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July 13, 1966 - Image 3

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(Continued from Page 1)
This, advocates say, would rem-
edy a situation in which some
boards with a short supply of
certain classes have to dip into
other categories. Thus, one board
may have to take a married 23-
year-old to fill its quota, while
some other board has a surplus
of single men.
Hershey contends there is noth-
ing wrong with the current sys-
tem, little changed in more than
20 years.
"It's totally unfair," counters
Rep. Otis G. Pike (D-NY), a mem-
ber of the House Armed Services
In the process of selection, a
focal point is deferment policies,
particularly centering on the men
deferred to go to college, a num-
ber now totalling two million and

ever growing.
"Discrimination against the poor.
A boon for the rich. Penalizing
the lad who must work and strug-
gle part-time for knowledge."
These are some of the phrases
critics use to question the fair-
ness of educational deferment.
But Morris; Hershey and most
witnesses have backed this time
for study as a sound policy. The
military looks to the colleges to
produce 90 per cent of its new
officers through ROTC programs
or enlistment for officer candidate
And many witnesses contended
the nation's social fabric and econ-
omy must be considered. They
point to the need for scientists,
teachers, doctors.
While few people on Capitol Hill
look for drastic changes in the

draft law, there is an apparent
belief some administrative over-
haul is needed.
"My feeling is there should be
central guidelines for deferment,"
says Rep. F. Edward Hebert (D-
La), third ranking Democrat on
the House Armed Services Com-
"You've got 4000 clerks running
local boards now, each basically
deciding their own policies."
On college deferment, Hebert
feels there should be just one cri-
"If a boy is making a passing
grade, he should be deferred. But
only for undergraduate work."
The military, Morris says, wants
the younger men, the 19- and 20-
year-olds, drafted first. They're
more trainable, and they're not as
settled in careers, he says. This

would reverse the present policy
of taking first those who are near-
est their 26th birthday.
Morris based his statements on
a study of the draft ordered in
1964 by President Johnson, but
released only during the draft
hearings, months after its comple-
Morris put the Defense Depart-
ment back of Hershey's suggestion
that men over 26 who had been
deferred be taken on the same
basis as younger men in the top
priority order.
Testimony and comment by com-
mittee members in questioning
witnesses showed growing senti-
ment to put a lock on those de-
ferred a study, a sort of con-
tract that "you're deferred until
you finish college and then you're

Air Strike
Break Down
Union Leader Says
Northwest Lines
Violates Agreement
WASHINGTON (I)-Peace talks
mnthe airline strike broke off
yesterday with the union charging
that one of the airlines "has foul-
ed up the status quo."
Joseph W. Ramsey, chief nego-
tiator for the AFL-CIO Interna-
tional Association of Machinists,
accused Northwest Airlines of vio-
lating what he termed a general
understanding that both sides
would maintain the status quo
during current negotiations.
Asst. Secretary of Labor James
J. Reynolds, presiding over the
joint talks which had taken an
optimistic turn at one point yes-
terday, said he would try to re-
store relations.
"If I can do this, we will resume
negotiations at 10;30 a.m. today,"
Reynolds told newsmen.
"If I cannot, the talks will re-
main suspended."
Reynolds described the develop-
ment as a "serious impediment" in
the effort to end the five-day-old
walkout which has halted 60 per
cent of the nation's air transpor-
Ramsey walked out of the con-
ference room saying:
Foul Up
"Northwest has fouled up the
status quo at Tokyo, and we are
taking the same position the air-
lines took at San Juan."
Reynolds said this was a refer-
ence to a situation that developed
shortly before the strike began
last Friday. The airlines said un-
ion employes of Eastern Oirlines
at San Juan, Puerto Rico, had
quit work in violation of a status
quo agreement.
They refused to negotiate with
the union until the machinists re-
turned to work.
In yesterday's flareup, Ramsey
said Northwest notified its em-
ployes in Tokyo that they would
have to pay rent in advance if
they continued to occupy quarters
in a company-owned compound.
Normally their rent is deducted
from living allowances and sal-
Ramsey contended this violates
an Aug. 9 agreement that neither
side would take any discriminatory
action against the other.
Early Optimismj
Earlier during a luncheon break
Reynolds told reporters there had
been "an extermely useful ex-
change of information" as to es-
timates of the cost of the wage
and other increased benefits
sought by the union.
"A great deal of differences
were discussed but not necessarily
resolved," Reynolds said.
"There is a much better un-
derstanding on each side as to
exactly where they stand on the
cost of items."
Neither side would discuss de-
tails with newsmen.
Ramsey has said ,earlier this
week, in a prepared statement:
"The public should know that
there hasn't been five minutes of
real negotiating since this strike
"These carriers are standing pat,
protecting their profits, waiting
for the President or Congress to
help them out."
Challenges Estimates
Ramsey had challenged the es-
timates of the five airlines that
the increases would cost them $114
million over a three-year period.

