TUESDAY, JUNE 14,1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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RIGHT TO BE SILENT:
Court Sets Rules for
Romney Calls for
Stepping Up of War
Buddhists Resume Protests
WASHINGTON (tP)-The Su-
preme Court laid down yesterday
a strict set of guidelines for police
investigations, including a rule
that if a suspect "is alone and
indicates in any manner that he
does not wish to be interrogated,
the police may not question him."
Before questioning begins, the
prisoner must be told of his right
to remain silent and to have a
lawyer at his side, Chief Justice
Earl Warren said for a 5-4 court.
Also, Warren said, the suspect
need not request a lawyer in order
to have one. And if he cannot
afford one, counsel must be pro-
vided "prior to any interrogation."
If these "procedural safeguards"
are not taken before police ques-
tioning, the chief justice declared,
confessions or other incriminating'
statements made by the suspect
cannot be used at trial.
"The current practice of in-
communicado interrogation is at
odds with one of our nation's most
cherished principles-that the in-
dividual may not be compelled to
incriminate himself," the chief
justice wrote in a ruling that is
of historic importance.
The cases involved in the deci-
sion were a California holdup
slaying, robbery cases from Cali-
fornia and New York and a kid-
nap-rape in Arizona.
In the California slaying the
high court upheld the California
Supreme Court's reversal of a
conviction and in the other three
Talks Begin on Future of
Frencb Troops in Germany
it reversed convictions returned
in lower courts.
All of the cases involved con-
fessions but in none of them,
Warren wrote, "did the officers
undertake to afford appropriate
safeguards at the outset of the
interrogation to insure that the
statements were truly the product
of free choice."
Law enforcement officials wil-
ling to comment on the ruling said
it would make little or no differ-
ence in procedures already fol-
The majority view was lashed
immediately from the bench in a
written opinion by Justice John
M. Harlan. His face visibly flushed,
Harlan accused the majority of
"a hazardous experiment at a
time when the crime rate in this
country is a problem of growing
In his dissent, Harlan said "the
court is taking a real risk with
society's welfare in imposing its
new regime on the country."
Justice Hugo L. Black, William
0. Douglas, William J. Brennan Jr.
and Abe Fortas lined up with
Warren. Justice Potter Stewart
joined Harlan and White, and
Justice Tom C. Clark wrote a
separate opinion, disagreeing with
most of what the court did.
In another significant ruling the
justices upheld 7-2 the constitu-
tionality of a provision of the 1965
federal voting rights law designed
to permit Puerto Ricans to vote
on the basis of literacy in Spanish.
DETROIT (A) - Gov. George
Romney is increasing his attacks
on the administration's Viet Nam
policy by calling for stepped up
bombings while declaring a review
of United States objectives is
The Republican governor re-
fuses to discuss his 1968 presiden-
tial prospects but is increasingly
diverging from President Johnson
on the foreign policy issue upper-
most in most Americans' minds.
In a panel interview Sunday,
Romney said getting into a land
war in Asia was a mistake but
that now, other elements of the
war should be stepped up "if the
objective is to win."
He appeared on CBS television's
"Face The Nation."
In early 1965, Romney generally
endorsed the administration de-
cision to bomb in North Viet Nam.
Now, he says, this bombing
should include petroleum concen-
trations in Haiphong because "it's
silly to bomb petroleum trucks
when we know 65 per cent of the
fuel is concentrated in Haiphong."
At the same time, however, the
governor declared it is a mistake
to be in South Viet Nam if the
object is to contain China rather
than only protect the people of
South Viet Nam.
"We really need to make up our
minds as to what our objectives
are," said the governor. He ob-
served, however. "Now we can't
withdraw without a loss of honor
and other consequences."
He did not say how a with-
drawal should be handled if a new
South Vietnamese government re-
jects U.S. military help.
Romney said the present land
war leaves the initiative with the
enemy and "ties our hands.
"We made a mistake in going
in there by land. We are in a
conflict over which we have no
control of the magnitude."
