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April 22, 1961 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-04-22

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Regents Map Drastic Policies

Challenge Presents Asian Seminars

Individual, Not Our Society,
Determines 'American' Art

(Continued from Page 1)
pital outlay program" and
ressed the need for a plan pro-
eted over several years. {
A three-step plan has been re-
ntly suggested by the, Univer-
The Legislature could appro-
riate sufficient funds for the
niversity to complete the build-
g program it has already under-
,ken. It might then initiate a
)nding program for projects rec-
nized as necessary but not yet
idertaken. The third step, of
nsiderably longer range, is for

"a soundly conceived and support-
ed" bonding program involving
the "full faith and credit of the
This last phase is predicated on
the existence of a "sound tax
structure that gives the state suf-
ficient funds to provide the nec-
essary services," President Hatch-
er explained.
Deficit Implication
Asked what implications were
involved in deficit financing,
President Hatcher admitted there
were "certain problems," and said

Regents' Resolution
The Regents of The University of Michigan realize that a
final decision has not yet been reached on the 1961-62 appro-
priation for higher education in this state.
They also are cognizant of the continuing efforts of many
persons, both in the executive and legislative branches of gov-
ernment, to provide more adequate support for the state's uni-
versities and colleges.
Nevertheless, the proposed level of appropriations now be-
ing considered by the Legislature pose serious consequences
without precedent to the University. They require a tough-
minded appraisal of the various alternatives facing the institu-


The Regents are determined first and foremost that the
high quality of the University's faculty and educational pro-
gram be maintained. Sound educational policy also requires that
additional student fee increases be avoided as certain to restrict
the educational opportunities of well-qualified and deserving
young men and women.
Accordingly, the Regents instruct the administrative officers
to make a study of the following courses of action if the proposed
austerity budget is adopted:
1) The elimination of any overall increase in enrollment
and actual reduction therein.
2) The feasibility of incurring an operating deficit.
3) The continuing cutback of services, maintenance, equip-
ment purchases and other similar items.
While these are emergency measures necessary to protect
the University's educational standards, the Regents reaffirm
their intention of pressing for a more constructive long-range
solution to the accumulating needs of higher education.
It is essential to the welfare of the state, we believe, that
the perennial anxiety about the future of higher education be
removed and that a sustained basis of operation be found for
the critical decade ahead.

the University had no detailed
plans at present.
Niehuss added that the Univer-
sity operated on a deficit just
after World War II when an in-
flux of veterans outstripped state
appropriations. The state later
paid the bill with supplemental
Commenting on the effect an
inadequate state appropriation
would have on University consid-
eration of year-round operation,
President Hatcher said that it
would be impossible to launch any
such program requiring greater
(Year-round operation, whether
on a trimester or quarter basis,
involves lower unit costs but high-
er total costs.)
Instruction Affected
Thurber said some areas of Uni-
versity instruction have been se-
iously affected by the low operat-
ing budgets. "We might as well
admit it and tell everybody" he
said, citing as an example the
astronomy department which has
recently lost several top men.
It is only due to administration
skill and faculty loyalty that the
University's faculty has been
maintained, but "even these have
an end. ,
Thurber also said the low level
of maintenance funds necessitat-
ed by inadequate appropriations
is impairing the state's capital in-
vestment in the University.
Regent Carl Brablec added that
University borrowing for operat-
ing funds has added interest
Studies Texts
Of Canaanites
Prof. George E. Mendenhall,
University researcher in Near
Eastern studies, believes that he
has succeeded in identifying the
language of 10 inscriptions dis-
covered in the 1930's near Beirut,
thus pushing back by 500 years
present knowledge of the origin
of the Hebrew language.
The inscriptions, which date
from the period between 2300
B.C. and 1750 B.C., are written
in an entirely unknown system
and show connections with Egyp-
tian hieroglyphics as well as with
the later alphabet devised by the
Canaanites, Prof. Mendenhall ex-
In identifying the subject mat-
ter of the inscriptions, he said
that "two at least are royal in-
scriptions, one of which ends with
the traditional crirse upon those
who violate the expressed desires
of the king; two are probably
marriage contracts, and others
seem to be records of legal acts,
thus indicating the presence of
documentary law in the Canaan-
ite culture of 4,000 years ago.
Army Starts
New Program
The United States Arm has
announced an expanded Intelli-
gence Reserve Linguist Training
Program for 50 college seniors who
want to study a foreign language.
Local Army reservist Capt. N. P.
Luker explained that the students
selected would spend eight weeks
in basic combat training and an-
other eight or 12 weeks at the
Army intelligence school in Fort
Holabird, Md.
After this initial training, the
men will participate in 47 week
courses in one of the following
languages: Cantonese, Lithuanian,
Korean, Polish, Czech, modern
Greek, Hungarian, Russian, Ser-
bo-Croatian or Vietnamese.

