EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
The DailysEart othe Speaks
ions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBORMICM.
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orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the inidividual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, AUGUST 13, 1966
NIGHT EDITOR: LEONARD PRATT
Exciting Educational Prospects
For the University
OPENING OF SCHOOL and the re-
turn of the thousands of students who
normally populate the campus, in the fall,
will once again bring pressing issues
concerning the University to the fore-
This fall, however, the important cam-
pus topics of discussion will not be as sim-
ple as changes in curfew, panty raids, or
even of student demonstrations because
of alienation and impersonalized educa-.
This fall the University will consider
questions involving radical re-orienta-
tion of thq methods of higher education
and the position of the student in higher
HE GROWING importance accorded to
institutions on campus, like the Cen-
ter for Research on Learning and Teach-
ing, the Center for the Study of Higher
Education and the Center for the Utiliza-
tion of Scientific Knowledge indicate that
for the first time in this school's history,
and that of most other schools in this
country, scientific research on education
will be applied to the administration and
methods of education.
This development has exciting implica-
tions for every student at the University.
It could mean a wider range of alterna-
tives, not only in subjects studied, but
also in the way in which they are studied,
more -chances for individual study and
research. The ideas and institutions that
could effect this change are only in the
germinal stage, but with student aware-
ness of what is being done they could be
SECOND, this University is rapidly be-
coming a center for the integration of
scientific work in general, and the study
of information communication. Again,
CRLT with Mental Health Research In-
stitute, one of the greatest collections of
creative minds on any campus, contribute
to the University's pre-eminence in these
The general integration and greater ap-
plication of scientific work will give stu-
dents more opportunities to actually par-
ticipate in this work, even during their
first years at the University. There is no
reason why they should not be given the
chance; again, they need only be inform-
ed enough to ask for it.
H."IRDLY, the University is initiating,
in the fall, a system of student ad-
visory committees to each vice-president.
This is in addition to the present literary
college steering committee, the student
advisory committee on the selection of
8OUTH VIETNAMESE Premier Nguyen
Cao Ky's recent statement that he is
willing "under favorable circumstances"
to negotiate with Ho Chi Minh is quite
a switch from his recent suggestion that
U.S. and Vietnamese forces invade North
It could also be a hint that the United
States has made it clear to Ky that an
invasion of North Viet Nam in the near
future is only a vague possibility.
A POSSIBLE explanation for Ky's poli-
cy change is that, despite his denial
of political aspirations after the war, he
has decided that if he can't help lead an
overall victory, there is much to be gain-
ed by getting the public image of a peace-
maker. He might also resent President
Johnson's promises to send his "most
trusted advisor," Dean Rusk, to negotiate
a settlement witi- no mention of Ky.
He did admit that the possibility that
Hanoi would submit to bargaining at the
present time is unlikely because "they
have nothing to lose by continuing their
But he made it obvious that as far as
he was concerned action in the future
would be designed to "prove to them we
stand firm, that we are stronger every
day, every month ... (until) on the day
they see no hope for victory, they may
wish to talk, to negotiate."
This statement leaves the way open for
the president, and the other student ad-
visory committees presently in operation.
Again, the prospects for student parti-
cipation in these areas is great. These
committees, hopefully, represent a gen-
uine , attempt to give students power,
not just a place to sit, in the administra-
tive decisions of this University.
This is the most critical area, as far
as the willingness of students to push for
their place is concerned. Here the ad-
ministration may be more reluctant, only
because they do not trust yet students
ability to make difficult decisions, to give
up their power. Students must be prepar-
ed to demonstrate their ability above and
beyond what would be normally expected
if they are to succeed.
THE PROSPECTS for the fall, then, are
good. There is no limit to what the
University's administration, faculty and
students can do, if they will consider
these possibilities and work together to
CHARLOTTE A. WOLTER
Under the Bed?
ARE THE COMMUNISTS under the bed
or aren't they?
In Cleveland, no one's sure. Tuesday a
Cuyahoga County grand jury charged
that recent rioting there was "organized
and exploited" partially by "misguided
people" who were indirectly linked with
the Communist party.
Yet Thursday two Cleveland policemen
who had infiltrated the party there said
they had no knowledge that the riots
were inspired by Communists.
IN THE FIRST PLACE, so what? Even if
members of the party are involved in
the riots, does that make the grievances
of the rioters any the less just? It is one
of white America's most frequent soper-
ifics to assume that if anyone to the left
of Bobby Kennedy had something to do
with a riot, it can be written off as an
entirely contrived affair.
