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July 13, 1966 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1966-07-13

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

July13: Go

Worry About Soil Erosion

e Opinions Are Free 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBORMic.
ruth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the inidividual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 1966

NIGHT EDITOR: SHIRLEY ROSICK

Polities and Sports:
Everybody Loses

By LEONARD PRATT
Co-Editor
IF YOU'RE WORRYING much
about the selection of the Uni-
versity's next President, you're
wasting just about half of your
time.
You're wasting the half in which
you worry about the early dire
predictions of local prophets.
You're not wasting the half in
which you suspect that other
problems, a little more subtle than
those originally foreseen, are
cropping up and that those prob-
lems might be just as telling as
the first ones.
THE REGENTS and their three
advisory committees-faculty, stu-
dents and alumni-have a lot on
their side. It's been said that the
quality of the people doing the
choosing determines the quality
of the President chosen-good
people will pick a good man. To
the degree that is true, a good
President is a foregone conclusion.
The Regents are evidently being
more influenced by their advisory
committees than anyone would
earlier have thought; at least
that's the impression they give.

And their advisory committees are
very good.
Then too, the Regents them-
selves have been quite liberal in
their approach to the selection
process. Their creation of a stu-
dent advisory committee must be
seen as a statement of the wide-
ranging responsibilities they feel
and which they want the next
President to feel.
MOREOVER, they have allowed
the committees a great deal of
freedom to advise in any way they
wished. To advise only, it must be
stressed, for the Regents are very
conscious of the fact that the
presidential selection buck stops
with them. But they see the com-
mittees as genuinely reflecting
their respective segments of the
University community, and they
want to hear whatever these seg-
ments have to say.
The Regents also have been very
cooperative with their committees.
Complaints-and there were a
good many at first-have generally
been ironed out within a matter
of weeks, sometimes of days. This
is especially important with an
organizational arrangement as

flexible as the selection process' is.
The fast solution of problems is
what keeps such an arrangement
workable. So far it has kept the
presidential selection process work-
able.
BUT DESPITE these many ad-
vantages, the selection process has
its headaches.
Number one on this list is, again,
the flexibility of the advisory
structure. It is very great, perhaps
so great as to make it impossible
to define where the individual
committees are really going. In-
deed, it is impossible to say what
period in the selection process will
see their demise; thus committee
members may well be confused
about their actual duties. At the
very least, the way is thus open
for conflicts about those duties
between committees or members
of committees. And those conflicts
could hurt.
Number two is the failure of the
committees to prepare to deal with
such conflicts. What happens if
the students decide they can't
stand a darling of the faculty
committee? How will similar in-
tracommittee disagreements be

dealt with? What if the Regents
hesitate to pick the men which
faculty and students think are
the best for the job?
None of these, admittedly, is a
likely possibility. But, they are
possibilities and one would feel
more comfortable if they were
recognized as such by the crea-
tion of a means of dealing with
them.
ANOTHER major problem is the
nature of the eight Regents who
will be making the final decision
on who the next President is to be.
There simply are not many of the
eight who will both have had a
good deal of experience with the
University and be bringing it to
bear on this crucial .decision.
Robert Briggs has served as a
Regent for six years and is spend-
ing a good deal of time with the
selection process. Alvin Bentley is
new, but if all the Regents knew
state education like he must, much
of the administration could prob-
ably pack up and go home.
But it looks more and more as
if Irene Murphy will join Carl
Brablec in not running for re-
election in November, thus ensur-

ing two green Regents on the
board.
William Cudlip has served only
two years. Paul Goebel has served
four but is spending a great deal
of time with the $55 Million Fund
Drive. Frederick Matthai has serv-
ed six years but is not extremely
active on the board. Allan Soren-
son has served four years but is
often noted on the board more for
his absence than for anything else.
If you add it up that makes 22
combined active years of exper-
ience by the board that will select
the next President, only six of
which is being brought to bear
on the selection process.
That's not necessarily a great
handicap, but it could easily be-
come one.
THIS neither- here- nor- there
statgs pervades the entire selec-
tion process. It seems balanced on
a knife's edge, halfway between
advantages and disadvantages, be-
tween the probability of succes
and the probability of failure.
The behavior of its 31 partici-
pants will decide which way it,
and the University's future, goes.

