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July 15, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-07-15

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FRIDAY, JULY 15,1966




L full J 1 ll LVt'/ll



To Admit Communist China in Fall

Despite all the talk about in-
viting Communist China into the
United Nations, the General As-
sembly is unlikely to do that this
fall and may give it even fewer
votes than last year.
Various U.S. scholars favor
Communist China's admission, but
not enough UN members are for it
to make it come to. pass.
Delegates estimate that in next
fall's General Assembly a resolu-
tion to oust the Chinese Nation-
alists and seat the Chinese Com-
munists will get several fewer
votes than it did in last fall's
That last resolution failed Nov.
17 on a 47-47 tie vote, with 20
nations abstaining. That was not
so close as it looks because the
assembly had decided it would
take a two-thirds vote-not just a
simple majority-to change Chinas
in the United Nations.
Nine of the 11 countries that

put the question before the last
assembly already are talking about
how to handle it in the next one
starting Sept. 20. Algeria and
Cambodia have drawn up a mem-
orandum setting forth their case.
Ambassador Hsueh Yu-chi of
Nationalist China told a reporter:
"There will be six or seven more
votes against the admission of
the Chinese Communists."
Hsueh cited as some of the
reasons why the Communists had
lost votes: his own government had
won friends away from them;
some African countries had caught
them redhanded at subversion;
and sudden changes in govern-
ment had brought some changes
in Communist Chinese policy.
As far back as March 28, U.S.
Ambassador Arthur J. Goldberg
remarked: "I would say right at
the moment that there are fewer
votes for admission of Communist
China to the United Nations than
there were at the last assembly."

The following month UN Secre-
tary-General U Thant said in-
dications were that the question
of the Chinese seat "will not be
solved in the coming 21st session
of the general assembly."
Nevertheless, the issue will be
argued out along familiar lines.
Among the arguments for seat-
ing Communist China are:
-She is entitled to it.
-Without her the United Na-
tions is not "universal."
-Some 690 million Chinese lack
representation here.
-Such world problems as dis-
armament and the war in Viet
Nam cannot be settled without
Among the arguments against
seating Communist China are:
-She is not entitled to it be-
cause the UN Charter says the
United Nations is for peace-loving
countries only.
-She does not represent the
Chinese people because they look

to the Republic of China on For-
-She is so hostile to the United
Nations that she would only ob-
struct settlements.
-This open hostility shows a
lack of interest in coming here.
The Republic of China is a
charter member of the 21-year-
old United Nations. Its govern-
ment fled to Formosa in 1949
when the Communists established
the People's Republic of China
on the mainland.

By a 61-34 vote the assembly
adopted a resolution sponsored by
Australia, Colombia, Italy, Japan
and the United States providing
that any proposal to change the
representation of China would
need a two-thirds vote to pass.
After that the Assembly de-
feated a Soviet resolution to oust
the Nationalists and seat the
Communists. The vote on that was
36 for and 48 against.
In 1962 the Soviet Union got

usual resolution, which was de-
feated 41-57.
The assembly skipped the issue
in 1964 because of a deadlock
over financing peace-keeping op-
In 1965 it came back to the
question, but the United States
and several other nations got in
first with another resolution say-
ing it took a two-thirds vote to
decide the China-seating issue.
That resolution passed 56-49.
The pro-Communist resolution
then failed on the 47-47 tie.
Its sponsors had a lot of trouble
with it. They first drafted it to
seat Communist China without
specifying that Nationalist China
be expelled. Then they got word
that Peking wanted the expulsion
spelled out. So they changed the
resolution. Some diplomats later
said the change had cost them five
or six votes.
Since the margin against the
Chinese Communists had narrow-

ed, hints were thrown out that
the United States might shift its
policy and agree to let the Chinese
Communists into the United Na-
tions provided the Nationalists
were allowed to stay in.
Such a two-Chinas scheme made
sense to countries that argued in
favor of a universal United Na-
tions. It also made sense as a
devise to keep the Chinese Com-
munists out because they had said
they would not accept it.
But it did not make sense to
the Chinese Nationalists. They
claim there is only one China and
they represent it. They worried
over the two-Chinas talk and over
Vice President Hubert H. Hum-
phrey's remark last March 13 that
the policy toward Communist
China should be "containment
without necessarily isolation."
They stopped worrying when
Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
visiting Formosa this month, said
the United States still recognized

