MAY 3, 1961
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
MAY5, 961THEMICIGA DALY til' 3'UkW'
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Defense of Viet Nam
VIENTIANE () - The govern-
ment yesterday accepted ex-Pre-
mier Souvanna Phouma's invita-
tion to a front-line peace confer-
ence today, but will send only mili-
Souvanna proposed that politi-
cal leaders also attend to discuss
formation of a coalition govern-
ment. The cabinet flew 158 miles
north to the royal capital of Luang
WASHINGTON (P) - President
John ' F. Kennedy yesterday set
up a superagency to examine the
workings of this country's vital
He named a new advisory board
headed by Dr. James R. Killian, Jr.
and composed of six other top-
drawer civilian and ex-military
The President's move was ap-
plauded on Capitol Hill but it did
not head off a move to create a
joint congressional committee to
oversee the operations of the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency.
Senate Democratic leader Mike
Mansfield of Montana said the
Senate will go ahead with hear-
ings soon on a resolution by Sen.
Eugene J. McCarthy (D-Minn) to
create a Senate-House watchdog
Prabang without taking action on
Premier Boun Oum issued a
statement welcoming Souvanna's
proposal as a step toward full
peace talks. But the government
is insisting that political issues be
held in abeyance until cease-fire
details are agreed upon.
The government tried to get the
military phrase started Wednes-
day in a frontline meeting with
rebel officers. The government
delegates proposed the two sides
draw up armistice lines and work
out their details. The rebels re-
fused, saying all these matters
must be settled in conferences with
Both the government and reb-
el armies, meanwhile, appeared to
be observing the cease-fire that
went into effect Wednesday.
The meeting proposed by Sou-
vanna Phouma will include offi-
cials of the pro-Communist Path-
et Lao rebels, Souvanna's self-
styled "neutralists," and the roy-
al military envoys.
Meanwhile, American roving
ambassador, W. Averell Harriman,
arrived yesterday to discuss Laos
with Prime Minister Nehru.
Harriman talked briefly at
Phnom Pehn, Cambodia, Wednes-
day with Laos' neutralist. leader
Communist China, however,
charged yesterday the United
States is "seriously threatening"
a peaceful settlement of the Lao-
RECORD HEIGHT-A huge balloon hovers over the Carrier
Antietam as it begins assent from the carrier to the greatest
height ever reached by a balloon.
Nauy Baloonists Ascend
To New Record Height
ABOARD AIRCRAFT CARRIER
ANTIETAM IN GULF OF MEXI-
CO (W)--A Navy balloonist was
fatally injured in a forced landing
in the Gulf of Mexico yesterday
after the balloon had reached a
record breaking altitude of about
21.5 miles with two men aboard.
The second naval scientist es-
Lt. Comdr. Victor A. Prather of
Bethesda, Md., the scientific ob-
server on the flight, diedaboard
the Carrier Antietam about one
hour and 20 minutes after the
The huge plastic envelope was
launched just off the mouth of
the Mississippi River from the
flight deck of the Carrier Antie-
tam. It reached its maximum al-
titude of approximately 113,500
feet 2 hours and 36 minutes later
at a point about 136 miles south
of Mobile, Ala.
The carrier followed the bal-
loon as it drifted across the Gulf
on a southeasterly course.
To Boost Security
LONDON (A') - Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan promised yes-
terday to improve Britain's secur-
ity procedures against communists
Kennedy Asks Raise
In Weapons Supply
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State Dean Rusk said yester-
day Russian-supplied guerrillas
are pushing to capture South Viet
He pledged all American aid
needed to defend the strategic
country, which borders on Laos.
While prospects for a cease-fire
in Laos now seem good, there is
no sign of a let-up in what he
called "this increased Communist
threat" to larger, pro-Western
South Viet Nam, he said.
He confirmed that President
John F. Kennedy has ordered a
step-up of American military as-
sistance to the South Vietnamese
regime of President Ngo Dinh
Diem. The aid includes- training
Vietnamese troops and-reported-
ly-sending $41 million of addi-
tional arms in the coming year,
doubling the current American
arms flow there.
Rusk did not rule out interven-
tion by American armed forces if
Husk also backed the royal Lao
government's refusal to take up
political questions at cease-fire
talks with the rebels. He endorsed
the Lao king's desire to have the
Laotians themselves settle the
question of the individuals in a
broadened Lao government.
Of South Asia
WASHINGTON (A') - President
John F. Kennedy is dispatching
Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson
to Southeast Asia..
There, Johnson evidently will
try to reassure allies of the United
States support against Communist
No exact dates have been an-
nounced, but the Vice-President is
expected to leave next week for
the Philippines, South Viet Nam,
WASHINGTON (A') -- President
Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia, after
conferring with President John F.
Kennedy, yesterday predicted that
negotiations between France and
the Algerian provisional govern-
ment will begin May 11 in Evian-
Les-Bains, on the French side of
Bourguiba reportedly told Ken-
nedy that he was hopeful the ne-
gotiations would lead to a solu-
tion of the long war in Algeria.
The Tunisian leader talked with
Kennedy for almost two hours at
the White House, the first of two
scheduled meetings. The two meet
again this afternoon.
In a news conference, Bourgui-
ba said that Kennedy had "great
understanding and sympathy" for
the problems of Algeria and the
rest of Africa.
A brief White House communi-
que said the two presidents "dis-
WASHINGTON (A') - A bill to
create 73 new federal judgeships
cleared Congress yesterday and
was sent to President John F.
With 19 vacancies that already
exist, Rep. William M. McCulloch,
(R-Ohio) said the bill would give
Kennedy 92 appointments to fill,
the greatest number any President
ever had at one time.
In other Congressional action
the House voted to channel an ad-
ditional $11.7 billion into the
Federal Interstate Highway Pro-
A major provision continues the
one-cent portion of the federal
Meanwhile the House Space
Committee restored a big chunk of
the $182 million which President
John F. Kennedy's budget cutters
whittled out of the coming year's
The committee authorized a
total of $1,361,900,000 for the Na-
tional Aeronautics and Space Ad-
ministration in the 12 months
starting July 1.
cussed the general situation in
North Africa and its effect on
prospects of peace in that area."
Kennedy and his guest also ex-
pressed "mutual concern for a
favorable solution to the Algerian
problem," the White House state-
Before his talk with Kennedy,
Bourguibahaddressed a joint ses-
sion of Congress in French, prais-
ing the administration for return-
ing to the traditional United States
policy of anti-colonialism and
"It is a real source of satisfac-
tion to us to see the United States
return to its traditional policy of
anti-colonialism and support for
the principle of self-determination
and independence for all peoples,"
In his speech, Bourguiba said
Tunisia has been "proud to ex-
MAY START NEXT WEEK:
Predict Algerian Truce Talks
tend to our Algerian brothers all
the facilities of our territory to
carry on their legitimate struggle.
"But we have done all this not
to anger or defeat France, but
rather to help France to liberate
herself from the intolerable burden
of empire," he said.
Cubans End Trek
With Three Dead
NEW ORLEANS P) - Nine Cu-
bans ended a 15-day trek across
the Gulf of Mexico in an open
boat yesterday which saw three of
their comrades die on the trip
that took them across 400 miles
of open water.
The American tanker SS At-
lantic Seaman spotted the craft
last night 178 miles southwest of
the Lousiana coast.
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