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April 19, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-04-19

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reatens Action(



1 WrsReds


ns Act

In Response
To Invasion

By The Associated Press
Repercussions of the invasion of
Cuba spread around the world.
Soviet Delegate Valerian Zorin
read Russian Premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's message of support
for Cuba and the government
statement to the United Nations
General Assembly's Political Com-
mittee in New York.
Anti-American demonstrations
were staged in most Communist
capitals. Asian and African stu-
dents battled Soviet policemen
who held them back'from storm-
ing the locked gates of the Unit-
ed States Embassy in Moscow.
Red China and the Soviet Un-
ion's satellites in Eastern Europe
issued statements of support for
Cuban Premier Fidel Castro.
Most governments in Latin.
America reacted cautiously to the
situation. The Mexican govern-
ment declared itself neutral in the
Rioting in Bogota prompted the
Colombian government to alert
the army for a time. Troops were
stationed at the airport, on key
roads and in front of shops and
public buildings Monday night.
The United States Mexican-
American Cultural Center direetor
at Morelia in Mexico fled for his,
life when a mob wrecked the cen-
Pickets paraded in front of the
United States Embassy in Lon-
don, and police drove' a crdwd of
about 300 pro-Castro demonstra-
tors from the United States Em-
bassy in.,Paris.
President Gamal Abdul Nasser's
United Arab Republic issued a'
statement' calling for all nations
not to intervene in Cuba's inernal
Later, the .Cuban .ambassador
in Cairo reported that{ many UAP.
citizens and f nationals "of' other
'African countries" had volunteered.
to fight for Cuba. He gave no
figures and did not say whether
they were being accepted.
Some members of the non-Com-
munist Left in Europe were arous-
ed. Labor members of the British
Parliament accused the United
States of intervening in Cuba in
violation of the UN charter.
The Leftwing Unified Socialist
party in France, which includes
former Premier Pierre Mendes-
France, denounced what it called !
open aggression.

-AP Wirephoto
MOSCOW DEMONSTRATION--Police push back demonstrators who protested in front of the United
States embassy in Moscow yesterday. The iron fence, in front of the embassy, was plastered with
signs reading "Viva Cuba" by the crowd, which also smashed windows and threw ink at the building.
This is one of several recent protests against America's Cuban policy.
C ommunists Ask UN Action

munist countries pressed for quick
United Nations action yesterday
on Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev's
demand that President John F.
Kennedy call a halt to the fight-
ing in Cuba.
Valerian A. Zorin, Soviet Dep-
uty Foreign Minister, read the
UN Political Committee a note
from Khrushchev to Kennedy
warning that, the Soviet Union
would provide all necessary aid to
keep Prime Minister Fidel Castro
in power..


The, 99-nation committee also
had a proposal from Mexico that
the UN appeal to all. countries to
bar use of their territories or re-
sources "to promote civil war."
Reflect Concern
Reflecting Latin American con-
cern over intervention in Cuba's
internal affairs, the resolution
would urge all-nations to "put an
immediate end to any activity
that might result in further blood-
The resolution took note of

State Senator Reveals Plan.
To Extend Nuisance Taxes

w __, .,

LANSING 1P)-A new tax plan
designed to provide relief for
Michigan. business by extending
the so-called nuisance taxes-and
promoted by Lt. Gov. John Lesin-
ski-was disclosed yesterday by a
Republican state senator.
The disclosure was made by
Sen; John H. Stahlin (R-Belding)
in a letter to the Lieutenant Gov-
ernor in which he posed a series
of questions about the tax plan.
Lesinski's proposals included
several ideas that differ from the
program advanced by Gov. John

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
LISBON - An opposition leader has appealed to the Portugese
government to arm -the white inhabitants of strife-torn Angola and
take Portugal out of the United Nations if its action in Africa is
Dr. Ramada Curto, a former Socialist Party leader, said in a
radio broadcast Monday the white population of Angola "should
'hav been rmed lna sn " xH

