SATURDAY, JULY 2,1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
-AU D Y .UL Y ', '6m 1 A| |
By The Associated Press
VIENTIANE, Laos-The flimsy
screen that covered the Laotian
scene, giving it an apparent in-
ternal political and military sta-
bility, has cracked recently.
Although on a far smaller scale,
there is some similarity with events
in neighboring South Viet Nam.
Both countries are threatened by
However Laotian generals seem
to concentrate more on strength-
ening their own personal interests
than on containing the Commu-
nist Pathet Lao.
The United States is deeply
committed; it keeps the Laotian
economy going by covering its
$30-million annual deficit and
faces the dilemna of perpetual
quarrels among the generals whom
Last month, exasperated gen-
erals of the Vientiane high com-
mand, led by Ouane Rattijoun,
Kouprasith Ahay and Oudorn San-
nanikone, demanded the removal
of Brig. Gen. Thao Ma as head
of the Laotian air force.
The generals accused Thao Ma
of becoming an independent war-
lord at the Savannakhet airbase
300 miles south of here. At their
request Premier Souvanna Phouma
issued an order transferring Thao
Ma to the Vientiane high com-
mand as head of operations.
Since he became air chief more
than three years ago, Thao Ma,
32, has been effective in helping
the war effort against the Com-
munist Viet Cong in South Viet
Nam. By Laotian standards, Thao
Ma is a topnotch fighter pilot.
The United States provided his
fledgling air force a substantial
number of T28s, fighter bombers
driven by propellers.
Best estimates are that the Lao-
tian air force has at least 50 of
these planes which are serviced-
or substituted in case of loss-at
the nearby Udorn American air-
base in Thailand.
Thao Ma personally led missions
-almost daily-in bombarding
Communist supply routes that lead
into South Viet Nam via Laos.
The Vientiane generals com-
plained that Thao Ma, confident
of American support, repeatedly
refused to execute orders of the
force command. Some field com-
manders even accused Thao Ma
of refusing to give air support to
their troops when they engaged
the Pathet Lao. In other words,
the generals charged that Thao
Ma behaved according to his whim
and not in accordance with their
Afterward it was announced in
Vientiane that Thao Ma would
remain as air force chief but
transfer his headquarters Ito this
administrative capital. This was
considered a compromise and as
well a reversal of Souvanna's order
transferring Thao Ma to the high
But Thao Ma failed to move to
Vientaine. With the support of
troops, he seized the Savannakhet
Ambassador Sullivan made an-
other trip to Savannakhet and
Western diplomats said the Ameri-
cans-anxious to avoid another in-
ternal clash among the generals-
withdrew their support of Thao
Thao Ma's future still hangs in
the balance. Diplomats fear that
the affair may have dangerous
Some say that Col. Bounleut
Sycosi, who was "exiled" to the
south of Laos because of his part
in the abortive coup of February
1965, is active in southern Laos.
The diplomats fear an open break
between the generals in command
of southern parts of Laos and the
There is also fear that next in
line on the Vientiane generals'
list is Gen. Vang Phao, who heads
the northern Meo Mountain
tribesmen guerrilla fighters. Vang
Phao enjoys American backing
and frequently is accused by the
Vientiane generals of being an-
other warlord acting indepen-
One group of deputies of the
National Assembly is dissatisfied
with economic and financial con-
trols imposed by Finance Minister
Sisouk Nachampassak. Those dep-
uties are clamoring for a return
to the days when the purses of
the Laotian treasury were in the
hands of former strong man Gen.
Phoumi Nosavan. He fled to Thai-
land after his attempted coup of
Feb. 19, this year.
Two Officials Fall
In Yugoslav Purge
Bombs Make Contact;
Light Enemy Contact
Reported on Ground
SAIGON (P)-U.S. planes at-
tacked North Viet Nam's fuel de-
pots yesterday for the third
straight day. Pilots reported all
bombs on target and the area
shrouded in heavy smoke.