"the Republic of China as the
government of China" and added,
"We oppose the seating of the
Peiping regime in the United Na-
tions." The State Department uses
the "Peiping" spelling.
When a New York newspaper
published a .Washington report
that the United States was con-
sidering a switch to a two-Chinas
plan, three members of the U.S.
delegation said they had never
heard of such a thing in their
The official word from the U.S.
mission is that "the policy re-
remains the same-the tactics are
under review"-and that a de-
cision on tactics will be made
in September.
But the decision will involve
only such matters of detail as
whether it would be better to have
the China debate early or late and
whether the United States should
push another two-thirds vote

The United States decided inI the same question on the agendaI

1961 that it could no longer mus-
ter the votes it had collected for
10 years postponing the issue. It
had New Zealand propose the
"question of representation of
China in the United Nations" for
the assembly's agenda.
The Soviet Union then proposed
an item titled "Restoration of the
Lawful Rights of the People's Re-
public of China in the United
Nations." Both were put on the

again and introduced a similar
resolution, which lost 42-56.
India quit sponsoring Peking's
candidacy because of border
trouble with the Chinese Com-
munists. The Soviet Union quit
because of its ideological dispute
with the Communist Chinese.
In 1963 Albania, the Chinese
Communists' European ally, got
the question on the agenda and,
with Cambodia, submitted the

Protests TI
y Captured




By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-In an implied
warning to North Viet Nam, Unit-
ed States officials said yesterday
any trial of captured U.S. pilots
as war criminals "would inflame
the feelings of the American peo-
These officials refused to say
what' kind of counteraction the
United States might take if the
North Vietnamese went through
with their threats.
Officials who asked not to be
named spoke to newsmen several
hours after Secretary of State
Dean Rusk told a Senate Judiciary
subeommittee the United States
would view as a "grave develop-
ment indeed" any abuse of Amer-
icans held prisoner in North Viet
The North Vietnamese on a
number of occasions since the air
war began have offered similar
threats but officials appear to to

take them more seriously thisi
The U.S. officials coupled their
remarks about inflaming Ameri-
can feelings with a prediction that
such war criminal trials would
"outrage the conscience of people
throughout the world."
They said the U.S. government
is doing everything possible to as-
sure that Americans in Commu-
nist hands are getting proper
Rusk Testifies
husk testified before the Sen-
ate subcommittee that the United
States is working on the problem
but that he could report no as-
surances "as to what the outcome
will be."
Off Capitol Hill, other officials
said the United States is working
through many channels, including
the International Red Cross.
The officials, underscoring a
State Department declaration,

contended that any war crimes. noi with Sidewinder missiles in su-
trials of U.S. pilots captured by personic dogfights three minutes
the North Vietnamese would be and 28 miles apart.
"completely contrary" to the 1949 A slower and older MIG-17 had
Geneva convention on treatment been blasted to pieces Wednesday
of war captives. by another of the heat-seeking
Deny Charges Sidewinders, this one fired by a
The officials disputed allega- Navy Phantom.
tions that the United States has Together these boosted the an-
been inhuman in its bombing at- nounced toll on the Soviet-design-
tacks and other military opera- ed fighters to 17 destroyed and
tions. one probably shot down since the
"We believe the civilian casu- first air-to-air engagement of the
alties in North Viet Nam have war April 4, 1965.
been very small," one official said. The U.S. command has report-
He said that the inhumanity ed the loss of four planes in com-
has been on the other side, in ter- bat against the MIG's.
rorism practiced by the Commu- On the political front, Buddhist
nist Viet Cong and the North sources said Thich Tri Quang has
Vietnamese against South Vietna- agreed in principle to end the par-
mese villagers and local officials. tial hunger strike that he launch-
In military action, U.S. Air ed June 8 in an effort to force
Force F-4C Phantoms, still offi- Premier Nguyen Cao Ky's govern-
cially barred from hitting Hanoi's ment to resign.
jet air bases, felled two Commu- They said they expected him to
nist MIF-21 jets northwest of Ha- drop it later this week. That could
mean the militant monk intends
'to return to active campaigning!
0 ,u against the regime.
Approval Officials of the Saigon clinic
where Quang is hospitalized, how-
ever, said he was still limiting
S ta n d a rdhimself, as before, to liquids.
7IU.S. planes staged another prop-
aganda raid Wednesday, the sec-
ond of the week. A spokesman
mounted to minimize the likeli- said they dropped 2.7 million leaf-
hood of injury to a person wear- lets urging North Vietnamese sol-
ing a lap-type seat belt. diers to give up.
-Ashtrays and lighters to be As if in response Radio Hanoi
shielded, located away from the broadcast a Viet Cong claim that
passenger or driver impact area. about 5000 South Vietnamese
troops "deserted in the first

