SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
rakl V'l nnu
Will Elect President on
SANTO DOMINGO W)-With
their votes next Wednesday Do-
minicans will show where they
want to put the responsibility for
their country's immediate future.
They may place it back in the
hands of Juan Bosch.
Bosch is the leader of the
"Democratic left," of group mostly
e identifiable as young idealists. His
main opponent is Joaquin Bala-
guer, representing a more mod-
erate, middle-road movement.
The most reliable signs favor
Bosch, but it is a hotly contested
race that could change in the
final 48 hours. Bosch won by a
landslide in 1962. Seven months
later he was ousted by a civilian-
This could happen again.
Bosch, 57, is the boss of the
Dominican Revolutionary party
and spiritual leader of a burgeon-
ing nationalism that wants to give
the government a fresh approach.
Balaguer, 59, is a lawyer and
author, also once the victim of a
coup d'etat. His Reformist party
is a political catch-all well stocked
with one-time collaborators of
dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.
Although former President Bala-
guer served the slain tyrant for
most of Trujillo's 30 years in
power, Balaguer's record of hon-
esty and fairness is seldom chal-
lenged. He is credited with taking
much of the Trujillo stamp off the
dynasty after it collapsed.
The third presidential candi-
date, Rafael F. Bonnelly, 61, suc-
ceeded to the presidency of the
ruling council of state when Bala-
guer was overthrown in 1962. Bon-
nelly calls himself a conservative.
He is backed by the Movement of
National Integration, a cluster of
miniscule parties whose ranks in-'
clude many of the right wingers
who helped overthrow Bosch.
Social, political and economic
reform is the theme of election
Bonnelly pledges a "youth le-
gion," a sort of local peace corps
to help out the small farmers.
Balaguer would institute a pro-
gram of assistance for unwed
mothers and motherless children.
Bosch promises changes "where
necessary" in the controversial
1963 constitution which he has
criticized. The constitution was
drawn up by a constituent assem-
bly named by a nearly all-Bosch
The elections are a culmination
of a costly 15-month effort by the
United States and the Organiza-
tion of American States to restore
constitutionality the peaceful way.
"The elections are not a solu-
tion to the Dominican problem,"
says the temporary president, Hec-
tor Garcia-Godoy. "They merely
raise the curtain on vast social-
economic problems we Dominicans
must confront and try to solve."
The orgin of the Dominican
Republic's present problems can
be traced to the assassination of
dictator Trujillo May 30, 1961.
Freed from dictatorship, Domini-
cans were left leaderless.
The nation went on a binge.
Imports quadrupled in value from
1961 levels to $129 million in 1964
-$54 million alone for luxury
goods, cars, refrigerators, TV sets.
Labor pressures, unheard of in
Trujillo's times, boomed salaries
40 per cent. Government expenses,
$51 million in 1961, soared to
$113 million in 1964.
Between 1962 and 1964 exports
grew only 4.4 per cent annually
while imports jumped 37 per cent.
Organized tapping of the country's
profits by the Trujillo family and
collaborators turned to massive
The country that in 1958 boast-
ed it had no external or internal
debt had run up public obligations
of $365.7 million by the end of
1964. Unemployment soared to 30
per cent of the working popula-
Dominicans overthrew the Bosch
regime, the only democratically
elected government in 34 years.
This shattered the "showcase of
democracy" President John F.
Kennedy promised to build next
door to Fidel Castro's Cuba.
Between 1962 and 1964 the Unit-
ed States poured $78.4 million in
loans and grants, into the Domini-
can economy. In the same period
of rampant corruption the de-
cline in the national product
averaged 1.6 per cent a year.
American military intervention
spawned anti-U.S. sentiment
among students, young national-
ists, professionals. But it stopped
the civil war and sufficiently
stablized the scene to make elec..
tions possible. The cost: more
than $120 million in 12 months,
excluding military costs.