Fighter-bombers from the air-
craft carrier Constellation hit
Dong Dham's fuel depot, 15 miles
northwest of the port city of Hai-
phong, where suburban oil storage
tanks were all but knocked out
on the first day of the raids. The
depot had a capacity of 14,00(1
metric tons of fuel.
The U.S. Command said an F105
Thunderjet was shot down in raids
on North Viet Nam but this was
in the Dong Hoi area far to the
south of Dong Dham. The pilot
bailed out over the sea and was
rescued. Peking radio claimed two
U.S. planes were shot down.
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky told
reporters he was pleased with the
new American campaign to knock
out oil stores used to fuel trucks
and junks carrying men and sup-
plies into the south and predicted
it might end the war by next
"I have been advocating it for
a long time," he said.
Ky, an air vice marshall, said he
hoped more raids would follow on
strategic targets. He said he was
not recommending the bombing of
populated areas but added "all
strategic areas must be attacked."
In South Viet Nam, U.S. air
cavalrymen discovered two huge
abandoned caves apparently used
by the Communists to store am-
munition and medical supplies.
One North Vietnamese soldier was
killed at the entrance to one of
the caves as the U.S. troops ap-
The cavalrymen, now in the 12th
day of Operation Nathan Hale,
had only light and sporadic con-
tact with the enemy. With 28 Com-
munists killed in the operation
Thursday night and yesterday, the
enemy death toll rose to 446.
American casualties among the
8,000 troops in the operation were
described as light.
The cavalrymen, joined by the
1st Brigade of the 101st Airborne
Division, also opened a stretch of
road between Tuy Hoa and Kus
Son for U.S. convoys. Bypasses
were constructed along four
bridges that had been blown up
by the Viet Cong.
Ground fighting flared in sev-
eral places in South Viet Nam and
B52 bombers staged two raids
against the Viet Cong.
One raid struck at a Viet Cong
headquarters and supply area 35
miles west of Quang Ngai, a north-
central coastal city. The other hit
at an enemy base camp and troops
area 58 miles northwest of Saigon
near the Cambodian border.
In other action, about 100 Viet
Cong were spotted 12 miles north-
west of the coastal city of Chu Lai.
They were attacked by U.S. strike
planes and pilots claimed 20 were
In the southernmost province of
An Xuyen, a platoon of about 30
A JAPANESE RIOT POLICEMAN hits a student participating in the anti-Viet Nam war demonstra-
tion in Tokyo yesterday.
nsield Sees ltte Cance
Of V iet Peace in NeL, ar Future
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican
Republic (P)-Joaquin Balaguer, a
59-year-old bachelor lawyer, was
sworn in as president here yes-
terday and announced plans to
deal severely with political agita-
tion and the drain of public funds.
The new president, the 71st in
122 years of troubled independ-
ence, pledged a sweeping austerity
program and other reforms aimed
at ending "social inequality."
His 90-minute inaugural speech
was punctuated by burst of ap-
plause from the pammed galleries
in the National Assembly hall.
Special delegations from more
than 40 countries, including Vice
President Hubert H. Humphrey,
and the new 100-member National
Congress witnessed the installa-
tion of the frail little lawyer who
was dressed in white tie and tails.
The scene was the National Con-
gress building in the flagbedecked
fairgrounds in the western suburbs
of Santo Domingo. A 21-gun salute
thundered from the guns of the
Dominican navy, cruising in for-
mation a short distance offshore.
Under his plan to end what he
called "administrative adventures,"
Balaguer said no public officials
would receive more than $1,000
pesos-equivalent to U.S. dollars
-monthly salary. He fived his own
salary at 750 pesos monthly, half
of what Dominican presidents had
He stressed these points:
0 U.S. aid, "indispensable to
the life of the republic," must be
reoriented toward productive pro-
grams instead of going toward
payroll assistance, which he said
was more damaging morally than
0 The recuperation of state
lands, now held by unauthorized
persons, is necessary to launch an
effective agrarian reform program.