4

FOR YEARS the athletic competition be-
tween the Soviet Union and the Unit-
ed States, particularly the annual dual
track meet, has been a bright spot in the
relations between the two countries de-
spite increasing tensions caused by Amer-
ican involvement in Viet Nam. Various
American teams have toured the Soviet
Union and the Russian athletes have
made many performances in the U.S.
The atmosphere of friendliness and co-
operation has grown warmer in each
year of competition, and it has helped
to increase understanding between the
young people of both nations.
BUT THIS YEAR the Soviets have in-
jected politics into athleticsmby can-
celling the Soviet-U.S. track meet and
the Russian tour of the American bas-
ketball team. Their move seriously en-
dangers the future of international ath-
letics and the entire cultural exchange
program.
The Russian decision was reported by
Tass as one made by the athletes them-
selves because of the American violations
"of the elementary rules of the human
community on our planet" in Viet Nam,
but the decision was more likely made
by Communist party policy-makers.
It is also interesting to note that the
Russian withdrawal came after predic-
tions that the best American team in
history had been assembled and after the
Russian coaches had been seriously dis-
appointed with the performanses in the
qualifying meet at Odessa earlier this
month.
IT IS ALSO rather strange that the Rus-
sians are permitting the participation
of U.S. swinmers in a 10-nation meet in
Moscow this weekend and that the So-
viets entered a team in the World Wres-
tling Championships held in Toledo, Ohio,
in late June, but suddenly will not com-

pete with the American

basketball or

track squads.
The Russian decision to break the con-
tract for the track meet scheduled for
July 23-24 in Los Angeles also prompted
Poland's withdrawal from this weekend's
scheduled Polish-American meet. The
failure to keep the contracts will jeop-
ardize the standing of both Poland and
Russia with the International Amateur
Athletic Federation which could result
in a banning of the two nations from the
1968 Olympic games.
This move would surely be followed by
an Olympic boycott on the part of all
the Communist bloc nations. If this boy-
cott were to occur because of political
differences the ideal and purpose of the
Olympic games would be destroyed.
IT IS FOR THIS REASON that it is im-
portant that the U.S. Amateur Ath-
letic Union does not press the IAAF for
retaliatory actions against the Soviets
and that the United States seeks to les-
sen rather than widen the rift in inter-
national athletics that the Russians have
opened.
CHARLES W. WILKINSON
We'll All Be
'Over There'
AMERICAN AIR RAIDS into Laos have
reportedly gone up 50 per cent in the
last six months. Though the size of the
U.S. staff in the area has also risen by
half, the government has been pretty
successful at keeping things quiet.
If military force size and publicity
continue to follow in that relationship,
pretty soon everyone in the U.S. will be
fighting in that part of the world and no
one will have the slightest idea why.
-L.P.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:

Read, rs Comment on Up with People

A

THE LEAD EDITORIAL by
Carole Kaplan in the July 5
Daily is an interesting exercise in
drama criticism of the television
show, "Up With People," which
she did not like. Certainly she is
entitled to her opinions and to
spreading them across the pages
of your lively paper.
However, from my recollection
of this program, it certainly can-
not be summarized by the head-
line of Miss Kaplan's editorial,
"Raise the Flag, But Never Stop
To Think." The message Which
the show delivered to me was that
each of us are required to think
very deeply about our obligations
as citizens.
Far from "my country right or
wrong," the letter-writing soldier
from the South Pacific was saying
that each person needs to see
clearly what's wrong in his coun-
try and the mistakes it is making
and to make a decision in his own
life to fight for their correction.