U - ii

Challenge presented its open-
ing seminars dealing with the
problems of emerging nations in
South and Southeast Asia yester-
day afternoon.
"Southeast Asia is one of the
most critical areas today in terms
of Communist expansion, Prof.
Russell Fifield, of the Political
Science department, explained.
The Communists are equally
interested in such countries as
Cuba and the Belgian Congo, but
they cannot act unless they stage
an all-out war. In the Asian coun-
tries, particularly Laos, the Com-
munist forces have the military
capability to take all-out meas-
ures and not risk all-out warfare."
Describes Governments
A specialist in Far Eastern af-
fairs, Prof. Fifield defined the
Southeast portion of Asia as nine
governments stretching from Bur-
ma to the Philippines. "All of
these governments areweak, and
unstable, differing strongly in
their attitudes toward the cold
war. The most dangerous problem
is that they do not want to work
The greatest amount of interest
in the future of these nine coun-
tries is shown by the United States
and Communist China, Fifield~ex-
plained. However, the vast ideol-
ogical differences between Wash-
ington and Peking throw these na-
tions into a "power vacuum."
India, Pakistan, and Japan also
have interest and power in influ-
encing the Southeastern countries,
but they do not take as active a
role as these big two, Fifield add-
Prof. Fifield considers Laos the
most serious of the Southeastern
danger spots. "This jungle king-
dom could easily be led into a
limited war which neither side
would want but both are in a
position to take," he said.
Difficulties Will Arise
Immediate difficulties could al-
so arise in West New Guinea and
South Viet Nam, Prof. Fifield not-
ed. The Dutch claim West New
Guinea but the Indonesians want
it. This situation will probably
appear in the United Nations
shortly. South Viet Nam still pre-
sents many problems, and more
Assembly Sets
Board Heads
The Assembly Association an-
nounced the officers and com-
mittee chairmen for its 1961-62
executive board.
The following girls have been
elected: Sally Jo Sawyer, '62, pres-
ident; Marylou Seldon, '62Ed., first
vice-president; Joan Weinberg, '62,
second vice - president; Susan
Goetz, '62, secretary; Judith Ann
Levine, '62, treasurer; Carol Ann
Isotalo, '64, public relations chair-
man; Marge Bower, '63, orienta-
tion chairman; Grace Saefke, '64-
SM, scholarship and activities
chairman; and Dorothy Ruswinc-
kel, '63, social chairman.
Installation of officers was held
at 8:00 p.m. Thursday night in the
Kalamazoo Rm. in the Women's
Markley Revises
Snack Bar Hours
The weekend hours for the Mary
Markley snack bar have been re-
vised. The snack bar will now be
open on Friday and Saturday
nights until 1:00 a.m. and will
open on Saturday afternoon at
today at 2 p.m.


"Man rather than society," said
art critic Bartlett H. Hays, Jr.
yesterday, "has become the im-
portant element in artistic em-
Mr. Hays, director of the Addi-
son Gallery of American Art in
Andover, Mass., delivered the sec-
ond in a series of three lectures--
"Do We Have an American Art?"
-sponsored by the Art Depart-
According to Mr. Hays, "the in-
dividual and his spirit art the
truly constructive factors in Amer-
ican art. In this respect, America
may well come into its artistic
He pointed out that "American
Art" is not a simple entity. It Is
a conglomeration of at least three
separate elements-the folk, the
"esoteric" and "the level in be-
Quality of Civilization
It is on this last level, he as-
serted, "that the quality of our
civilization may be determined."
Using a series of slides, the
speaker pointed out that there was
little difference between Ameri-
can and European art. "The real
difference," he said, "at least
from the 17th to the end of the
19th centuries, was quantitative
-not qualitative." ,
American artists imitated most

-Daily-David Giltrow
GREAT DEBATE--Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn) will debate
today with Russell Kirk about the United States foreign policy
toward emerging nations. The debate has been prefaced during
the last three days with preparatory seminars about the problems
of underdeveloped nations.

lives have been lost here than in
Several other problems face
these countries whichhdo not have
the same urgency. The future of
Singapore is precarious because
Communism has made pronounced
The local Prime Minister of this
British Commonwealth is in charge
of internal affairs and he has kept
things under control so far. There
are boundary disputes between the
Peking-supported government of
Cambodia and Thailand and Viet
Nam as well.
Prof. Fifield noted that all of
these countries with the excep-

tion of Malaya and the Philip-
pines have problems of internal
stability. "They are all facing the
tasks of making their governments
going concerns."
Must Promote Stability
United States policy must take
two objectives in the Southeast-I
ern situation: promote internal
stability, and maintain external
security. Our present policies en-
courage alliances like SEATO, but
the methods for obtaining these
ends has not been fixed.
The experience in Malaya in
1950 shows that Communism can
be caught and licked."