The first land commitments, he
said, brought on the risk of war
with Red China and that risk
would not be significantly in-
creased by heavier bombing of
supply routes and storage facili-
Romney continually has said
that protection of the people of
South Viet Nam is the sole justi-
fication for the war, but Sunday's
comments were his strongest yet
about the land war.
The governor offers something
for both the hawks and doves:
--For those who would expand
the war, his call for more bombing
provided the U.S. ob is to win.
--For the doves, his declaration
that containment of Red China is
no reason for a land war in South
SAIGON (-)-A demonstration
led by long-robed Buddhist monks
and nuns, back on the streets
after two weeks of relative quiet,
collapsed yesterday in the face of
the tough tactics of tear-gas hurl-
ing riot police and lack of sup-
port from their colleagues.
The ease with which the police
contained and scattered the dem-
onstrators, who numbered only
about 500; seemed to underscore
the spreading uncertainty and dis-
sension in Buddhist ranks.
In another development, South
Vietnamese military leaders met
in the northern city of Da Nang
to discuss what to do about' the
hundreds of Buddhist family al-
tars that have been placed in
highways to impede traffic be-
tween Da Nang and Hue, 50 miles
away, and in Hue as a protest
against the government and Amer-
ican support for it.
The government of Premier
Nguyen Cao Ky pushed ahead
with reforms it had agreed to ear-
lier undei Buddhist pressures, in-
cluding election of a Constituent
Assembly and appointment of a
military-civilian advisory council.
In the war, U.S. paratroops'
swept across jungled ridges in the
central highlands near Kontum in
search of an elusive North Viet-
namese regiment that apparently
withdrew toward the Laotion bor-
der before their positions were
pounded by racks of bombs from
Guan-based B-52's early in the
Heavy fighting broke out in the
area last Tuesday and tapered off
at the weekend.
The soldiers, elements of the
101st "Screaming Eagles" Air-
borne Division, found the bodies
of only 37 Communist soldiers.
Two American planes were lost
over North Viet Nam yesterday
and their four crewmen were list-
ed as missing. This raised to 262
the number of U.S. planes down-
ed over the Communist north.
The abortive demonstration in
Saigon went against a pledge by
the Buddhists last week that they
would oppose the government of
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky with
"peaceful noncooperation" rather
than street disorders. Some monks
and nuns were known to have op-
posed that decision.
While the demonstrators were
fleeing the tear gas, a statement
from Saigon's Buddhist Institute
reaffirmed the policy of "peaceful
The demonstration was one of
several signs of a rift that ap-
peared to be deepening within the
In the face of the government's
firmness against Buddhist de-
mands, the Buddhists' radical
wing seemed at a loss for tactics.
There appeared to be no uniform
policy or coordination among Bud-
dhist' leaders, who put out fre-
quently contradictory statements.
Altars in Streets
In Hue, Buddhists guarded the
small, table-top altars cluttering
the streets. Soldiers rejected di-
rect orders to remove them.
Thich Tri Quang, one of the
leaders in the Buddhist campaign
against the Ky government and
American support for Ky, had or-
dered the altars placed in the
streets as a passive protest.
But in Saigon, Thich Tam Chau,
head of the Buddhist Institute,
appealed to his followers not to
place family altars in the streets.
World News Roundup
BONN, Germany VP) - France
opened talks yesterday on the
status of its troops in West Ger-
many after the French sever ties
' with the integrated military com-
mand of the North Atlantic Trea-
ty Alliance July 1.
A Bonn government source said
France indicated it wanted to re-
call its nuclear-armed air force
squadrons, but official sources in
Paris denied this. These sources
said the French intended to trans-
fer about 15 of the 70 modern
jets from German to French bases.
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard re-
peatedly has said he wants French
army and air force units to re-
main in West Germany after
Frace's withdrawal from the NA-.
TO defense command. France has
said it is willing to negotiate on
"The French want out of any-
thing that would automatically en-
gage them in case of war," a high-
ly placed German official said.