On a proper level of analysis the entire
controversy is irrelevant. People in Cleve-
land ghettoes are not free. They want to
be. If Cuyahoga grand juries ever get to
the heart of the riots' motivations, they
will find nothing more complex or sinis-
ter than that.
different ideas about the techniques with
which it wants to bring the war to an
end. More important, a definite conflict
could result between the U.S. and Ky over
who has the right to negotiate.
This conflict could be disastrous in
that the Communists would have even
more reason to say that the United States
forces are not even wanted by the South
On that basis the United States might
be forced to go along with the policies of
Ky with regard to the mopping up of the
war and the negotiation.
It is likely that the United States dis-
allowed an invasion of North Viet Nam
partly because of the threat of the inter-
vention of Red China, but also because
the Communists could equate the inva-
sion to an admission that the "people's
revolution" in South Viet Nam was suc-
ceeding and could charge that the inva-
sion was nothing but aggression.
IT IS ALSO LIKELY that Ky will have to
admit that even a defensive mopping
up operation would be dependent on U.S.
air power and land troops (that Ky's air
force is only a shell without U.S. aid
could also be a source of animosity). In
that case some type of joint negotiating
delegation would probably be set up.
Nevertheless, the future of the situa-
tion could lie with Premier Ky's willing-
ness to sacrifice personal-and to an ex-
tent national-prestige for the general
ABOUT TEN of us have been
putting this paper out all
summer, and frankly about now,
we're tired. Tired but pleased.
Of course, this last paper will
appear bright and early in the
morning like the rest of them, sim-
ply because we don't give up even
when it is the last paper and we
are looking forward to a party la-
As a matter of fact, we will pro-
bably work extra hard because of
the nostalgia associated with the
last paper and the good memories
of all we have been through these
last four months.
THIS WAS THE summer when
the term 'muddling through" real-
ly meant something to me and the
rest of the staff. With the lack of
reporters, as you may have notic-
ed, there was much more than the
usual amount of Associated Press
copy on page one. Needless to say,
it was also much more difficult to
solicit editorials: there just were
not enough people to write.
- But the summer had its tri-
umphs also, and they more than
make up for the trouble. There
was the excellent coverage of the
Meredith. March in Mississippi by
Harvey Wasserman. Numerous
other Daily staff members in exile
for the summer contributed either
information or by-lines from New
York, Chicago, Lansing and De-
troit on the major civil rights,
legislative and election stories of
Others busied themselves with
in-depth news analysis and edi-
torial features on subjects that
they would never have been able
to cover during the school year.
More important, they did this
when they were more than occu-
pied with demanding jobs of their
BUT NOW comes the time of
the great denouement. You have
probably been wondering about
those fouless, insidious people be-
hind the by-lines: Are they human
beings, or journalistic machines
as some have charged? Are they
omnipotent manipulators of the
University's a d m i n s t r a t i on or
merelynreporters out to get the
job done? Do they work hard and
know what they're doing, or is the
paper an accidental product of
the printing shop's devotion to
Well, as with all exposes the
truth is a mixture of these things
and more. The Daily is at once
much more complicated and much
simpler than the printed four to
eight sheets that end up on your
But it is best to introduce you
to the people who worked on it
this summer by way of explana-
tion, humorous and serious, of
what happens in this strange
LEONARD (BUD) PRATT, Co-
Editor in charge of the news
pages, was the man who discov-
ered, organized or invented all that
news on the front pages. He was
also the one who goaded recal-
citrant reporters into actually
writing the stories about the new;,
and getting them in on time.
He was also, as some of you may
remember, the one who so faith-
fully kept your neswpaper coming
for the first half of the summer,
being The Daily's Circulation Man-
ager-and the author of a memor-
able column to that effect.
Being in charge of the news
pages means that one has to not
only gather and assign the day's
important stories, but also means
that one must explain their im-
plications to reporters, and decide
their importance as far as news-
play is concerned. The first is rel-
atively simple-the second is not.
It involves a half hour argument
with the night editor on duty,
usually highiy humorous, which
by carney and wolter
the co-editor (usually) wins, and
after which the night editor goes
back to work knowing that Bud
was right all the time, but con-
tent that the argument was full
of good, fast jokes.
THE ACTUAL work of getting
each night's paper out is done by
the five night editors. They are in
charge of editing the national and
international stories for page
three, the local copy for page one,
and keeping watch on the other-
wise empty city room. One night
a week one of the five gets to be
king of the building, with all the
authority, responsibility, and fun
that that entails. And, they all do
a good job.