He said that estimate was at least
$25 million too high.
William J. Curtin, leader of the
airline negotiating team, said it
was obvious that the union sta-
tistician had made a simple error
in computing the cost of its pro-
"We've given them our break-
down of the cost of their pro-
posal and reaffirm that it is over

-Associated Press
PRIME MINISTER INDIRA GHANDI of India arrived in Moscow yesterday with Russian Premier
Alexel Kosygin (left).
To Discuss Viet Peace Moves

MOSCOW P)-Prime Minister out with great attention and
Indira Gandhi of India arrived in pleasure."
Moscow yesterday to try to sell Their first talks were held on
her Viet Nam peace plan to Soviet the veranda of Mrs. Gandhi's resi-
leaders who have refused to buy dence overlooking the Moscow'
similar ones in the past. River and the capital.


peace talks through bomb-

Mrs. Gandhi proposed in New
Delhi last week an immediate re-
convening of the 1954 Geneva
Conference on Viet Nam, a halt
in U.S. bombing of North Viet
Nam, and a cease-fire. She said
a final settlement should be based
on withdrawal of all foreign
troops from Viet Nam and guaran-
tees of the independence of Viet
Nam, Laos and Cambodia.
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin told
Mrs. Gandhi, "We shall hear you

The meeting was brief, the So-
viet news agency Tass said, and
did not involve detailed discus-
sions of any problems. They meet
again today in the Kremlin.
Communist China has already
rejected Mrs. Ghandi's sugges-
tions, and Foreign Minister Chen
Yi said yesterday that Mrs. Gan-
dhi's efforts exposed "a big con-
spiracy" among "the U.S. im-
perialism, Soviet modern revision-
ism and the Indian reactionary to


The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Dally assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Bldg. be-
tore 2 p.m. of the day preceding
publication and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday and Sunday. General
Notices may be published a maxi-
mum of two times on request; Day
Calendar items appear once only.
Student organization notices are not
accepted for publication.
Day Calendar
Audio-Visual Education Center Film
Preview-"Germany Since Hitler: Ade-
nauer Sums Up" and "Governor": Mul-
tipurpose Room, Undergraduate Li-
brary, 1:30 p.m.
Dept. of Speech University Players
Performance-Luigi Pirandello's "Enri-
co IV": Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, 8
School of Music Concert-The Stan-
ley Quarte:: Rackham Lecture Hall, 8:30
General Notices
August 7, 1966
To be held at 2 p m. in Hill Aud.
Exercises will conclude about 4 p.m.
All graduates of the 1966 spring-sum-
mer term may attend.
Reception for graduates, their rela-
tives and friends in Michigan League
Ballroom at 4 p.m. Please enter League
at west entrance.
Tickets: Four to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon.,
July 25, to Fri., Aug. 5, at Diploma
Department, 555 Administration Bldg.,
except on Sat., July 23, when office
will be closed.
Academic Costume: May be rented
at Moe Sport Shop, 711 N. University
Ave. Orders should be placed immedi-
ately, and must be placed before July
Assembly for Graduates: At 1 p.m. In
Natural Science Aud. Marshals will di-
rect graduates to proper stations.
Programs: To be distributed at Hill
Candidates who qualify for a doctoral
degree from the Graduate School and
EXERCISES will be presented a hood
by the University at the ceremony.