The immediate reaction to the
election results may determine if
it was worth the effort-whether
it would have been best, as many
Dominicans claim, to let the revo-
lution run an uninterrupted
Bosch and Balaguer partisans,
representing to some extent the
contending factions in the revolt,
are so confident of victory they
are talking darkly of what would
happen if they lose. Each side
claims it can't lose except through
fraud, and the losers may not
swallow defeat willingly. Much of
the civilian population of each
side is armed.
Dramatic changes have come
over the military establishment
under its present leader, Maj. Gen.
Endique Perez y Perez.
He says he will see to it the
election winner stays in power. A
segment of the army and some top
level military officers, however,
remain anti-Bosch and loyal to
ex-Gen. Wessin y Wessin, the
anti-Communist militant who led
the 1963 overthrow.
If Bosch is elected, he is apt to
be under enormous pressures from
the nationalists to bring back Col.
Francisco Caamano, leader of the
constitutionalist revolt in 1965,
and the rest of his military fol-
lowers, to form the nucleus of a
new armed forces leadership.
This is not expected to be taken
graciously in military circles, even
by those willing to accept Bosch
as president now.
The Communists remain a ser-
ious problem under these circum-
stances of potential instability.
The far left has developed more
cohesion and strength.
It appears the winner of the
elections will need the help of the
inter-American peace force for
the time necessary to consolidate
his hold on the presidency.
This may explain why removal
of the 8,000-man hemisphere
peace force-6,800 of them Ameri-
cans-has not become an open
To Study Guantanamo Scene
On Secona inciaent
U.S. DENIES REPORT:
General Reports Cambodia Is
North Vietnamese Santuary
LONDON (P)-An allied move
responding to the Soviet Union's
call for a high level East-West
conference on European security
was reported under way last night.
Denmark has served notice itj
will raise the idea of such a con-
ference for discussion by the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization'sa
council of foreign ministers, which
meets in Brussels June 7,
Qualified diplomats said the
United States and various other
allied countries reacted cautiously
but not adversely when they were
notified of the Danish intention
in Paris recently.
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei
A. Gromyko, with the support of
* -i' - ,.. "-VWASHINGTON (P) - Another
American-Cuban shooting incident
other East European Communist at Guantanamo was reported yes-
ohernetstpalledComuistterday while Havana pledged a
paEr eans hs cariyo ference redoubling of guerrilla activity in
pan-uroykenscuit cofrnt Latin America in retaliation for
Gromyko indicated it should the killing of a Cuban soldier at
include the Americans. - the big United States naval base.
But all members of the 15-na- The Defense Department said
tion Atlantic alliance-with the six Cuban soldiers slipped through
exception of France, which has the perimeter of the base in east-
still to declare itself-have made ern Cuba Monday night and ex-
clear they would expect the Unit- changed gunfire with U.S. sen-
ed States to participate. tries. A spokesman said the in-
Any conference on European truders fled after the shooting
security would have to be focused and, as far as is known, no one
on the major source of East-West was hit. The U.S. has protested
tension-the continued division of the intrusion.
Germany 21 years after World War There was no immediate word
bloodstained bunker where they
said Ramirez was killed.
Maj. Demetrio Montseny of the
Cuban border brigade told the
reporters that Ramirez was shot
in the back. He said the angle
of the bullet's entry showed Ram-
irez was shot as he stood at the
bunker with his back to the base.
By The Associated Press
An Army general fresh from
Viet Nam said yesterday there is
evidence that up to six regiments'
of North Vietnamese regulars are
massed in Cambodia for a possi-
World News Roundup
Rusk Sees No Troop
Pullout from NATO
ble drive into South Viet Nam.
But the Defense Department
promptly disputed his statement.
