FR/SAY, JUNE 3, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1966 I ~'1
Till MICHIGAN BATtY WI A F!V 3't1t2
Smooth, Flat Surface
Solid Enough for
Soft Landings Shown
By The Associated Press
A tiny space voyager gave the
United States lunar exploration
program a huge boost yesterday
when, against all odds, Surveyor 1
landed softly on the moon and
sent a stream of striking pictures
back to earth.
Overjoyed scientists made these
projections, among others:
Surveyor 1 tends to confirm the
photographic findings of U.S.
Ranger, and Soviet Luna 9 that
the moon surface is smooth and
flat enough to permit manned
spacecraft to touch down safely
-yet firm enough to sustain their
The feat put the Surveyor pro-
gram ahead by one year.
The landing system of the forth-
coming manned Apollo vehicle ap-
pears to be correctly designed.
Scientific Masterpiece The foot of Surveyor I
Experts here and abroad hailed The pictures it has been
the Surveyor experiment as a for spacecraft landings.
great informational achievement
as well as a scientific masterpiece.
Examination of the first 144 pic- COR E PRO IJ
tures showed the 620-pound craft
in good shape on a broad, rela-
tively smooth plain after its his- -
toric 63-hour, 250,000-mile journey
from the earth.
Cautious U.S. officials decline to
predict whether Surveyor gave
America a lead in the man-to-the- feat
race. They noted, however, that
the Surveyor landinx system was
111otos; South Vietnamese Request
W ~ t~ lt000"
UIN Officials for Elections
To Orbit for
Astronauts Get 'All
Clear' Signal After
Gremlin Is Removed
CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (YP-
America's Gemini 9 crew-their
spirits lifted by new evidence that
the moon is a safe place for them
and other astronauts to land-
received an optimistic "all clear"
yesterday to blast off today and
begin three action-packed days in
Technicians removed an elec-
trical gremlin which Wednesday
grounded Air Force Lt. Col.
Thomas P. Stafford and 'Navy
Lt. Cmdr. Eugene A. Cernan and
expressed confidence the problem
would not reoccur today.
Stafford and Cernan, veterans
of two elevator rides from Gemini
9 back to the ground, are "intent
and ready" to rocket skyward at
9:39 a.m. today, the National
Aeronautics and Space Adminis-
tration said. Their goal is to ren-
dezvous with an already orbiting
target satellite and accomplish
a 212-hour space walk by Cernan.
Even the weatherman was op-
UNITED NATIONS P) - South Emerging from a conference lems of Viet Nam be dealt with
Viet Nam asked the United Na- with the President, he said: "The by the Geneva conference. The
tions yesterday to send observ- United States government sup- conference in 1954 settled the con-
ers for the election Sept, 11 of ports this wholeheartedly and in flict between the French and the
an assembly, the first step to- full measure." forces of Ho Chi Minh, president
ward restoration of civilian rule. Goldberg said the South Viet- of Communist North'Viet Nam.
President Johnson endorsed the namese government by its request Thant told reporters May 5 on
request. It runs the risk of a So- had shown an earnest desire to returning from Europe that the
viet veto. have fair, honest and representa- question of supervising the South
Ambassador Nguyen Duy Lien, tive elections. Vietnamese election was unreal-
South Vietnamese UN observer, No Reaction istic because the "Soviet Union
made the request to Secretary- A UN spokesman reported no and many other powers would not
General U Thant, who has been immediate reaction from Thant, agree to the United Nations en-
cool to suggestions that the Unit- and the secretary-general is ex- tering the situation."
ed Nations supervise or observe i pected to leave the request with Request Observers
elections in South Viet Nam. the Security Council. There it A UN spokesman pointed out
In Washington, Johnson quick- would run up against the threat that Thant made his comments
ly joined fully in the proposal, of a Soviet veto. before South Viet Nam asked for
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold- The Soviet Union and France UN observers. He suggested the
berg announced. have been insisting that the prob- request created a new situation.