! Political agitators, especially
those exhorting to rebellion or
violence against the government,
will be severely punished under
existing security laws.
* Strikes in government offices,
prohibited by law, will result in
the immediate dismissal of strik-
Keeping his pre-election pledge
to create a government of national
unity, Balaguer announced a 12-
member abinet embracing almost
the entire range of Dominican
politics, except left-wing extrem-
Only five of the portfolios were
given to members of his own Re-
formist party while three went to
his main opposition, the Domini-
can Revolutionary party.-
An appointment that caused a
quick stir in political circles was
the designation as secretary with-
out portfolio of Dr. Tomas Al-
cibiades Espinoza, 39, president of
the ultraconservative National
Civic Union. He led a bloodless,
abortive coup against the pro-
visional government last Novem-
BELGRADE (M)-Two of Yugo-
slavia's top'officials have been left
out in the cold in what appears
to be the season's second purge
in the communist world.
President Tito announced yes-
terday that a vice-president of
Yugoslavia, Alexander Rankovic,
has resigned from a party post,
and a former chief of the nation's
State Security Service, Svetislav
Stefanovic, has been fired.
The actions, which come while
communist China is involved in a
shakeup of its upper eschelon,
appeared to be the result of an
internal struggle for power by
members of the secret police.
President Tito broke the news
of trouble within the powerful
secret police organization at a
meeting of the 155-member Cen-
tral Committee of the League of
Yugoslav Communists. The meet-
ing was held on the Adriatic is-
land of Brioni, where Tito has a
summer palace, and was reported
by the Yugoslav news agency
Tito accused factions of the
secret police of endangering "our
Socialist development" by seeking
power over the party and by using
methods reminiscent of Stalin.
The surprising announcement of
Rankovic's resignation and the
ouster of Stefanovic, both closely
identified with the secret police,
came later in the meeting from
the head of a special commission
set up to investigate the police
Rankovic was considered one of
Yugoslavia's top three leaders-
along with Tito and Parliament's
President Edward Kardelj-and
thus was seen as a possible suc-
cessor to Tito.
Forced by Party
His resignation, evidently forced
by the party, was from his, position
"ONE OF THE YEAR'S 10 BEST!"
-N. Y. Pt -tLYDaily ews
so !and Color
as one of three secretaries of the
It was expected, however, that
he soon would step down as vice
president as well.
Tito, as general secretary of
the party, disclosed that events
leading up to yesterday's deci-
sions went back almost a decade,
and intimated they were connect-
ed in some way with resistance to
"This is a political matter and
it must be based on political
foundations," Tito told the com-
mittee. Then he added that what
was involved was "a factional
group struggle, a struggle for
power," which he said was "a
danger for the League of Com-
munists and its unity."
The reasons for this shakeup
were not immediately clear, but
it seemed likely it was connected
with a quarrel at high levels over
economic reform policies. Rankovic
is known as a dogmatic resister of
certain reforms being pushed by
a more liberal element of the
WASHINGTON (M - Senate
Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield,
said yesterday he sees less likeli-
hood of Viet Nam peace talks now
than in January when he warned
the conflict was escalating toward
a general Asian war.
But Mansfield said he sees some
hope in Thursday's Soviet-French
statement on Viet Nam, "If they
mean what they say"
The Montanan referred, in an
interview, to the declaration of
principle signed by French Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle and Soviet
President Nikolai V. Podgorny at
the end of De Gaulle's Soviet visit.
The declaration stated this view
on Viet Nam:
"The only possible way out of
this situation is a settlement on
the basis of the Geneva agree-
ments of 1954 precluding any for-
eign interference in Viet Nam."
Mansfield said it is "a most
general statement" but that "it
could be a very optimistic sign if
they mean what they say" and
"will join the United Kingdom in.
reconvening the Geneva confer-
The United States, he said would
be willing to join in such a con-
ference" and take it from there."
