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June 02, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-06-02

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See Editorial Page

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom

:43 a t I#

Warmer temperatures,
little chance of rain

Vet Aam SituationRequires ounger Dr
In time of war the accent is on tive Service is turning more to- 20,000 who held statutory defer- about 14,000,000 have passed mil- Next in line are the draft reg- no children. Fifth are' registrants an
youth. The average age of Ameri- wards college-age men. So far col- ments as college students. itary age, this would appear to be istrants who volunteer for military age 26 through 34 whose military ca
cans called up through the Selec- lege students have been given un- Theoretically, the youth who is an ample supply of manpower. service, choosing to enter through liability has been extended be- lib
tive Service System has drifted questioned student deferments. deferred until he finishes his edu- But student and other defer- the Selective Service System cause of earlier deferment, and pr
steadily downward under pres- Deferment of the college or col- cation is vulnerable to military ments cut deeply, as does the fact rather than by enlistment. The sixth are men from 181/2 to 19.
sures of the Viet Nam war. lege-bound group is under cri- service on graduation from col- that about half the prospective volunteers are a relatively small The military services prefer men th
In 1963 the mean age of all in- ticism in Congress and elsewhere lege. Many eventually do serve. inductees are rejected for physi- group and last year the number who are young and unencumbered re
ductees was 23 years. In 1964 it on grounds that it is undemo- But a deferment during college cal or mental reasons. More than volunteering through the draft by family. Draft board rules, how- t
dropped to 22.4 years, and last cratic and puts an unfair burden years gives a man great advant- 1,000,000 are tied up in the re- dropped to less than 10 per cent ever, require that in case of non-
year it dropped to 21.2. More than on those who can't afford a higher age. serves. The result is that the 1-A of total draftees. volunteers between 19 and 26 the sm
twice as many men were drafted education. Over the nation there are more pool, including conscientious ob- Third in the order of call, and oldest must be selected first.-h
last year as in 1964. In the last year only about 3 than 400,000 Selective Service jectors, is reduced to something numerically most important, is When men in upper age groups be
In the two-year period, the pro- per cent of the men drafted had boards. As young men turn age more than 1,000,000. the group of nonvolunteer regis- are not available because of de- p
portion of men drafted in the college degrees and an additional 18, they are required to register When the Department of De- trants 19 through 25 years old ferments or for other reasons, it
year they turned 19 went up four- 17 per cent had attended college. and are classified. That system has fense sets the monthly draft quota, who are single or, if married, mar- is necessary for draft boards to
fold and the proportion taken in About 55 per cent were high school 18 categories, including the top- draft boards follow an "order of ried after Aug. 26, 1965, and as choose younger men, and this ap- ab
the year they turned 20 went up graduates, and 23 per cent had most, which is class 1-A, or "avail- call" in selecting the men to be yet are without children. This parently is what has beenhap- ed
more than six times, statistics less than a high school education, able for military service." called up. First to be summoned group totaled 472,398 at the end of pening as draft calls have gone up. an
compiled by the Army Surgeon As of March 31, the Selective Last year 1,960,000 young men are the "delinquents" - men who March. Fifty-one per cent of last year's
General indicate. Service System had 1,878,242 reg- were registered and added to the have failed to register or other- Fourth are men in the 19 to 25 crop of high school graduates, or in,
The trend toward drafting istrants who were in a deferred total of living registrants, now wise comply with draft regula- age group who married on or be- more than half, were in college by ic
younger men means that Selec- status as college students and about 32,000,000. Even though tions. fore Aug. 26 of last year and have October, and the male youths w

mong them presumably were
ndidates for deferment under
)eral draft board policies then
With the Viet Nam squeeze on,
ie Selective Service System in
cent months had to prepare for
e possibility that some students
ust be taken, and for that rea-
n a system of nationwide testing
is been resumed to help draft
ards decide which are least ex-
Many people would feel better
out the draft system if it weigh-
less heavily on the culturally
id economically disadvantaged.
This becomes all the more press-
g at a time when military serv-
e may' well turn out to be a one-
ay ticket to Viet Nam.