And in the way of Daily folk-
lore, they all have their special
MICHAEL HEFFER probably
knows more about the actual pro-
cess of putting out a paper each
evening-the best organization of
the night editor's time, writing
headlines, checking out stories,
meeting the various deadlines, how
to do the sports page-than most
of the senior editors.
He is the paper's amateur co-
median, famous for cryptic and
hilarious notes that appear on
senior's typewriters sometime dur-
ing the night. He knows about all
the places deep in the cavern of
the printing shop where one can
hide to find some privacy. He can
teach the process of page editing
to new staff members better than
If one were to choose a night
editor emeritus to stay around
after hisyear. as a senior, it would
be Heffer. Maybe someday . . .
PAT O'DONOHUE is best known
as the only girl reporter that no
one thinks is a girl. In fact, many
of the letters to the editor con-
cerning her articles are addressed
to Mr. Patrick O'Donohue. Some
administrators - who have never
talked to her-still don't know the
difference. Henceforth may the.
record be set straight: Pat O'Don-
ohue is a girl.
She is also known as the only
Daily staff member who can pro-
duce a twenty column-inch edi-
torial in one hour, and keep pro-
ducing them that way, day after
day, much to the joy of this par-
ticular editorial page editor.
As a reporter, she can generally
be found in the senior editor's of-
fice with one ear glued to the tele-
phone as she laboriously tries to
discover who is actually running
for Regent or wh~o is mad at whom
during one of those notorious bat-
tles between the University and
the Legislature. Despite the num-
erous "No comments," she gets her
CAROLE KAPLAN just return-
ed from Tuskegee Institute in Ala-
bama, but it doesn't seem to have
dimmed her news ability at all.
She comes in quietly at the ap-
pointed hour, looks confused for
most of the evening, then gets a
perfect paper set and locked ear-
lier than anyone else the whole
Sometimes she doesn't seem to
be thinking about the paper at
all, until she brings you a beau-
tifully written news feature or
editorial that sums up the whole
Shirley Rosick has been cover-
ing student organizations and the
Office of Student Affairs in her
inimitable way for quite some time
and can -get the impossible inside
story where other fall.
She is also the Far Eastern edi-
tor of The Daily, having surprised
more than one morning reader
with an incisive editorial com-
menting on the war or the nature
of the Chinese mind, with appro-
priate quotes from the Analects or
LAST, BUT not least, is Mere-
dith Eiker, expert on the inside
story of Cleveland, commentor on
riots, religion, the Beatles and
man's foibles in general.
Meredith is best known for her
7 o'clock cry of "But I just can't
do it, Bud!" when the page three
deadline is fast approaching and
page one is empty. She can, of
course, do it and does put out the
paper anyway, but the building
just won't seem the same without
that familiar cry of anguish ring-
ing through its halls.
There are others: the freshmen-
to-be who stuck around after
orientation to contribu;e their
best, friends who helped with typ-
ing and proof-reading and thank
you to all of them.
AND WHO am I, the mysterious
editorial page editor? Why, I am
the Earth Mother, and the rest of
them are flops.
Notes from the S~drtf
By PAT O'DONOHUE
THE SUMMER DAILY is much
akin to a raft with seven peo-
ple keeping it afloat. Two mem-
bers of this gigantic and well-paid
staff are seniors; the rest of us
. .well, we'll all be seniors some
day. Until then, we are lovingly
referred to as the "understaff."
About this raft . . . it is hot,
cramped and the AP machines
keep spilling out galliey upon gal-
ley on the summer murders, riots,
and Frank Sinatra and Mia Far-
The Daily's summer staff does-
n't ask for much. Just a little
news. And you people out there
have not been very cooperative.
The local riots were put down
by the local police. Not one Na-
tional Guardsman has been called
in. The Administration's atrocities
in Viet Nam have ceased to be
news, they are expected. No one
climbed University Towers in or-
der "to end it all" or shoot mem-
bers of the campus community.
A Voice sign was removed, the
West Physics building burned
down, the Regents are running,
UAC allegedly had a summer
weekend and that just about
wraps up campus "news".
SO WHAT DID we fill our pa-
pers with? You may not realize
this but all those bylines repre-
sented people, students working
harder than hell to deliver your
four-page paper to you every
morning, five mornings a week.