NoChanges $3.3 BILLION:
MadeinCIA House P
WASHINGTON (/)-The House
Super1-' Nv ision passed the $3.3-billion foreign aid
authorization program last night
WASHINGTON (P)-After a 3%l2 - and the votes of four Republicans
hour debate behind locked and saved the multiyear authorization
guarded doors, the Senate refused time period sought by the ad-
yesterday to alter its system for ministration.
supervision of the Central Intel- The "no" votes of GOP Reps.
ligence Agency. Ogden Reid of New York, Joseph
A 61-28 roll-call vote denied the of.Mass a nd StanleyCRt
Senate Foreign Relations Commit- of Massachusetts, and Stanley R.
tee three seats on the select pan- Tupper of Maine, helped defeat
el which oversees the spy-and-in- a motion to recommit and cut
telligence agency. the program to a single year. The
Ign agency emvote on this motion was 193-191.
In parliamentary terms, the de- Conte and Tupper cast their
cisionustained a point of order# votes after the roll was called but
raised by Sen. Richard B. Rus- before the tally was completed.
sell (D-Ga) 'and sent the resolu- The vote on final passage was
ton to the Armed Services Coi-,237-146, with 36 Republicans join-
mittee. ing 201 Democrats in favor, and
Russell's point: The resolution 89 Republicans and 57 Democrats'
offered by the Foreign Relations opposed.
Committee involves national se- All attempts to cut the multi-
curity, and therefore is in year authorization and to trim
the province of the Armed Serv- any funds from the nine-section
ices Committee. bill were beaten.
By sending the Foreign Rela- A series of minor amendments
tions Committee's resolution to which do not affect substantially
Russell's Armed Services Commit- any section was accepted.
tee, the Senate clearly doomed it. Reid, a former ambassador to
In the final minutes of public Israel, said he had seen how the
ssesion, Russell accused the For- aid program works and "I know
eign Realtions Committee of try- the longer term will save money
Ing to muscle in on the territory and make for better planning."
of his committees. The total authorization in the

asses Aid Program

bill, including various special and
minor programs, is $4.1 billion for
fiscal 1967 and 1968. But the ad-
ministration has asked that only
$3.3 billion be appropriated for
1967 and Rep. Thomas E. Morgan
(D-Pa), chairman of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee, said,
"This is the important figure to
look at."
The bill authorized two-year
programs for the first time on all
sections except the Development
Loan Fund and Latin-American
Alliance for Progress, which are
for five years as in the past.
The administration first pushed
for a five-year program, but the
House Foreign Affairs Committee
trimmed it to two years.
The Senate has not yet acted
finally on the foreign aid bill but
its Foreign Relations Committee

Government Finalizes
Of New Auto Safety



Triple-Threat Hero!
Three-In-One Lover!
b b

has voted only a one-year pro-
gram, a reversal of its past posi-
tion. This is the first time the
House.has voted for more than a
one-year program.
The House defeated efforts to
cut the program's contingency
fund from $150 million to $70
million; set a 25-year limit on
installment repayment of loans;
cut the Alliance for Progress from
$850 million to $750 million and
trim $25 million from supporting
assistance funds.
Amendments. adopted included
one expressing the desire no funds
be used in any activity or program
that is contrary to U.S. foreign
Another prohibits any funds in
the bill from going to the United
Arab Republic unless the President
finds it in the national interest.
PHONE 482-2056
Entaxc UxARPEtiTER aaAD
OPEN 7:00
America's Funniest Family in their
Shown at 8:45 &12:00
Shown at 10:40 Only

ernment's long-awaited new and
revised auto safety standards
which are expected to become the
basis for general vehicle safety
standards were approved yester-
Lawson B. Knott, Jr., general
services administrator, signed the
approved regulations yesterday
morning and they were filed with
the Federal Register for publica-
tion today.
The standards apply to vehicles
purchased by the government, and
wlil become effective on purchases
of autos manufactured after Oct.
13, 1967.