Bosch Trails
In Dominican
4 First Returns Show
Balaguer Leads Vote
For New President
President Joaquin Balaguer mov-
ed into a surprising lead over
heavily favored Juan Bosch in
fragmentary early returns from=
the Dominican Republic's calm
and peaceful presidential election
Unofficial returns were in from
such a tiny fraction of the coun-
try's 3400 precincts that the re-
sults so far could not be regarded
~as a definite trend.
Bosch, who won by a landslide
in 1962, was trailing Balaguer even
in his stronghold of Santo Do-
mingo. First returns in the capi-
tal gave Balaguer 1,478 to 1,121
for Bosch. At this same time in
the 1962 elections, Bosch already
had clinched victory in the city.
In the Cibao Valley, northwest
of Santo Domingo, Balaguer had
662 to 320 for Bosch. In San
Francisco de Macoris, it was 5,-
512 for Balaguer to 3,138 for
Bosch. Balaguer was also leading
in Moca, 3,890 to 834.
Dominicans voted to decide
peacefully an issue they were try-
ing to resolve by force a year ago.
The issue was the restoration
of democratic rule to this little
country that has had only seven
months of it during the past 36
Veteran observers were surpris-
ed by the smoothness of the vot-
ing. There were no incidents of
significance reported during the
12 hours the polls were open.
For a violence-prone country
that was in the grip of civil war
a year ago, this was "amlost un-
believable" as one Organization of
American States official describ-
ed it.
Women Vote
Women voted in surprisingly
large numbers to chose as presi-
dent either Juan Bosch, 57, a
writer who in 1962 became the
Dominican Republic's first demo-
cratically elected president since
1930, or Joaquin Balaguer, 61, a
lawyer with a long record of serv-
ice to former dictator Rafael L.




7 e

Um w %~UUw U U EEU

! w


MICHIGAN DRAFT DIRECTOR, Col. Arthur Holmes, declar-
ed today he does not think the state "is being treated unfairly in
the draft." A statement released by 13 Republican congressmen
earlier this week had indicated Michigan was being tapped for
proportionately more draftees than Texas. But Holmes said the
states are on equal footing when both enlistments and induc-
tions are considered.
Holmes said Michigan probably has more draftees because
"for economic reasons, it has fewer enlistments. The boys are not
enlisting at as rapid a rate as in the poorer states." Michigan's
unemployment rate is below the national average and its personal
income rate is above the average.
He explained that in an area where many young men are
enlisting, fewer draftees are required for the area to make its
overall proportionate contribution to military manpower require-
ments. The state headquarters uses the same theory in allocating
Michigan's draft quota to various local boards.
The group of House Republicans asked a congressional inves-
tigation, claiming state induction quotas are inequitable. Sen.
Robert P. Griffin (R-Mich) contended that Michigan consistently
has been required to draft more men than it should and more
than Texas, although Texas' population is much larger.
people studying in "essential fields" was made yesterday by
Sen. George A. Smathers (D-Fla).
He filed a bill to amend the Selective Service Law, limiting
deferments to people studying to be doctors, scientists, researchers
or in other fields designated essential by the President.
"The President would still have broad discretionary power to
grant exemptions, but the grounds for student deferment would
be based on essentiality," Smathers said in a statement.



S *


PROF. KENNETH E. BOULDING of the economics depart-
ment will receive an honorary Doctor of Laws degree at Mar-
quette University Sunday. He is also director of the Center for
Conflict Resolution.
One of the nation's leading economists, Boulding has achieved
acclaim for his works related to the economic aspect of disarm-
ament and the shift from production of military goods to con-
sumer products.
filled its quota of 40 graduate students to serve as "summer in-
terns" in South Viet Nam and Laos. The primary aim of the pro-
gram is to recruit young university men to work in most of Viet
Nam's 44 provinces, mainly with South Vietnamese political offi-
cials. But AID officials admit they hope some of the summer in-
terns can be recruited to full-time careers for the agency, which
has 3000 staffers in South Viet Nam alone.