MISS KAPLAN thinks there are
better ways of doing this, and
this is the strength of democracy
-as nobody has a monopoly on
developing solutions to America's
and the world's problems. I think
if she could hear the "Up With
People" song again, she would
retract her misimpression that
"the song really meant . . . as
long as they're just like me." I
think she would conclude that they
Kaplan."
Japlan."
-Willard Hunter, Grad
To the Editor:
O N WEDNESDAY, July 6, I read
with great interest the edi-
torial by Carole Kaplan denounc-
ing the television show "Up With
People," for I have followed Sing
Dut America's progress for a year
and I also watched the show to
which she refers. It would appear
that Miss Kaplan is guilty of a
common error in our society.
We have gone from the evil of

the McCarthy era to a situation
where now, anyone who says he
likes his, country and realizes
freedom is something for which
we must at times make sacrifices
is labeled a Bircher or ultra-
reactionary.
THE SONGS IN "Up With
People" certainly stated patriotic
sentiments, but never once stated
or implied a "blind rah rah pa-
triotism that screams 'My country,
right or wrong'."
If Miss Kaplan had really lis-
tened to the words of the song
about Paul Revere, she would
have realized it doesn't eulogize
the man as a "god,' but only de-
scribes what he did.
The song also asks its audience
the question are we going to be
willing to defend our freedom if
it becomes necessary and to work
now to make our country a better
place for all, as did the men of
the Revolution, or are we going
to sit around and make petty

criticisms of anybody who tries to
do that? Such questioning has an
important and legitimate part to
play in the life of our nation.
THE SONG entitled "Up With
People" states that if more people
would stop living just for them-
selves and would care more about
others, many problems of the
world could be solved. Only in the
sense that the cast of the show is
concerned about other people
rather than Just themselves does
the song imply "Up With People
as Long as They're Just Like Me."
Am I to understand from your
remarks, Miss Kaplan, that you
feel it is wrong to care about any-
one but yourself?
As further evidence that the
cast is not guilty of "blind in-
tolerant chauvinism," its members
are well aware of the nation's
problems. Members come from all
sectors of American life. To name
a few, several come from broken
homes, one participated in the

Watts' riot before he heard about
the ideas in the show, and several
are Indians who come from des-
titute reservations.
But they have all decided to
stop just criticizing America and
to start to create a positive ap-
proach to curing those problems.
IT APPEARS that Miss Kaplan,
upon hearing the mention of Paul
Revere and seeing American stu-
dents who comb their hair, shave,
and wear suits, has blotted from
her mind what the songs actually
said, and just assumed that the
songs were Birchite slogans. It is
through this fault of her own that
she condemned the show.
I only hope that Miss Kaplan
will take the opportunity this
Saturday or Sunday to listen to
what the songs say, when the show
is repeated on TV.
It is sad indeed when the press
castigates anyone who taker a
positive approach to life.
-John L. Eadie, Grad

The U.S. in Asia: An Inefficient Boy Scout

Obscenity: Creativity
Should Replace Cliches

NOW THAT THE Supreme Court has all
but lifted restrictions on obscene lit-
erature, a critical question arises. What
is to become of the common swear word?
Will it become obsolete?
In periods of past censorship, a per-
son could swear discreetly and fashion-
ably-on the theory that a little evil is
a good thing. Its early popularity put the
swear word at a disadvantage-it has
become cliche.
Moreover, the four-letter words for
which Berkeley demonstrators so valiant-
ly crusaded, have been fairly familiar at
least in the recesses of men's minds for a
long tiie; everybody knows about them.
'ADDITIONALLY, the use of original
phrases is generally irrelevant and in-
accurate. S.O.B. merely confirms a biolog-
ical fact; it diverts attention from the
issue at hand. "Bastard," too, is concern-
ed with the issue of parentage which is
probably not the question at hand.
"Damn" and "Hell" are fear-inspiring
expletives which depend entirely upon be-
lief in a Christian God.
/ At any rate, the cliche character of
the common swear word is a barrier to
colorful and imaginative thinking. iWhat
Milit ar Inflation
THE COST of maintaining peace is ris-
ing once again. Yesterday the House
voted a 3.2 per cent pay raise for the
uniformed military. It also approved a
$17.4 billion appropriation to procure
weapons, planes and other hardware for
the war.
The United States repeatedly proclaims
its peaceful intentions in Viet Nam and
continues the bombings and shipment of
American troops. But, then, talk is cheap.
Hardware is not. And we keep raising
the price. Isn't anyone afraid of infla-
tion?
-PAT O'DONOHUE

four-letter expletive could
"pink-cheeked popinjay"
roofed cretin."