Maj. Gen. Stanley R. Larsen
said there is "plenty of evidence"
of such a troop concentration -
which could amount to as much,
as 10,000-men in a position where
it could menace the midsection
of South Viet Nam,
But five hours after Larsen's
talk with newsmen, the Defense
Department issued a statement
"While there have been uncon-
firmed reports for months of North
Vietnamese activity in Cambodia,
there exists no evidence strong
enough for the commander of the
United States Military Assistance
Command Viet Nam to validate
the presence of any North Viet-
namese regiment in Cambodia at
The Pentagon statement added
"there is today no North Vietna-
mese regiment" carried on the in-
telligence estimates in Cambodia,
as either confirmed, probable or
"On several occasions during.
the past few months, reports have
been received from the field indi-
cating that North Vietnamese reg-
iments were stationed in Cambo-
"Investigation of these reports,
however, has not substantiated
Larsen is commander of Field
Force 1, comprising all major U.S.
Army and Korean ground forces
in about 40 per cent of South Viet
(Continued from Page 1)
'~ Rusk, who leaves Tuesday for a
NATO ministers meeting in Brus-
sels, said the U.S. assurance
against any major American pull-
out of forces was given to the
North Atlantic Council-the NATO
political unit which meets in
"At the present time," Rusk said,
"I would think that unless there
was some major change in the
situation, some significant change
throughout the European scene,
there would not be reductions in
Rusk said the Brussels meeting
2 will provide an opportunity to give
new emphasis to that part of
NATO's purposes-as he put it-
to look for "the settlement of the
great problems still dividing East
Apart from the immediate prob-
' lems stemming from France's deci-
sion to withdraw from NATO's in-
tegrated defense system and her
ouster of NATO facilities from
French soil, Rusk said the Brus-
sels meeting will discuss "all three
of NATO's objectives."
He listed the three goals as pro-
viding an effective defense of the
Atlantic area, maintaining "a
powerful deterrent against aggres-
sion," and preserving the "unity
of action necessary to the settle-
ment" of great East-West issues.
He said German reunification is
the prime issue in the East-West
-i postwar difficulties over Europe.
Concerning the Viet Nam war,
Rusk said the Viet Cong guerril-
To Seat Them
MUNDELEIN, Ill. (P)-A Ma-
rine corporal, his leg paralyzed
by a bullet in Viet Nam, viewed
yesterday the banning of him
and other disabled veterans from
a Chicago hotel night club with
the comment: "It's like they said,
'Sorry about that, we don't need
"What we do over there in
Viet Nam we do out of pride," Cpl.
John Raines, 21, of Detroit told
the Associated Press.
"Then you come home and this
happens. You feel no one gives a
Porter Parris, manager of the
Conrad Hilton Hotel which fea-
tures an ice skating show in its
fashionable Boulevard Room, said
Thursday he did not want a par-
ty of about 70 wounded veterans
to attend because their presence
might depress other patrons.
Parris offered to put on a spe-
cial matinee for 600 residents. But
residents of Mundelein, a suburb
northwest of Chicago, who spon-
sored the servicemen's entertain-
ment, declined the invitation.
At a news conference yesterday,
Parris claimed he had been mis-
quoted, then said, "I consider this
a public apology," but added later
that he "would issue an apology
only if necessary."
las are apparently avoiding direct}
military engagements to some ex-'
tent now. He said this has hap-
pened from time to time before,
and he saw no significance in the
current guerrilla pattern of oper-
ations. He said the Reds are con-
tinuing their terrorist activities.
He voiced hope that the quar-
relling South Vietnamese would
"come to some conclusion that the,
main problem is the Viet Cong
and the North Vietnamese" and
not their internal political ambi-
tions in South Viet Nam.
The U.S., Rusk said, believes itI
is important that South Viet Nam
go ahead with the proposed elec-
tion of a constituent assembly. He
said this would bring into being
"a representative group from all
segments of the population."
In the northern dissident city of
Hue, from which Americans were
evacuated because of attacks on
U.S. buildings by what Rusk term-
ed "certain irresponsible ele-
ments," Rusk said those elements
had apparently been trying to
"put pressure on the U.S."
"We know that is not going to
succeed as far as we are concern-
ed," he said. The Hue dissidents
have been calling for the ouster
of the Ky regime.