In Saigon, the South Vietnamese
* electoral committee is working on
e t Soldiers Restore plans for the election of an as-
VSe sembly of about 150 members.
t That would be roughly one rep-
er in Rebellio s C tyative for each 100,000 per-
Cambodians and Chinese are to be
SAIGON (P)-Premier Nguyen evidently retained full freedom of I dTentative Conclusions
Cao Ky extended his military grip movement. Committee officials said yester-
yesterday to rebellious Hue, the Buddhist Telegram day they have reached a number
holdout Buddhist stronghold 400 A dispatch from that city said of tentative conclusions which will
miles north of Saigon. It was a the monk announced that Bud- be submitted to Premier Nguyen
swift followup to his political com- dhists charged in a telegram to Cao Ky's government next week.
promise with the capital's Bud-
About 1,200 troops of the 1st
Vietnamese Division marched into
Hue without resistance under of-
ficers ordered to bring the city
back under the government's con-
trol. They mounted guard at the
Buddhist-run Hue radio, mouth-
piece of the militant Thich Tri
Quang, the U.S. military com-
pound and various other strategic
centers. Tanks rumbled through
Backing the power play in con-
ference with the officers was Lt.
Gen. Nguyen Chanh Thi, a former
President Johnson that a grenade
attack on Thick Thien Minh in
Saigon on Wednesday was organ-
ized by the government "with
material and spiritual support of
the U.S. President."
Government sources said armed
Buddhist groups were seen in an
old section of Hue, across the Per-
The committee's three subcom-
mittees continue to meet in an
effort to iron out what are de-
scribed as "disagreements and di-
One issue still to be resolved is
the role of the assembly. It will
be up to the government to decide
whether the assembly will have
legislative tasks in addition to its
caused a depression on the moon's surface when it soft landed Wednesday.
transmitting reveal the lunar surface to be smooth, yet firm, and suitable
ence on Civi Rights
s Viet Nam Resolution
WASHINGTON 01) - An effort was warmly received Wednesday,
much more sophisticated than
th o Luna9, sthat then to make the Viet Nam war a racial night in an unscheduled appear-1
that of Luna 9, and also that the Isu izedysedyatteac.
United States has wrested all issue fizzled yesterday at the ance.
Unindsaces recors fromthe aWhite House conference on civil While the President made no
Russ-n-space records from the rights. mention of the Viet Nam issue, his
Russians. Delegates voting in 12 separate civil rights address and its recep-
7th Launching discussion groups firmly rejected a tion were seen as having reduced,
If the Gemini 9 flight goes as resolution by the Congress of Ra- the possibility of any action that
scheduled from Cape Kennedy to- cial Equality (CORE) that "the could be interpreted as critical of
day, it will be the seventh two- United States cease its involve- the White House.
man crew to dart into space in 15 ment in Viet Nam" and make ra- One conference panel, after de-
months. The Russians have not cial equality its top priority item feating CORE National Director
launched a man in that period. instead. Floyd McKissick's Viet Nam reso-
.c o sThe 2000 or more conferees en- lution, unanimously passed anoth-
Space agency officials said the dorsed, instead, resolutions call- er one urging Johnson to "contin-
next Soviet cosmonaut shot should ing for stricter enforcement of ue and intensify his efforts to
provide clues on Soviet capabilities the legal cutoff of federal funds bring the war in Viet Nam to an
and intentions. Until then, they to speed desegregation, congres- early and honorable end so that
don't want to forecast who will sional standards to improve po-
land on the moon first. lice training and relations with
The camera was shut down at citizens of the "ghetto," home Pennsylv ia",
7:20 a.m.aerhefst44i-ruefrteDsrt fCuma.
tures because the earth's, rotation greater participation by minority
blocked signals from Goldstone groups in federal programs, and W ill Ind Poli
tracking station on the Mojave similar goals.