Proposed standards were an-
nounced last spring and comments
were taken into consideration in
the final regulations, which it
had been planned to issue before
July 1. A spokesman said changes
were of a minor nature.
During congressional discussion
of pending auto safety legislation
it was stated the federal standards
are expected to be made applic-
able to all automobiles on an in-
terim basis by the secretary of
The new regulations set up nine
new standards requiring:
-Controls on windows and
doors to be constructed, located or

World News Roundup

-Arm rests to be constructed to'
minimize force or spread the area
of contact upon impact by an oc-
-Padded seatbacks to be used
in sedans and buses, including
school buses, carry-als, station
wagons and light trucks; intracity
type buses are excluded.
-Head supports on the front
seat to protect against neck in-
juries, such as whiplash.
-Side marker devices for se-
dans, carry-alls, and station wag-
ons to make them visible at night
etiher through electrical or reflec-
itve systems.
-Rear-window defoggers on all
-Roll-bar structure on utility-
type light trucks to protect occu-
pants In the event such soft-top
vehicles overturn.
--Fuel tanks and fuel tank fill-
ing pipes to be constructed so as
to insure against rupture.
Both the' bill passed last month
by the Senate and the measure
now pending in the House Com-
merce Committee require the sec-
retary of commerce to issue ini-
tial auto safety standards by Jan.
31, 1967, to take effect not less
than 180 days or more than one
year after that.

months of this year," some re-
turning to their families and oth-
ers switching to the Communist
Protesting the followup raid last
Thursday against the Haiphong
oil depot, President Ho Chi Minh's
government charged the United
States is "plotting to stage a naval
blockade and paralyze the ports"
of North Viet Nam. Such a move
has been advocated by some Amer-
ican military authorities but the
ports, like the jet air fields, re-
main immune.
The Hanoi foreign military ac-
cused the American Navy fliers
of "directly menacing foreign mer-
chant ships which were then in
the port" and engaging in provo-
cations against a number of for-
eign ships at anchor in Ha Long
Bay, up the cost from Haiphong.
"In vain do they worship ne,
teaching for doctrines /he conn-
mandinents of men."
-Matthew 12:50

(it's time
-. I
Plus 2nd FEATURE


Mary Ann Mobley Gila Golan
DIAL 2-6264


By The Associated Press Washington bureau that its
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia-Par- porters will be barred from
liament yesterday elected former Aug. 5 wedding.
Foreign Minister Koca Popovic,
the son of a capitalisthas vice DARJEELING, India-The
president under Tito in the coun- j tire staff of the Commi


one o'clock

w~- -wr . " V 'r~r.
eetwt 4ti Modern eool

try's hierarchy.
Popovic was elected for a four-
year term to replace Alexander
Rankovic, who resigned after be-
ing purged of his Communist party
* , *
NEW YORK-Women's Wear
Daily said yesterday the White
House has revoked its credentials
to cover Luci Baines Johnson's
nuptials because it published some
sketches in connection with the
Publisher James W. Brady said
Elizabeth Carpenter, press secre-
tary to Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson,
notified the industry trade paper's

Chinese newspaper People's Daily,
published in Tibet, has been dis-
missed for "anti-Mao" ideologies,
Radio Lhasa has announced.
A broadcast from the Tibetan
capital, monitored here Wednesday
night, said a new staff had taken
over the ffbetan language news-
paper and had as its first task
publishing the thousands of letters
received from "the T i b e t a n
masses" condemning the former
TEL AVIV, Israel-Israel and
Syrian jets fought above Syrian
territory yesterday and both sides
claimed victory.

530 West Stadium

w r rrw rrr rr rrr rrr rrr rrr rrr rrrrrr rrr I
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1ri ummuum mmmimm immmmmimmm

at 8:00 P.M. in the AIR-CONDITIONED
(department of speech) present

the wevWd eaeliest anpd
rr~est e~zzlirIyfierxaIe



Art and Film Discussion
Satyajit Ray's

' U
t t
t 1
t '
t '
t '
(1946) '
I t
1 t
t t
1 One of the mosttouching andpoignant
1 of American films.
tStarrina m


1 1 11


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