When asked about revised esti-
mates by U.S. authorities about the
size of Communist China's most
recent atomic explosion, Rusk said
the Atomic Energy Commission
is best qualified for such calcula-
The first U.S. announcement of
the explosion estimated its power
as perhaps the equivalent of 20,-
000 tons of TNT, but subsequent
information raised the estimates
up to 10 times that much.
Successive attempts by the Bigc
Four powers-the U.S., Britain,1
France and the Soviet Union-to1
solve this problem have failed.
Denmark's move has come at a
time when France is believed ac-]
tively considering the idea of aj
new East-West attempt to tackle
Germany's future. Foreign Minis-
ter Maurice Couve de Murville, ac-
cording to reports reaching Brit-]
ish authorities, lately sounded out
several East European govern-1
'ments on the issue.
This is believed to be in prep-
aration for President Charles de
Gaulle's official visit to the Soviet"
Union June 20. It would surprise
few British or American diplomatsI
if the French and Soviet leaders
were to come out with a new call
for a security conference with theE
British officials said this coun-9
try would favor the idea of some
sort of meeting that brought the#
NATO and Warsaw-Communist-
alliances into discussion. That
would assure U.S. attendance.
Prime Minister Harold Wilson's
government has come out in favor
of a phased program of disen-
gagement in Europe which would1
leave the balance of military pow-
from Cuban officials on this lat-
est outburst but they had plenty
to say about the fatal shooting
last Saturday of a soldier they
identified as Luis Ramirez Lopez.
After that incident, the Defense
Department said a Marine sentry
fired on an armed Cuban soldier
on base territory when the Cuban
ignored a warning shot.
But Communist Prime Minister
Fidel Castro said Ramirez was
slain on Cuban soil and called the
killing a vile assassination.
Armed Forces Minister Raul
Castro renewed the often-repeat-
ed demand that the Americans
withdraw from the treaty-held
base and described the killing as
"this latest crime by North Amer-
ican forces in Cuban territory."
The Havana version of the Ra-
mirez killing is that he was shot
in the back while standing sentry
duty at a concrete bunker on
Cuban territory. The Cubans say
the shot was fired from an Amer-
ican vehicle which was 90 yards
away behind a double barbed wire
fence on base territory.
In an effort to support this
version, Cuban officials flew a
party of about 80 foreign and
Cuban newsmen to the village of
Guantanamo and took them to the
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia (A)
-Deputy Prime Minister Abdul
Razak of Malaysia declared yester-
day that Indonesia's 3-year-old
undeclared war against his coun-
try has "unofficially ended."
This is proved, he said, by the
unprecedented visit of an Indo-
nesian goodwill mission made up
of military men, most of them
connected with the "crush Malay-
sia" command, which directed the
LANSING, Mich. (')-A legis-
lature collapsed and died of a
heart attack yesterday after es-
caping from a fire at Lansing's
State Sen. William Romano, 55,
collapsed and died from a heart
attack after groping his way to a
sidewalk from a seventh-floor
LITTLE ROCK-Arkansas' an-
tievolution law, one of three re-
maining in the nation, was struck
down yesterday as an unconstitu-
tional restriction on the quest for
Chancery Court Judge Murray
Reed ruled in favor of a biology
teacher who filed suit earlier this
year challenging the constitution-
ality of the law.
MOSCOW-Top leaders of the
Communist party approved yes-
terday a massive 10-year program
to reclaim millions of acres of
land and establish new farms to
help produce larger and more
The long-range plan, designed
to put more food on Soviet tables,
calls for draining up to 39.5 mil-
lion acres of marshes and irrigat-
ing up to 19.7 million acres of
dry land. The cost would run into
the billions of rubles.
at Mental Health Research Institute
Call Miss Basis at 761-2114
8 a.m.-5 p.m.
FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST
1833 Washtenaw Ave.
For transportation call 665-2149
9:30 a.m.-SundaySchool for pupils from
2 to 20 years of age.
11:00 a.m.-Sunday morning church service.
Infant care during service.