House To Vote
On Loan Bill
WASHINGTON (JP) - President
John F. Kennedy's $2.4 billion
program of loans, grants 'and
scholarships for the nation's col-,
leges won the approval of a House
Education Subcommittee yester-
The vote was 4-3.
The bill would provide $180 mil-
lion a year for five years for
grants and $120 million a year
for low interest loans to colleges
to be used for construction of aca-.
demic facilities. No funds could
be used for gyms, stadiums or fa-
cilities for religious instruction.
The grants would present one-
third of a project's cost, the rest
coming from non-federal sources.
It would also provide for a to-
tal of 212,500 scholarships over
the five-year life of the program,
carrying up to $1,000 a year and
awarded by the states on the basis
of merit and need.. An additional
1,000 scholarships for $1,000 would
be awarded on a national basis
solely on merit.'
The scholarship would go to the
student, who would then be free
to attend the college he wishes.
The college would get a grant of
$350 a year to help with the ex-
pense ,of educating the scholarship

d&lYe rcnaa iui g ago.- te
expressed solidarity with the gov-
ernment of Premier Antonia Sal-
azar in the present crisis in the
West' African colony although ""I
was and am a republican."
* * *
CLEVELAND - Negotiators for
the United Rubber Workers Union
and the -Firestone Tire & Rubber
,Co. agreed yesterday. on a new
master contract to replace one
that expired at midnight Satur-
Details of the settlement, which
affects some 17,000 workers in
eight cities, were not announced
immediately. However, it was re-
ported to be similar to one reached
with the Goodyear Tire & Rubber
Co. Saturday night.
* s "
JERUSALEM-Spectators broke
down yesterday as the prosecution,
detailed a history of horror in the
days when Adolf Eichmann served
Hilter as the chief executioner of
the Jews.
Then the first prosecution wit-
nesses told the court the former
Gestapo Colonel discussed his own
role readily with Israeli authorities
after he was seized in Argentina
and brought here last year. The
object was to strike- down the
defense contention that Eichmann
talked under duress.

B. Swainson. Stahlin said the new
proposals would include avoid-
ance of a.state income tax and
continuation of the so-called nui-
sance taxes beyond their June 30
expiration date.
Flat. Income Tax
Swainson's plan, which died in
a House committee, called for a
flat three per cent income tax.
The governor also has declared
that he favors dropping all nui-
sance taxes, which produce about'
$50 million yearly.
When advised by newsmen of
Stahlin's letter to the lieutenant
governors Swainson said he
thought it was an attempt to em-
barrass Les;nski and possibly the
governor himself. He said it was
a disclosure of something that had
been sent to Stahlin in confi-
Swainson stated that he had
discussed the plan with Lesinski
some time ago and had sought to
discourage its promotion.
Considered by Merits
"But I've said before that I
think any proposal should be con-
sidered on its merits," Swainson
In the letter to Lesinski, Stah-
lin asked whether the Democrats
would be willing to sponsor his
program and whether the gover-
nor would be willing to sign the
bills putting the program into ef-
fect if they were adopted by the
According to Stahlin, Lesinski's
proposals-which never have been
introduced in actual bill form -
would retain the nuisance taxes
rather than enact an income tax,
to provide relief from business
taxes for Michigan industry.
(Frank Sacks)
Starting April 23, 8:30-12:00
35603 Plymouth Rd.
Livonia, Mich.
U.A.W. Local 182 Hall
Adm. $1.00
free parking & door prizes
Daily Classifieds
Bring Results.