"It's a sorry affair."
Before the Paris denial on the
plane pull-out, chief government
spokesman Karl Guenther von
Hase told a news conference "in-
dications" had been received here
that the French would remove
their two tactical air squadrons
from West Germany.
According to reliable inform-
ants the French broke the news to
the Germans yesterday, as talks
to determine the future status and
role of the French armed forces
in this country opened at the for-
"We suspected something like
this, but today was the first time
it was spelled out," the inform-
ants told a correspondent.
The French squadrons are
equipped with supersonic Mirage
jets. They are based at Lahr and
Freiburg, in the upper Rhine Val-
ley, between the Black Forest and
the French-German border.
Some, if not all, of the Jets can
carry nuclear bombs to targets
380 miles from their bases. This
puts parts of Communist East
Germany and Czechoslovakia
within their range. Until July 1
both squadrons are part of the
defense setup of NATO, which has
assigned them tactical strike mis-
According to some reports the
French argue that once they shun
NATO they will no longer be able
to avail themselves of the alli-
ance's vast air traffic and warn-
ing system. This precludes any
stationing beyond the borders of
France, they say.
Once they leave the military
command of the alliance, the two
squadrons will no longer have
access to U.S. nuclear hardware.
Under current NATO arrange-
ments the Mirage jets can be
armed with such weapons if
Washington agrees. France is
making its own nuclear weapons.
Moscow Seeks To Heal
Splits in Warsaw Pact
MOSCOW 9) - Soviet leaders
are meeting secretly with at least
three foreign ministers from East-
ern Europe in a possible attempt
to head off a potential split in
their Warsaw Pact military alli-
ance, Communist sources indi-
The huddle was reported as
Western sources in Romania said
Red China's Premier Chou En-
lai is expected to arrive in Buch-
arest Thursday for talks on the
Moscow-Peking ideological feud.
Romania has been critical of as-
pects of the Warsaw Pact. It has
adopted a neutral role toward
the Soviet-Chinese dispute.
ODLY OFFICIA L BULLTEINAUL
. . 9.............................s e~isms
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin
and Hungarian Communist party
chief Janos Kadar were also on
the move in a flurry of activity
in and on the fringes of the
Communist world. Kosygin arrived
in Finland for talks that may in-
clude Viet Nam. Kadar was on a
visit to East Berlin.
Reports of the secret parley in
Moscow could not be confirmed.
The sources said at least three
foreign ministers had remained in
Moscow after last week's meeting
of the Warsaw Pact members end-
ed Wednesday. They then held bi-
lateral talks with the Soviets, the
The sources said the foreign
ministers of Romania, East Ger-
many and Hungary had remained.
There were also reports that a
Polish deputy foreign minister
had stayed in Moscow.
The other two active members
of the Warsaw Pact, the mili-
tary defense pact of Communist
Eastern Europe, are Bulgaria and
The sources said the differ-
ences had put Romania on one
side and East Germany and Hun-
gary on the other.
USE OF THIS COLUMN FOR AN-
NOUNCEMENTS is available to official-
ly recognized and registered student or-
ganizations only. Forms are available in
Room 1011 SAB.
* * *
Michigan Christian Fellowship, Lec-
ture-discussion (informal), Tues., June
14, 7:30 p.m., 3RD, Union.
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO -- Officials moved
swiftly yesterday against any re-
sumption of violence in a suppos-
edly "tension-free" Puerto Rican
neighborhood where police clash-
ed repeatedly Sunday with a mob
of more than 1000.
Sixteen persons were injured in
the Sunday melee, including a po-
liceman and two civilians wound-
ed by pistol shots. Three police
cars were set on fire and more
than 200 windows were shattered
by bricks or bottles.
Forty-eight persons were arrest-
ed on various charges.