How did we do it? Well those
are journalistic secrets but we'll
divulge a few in case any of you
would like to join the Maynard
There was the night the police
were called in. Someone called
Health Service for help and the
Health Service, with unusual speed
and competency, called the police.
Who knows? They may have been
better doctors anyway.
One staff member hides in the
shop. He uses a code. He writes
threatening messages to the Sen-
WE ARE UNIQUE.
We call people late at night. They
don't like to talk to us, but they
Another staff member initiates
new style rules every time she
night edits. The Managing Desk
WE HAVE SPIES everywhere
who "leak" news to us.
We have rubber-band tights.
Pictures of Johnson and Humph-
rey serve as targets. They're good
Someone wants us to persecute
the FBI for him, but hell, we have
problems of our own.
We have learned how to steal
cokes from the machine when it
We keep the cigaret industry in
We don't require much sleep,.
We can bullshit better than
anyone in the world. This article
is an excellent example.
MANY PEOPLE CALL us "mis-
fits". And that is our glory.
Some people think we're part
of the Communist conspiracy. No
one thinks we're part of the right-
We're a cynical lot.
We work hard; example-there
has always been a paper, no small
feat for a task force of seven.
We live in a filthy building. Our
health would not be certified by
Good Housekeeping, nor would
We know practically everything
that goes on. We tell you some of
it, but not all.
We are among the best and fas-
test typists in the world.
We don't eat much.
We read a lot and re-write some
WE DON'T HAVE very high
grade points. Class attendance is
not very high. Incompletes are.
We are the pulse of your world;
We're the epitomy of cheap la-
bor. We don't have a Union.
Our by-line is responsible for all
our written actions.
Our photographers have brought
"the construction series" into your
We push the issues that you
don't have the energy to push for
What other newspaper has the
courage to cover Freshman Orien-
What other coke machine has
WE ARE MOBILE; we travel all
over the country.
We regret to announce that the
world has apparently gone on
summer vacation for there has
been relatively little news.
We have blown, some stories, but
then we're not perfect and don't
pretend to be.
We have battle scars; blistered
feet,. cramped fingers, deaf tele-
phone ears, ink-stained hands and
Our creative wells are running
After a two-week vacation we
will be coming back.
WE WILL TRIPLE our strength
in the fall because there will be
more of us.
We welcome any would-be re-
porter with open arms and ready
We appreciate your subscrip-
tions and your patience with the
newsboys and the circulation de-
We need you and you need us.
It's a pretty fair trade.
Peking Sn. ubs the, United States
The Explosion Population
* r z
THE PEKING government has
lost no time in making it
known that Chinese American re-
lations will continue to be im-
placably and irreconcilably hostile.
Recently there have been some in-
dications in Washington of a dis-
position to soften the quarrel.
They have appeared not only in
the Senate hearings, but also from
within the administration itself.
Peking will have none of it. It
has chosen to keep the quarrel as
sharp as possible-Just short of
war. For Peking wants nothing to
be done which would relieve this
country of the onus of being solely
responsible for the exclusion of
one-quarter of the human race
from the world community,
THOUGH I HAVE no preten-
sions myself to expert knowledge
of Red China, it is evident that
the Chinese-American conflict is
irreconcilable. The fundamental
fact is that we are locked into
the unfinished Chinese civil war
and that we have established in
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ed by some bold and imaginative
act of statesmanship. This is the
kind of quarrel that can be com-
posed only if and when the time
comes that it has been outlived.
There is no hope of a reconcilia-
tion between Mao and Chiang.
Neither will accept a two-China
policy, sensible as it would be, For
each has staked his life on the
thesis that there is only one
China and that he is the leader of
CIVIL WARS are never easy to
settle, as we have the strongest
reasons for knowing. It is a hun-
dred years since the end of our
own Civil War, and only in our
us today is how to live through
what may bes along interval of
time-perhaps a generation of
time - without precipitating or
slithering into that great war
which, though no one in his
senses can want it, is an ever-
In trying to solve the problem
of preserving the general peace in
the long interval before a settle-
ment becomes possible, we can re-
ly on the fact that all the great
powers concerned, all the powers
capable of waging a great war,
are aware that nothing can be
gained and everything can be lost
in a great war. This is true, I be-
lieve, of mainland China just as
well as of the Soviet Union and
the United States.
The chief cause for worry, the
largest risk of all, is that the one
step will lead to another with no-
body intending to produce a colli-
sion and nobodiy quite able to
THERE HAS NEVER been any