compete with
or "thatch-

However, there is one instance in which
the cliche serves man: at the moment of
fast-breaking insanity. Just when a per-
son is beginning to lose his grip, the sound
of familiar vribations in the larynx and
throat provides a soothing link with the
past and familiar, and there you have it--
competence and control.
TAKING ALL THINGS into account, I
think people ought to begin immedi-
ately to drop the common swear word
from idle conversation-with the sole
exception that it may be used in moments
of stark distress.
-ANNE HUTTON
Hanky-Panky
IN THIS COUNTRY an airline strike is
more than an annoyance. It causes a
tangle of mail, passengers and cargo that
assumes Gordian proportions.
It is regrettable in this situation to view
the actions of the airline companies in
the bargaining procedure with union of-
ficials.
rQHE UNIONS charged yesterday, per-
haps rightly, that the airlines were
making no attempt to hurry the nego-
tiation process in the hope that White
House intervention would make serious
bargaining unnecessary. This can be seen
in their neglect to make some provision
to get the representatives of the unions
who were scattered all over the country
to the site of the negotiations.
Today the unions had further evi-
dence of a stall on the part of the air-
lines, charging that they were overesti-
mating the cost of the unions' proposed
wages and benefit increases. In addition
they were accused of refusing to "give"
on any of the unions' demands.
But, while the union makes its charges,
the questionable tactics of the airlines

By STANLEY KARNOW
Washington Post Foreign Service
HONG KONG, May 15 -- Viewed
from Asia, Sen. William Ful-
bright's description of American
conduct abroad as the "arrogance
of power" appears somewhat in-
appropriate.
If anything, much of United
States policy and practice in the
Far East seems more to resemble
a kind of "illusion of power." And
in their ways, Peking and Mos-
cow may be sharing similar illu-
sions.
It isn't that America is the
earnest Boy Scout trying to help
the old lady across the street
against her will, as Fulbright put
it. The apparent problem is that
America is far less adept at cross-
ing the street than the old lady
herself.
THUS A PRIME characteristic
of U.S. efforts, where they have
been applied energetically, has
often been ineffectiveness rather
than overbearance.
So it has begun to strike a
good many observers out here
that perhaps the most meaning-
ful sort of U.S. policy, in this part

of the world at least, may be as
little policy as possible.
Indonesia is the most obvious
case in point. In 1958, an occult
branch of the American govern-
ment exerted itself to undermine
President Sukarno, and failed. In
the years that followed, Indo-
nesia gradually edged to the brink
of a "peoples democracy." As re-
cently as last summer, there were
prominent Americans who advo-
cated drastic means to prevent a
prospective Communist takeover.
But coolness prevailed. When
Ambassador Marshal Gs;een went
to Djakarta in August, his in-
structions were to do nothing, and
he performed ably.
WITHOUT the slightest Ameri-
can interference, the abortitive
Communist putsch on Sept. 30
turned into an anti-Communist
holocaust. Without a penny of
operational CIA money spent, Su-
karno has gradually lost his au-
thority, and the new Indonesian
leaders are slowly striving to re-
join the international community.
Geopoliticians far from the scene
have argued that American de-
termination in Viet Nam inspired

the Indonesian anti-Communists.
Such thinking was not apparent
in Indonesia itself, where students,
Moslems and army officers turn-
ed against the Communists for
almost purely local reasons, using
rather gruesome local techniques.
"You can do us a great favor,"
a youth leader in Bandung told
an American reporter not long,
ago. "Please don't try to teach
us how to fight Communism. We
have our own methods."
IT CAN BE pointed out, of
course, that the Communists came
within an ace of pulling off their
coup. How they would have evolv-
ed had they succeeded is a mat-
ter of conjecture. Many Western
experts believe that, over the long
run, Indonesian nationalism would
have outweighed Communist doc-
trine. Indeed, there are hints that
Peking considered Indonesia's
Communists to be potential "re-
visionists."
As events proved, however, the
anti-Communists were stronger
and the Communists far weaker
than any outsider had anticipated.
Sukarno may have inadvertently
done Washington a favor by re-