July 13, Room 4024 UHS, at 3 p.m.
Chairman, C. A. Eggertsen.
Doctoral Examination for Helen M .
Morsink, Education; thesis: "A Com-
parative Study of the Leader Behavior
of Men and Women Secondary School
Principals," Wed., July 13, 4018 UHS, at
2 p.m. Chairman, L. W. Anderson.
W\ED.-TIIURS., JULY 13-1--
International Business Machines,
Dearborn, Mich.-Advisor positions to
users of IBM computer systems, sales,
stat., market. reps., systems prog. in
sptceinmtelligence, command, commu-
nications, and fields of IBM product
dev. and engineering. BA/BS/MA/MS in
Astro., Chem., aMth, Physics, Engrg.
and all scientific disciplines. Call Bu-
reau of Appointments for appointments
with interviewer today and Thursday,
Wm. S. Merrel Co., Dearborn, Mich.
-Pharmaceutical sales dealing with
physicians primarily. Degree pref., any
lib. arts or mktg. major, downriver De-
troit area, immediate need.
State of Illinois, Dept. of Mental
Health, Kanakee, -1l. - Social work
trainees and grads in Social Work.
Bkgd. for trainees in social work or
related fields, trng. given by MSW
and ACSW staff.
General Radio Co., West Concord,
Mass .-Young man with some knowl.
of electronics for personnel work in
all areas of employment. Trng. prog.
several mos.
International Institute, Flint, Mich.
-Activities Secretary responsible for
group projects for immigrant persons.
Grad trng. in social work pref. and
language skills helpful.
Dept. of Air Force, Hdqts., Aerospace
Medical Division, Texas-Full time re-
search position for person with Mas-
ters and all course work completed for
the PhD in Audiologist. Dev. & applica-
tion of procedures for measuring audi-
tory functions and detecting pathology
in AF personnel.
Devereux Foundation, Devon, Pa. -
Training Supervisor in chield care trng.
prog, for workers in residential setting
serving mentally retarded and emo-
tionally disturbed children and adol-
escents. Men or women BS, pref. MA.
aFmiliarity with institutional setting
and child care.
For further Information please call
764-7460, General Division, Bureau of
Appointments, 3200 SAB.
(D( A MIl7 ATlIC~kI

Prime Minister Harold Wilson
of Britain comes to Moscow Satur-
day, when Mrs. Gandhi will leave
for home, on a mission similar to
hers. Britain and the Soviet Union
are cochairmen of the Geneva
Conference and Britain has sought
unsuccessfully to persuade the
Soviets to join in reconvening it.
The Soviet Union has taken the
position in the past that it has
no direct power to control the Viet
Nam situation and can only act
if Hanoi asks it to. Hanoi has
shown no interest in a Geneva
conference until after U.S. troops
withdraw from South Viet Nam.
Mrs. Gandhi discussed her Viet-
namese proposals with President
Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United
Arab Republic and President Tito
of Yugoslavia en route to Moscow.
She said in Cairo that Nasser
was "in broad agreement" with
her Viet Nam views. The com-
munique issued after her talks
with Tito did not mention Viet
Mrs. Gandhi's trip to Moscow
originally was scheduled for dis-
cussion of Soviet distress over
policies she has adoptedat home
since she took over as prime min-
ister after the death of Prime
Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri in
January. But her Viet Nam pro-
posals overshadowed this purpose.
Soviet concern became obvious
in New Delhi as the Indian gov-
ernment met economic problems
with measures that included great-
er opportunities for private en-
terprise. Her father, the late Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, had
proclaimed socialism for India.
The Kremlin also was worried
by the devaluation of the Indian
rupee, as recommended by West-
ern experts, and the heavy Indian
dependence on American food. The
Soviet Union has almost nothing
to offer India for its current food
Mrs. Gandhi stopped here over-
night April 2 on her way home
from Washington talks with Presi
dent Johnson, but there was time
then for only a brief discussion
of India-Pakistan relations in the
wake of a tentative settlement be
tween the two quarreling neigh.
bors arranged by the Soviet Union
in Tashkent.
DIAL 662-6264