11:00 a.m.-Sunday School for pupils from
2 to 6 years of age.
A free reading room is maintained at 306 E.
Liberty. Open doily except Sundaysand
holidays from 10:00 am. to 5:00 p.m.;
Monday evenings from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m.
THE CHURCH OF CHRIST
W. Stadium at Ed ewood
Across from.Ann Arbor High
Rev. V. Palmer, Minister
10:00 a.m.--Bible School
1 1:00 a.m.-Regular Worship.
6:00 p.m.-Evening Worship.
7:30 p.m.-Bible Study.
Transportation furnished for all services-Call
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.
Minitsers: Ernest T. Campbell, Malcolm
G. grown, John W. Waser, Harold S. Horan
Worship at 9:00, 10:30, and 12:00-12:45.
Bible Study for College Students at 10:30 am.
Presbyterian Campus Center located at the
ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH and
the EPSICOPAL STUDENT
8:00 a.m.-Holy Communion and Sermon.
9:00 a.m.-Holy Communion and Sermon.
11:00 a.m.-Morning Prayer.
7:00 p.m.-Evening Prayer (Chapel).
10:15 a m.-Holy Communion.
7:00 a.m.-Holy Communion.
12:10 p.m.-Holy Communion.
LUTHERAN STUDENT CENTER
National Lutheran Council
Hill St. at Forest Ave.
Dr. H. O. Yoder, Pastor
10:30 a.m.-Worship Service.
5:00 p.m.-Supper and Discussion-Campus
Chapel, Washtenaw Ave.-"What's Ahead
in Literature?"-The Rev. Gordon Jones.
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
1511 Woshtenaw Ave.
The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod
A. T. Scheips, T. L. Scheidt, Pastors
Sunday at 9:45 a.m.-Service, with sermon by
Pastor Scheips, "Disciples Who Speak
Sunday at 11:00 a.m.-Bible Study of I John.
Wednesday at 10:00 p.m.-Midweek Devotion.
ST. MARY'S STUDENT CHAPEL
Msgr. Bradley, Rev. Litka, Rev. Ennen
SUNDAY-Mosses at 7:00, 8:00, 9:15, 10:45,
MONDAY-SATURDAY -- Masses at 7:00,
8:00, 9:00, 11:30 a.m. and 12:00 ind
5:00 p.m. Confessions following masses.
WEDNESDAY - 7:30 p.m. - Evening Mass,
SATURDAY -Confessions-3:30-5:00, 7:30-
HURON HILLS BAPTIST CHURCH
Presently meeting at the YM-YWCA
Affiliated with the Baptist General
Rev. N. Geisler
9:45 a.m.-Sunday Bible School.
11 :00 a.m.-Morning Worship.
7:00 p.m.-Evening Gospel Hour.
An active University group meets each Sunday
for the 9:45 service.
Coffee is served at 9:30 a.m.
ZION LUTHERAN CHURCH
1501 W. Liberty St.
Ralph B. Piper, David Bracklein,
Fred Holtfreter, Pastors
Worship Services-8:30 and 1100 a.m.
Holy Communion -- Second Sunday of each
Church School & Adult Bible Class-9:35 a.m
Holy Baptism-First Sunday of month.
Nursery faciilties during worship services and
When you can't
afford to be dull.
sharpen your wits
NoDoz Keep Alert Tablets fight off
the hazy, lazy feelings of mental
sluggishness. NODOZ helps restore
your natural mental vitality...helps
quicken physical reactions. You be-
State & William St.
Only One Service-10:00 a.m.-"Dream On,"
Rev. Terry N. Smith.
UNIVERSITY REFORMED CHURCH
1001 E. Huron at Fletcher
Pastors: Molefyt and Van Hoven
10:30 a.m.-Worship Service with Rev. Calvin
Malefyt speaking: "Pentecost and Pur-
FIRST METHODIST CHURCH &
At State and Huron Streets
Hoover Rupert, Minister'
Eugene Ransom. Campus Minister
...that's the kind of aroma she likes be-