* * * ,
- GRENADA, Miss. -- Covering
their heads with newspapers,
scarves and handkerchiefs, a small
contingent of civil rights march-
ers trudged down U.S. 51 in light
rain yesterday while the main
body returned to shelter. A few
tigators are looking into the re-
ported distribution of United Na-
tions refugee rations to Arabs un-
dergoing military training for a
projected assault on Israel.
A two-man team has just re-
turned from the Middle East after
a fact-finding mission for the Sen-
ate subcommittee on refugee af.;
Their trip covered a wide range
of refugee questions, including the
possible use of relief, largely sup-
plied by the United States, for
men involved in Arab military
programs. The funds are earmark-
ed for Arab refugees.
* * 4
NEW YORK-Some 600 writers
from 50 nations, but not includ-
ing the Soviet Union, gathered
yesterday for the opening of the
International P.E.N. Congress, the
first held in this country in 42
International P.E.N. is a world-
wide organization of poets, play-
wrights, essayists, editors and
SANTO DOMINGO-Juan Bosch
finally conceded defeat yesterday
in the June 1 Dominican presi-
dential election. He said he was
beaten by fraud and coercion.
The former president and leftist
leader said his Dominican Revo-
lutionary party would not join
either a coalition or a national
unity regime with the government
of President-elect Joaquin Bala-
DALLAS-A jury needed only
10 minutes yesterday to find Jack
Ruby legally sane.
Ruby, silent and apparently
disinterested through most of the
sanity trial, took the witness stand
shortly before the jury retired to
"Never at any time have I tried
to make anyone believe that I was
of unsound mind. I never tried
to camouflage my mental capaci-
THE GOLDEN FALCON
314 S. Fourth Avenue
Sand Late Snacks
Featuring the ANNE DAYE TRIO from the
Golden Falcon Lounge in Pompano Beach, Fla., 4
for your listening and dancing pleasure.
Sound Pickulp Professionals
LOU IS BURROUGHS, VP of Electro-Voice,
will conduct a SEMINAR at 3 P.M.
Wed., June 16, Rm. C, North Campus Commons
Sponsored by Electro-Voice & Wedemyer Electronics
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
tal responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Bldg. be-
fore 2 p.m. of the day preceding
publication and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday andSunday. General
Notices may be published a maxi-
mum of two times on request; Day
Calendar items appear once only.
Student organization notices are not
accepted for publication.
TUESDAY, JUNE 14
Bureau of Industrial Relations Work-
shop-"Basic Employment Interview-
ing": Michigan Union, 8:30 a.m.
The following are the foreign visi-
tors programmed through the Interna-
tional Center who will be on campus
this week on the dates indicated. Pro-
gram arrangements are being made by
Mrs. Cl4ff4rd R. Miller. International
Mayor (Dr.) E. Kotso Nathaniels,
, mayor of Lome, Togo, Africa, June 11-
Fazel Nur, graduate in English of
Kabul University, Afghanistan, June 13-
Mr. and Mrs. Marjan Dolenc. Mr. Do-
lenc is economist, Institute for Eco-
nomic Research, Ljubljana, and Mrs.
Dolenc is a physical therapist, Com-
munal JPolyclinic of Ljubljana, Yugo-
slavia, June 15-17.
Yasuo Ne, Fulbright scholar from
Japan, June 16-18.
Paul J. G. Kapteyn, professor of
law of international organizations at
the University of Utrecht, The Nether-
lands, June 18-20.
Rong-yaw Lin, senior specialist, Min-
istry of Justice,JTaipei. Taiwan, Re-
public of China, June 19-26,
Mr. and Mrs. Odinge Odera. Mr.
Odera, editor, East Africa Journal,
East Africa Institute of Social and
Cultural Affairs, Kenya, Africa, and
Mrs. Odera, certified nurse, social wel-
fare nurse for Kisumu Municipality,
Kenya, Africa, June 20-July 22.