'Blame Relay
For Failure
Oif Gem ini 9'
Trace LatestTrouble
To Blocked Signals;
Third Mission DelayI
experts found the faulty relay
that stymied yesterday's Gemini 9
mission. It improved the odds on
a Friday launch, but there re-
inained a chance that the often-
delayed flight plan might have to
be changed again.
The specific cause of yesterday's
scrub - the third in the jinxed
Gemini 9 mission-was drawn to
a signal relay system that failed
some four miles from the launch
pad at Cape Kennedy.
The trouble was pinpointed in
late meetings-some of which in-
volved the unhappy astronauts,
Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene
A. Cernan, both of whom express-
ed disbelief and dejection when
they discovered their flight had
been postponed for the third time.
The chance still existed that the
flight plan for the Gemini 9, al-
ready revised, might have to be
changed again - because of the,
possibility that the protective
hroud covering the target satel-
limight not have dropped off on
Stafford and Cernan were to
have pursued the target in space
in a 17,500-mile-per-hour chase
and to have docked with it.
But if the target ship is still
wearing its shroud, docking will
likely be impossible, although
Gemini 9 may still be able to
chase down the target and flirt
Cwith it in the skies.
The North American Air De-
fense Command radar spotted six
elements in the target ship's orbit.
In the order of flight they were
two identified pieces, the Atlas
rocket that sent the target into
orbit, the target ship itself, and
two other unidentified objects.
If the unidentified pieces turn
out to be parts of the shroud, then
it is likely that docking between
the Gemini 9 and its target would
be assured.
If not, some changes in the
flight plan will have to be made.
The specific cause of yesterday's
scrub was laid to a black box of
electronic translation equipment
that was to send guidance com-
mands to the spacecraft. But late
post mortems found that the trou-
ble occurred well before the signal
reached the relay box in a trans-
mitter relay system.
The flight had to be postponed
at least two days because the
Gemini's space target - a make-
shift flying barrel - won't be in
position to be caught during prime
time today,
"I just can't believe it, I just
can't believe it," Cernan said when
guidance control trouble clipped
th lainhoninid - laMnnq


PU.S. Craft

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
WENT BACK TO THEIR JOBS at Bursley Hall and other University projects yesterday
after the end of the carpenters' strike.

Carpenters' Strike Concluded;
Work on 'U' Projects Resumes

Sends Back
TV Pictures
First U.S. Attempt
Complete Success as
All Systems Function
By The Associated Press
PASADENA, Calif.-The United
States successfully achieved a soft-
landing on the moon early today
as the Surveyor camera-carrying
space robot gently touched down
on the lunar surface.
The touchdown came on sched-
ule at 1:17 a.m. EST. Twenty min-
utes later its television camera be-
gan sending earthward pictures of
the lunar surface. The first shot
was expected to show how well the
620-pound craft survived the land-
ing, and perhaps give some hint
of terrain where astronuats some
day may tread.
First information radioed after
the craft settled on the moon in-
dicated proper operation of strain
gauges on its shock absorbing
There was an early indication
that the spacecraft's antenna arm,
the status of which had been un-
certain during the spacecraft's
three-day flight to the moon, had
properly been extended. There had
been fears that the antenna rod
had not been properly extended.
Five minutes prior to the
scheduled landing on the lunar
surface, altitude marking radar
was activiated from the Jet Pro-
pulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.
The command was successfully ex-
ecuted as confirmed by telementry
signals. The altitude marking ra-
dr command was a critical point
in the mission.
Four minutes before the land-
ing, the thrust phase electrical
power was turned on and the
command was again confirmed by
On-Board Computer
The Surveyor's on-board com-
puter was activated from the
ground one minute and 30 seconds
before landing on the moon. The
computer then guided the space-
craft to a gentle, 3-foot per sec-
ond landing on the moon.
Retro rockets were fired on
schedule as tension grew in the
Jet Propulsion Laboratory's aud-
The spacecraft's rapid descent
was gradually slowed as it hurtled
toward the moon's surface.
'Looks Great'
"It looks great," a mission di-
rector said as Surveyor approach-
ed the moon's surface at rates
decreasing from 1400 feet per sec-
ond to the final 3 foot persecond
landing rate. The spacecraft's pro-
gress was termed 'stable' by mis-
.sion directors. The effect of the
Surveyor's one unextended an-
tenna rod was still not known.
When the spacecraft landed on
the moon's surface in an appar-
ently perfect maneuver, applause
and cheering broke out in the au-