statements by representatives of
the United States and Guatemala
but it did. not repeat their vigor-
ous denials of Communist and
Cuban charges that those two
countries provided bases and weap-
ons for Cubans invading their
homeland to seek Castro's down-
The resolution called for efforts
to seek a peaceful solution of the
Cuban problem "in keeping with
the spirit of the UN Charter."
Soviet Statement
Zorin put before the commit-
tee also an official Soviet govern-
ment statement demanding that
the UN General Assembly "con-
sider at once the question of ag-
gressive, actions of the United
States which prepared and started
the armed intervention against
The statement contained a
threat of Soviet retaliation direct-
ly against the United States,
United States, Ambassador Ad-
la'E. Stevenson replied that he
hoped to give the committee some-
time during the day Kennedy's
answer to Khrushchev.
He said he agreed personally
with Khrushchev's view that Cuba
was no danger to the United
States, but added that the' Soviet
leader disregarded the feeling of
many Cubans who believe tastro's
regime endangers Cuba's future.
Stevenson also said he was glad
to learn. that the Soviet Union had
no desire to impose its regime on
other countries.
Communist delegates who fol-
lowed Zorin urged the UN to ef-
feet a cease-fire in Cuba and halt
all outside aid from reaching the
anti-Castro forces.
discussion on
910 Packard
Wed.-7:30 P.M.

Not To Give
Pledges Neutrality
Unless Aggression
WASHINGTON (M - President
John F. Kennedy last night en-
dorsed the effort to overthrow
Fidel Castro and told Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev this
country will take action if the
Russians interfere militarily in
"In the event of any military
intervention by outside force we
will immediately honor our ob-
ligations under the inter-Ameri-
can system to protect this hem-
isphere against external aggres-
sion," Kennedy told Khrushchev.
Kennedy pledged anew that the
United States will not intervene
with force in the battle between
Prime Minister Castro's forces
and those seeking .to overthrow
him, but he said. Americans do
not conceal their' admiration for
those who wish to see democracy
Not Stifle Liberty
"The United States govern-
ment can take no action to stifle
the spirit of liberty," he said.
Kennedy, replying- to a note
from the Soviet Premier, at the
same time appealed to Khrush-
chev not to use the situation in
Cuba as a pretext "to inflame
other areas of the world."
"What your government believes
is its own business," the President
said. "What it does in the world
is the world's business. The great
revolution in the history of man,
past, present and future, is the
revolution of those determined to
be free."
Kennedy said Khrushchev labors
under ".'a serious misapprehension"
in connection with events in Cuba.
More than 100,000 refugees have
fled Castro's Red-tinged regime,
the President said, and many of
them had fought with Castro to
oust the dictatorship of Fulgencio
Batista. Castro toppled Batista on
New Year's Day 1959.
The President said the urgent
hope of refugees is to help fellow
Cubans in the struggle for free-
Not Accept Claim
Kennedy told Khrushchev to
recognize that free people "do not
accept .the claim of historical in-
evitability for Communist revolu-
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
handed the message to Menshikov
in a State Department meeting
which lasted less than fivemin-
Menshikov was grim faced as he
left Rusk's office.

Rebels -Take
Laos Tow'n
In Key Area
Department confirmed yesterday
the capture by rebel forces of a
point in South Central Laos only
20 miles from the border of Thai-
Press officer Lincoln White
said Communist-led Pathet Lao
troops have taken the village of
Muong Nhonimarath (pronounced
non-ee-mar-ath), only 20 miles
East and five miles North from
the important twn of Thakhek
on the Mekong River boundary
with Thailand.
United States officials are tak-
ing a most serious view of this
development because it threatens
to cut Laos in half at one of its
narrowest points.
Thus far, White said, there has
been no indication that the Pathet
Lao are following up their ad-
vantage with a further drive to
the Mekong.
Maddelion Prince Souvanna
Phouma of Laos notified the State
Department yesterday that he is
cancelling his trip to the United
Due to arrive here today, he
had been scheduled to confer with
President John. F. Kennedy and
Secretary of State Dean Rusk.
United States officials said that
one factor in the Laotian neu-
tralist leader's decision apparent-
ly was that he would be unable
to see Rusk on Thursday as Rusk
has previous commitments to
make a speech in Atlanta, Ga.
Drops Plan
On Bias Ban
refused yesterday to write a segre-
gation ban into a .$753,319,000 In-
terior Department appropriation
bill sent to the Senate by voice
vote. -
'By standing vote of 67-8 it de-
feated an amendment by . Rep.
William Fitts Ryan (D-NY) that
would have prevented use of a
$75,000 allotment to the Civil War
Centennial Commission for any
programs or activities not racially
The House defeatedthe pro-
posal after Rep. Michael J. Kir-
wan, (D-Ohio) commented that
an appropriation bill was not the
proper-place for anti-segregatin
- legislation.
The only amendment approved,
by 'voice vote, was proposed by
Democratic Leade John W. Mc-
Cormack of Massachusetts. It
added $1 million which the ap.:
propriations committee had cut
froi funds for Minuteman Na-
tional Park near Boston.
The bill as sent to the Senate
appropriates $29,068,000 less than
President John F. Kennedy re-
quested for the Interior Depart-
ment for the fiscal year starting
July 1.