stricting American activities in
Indonesia.
A less visible and more subtle
kind of subversion has been going
on for years in Communist China,
nibbling away at Mao Tse-tung's
dogmatic brand of Communism.
FROM TOP to bottom, the Chi-
nese regime is being perceptibly
eroded by a widespread weariness
with ideology and what must be
termed, for lack of a better ex-
pression, the intangible human in-
stinct for individual expression
and improvement.
The force of this instinct was
evident in 1956, when Mao's de-
cision to "let a hundred flowers
bloom" sparked an explosion of
criticism against his regime. It was
clear in the collapse of the "Great
Leap Forward," and in the persa-
sive, every-man for himself spir-
it of the lean years that fol-
lowed. It is currently apparent in
Peking's waves of attacks against
"bourgeois" tendencies allegedly
seeking to undermine the Commu-
nist party.
One of the most significant
statements to come out of China
in a long time was made in Pe-
king last week by a visiting Al-
banian dignitary, Hysni Dapo. Ac-
curately parroting Mao's fears,
Kapo warned that the main dan-
ger for a Communist state is not
the external threat of "U.S. im-
perialist" aggression but internal
"degeneration toward capitalism
and revisionism."
Kapo deplored signs of this trend
in "The rising bourgeois strat-
um . . . made up particularly of
party and statecadres and intel-
lectuals who have degenerated in-
to bourgeois elements."
NONE OF THIS portends the
imminent end of Communism. But
it suggests for the years ahead
that the future Chinese leaders,
lacking Mao's prestigious author-
ity, may have to soften Peking's
present fanaticism in order to
accommodate the popular mood.
If such an evolution takes
place, it would owe less to Amer-
ica's China policies than to dy-
namics within China itself -
changes stemming, as de Gaulle
might say, from "the nature of
things."
What might have been in Viet
Nam had the United States avoid-

nese lackeys. Despite Peking's dis-
pleasure, Hanoi sent a high-level
delegation to the Soviet Party
Congress in Moscow last March.
IN SHORT, Viet Nam's Commu-
nists are largely managing their
own show. And so are Viet Nam's
anti-Communists. The United
States has poured manpower,
money and material into South
Viet Nam to hold the military line.
In the crucial sphere of politics,
however, the Saigon government
eludes U.S. control and often even
American guidance. Not an Amer-
ican in Washington sor Saigon
can make Premier Nguyen Cao Ky
keep his mouth shut.
It has been that way in Viet
Nam for years. The late President
Ngo Dinh Diem, former Premier
Nguyen Khanh and several les-
ser luminaries regularly rejected
American recommendations. If KY
is an American puppet, as his
critics contend, he is a puppet who
pulls his own strings.
In North as well as South Viet
Nam, therefore, future moves may
be taken that disregard the aims
or wishes of the United States,
Russia and China. The potential
of deals involving Buddhists, Com-
munists, Catholics, generals, vari-
ous sects and assorted politicians
is an infinity of possibilities. Their
ultimate outcome could be a "Viet-
namese solution" that defies the
easy comprehension of outsiders.
IF SUCH a solution evolves it
will not be because American pow-
er is arrogant, but because Amer-
ican power has been restrained,
incomplete, confused. For all the
Boy Scout's honest intentions, to
use the Fulbright image. the little
old lady may manake to cross the
street in her own good time, by
her own devious native devices.
(Reprinted from the Washington
Post)
Hero lution
THE UNIVERSAL and chief
cause of . . . revolutionary
feeling. . is the desire of
equality, when men think that
they are equal to others who
have more than themselves; or
againsthe desire of inequality
and superiority, when conceiv-
ing themselves to be superior

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