'U' Players Give 'Misalliance,
Lively, Amusing Production

University construction resumed
yesterday as the four-week car-
penters strike ended.
According to James Brinkerhoff,
director of Plant Extension, the
University had $71 million in con-
struction held up by the strike,
which is still going on in other
Michigan areas.
The South Central Carpenters
Association of the AFL-CIO
which covers workers in Ann Ar-
bor, Lansing, Jackson and Adrian
areas voted to approve a two-

year pact Tuesday night. How-
ever, at the same time carpenters
in Saginaw Valley turned down an
offer from management.
Two Year Increase
The approved contract calls for
an increase over two years in Ann
Arbor of $1.12 an hour, boosting
wages to $5.59. Increases in the
other areas brought hourly wages
to $5.43 indAdrian and $5.47 in
Jackson and Lansing.
The settlement involved some
1,500 carpenters, who first struck

The University Players provided
a lively and amusing evening with
their opening production of the
summer, G. B. Shaw's "Misalli-
ance" last night.
If this is a forecast of things of
come, the summer season should
be a success. The actors, in most
cases, showed a reasonable skill
and some talent. The stage setting
was delightful and the pace of
the play was maintained, seldom
allowing audience interest to flag
for more than a few moments.
However, something was missing
which kept this production from
theatrical excellence, even judging
on a non-professional level.
Not Polished

philosophizing. Even in its original
production, with excellent acting,
"Misalliance" never achieved a
high degree of popularity.
The danger lies in the tempta-
tion for the actor to orate or re-
cite his lines on one level, while
at another entirely different level
he enacts the incidents of the
play, making them seem improb-
able and himself shallow and
stereotyped. As expected, the ac-
tors here were at their best where
discussion was at its least.
Keith Jochim as Lord Summer-
hays and Frederick Coffin as Mr.
Tarleton seemed to have the most
success in their roles. They took
their time, handling discussion
logically and as an integrated part
of their roles. Frederick Coffin's
-- 1 . .. .t - . - -4 n t -

dashing romantic lead, although
at times his portrayal seemed a
bit too stilted. Beth Rankin as
Lina was quite successful in her
handling of dialect, although I did
feel that emotion and warmth
were absent in her portrayal. Es-
pecially in her final speech, one
felt little understanding of or con-
nection with this character.
Susan L. Reynolds as Hypatia
Tarleton and Margaret Albright
as Mrs. Tarleton seemed to have
the greatest difficulty in master-
ing Shaw. Their phrasing of the
dialogue was faulty and lacking
in truly reasonable expression,
their motions and poses were often
stilted and distorted. Their per-
formances lacked subtlety or wit.
Finally, Robert Einenkel as
f'"~v.v~w - - .n x 2 f% .rvi

AEC Officials Plan
To Revisit North field'

on May 1, tying up millions of{
dollars in industrial, commercial
and institutional construction.
About 700 Ann Arbor workers
were among those who returned
to work yesterday. These men will
first benefit from the increase
Nov. 1, when their wages will be
raised by 25 cents.
Pension Plan
Their pay increases may even-
tually go in part toward either a
pension plan, paid vacation, or
holiday pay, depending on what
the union membership decides at
some future meeting.
The settlement by the carpen-
ters leaves only the laborers with
no contract. The laborers were re-
ported working on a day-to-day
basis. There is a possibility that
they will meet with management
shortly, but no plans have been
made for this.
Douglas Harding, president of
Laborers Local 959, said the labor-
ers would continue working "in
good faith" until June 6, at which
they they will review the situation.
'U' Affected
Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont, in
reviewing the situation, said al-
though University buildings had
been held up four weeks the strike
would not seriously affect plans.
He mentioned that Cedar Bend I,
, ,'4.. t. f . . __,rn - ofinn i" el

Executives of the Atomic Energy
Commission plan a third visit to
nearby Northfield Township on
June 11 to examine the area as a
possible site for a proposed $350
million national atom smasher.
AEC Commissioner James T.
Ramey is making the belated trip
because he was in the hospital
when Chairman Glenn Seaborg
and Commissioner Gerald Tate
made the initial visit. Before the
commission makes the final de-
cision as to the exact location of

any questions the committee might
The committee will visit all
six of the sites remaining in con-
tention and will be coming to
Ann Arbor the night of June 10
from Madison and will tour the
5700 acre site the morning of June
The AEC officials then will re-
turn to campus for discussions
with the University representa-
tives, scientists and engineers. A
1:45 p.m. departure flight is
rM_ ..v - n a - i" .huttr- 4

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