Desert. Stations at Canberra, Ma- And they voiced nearly total
drid and Johannesburg took over support of the original blueprint HARRISBURG, P. (T-Gov.
monitoring operational transmis- of the extraordinary conference, William W. Scranton said yester-
sions. a 100-page document recommend-
Picture transmissions were to ing a multibillion-dollar program day he was not going to run for
reueabot1m.sins wr to bring the Negro into full equal- president in 1968 or at any other
resume about 11 p.m. ity in housing, employment, edu- time, and never again would run
Surveyor landed at 2:17:37 a.m., cation and the administration of for any public office.
exactly on schedule. Its position, justice. "This is irrevocable," he said in
within a few feet of target, was The conferees' reaction to a surprise announcement at a
almost vertical, and there was no CORE's controversial proposal was news conference he had scheduled
evidence of any damage. taken as a significant tribute to to discuss his recent four-day trip
Program Advanced President Johnson. The chief ex- to South Viet Nam.
R. R. Garbarini, of the Na- ecutive, who originally had sum- Commenting on Scranton's an-
tional Aeronautics and Space Ad- moned the conference a year ago, nouncement, Gov. George Romney
ministration, told a morning news
"This in my opinion puts the orld #eutvs Roundup
Surveyor program ahead a year.
We thought it would take three
or four flights to get the craft
operational. This means future fly T'e Associated Press that the group was a front for the
Surveyors should provide more in- WASHINGTON - Senate Re- CIA.
formation about more sites than publican Leader Everett M. Dirk- "This charge has been carefully
originally planned. It also means sen of Illinois lashed the anti- explored," ,sasymincen l
the Appollo manned spacecraft poverty program yesterday as dis- explored, said Symmgton.
landing system, similar to Sur- astrous and called on President "The facts are that Comman-
veyor's, has been proved out." Johnson to begin a thorough re- does L have received no support
The project scientist, Dr. Leon- appraisal immediately. or guidance whatever from the
ard Jaffe, said of the pictures: House Republican Leader Ger- CIA, and is in no way a front for
"They show a surface generally ald R. Ford Jr. of Michigan joined the agency.
level, as expected, with objects in the condemnation, but the ad-
that appear to be rocks and ministration's poverty chief, Sar- LEOPOLDVILLE, the Congo -
boulders, or fragments, from close gent Shriver, fired back that the Former Premier Evariste Kimba
to.the spacecraft for as far as the criticism was politically motivated and three ex-Cabinet ministers
eye can see, apparently to the and is largely groundless. walked unflateringly to the gal-
horizon. Some appear to be a foot * * lows in Leopoldville's main square
across. Some are much less than WASHINGTON - A member of yesterday and were hanged on a
an inch. There are craters, one the Senate CIA-watchdog panel, charge of plotting to kill President
10 feet across, about 25 or 30 Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo), Joseph Mobotu.
feet from the spacecraft." defended the intelligence agency The government had declared a
Jaffe said a photo showing a yesterday against Cuban charges holiday for the executions, and
shadow around one of Surveyor's it tried to slip exiled commandos more than 100,000 jammed the
three padded feet indicated that into Cuba to assassinate Prime square and watched silently.
impact caused a slight depression, Minister Fidel Castro.
a few inches deep and about the The Cubans said they intercep- I g
same as would be expected of a ted Sunday night a group of exiles
landing on sandy soil on earth. called Commandoes L and charged fi
more federal funds and federal
leadership can be focused to ful-
fill these civil rights today."
The leadership conference on
civil rights met with labor and
religious leaders and then an-1
nounced plans for a massive lob-
bying effort for the proposed 1966
civil rights bill.
