SGC today at 11 a.m. to hear
GROUP's appeal of the ruling.
In any case, the seven GROUP
candidates disqualified are still
eligible for write-in votes. SGC
Administrative Vice-P r e s i d e n t
Sherry Miller, '65, chairman of the
committee, explained that since
no write-in votes are allowed for
executive positions, the GROUP
candidates for president and vice-
president were not disqualified.
The complaints brought against
the candidates charged GROUP
had illegally distributed its cam-
paign material, both through Al-
pha Phi Omega's bulletin board
and through a table set up in the
Fishbowl last Friday.
Under Council election rules, no
candidate "or person acting on his
behalf" is allowed to campaign in
any University building except
when permission has been obtain-
ed from the "appropriate author-
ities." In addition, candidates are
required to inform the SGC elec-
tion director of "any special per-
mission granted."
Permission Received
GROUP answered that they had
received permission from Alpha
Phi Omega, which has jurisdiction
over University bulletin boards
and the Fishbowl, on both counts.
However, they asserted that they
had not notified the election di-
rector of this because they had
not considered the permission to
be "special." Inasmuch as they
are a recognized organization,
GROUP argued that having post-
ers distributed by APO and set-
ting up the table in the Fishbowl
are standard organization priv-
The committee did not dispute
GROUP's status as a recognized
organization, but did question the
candidates' use of this status to
circumvent rules which would have
prohibited them as individuals
from obtaining the privileges
granted by APO, Miss Miller said.
Fails To Notify
She explained the actual in-
fraction came from GROUP's fail-
ure to notify the election director
of the privileges granted by APO.
She said the purpose of the elec-
tion rules was to give all candi-
dates an equal chance in the elec-
By not notifying the election
director of these permissions,
GROUP did not allow Council
either to set up similar privileges
for the other candidates or to deny
them to GROUP, she explained.
Miss Miller also questioned
APO's role in posting the GROUP
signs on University bulletin boards,
inasmuch as the fraternity's rule
forbids posting campaign litera-
APO President Laurence Kalb-
fleisch, '65BAd, said last night
that at the time the signs were
approved for posting he was not
aware of GROUP's function, since
the posters did not make any note
of SGC elections. He explained
the posters were interpreted as
being part of a GROUP drive for

small and increasing only slightly, committee has ordered t h e i r
names to be removed from the
it has some importance. However, ballot.o
our economic interests are much GROUP Candidates
stronger in areas where apart- The seven are Paula Cameron,I
held is greatly opposed, he said. '67; Steve Daniels, '67; Mickey
"Pressures are growing" for Eisenberg, '67; Russell Linden, '68;
moves toward ending apartheid D o n a 1 d Resnick, '68; Steve
by international action, such as Schwartz, '68, and Myles Stern,
economic sanctions, he said. "The '66.
major powers will be prodded" by Students may vote for five SGC
African states that see "the in- candidates.
dignity of their brothers in South 1 Two slates of candidates are on
Africa," he added. the ballot for SGC's executive
"We condemn apartheid," he positions of president and vice-
said, "but one can't dictate to a president. Gary Cunningham, '66,
sovereign government." The U.S. present SGC executive vice-presi-
policy is to "keep urging leaders dent, and Harlan Bloomer, '66
in authority to approach the pub- A&D, oppose GROUP's slate, of
lic from a realistic point of view." Robert Golden, '67A&D, and Ellen
Hooper said the U.S. policy is Buchalter, '67. Students may vote
to urge publicly and privately that for one of the two slates.
changes be made. The U.S. is part The seven candidates for the
of a Security Council committee USNSA Congress are H. Neil Berk-
investigating the situation. son, '65; Barry Bluestone, '66; Yee
The nation has established an Chen, '65; Richard Horevitz, '67;
embargo against shipping arms Lee Hornberger, Jr., '66; Judith
and machinery for armament Klein, '66, and Richard Shortt, '66.
manufacturing to South Africa in I Students may vote for four.


-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
SURPRISED HAROLD SWOVERLAND walked unknowingly into
his own birthday party at the Delta Sigma Phi house last night.

an attempt to halt the spread of
weapons for internal warfare
Swoverlandthere, he said.
The question of broader eco-
nomic sanctions is being studied
SindsBirthy Partycurrently. Hooper questioned the
results of such actions, claiming
it might lead to greater extremes
of control in South Africa. He
Harold Swoverland, veteran fraternty investigator, went to find also questioned the relationship
a wild party at the Delta Sigma Phi house last night but found a between economic actions and po-
surprise birthday party for himself instead. litical results.
Swoverland-the man with the worst job on campus-was honored One African student explained,
for more than two decades of devoted investigation of questionable during a question and answer per-
campus behavior. iod, that the reason for much an-
"Conniving" administrators in the Office of Student Affairs told ti-U.S. feeling in Africa is that
him to investigate an allegedly improperly registered, unchaperoned Africans hear the U.S. say it has
beer party at the fraternity. no interests in South African bus-
rathfrunnrmty.Buhedidsamleanainesses but occasionally steps into
Swoverland found no beer. But he did sample Canada Dry and the political affairs of other coun-
Cranberry Juice punch as well as a piece of his own yellow birthday tries Where husinesses are threat-


Athletic Board
The one vacancy on the Board
in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
letics is being contested by Marvin F.S.e. n
J. Freedman, '67, and Richard FEEDING THE MASSES at the Unversity requires not only
Volk, '67Ed. Sugar Pops for breakfast, but rabbit food for the psychology
The three vacancies on the lab brood. The University Food Services, which maintains full
Board in Control of Student Pub- time purchasing agents for both staples and produce, supplies
lications are being contested by $3 million worth of food to the University each year.
Robert Bartol, '66G; John Loren-
zen, Jr., '66 Bus. Ad; Robert Shen-
k6in, Qudibers and Ice
kin, '65Bus. Ad, and Phillip Sutin,g
Write-in candidates -including ma
GROUP's seven-are permitted
and are subject to SOC's election
code, All required materials for
the write-ins must be submitted to By ROGER RAPOPORT
Election Director William Patch,
'66, by 8 p.m. Monday. The University Food Service is the only place on campus where
Vote tabulating will take place in vo 'n finnd under nne ronf the hutcher. the baker and the quaddie

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