But there is no unanimity on
many points concerning the draft
and there is violent reaction
among some congressmen.
Rep. Robert F. Ellsworth (R-
Kan), among others, feels it should
be abolished and a voluntary force
recruited, a feeling shared by Rep.
William F. Ryan (D-NY), who
says the cost is not an insurmount-
able problem.
But the Defense Department
puts a price tag of up to $17 bil-
lion on this. Moreover Morris con-
tends the military couldn't com-
pete in a full labor market in
raising a 100 per cent voluntary
defense establishment.
With no legislative recommen-
dations being made by the De-
fense Department for changes in
the draft law, thoughts have turn-
ed to tightening procedures.
U.S. Planes
Hit, Destroy
Hanoi Dikes
Rusk Expresses
Confidence for
American Victory
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-North Viet Nam claim-
ed U.S. warplanes attacked dikes
along the Tra Li River south of
the Hanoi-Haiphong compiles yes-
terday and destroyed part of them.
Hanoi's Viet Nam News Agency
said it was the fifth attack in 10
days on the dikes. In the same
period, it added, U.S. planes
pounded water systems in other
The agency reported the North
Vietnamese army command sent
off a protest to the International
Control Commission for Viet Nam,
charging that the attacks were
aimed at "causing flood and
drought, thus jeopardizing the life
of millions of people"
The attacks on the Tra Li dikes
took place at 2:50 a.m. and 4:20
a.m., the news agency said. The
Tra Li River runs through Thai
Binh Province, the capital of
which is about 35 miles south of
Hanoi and about 50 miles south-
west of Haiphong, the main sea-
In Washington, Secretary of
State Dean Rusk declared he is
confident "the attack against
South Viet Nam can and will be
thrown back."
But he told a news conference
"we areenot over the hump yet,"
despite recent military gains.
"We haven't begun to see the
end of this thing yet because we
haven't seen yet any decision by
the other side to bring this to a
conclusion," the secretary added.
Rusk said there is no way of
knowing how the Viet Nam war
will end. It can end, he said, at
the conference table or on the
In discussing his recent two-
week trip through the Far East
Rusk focused on Viet Nam and
stressed two points:
-The editorial in the Chinese
Communist official newspaper
telling the Vietnamese Commu-
nists that they should not rely or
outside help, should not be taker
too seriously.
-The war in South Viet Nar
basically remains guerrilla war-
The Peking editorial, Rusk said
is nothing but a "restatement o
the familiar Chinese Communis
line." He added that it did no
exclude outside help for the Vie
Cong. The "go it alone" theme i
an old doctrine of Mao Tse-tung
the secretary said.
r ectl.QJn ti. modern Goout

DIAL 5-6290
A hilarious
romantic \
- p1N
01981 Wai!l "ney Productios
IlL fhcl

But Ellsworth says: "I do not
believe the present system can be
made adequate by minor adjust-
ments or tinkering."
Hershey opposes the lottery,
says it didn't work in World War
II, wouldn't work now.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass) and Rep. Lucien N. Nedzi
(D-Mich) are among those who
say it will and is the fairest way.
In the Defense Department
study, Morris said this was one of
the suggestions explored and that
it was found a "simple, effective
system-some say the best sys-
But he refused to make a rec-
ommendation that it be substituted
for the local board pools.
This points up another conflict.
Hershey says Selective Service just

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON--A retired Ar-
my lieutenant colonel formerly as-
signed to the Joint Chiefs of Staff
was arrested yesterday on charges
of conspiring to deliver to the So-
viet Union data relating to na-
tional security.
The Justice Department an-
nouncing the arrest by FBI agents
on the basis of an indictment by
a federal grand jury at Newport
News, Va., identified the former
officer as William Henry Whalen,
51, unemployed. He was arrested
in suburban Alexandria, Va.,
where he now lives.
Named as co-conspirators with
Whalen are two Russian nation-
als who were formerly assigned to
the Russian embassy in Washing-
ton, the Justice Department said.
It said they were not charged
because they are no longer in the
United States.
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
said the charges against Whalen
stem from his activity while as-
signed to the office of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff.
GENEVA - The United States
and the Soviet Union proposed a
new space law free of national
prestige and jealousy yesterday,
but quickly got into a dispute over
the war in Viet Nam and other
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J.
Goldberg and Soviet representa-
tive Platon Morozov introduced
rival draft treaties governing
man's activities in space to a 28-
nation UN legal space subcom-
Both agreed that space, the
moon and other celestial bodies
should be accessible to all, should
DIAL 8-6416
Cooled by Refrigeration

RICHMOND, Va. (P) - Virginia
Democrats voted in light-to-heavy
numbers yesterday on whether to
retain the durable Byrd organiza-
tion's traditional conservatism or
move towards a more liberal po-
litical philosophy.
It was described as Virginia's
most important primary election
in this century, and the outcome
I could chart an entirely new poli-
tical course for this Southern state.
At stake, for the first time in 55
years, are two United States Sen-
ate seats-those held by Sens. A.