Federal Service Entrance Examination
-Due to the large number of posi-
tions still open in the Ill., Ind., Ken-
tucky, Mich., Ohio, and Wis. area the
FSEE will remain open for applications
until Aug. 31, 1966. Opportunities cover
wide range of fields. Use application
found at the Bureau of Appointments
or on back page of the FSEE announce-
ment. Send it to U.S. Civil Service
Commission, Main Post Office Bldg.,
Chicago, Ill., 60607. Test dates for all
cities in this area will be determined
after sufficient applications are re-
ceived. Applicants will be notified of
time and place of exams.
Rose Distributors, Battle Creek, Mich,
-Desire sales and sales management
people for part time and full time
positions. Nationally advertised home
and personal care cleaning products,
train and work with other distribu-
tors. Men or women any age, no exper.
Automobile Club of Michigan, De-
troit, Mich.-Accountant-Bus. Ad. BA.
Two Systems Analysts-degree, trng.
Systems and Pr-'cedures or Data Proc-
essing. Internal Auditor-min. 2 yrs.
college in Bus. Ad. Casualty Under-
writer-min. 2 yrs. Bus. Ad. Field Rep.
-2 yrs. college. Prefer military obliga-
tion fulfilled, 22-30 men.
Campbell Soup Co., Camden, N.J. -
Opportunities for Chemists, Internal
Auditor, EDP Programmer Analyst, En-
gineers--ME or ChE. Varying degree
requirements and levels of experience.
Ford Motor Co., Detroit, Mich.-Au-
tomotive service instructors and rep-
resentatives, BS in ME of Automotive
tech. desirned, not mandatory. Sales
and Marketing Specialists, grads will
rotate in several positions leading to
For further information
764-7460, General Division,
Appointments, 3200 SAB.
SUMMER PLACEMENT SERVICE:
Harrah's, Reno and Lake Tahoe, Nev.
-21 or over, few 18 year olds. Open-
ings in food dept., bar dept., gaming
* * *
Details at Summer Placement Service,
212 SAB, Lower Level.
PART TIME HELP WANTED:
Male and Female Registration Assist-
ants--To assist with summer registra-
tion, June 27 and 28. $1.25 per hour.(
Contact Office of Registration, 3007 Ad-
"WAR OF THE BUTTONS"
STA RTING SUNDAY
IAN ALOONA 000!Ile
INTIRNAflONAL , uux1 iv+e t
One of the greatestworksin the dramatic literature ofwestern civilization,THEORESTEIA
gave tragedy its vocabulary of values. A chilling trilogy of plays of mounting hor-
ror and fascination, it introduces the theatre's greatest tragic heroine-Clytemnestra,
TRANSLATED BY RICHMOND LATIMORE
ALEXIS SOLOMOS ArtisticDirector R
Aristophanes' timeless comic masterpiece Is a delightful, satiric romp through man-
nered Athens. THE BIRDS' extravagant plot and circumstance, outrageous clowning~
and spectacular fantasy make contemporary comment in side-splitting style.
TRANSLATED BY WILLIAM ARROWSMITH
ICHARD KIRSCHNER Executive Director
S JOHN MICHAEL KING JACK FLETCHER
Shows at 1:20-3:50-6:25 & 9
vittonio easmran IAnode stroyberg/Gerard Blain! Ninao astelnuovof Gino tili
"ONE OF THE SLICKEST, FUNNIEST, BEST-ACTED
WESTERN COMEDIES TO COME DOWN THE TRAIL
THIS YEAR!" -Detroit News
LLOYD HARRIS FREDERIC WARRINER DINA PAISNER KAREN LUDWIG RUTH VOLNER
Scenery arid Festival Stage Designed by ELDON ELDER Lighting by GILBERT V. HEMSLEY, JR. Costumes for The Oresteia by MR. SOLOMOS
Costumes for The Birds by MR. ELDER choreography for The Oresteia by HELEN MCGEHEE Choreography for The Birds by GEMZE DE LAPPE
Music for The Oresteia by IANNIS XENAKIS Music for The Birds by HERMAN CHESSID
Entire Production conceived and Directed by ALEXIS SOLOMOS
.... ..-. ..
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