The Soviet Union has so far
rebuffed efforts by Great Britain,
its co-chairman of the Geneva;
conference, to get Moscow to join
in calling for a reconvening of
But Mansfield said "the easiest'
way to bring about the withdrawal'
of all these foreign troops would
be for these two powers to call
a reconvening of the conference"
to work out some enforceable?
This, Mansfield said, would also#
include the withdrawal of North
Vietnamese troops who "have
penetrated South Viet Nam to help
the Viet Cong."
But if there is no action as a;
result of the French-Soviet decla-
ration, "if the words remain by
themselves as they so often have
in the anste then mean nothing."
Mansfield said the decision to Communist China's papers yes-
bomb North Vietnamese fuel in- terday assailed the U.S. bombing
stallations adds to the difficulties of oil depots in North Viet Nam
stgettionsthedds to thefcotnsas the work of "immoral U.S.
of getting the war to the con- bandits" that caused a serious
ference table. escalation of the war in Viet Nam.
GRAND OPENING Tues., July 5th
He said President Johnson's pol-
icy is to "hold out the olive branch
and the spear at the same time."
But he said he definitely does
not think there is public pressure
on the President to step up the
tempo of the war.
The Liberation army daily, quot-
ed by Peking's official New China
News Agency, said:
"The immoral U.S. bandits, after
bombing North Viet Nam for near-
ly two years, on June 29 began
repeated and massive air raids
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"I think there is a great deal of against Hanoi and Haiphong. This
uneasiness and frustration in the is a new monstrous crime of U.S.
minds of the majority of the Imperialism against the Viet-
American people," he said, "just as namese people and the people of
there is in the President's." the whole world."
HIS BIGGEST I
World News Roundup
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. - A
United States Explorer satellite
sped into space yesterday but the
space agency reported several
.hours later that it was traveling
too fast to become a satellite of
the moon. They said the second
stage of the Delta booster rock-
et had burned "hotter" than was
planned and shoved the payload
into space at too great a speed.
* * *
TOKYO-North Viet Nam has
asked the International Control
Commission on Viet Nam to in-
vestigate the U.S. "piratical air
attacks" on fuel depots in the
outskirts of Hanoi and Haiphong,
the Viet Nam News Agency said
The agency said the request was
made in a protest message sent to
the commission by Col. Ha Van
Lau, chief of the liaison mission
of the Viet Nam army high com-
"On orders of the high com-
mand, I strongly protest and de-
nounced these criminal acts of es-
calation by the U.S. government,
and request the commission to
give its conclusions on the serious
U.S. violations," the message said.
T r hCnrar m pm Mini e.pi' TMfr-
wingers of his ruling Labor party
who demanded a total break with
President Johnson's policy in Viet
Nam. Wilson has gone along gen-
erally with Johnson's Viet Nam
policy but disapproved the Hanoi-
Haiphong area bombings this
Instead of agreeing to the left-
ists' demand that he set up debate
immediately in the House of Com-
mons, Wilson ignored them and
left for a country weekend. He
had let it be known he was plan-
ning a strong new bid for peace
in Viet Nam.
This would probably take the
form of another appeal to Soviet
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin to re-
convene the Geneva conference on
Indochina-the formerly French-
ruled Southeast Asian region now
divided into Cambodia, Laos and
North and South Viet Nam.
PARIS-France quietly divorced
itself yesterday from the military
side of the 17-year-old North At-
lantic Treaty Organization.
President Charles de Gaulle
has given the allies until next
April 1 to complete the second
stage-removal of all allied head-
quarters and foreign bases from
French soil. The NATO council
already has decided to move Su-
preme Headquarters, Allied Pow-
ers, Europe-SHAPE-to Belgium.
* * *
GUATEMALA-Marking an end
to a three-year military regime,
Julia Cesar Mendez Montenegro
assumed the presidency of Guate-
mala yesterday and held out an
olive branch to leftist guerilla fac-
But he warned he would get
tough if the rebel movements
sought to take advantage of the
nation's new civilian government.
S wn 22
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