produces the men, the military
determining who will be accepted.
Morris says the military is a user
of men, someone else deciding
who is picked for it to examine.
There is some merging of views,
though. The military now is tak-
ing a selected number of marginal
registrants who don't quite meas-
ure up to its mental, physical or
moral standards.
Hershey, Hebert, Sen. Jacob K.
Javits (R-NY) and others think
this manpower source should be
utilized more, as it would be in
case of an all-out war.
Educational and physical reha-
bilitation is a much discussed is-
sue. So is alternate service to mili-
tary duty, a sort of universal train-
ing including social or conserva-
tion type programs.

Byrd Organization Faces Test

There is little likelihood of any
significant change in the draft
system until the war in Viet Nam
is settled and the military man-
power situation stabilizes.
Even a reversal in the order of
induction, which the President
could order by executive decree,
won't be recommended, Morris tes-
tified. The question is academic,
he said, for at the moment be-
cause of increased manpower calls
in the military buildup, the aver-
age draft age is 20.3 years.
The portion of the current law
which grants authority to induct
does not expire until June 30, 1967
and no congressional action - if
any-is expected before then. The
President's commission, which
has not yet held its first meet-
ing, will report early next year.

Willis Robertson, 79, and Henry F.
Byrd, Jr., 51-and a key House
seat occupied by Rep. Howard W.
Smith, 83. Nominees for two oth-
er House seats also were being
An estimated half million of
Virginia's 1,360,000 registered vot-
ers cast their ballots.
Imponderables included votes
from highly urbanized areas
around Washington, D.C., and
Tidewater Virginia; those from a
growing electorate unhampered by
the poll tax; a potential Negro

by uig Prandell
by Luigi Pirandello
by Luigi Pirandello
All Performances, 8:00 P.M. in the AIR-CONDITIONED
Box Office open Wed. through Sat. 12:30-8:00

World News Roundup

not be appropriated by any-
one, and should be free of any
military activity.
But Morozov, who spoke after
the American representative, add-
ed to his statement a brief at-
tack on the United States.
C. White of the Federal Power
Commission urged the nation's
electric utilities yesterday to mar-
shal their full power resources to
minimize the possibility of wide-
spread power failures due to the
heat wave.
Acting in the wake of power
failures in the Midwest Monday,
White sent telegrams to about 500
major utilities saying he was con-
fident they were aware of the
seriousness of the situation and
were taking steps to meet all power

vote approaching a quarter mil-
lion, and the current vote-luring
ability of the Byrd organization.
The three incumbents were run-
ning under the conservative ban-
ner which Byrd, Jr.'s father, for-
mer Sen. Harry F. Byrd, Sr., put
together 45 years ago, The elder
Byrd lay critically ill in a deep
coma from a malignant brain tu-
mor and was not expected to live.
Of the three incumbents, Rob-
ertson-a 20-year Senate veteran
and an avowed conservative -
faced the most severe challenge. It
came from State Sen. William B.
Spong, Jr., 45, of Portsmouth,
in the heavily populated military
and naval complex in Tidewater
Byrd, Jr., a newspaper publisher
and apple orchardist, who describ-
ed himself as a "forward-looking
conservative," was challenged by
Alexandria attorney Armistead L.
Boothe, 58, a former colleague of
Byrd's in the state' legislature.
And Smith, from the 8th Dis-
trict, was shooting for a 19th con-
secutive term. Chairman of the
powerful House Rules Commit-
tee, he had seldom faced more
than token opposition during 36
years in the House. But the con-
servative Smith, famous for his
fights to bottle up civil rights leg-
islation, had tough opposition.
Smith's opponent was George C.
Rawlings, 44, a delegate in the
Virginia House from Fredericks-
burg. Rawlings,,a, self-avowed lib-
eral, had forced Smith onto the
campaign trail in earnest for the
first time in years.

AT 7 P.M.
Shown at
8:45 & 12:00 00 Vuniest FamilYn the


The film that was 10 years ahead
of its time is ten years old!
Humphrey Bogart

,. ';






I . .._-._._....._. i

p .



Pre en tj . .








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