European types. It was the, em-
phasis placed on one or another
type of art which, in effect, gave
America any distinguishing work.
Effects of Environment
In order to establish the effects
of the American environment on
contemporary artists, Mr. Hays
cited a "test" exhibition held at
Andover several years ago fea-
turing paintings by European born
artists residing in this country.
An attempt was made to note
any significant changes in their
work since their residence in
America. Although Mr. Hays con-
cluded that the American scene
did possess characteristics which
some of the artists cited as "new
influences," he was inclined to
conclude that in reality, "environ-
ment, within certain obvious lim-
its, has little effect on what the
artist paints."
Thus Mr. Hays concluded that
"Art's function in a world brought
closer by mass communications
can more validly be viewed as a
means of expressing a variety of
personal experiences . . . with sig-
nificant effects on both creator
and observer." It ,was the individ-
ual, he stressed, and the contribu-
tions made by him to civilization
-and not to a particularly Amer-
ican one-which in the future
would be increasingly more signifi-





U' Center Begins Study
Of TV Teaching Needs

The University Television Cen-
ter Thursday completed the first
in a series of 12 orientation tele-
casts designed to show the use of
instructional television in the
The series, which will be finish-
ed sometime in June, wil be used
in a two-week summer workshop
program which will show teachers,
principals and superintendents the
techniques involved in using edu-
cational TV. Six of the telecasts
will be for elementary school
teachers and six for high schools.
The program will try to answer
such questions as what supple-
mentary services will be needed to
provide the best conditions for
learning in large classes, what
technical, scheduling and school
building problems are involved and
what savings can be made in
teacher time and classroom space.
Aerial Telecast
The films will be telecast to the
workshops from an airplane flying
23,00 feet over Indiana. Six mid-
western states are involved in the
project. The series will also be
available to other interested par-
ties throughout the country and
The series is being jointly pro-
Clerkship Goes
To Law Student
James N. Adler, '61L, has been
named to a United States Supreme
Court clerkship. The editor of the
Michigan Law Review will be one
of two clerks for Associate Justice
Charles E. Whittaker.

duced by the Ford Foundation
National Program in the Use of
Television in the Schools and the
Midwest Program on Airborne
Television Instruction.
MPATI will start a full school
year of airborne television in Sep-
tember. It wil provide a wide range
of educational courses for elemen-
tary, high school and college use.
The Ford Foundation is financing
a part of the program with a $5
million grant and industry is also
Taught Spanish
The telecast on Thursday in-
volved 37 fourth grade pupils from
Higgins Elementary School in De-
troit, along with their teacher,
Lillian Clack. It presented a Span-
ish lesson and was broken up into
five segments.
The first segment was filmed by
University TV crews in Higgins
school. This was to show the
neighborhood the children came
from and facilities available in
the school.
The second segment, filmed in
the TV Center, was devoted to
warm-up exercises designed to
prepare the children for the actual
television lesson.
Lesson Starts
The lesson started in the third
segment. It involved conversa-
tional Spanish, presented by a
teacher from MPATI. The pupils
did not take any notes yesterday,
but they will in later programs.
The class participated in this pre-
sentation by collectively answering
questions posed by the teacher.
The follow-up demonstrated the
methods used by teachers to get
the most out of the televisied les-
son. In Thursday's segment Miss
Clack led the class in songs using
material they had just seen and
heard. She also had two pupils
play ball to give the rest of the
class practice in counting.
The final part of the program
involved a panel of educators led
by Prof. Edward Stasheff of the
speech department. The members
discussed recent developments in
the field with the aim of further
acquainting teachers with the pos-
sibilities of television.



DIAL NO 2-6264



508 E. William

Saturday, April 22
The League
Tickets $2.00
at the door


8i-1RL.Y JONE9
Shows at 1:00 - 3:35
6:20 and 9:10
Feature at 1:00 - 3:45
6:30 and 9:15

Dial 8-6416 HELD
Continuous from 1 P.M. Today
1"One of the Year's Best!"
New York Times --Herold T ribune - N.Y. Post - Cue -Saturday Review



1 'A10 1 1:4OF T14E YEAR!


"Chukrai has truly composed
a'ballad'. Lovely imagery...
a picture"poem. that has tempo
.,.. f . I *t ,.V.....e



if U:191




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