The lobbying drive was an-
nounced by Roy E. Wilkins, exec-
utive secretary of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, who said dele-
gations of voters would be brought
to Washington from the states
"to lobby in person with their
timistic. He predicted "satisfac- overlord of the north and a po-
tory" conditions at launch time tential political rival of Ky, whose
jtoday, with warm temperatures dismissal March 10 as commander1
and partly cloudy skies. mof the 1st Corps area sparked thes
Flight officials still aren't sure "I am representing the premier,"I
whether a 90-inch, 300-pound pro- Thi said.
tective shroud separated from the Truce Reached
astronaut's stubby target satellite He and Ky reached a truce in a
after it achieved orbit Wednesday. a meeting under American auspices
The astronauts yesterday met at the U.S. Marine base at Chu
with Charles W. Mathews, Gemini Lai last week.
program manager, to review Aside from the fact not a shot
changes which must be made in was fired, the Hue operation re-
the flight plan if the shroud is sembled Ky's controversial mid-
still attached. May move against rebel troops
ATDA in Perfect Orbit and armed civilians in Da Nang,
The 11-foot-long target satellite the other center of northern dis-
-known as an Augmented Target sidence.
Docking Adapter-ATDA-rocket- Issues in Hue were not clearly
ed into a nearly perfect orbit resolved and To Quang, a vehe-
about 185 miles above the earth ment opponent of the government,
fume River. Troops guarded the function-as specified by Ky - of
bridge linking the two banks. drafting a constitution. Some
The war proceeded about as critics of the premier hold it
usual, though monsoon storms should be empowered to form a
held down air operations north of civilian government.
the border until last Monday. Communists Barred
The government has said the
Squadrons of U.S. fighter-bomb- democratic process will be fully
ers returned to North Viet Nam respected. Communist and neu-
Thursday for a fourth day of tralist parties remain barred un-
heavy raids concentrated largely der a decree of May 17, 1965. This
against missile sites and antiair- decree describes a crime "all moves
craft gun emplacements. Loss of which weaken the national anti-
three more planes was disclosed, Communist effort" and "all plots
raising the total for this week to and actions under the false name
six. of peace and neutrality."
EVENING OPTIMIST CLUB
Outdoor Band Concert
FRIDAY, JUNE 3. . . 9-12 P.M.
featuring RICH BLOCH and HIS GASLITES
at GERMAN PARK (5 miles on Pontiac Trail)
said, "I regret to learn that such
an able public servant as Gov.
Scranton has decided not to run
again for public offise."
"I know he is well qualified to
serve in important national capa-
His announcement came only 11
days after a similar one about
presidential aspirations from Gov.
Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York.
Like Rockefeller, Scranton had
kind things to say about Gov.
Geor'ge W. Romney of Michigan.
But, Scranton did not go quite
as far as Rockefeller, who sug-
gested Romney as the top Repub-
Scranton said lie considered
Romney "an excellent person."
"If he wants to run for presi-
dent, I would give him a very
thorough consideration as a can-
didate," he added.
Throughout his political career,
Scranton, who is ineligible to
succeed himself after a four-year
term as governor, had a reputa-
tion as a "reluctant candidate"-
one who needed repeated urging
from party leaders to run.
This was true in 1960, when he
was elected to Congress in his
first try for public office; in 1962,
when he was elected governor,
and in 1964, when he made his
late and futile bid to overcome
Barry Goldwater as the presiden-
The reaction of leading Republi-
can figures in Pennsylvania thus
was about as expected to the
"never again" announcement.
Wednesday, less than two hours f
before trouble kept Gemini 9 on
Radio signals from the target
indicated that its protective casing
may not have separated. The
North American Air Defense Com-
mand rada', however, spotted six
objects flying in formation with
Four were unidentified, and
possibly might be sections of the
shroud after it broke apart. The
other two were the ATDA and
the Atlas rocket that hoisted it
If the shroud did not separate,
Gemini 9 would be unable to link
up with its target. The shroud
covers the "docking collar" which
Gemini 9's nose must enter in or-
der to achieve a hookup.
Christopher C. Kraft Jr., Gem-
ini flight director, said that if
the astronauts discover the shroud
is still attached, the sequence of
several rendezvous may be alerted.
"flllr/ ( /hm i lat h been, 'yt en
u/lo me in .ea e, and on iearth,"
CHURCH OF CHRIST
530 West Stadium
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