WASHINGTON (A) - President
John F. Kennedy formally asked
Congress yesterday to create a
cabinet rank Department of Ur-
ban Affairs and Housing to help
cities deal with their growing prob-
The new department would
simply take over the functions
now assigned to the Federal Hous-
ing and Home Finance Agency and
its satellite offices.
'Sen. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa),
Senate Acts
On Wage Bill
WASHINGTON (M - Adminis-
tration leaders won a series of
preliminary votes on President
John F. Kennedy's $1.25 mini-
mum wage bill, yesterday and pre-
pared for a final showdown today.
The big test is expected on an.
amendment by Sen. A. S. Mike
Monroney (D-Okla) to cut the
bill's expanded coverage from 4
million .additional workers to
about 2.4 million.
The initial victory for Kenne-
dy supporters cameeasily when a
Republican substitute bill limiting
the, added coverage to 1.2 million.
was rejected by a 63-34 roll call
Then the Senate defeated a se-
ries of amendments designed to
reduce the Kennedy measure's
scope of varying degrees.
Also voted down, 58-39, was a
proposal by Sen. Winston L.
Prouty (R-Vt) under which the
higher wage minimums might be
suspended if the Secretary of La-
bor found they would cause un-
employment or inflation.
Generally, however, the pro-
posed lifting of the wage floor,
from the present $1 an hour to
$1.25 by 1963 stirred little oppo-
The big argument was over ex-
tending it to more workers, in-
cluding those in construction and
in retail stores and service estab-
F i


B'nai B'rith Hillel foundation
Sabbath Services April 21, 7:15 P.M
Sponsored by Alpha Epsilon Phi Sorority


who introduced Kennedy's l
tion in the Senate, said it
add no new programs or c
tions to the housing agency'
sent role. He added that
may be tacked on in the futy
legislation or reorganization
Kennedy thus left open th
troversial questions of which
eral agency should take ove
problems of helping cities
mass transportation and pre
tion ofopen spaces for park;
Large numbers of mayors
urged creation of a cabinet
federal agency to deal with
problems on the same stat
that given business, labor, fa
and other major segmen
American life. They want he
only with housing, but with
clearance, transit problems
But there has been some
pute 'as to which agency s]
handle the problems outside
ing. Many say transit prc
should be assigned to the
'nerce Department and the ri
tional area question to th
tenor Department.
Pierre Salinger, White :
news secretary, said Kenned
send 'a message to Congress
which will touch ongmass'tr
But he did not indicate wher
President would ask that the
leq be assigned.
'U.' Bandsme
Play i Cai
CAIRO P)-Egyptians fre
walks of life applauded the
versity of Michigan Symp
Band last night at its first
performance at the America
vilion on the grounds of the
International Agriculture Ex
-The 94-piece band, cond
by Prof. William D. Revelli
sented a program of America
European composers in an
air performance.

Kennedy Asks Congrei
For New Cabinet Unit

Zwerdling-Cohn Chapel
1429 HillSt.



No MiSS r «.



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Dance Organization
Thurs. & Fri., April 20 & 21,
at 8:00 o'clock,



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