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March 14, 1961 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-14

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

resident

Proposes

Plan

To Help Latin Americans

Idea Lauded
B D
Diplomats
WASHINGTON (N) -President
John F. Kennedy's 10-year, 10-
point Latin American program
won applause yesterday from key
members of Congress and from
Latin American diploiats who
heard the speech.
Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-
Ark), chairman of the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee, said he
approved particularly the long-
term approach.
"I think it is timely to indicate
our interest in Latin American de-
velopment over the years," Ful-
bright told newsmen.
Sen. George D. Aiken (R-Vt),
a member of the Latin American
Affairs Subcommittee, said he be-
lieved Kennedy's statement "will
give a great deal of encourage-
ment to our Latin American
friends."
Chile's Ambassador Walter Mul-
ler said "I was very pleased to
hear the interesting and complete
approach of the President to .the
basic problems of our hemi-
sphere."
Fernando Lobo, Brazil's am-
bassador to the Organization of
American States (OAS), said "The
speech is in synthesis an approv-
al of Operation Pan America, the
program for hemisphere develop-
ment for which Brazil has fought
for so many years."

Y : f E iExi h>i '6i$:'r i"if';i i :%:i <if::z:i:4;: ?i Y ,. ._ . _.

PEACE PROGRAM-Included in hisslong-range plan to aid Latin
American countries, President John F. Kennedy promised emer-
gency food shipments to troubled areas.

FOREIGN AID:

American Expenditure
Dwarfs Soviet Outlay
PARIS (A)-The Unifed States and its European allies have been
spending about $7 billion a year to help develop the world's needy
nations, dwarfing the Communist bloc's outlay of little more than $715
million annually.
This is disclosed .in a report made public yesterday by the Or-
ganization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) on the
flow of nonmilitary aid to under-

NEW WORLD REVIEW
Announces an Essay Contest
SUBJECT: "YOUTH'S STAKE IN PEACE"
For young people-18 through 25
$500 IN PRIZES
First Prize... $200 Second Prize... $100
Third Prize... $50
Ten Honorable Mentions.. . $15 each
Judges: Prof. Royal W. France, Rev. Stephen H.'Fritchman,
Gen. Hugh B. Hester (ret)
Contest closes May 1 - Write for details
34 West 15th St. 7th floor New York 11, N.Y.

Last Week for
Paintings and Drawings
by WILLIAM LEWIS
-Coming - March 20--
ESKIMO PRINTS and SCULPTURE
FORSYTHE ALLERY

developed countries.
The figures underscore why the
United States is calling on its
allies to shoulder more of the
foreign aid burden to check the
drain on the United States dol-
lar.
Slightly, more than half of the
contributions in the 1956-59 per-
iod covered by the report came
from the United States. Britain,
France and West Germany con-
tributed 80 per cent of the bal-
ance.
Although the report does not go
beyond 1959, economic sources said
the trends indicated largely were
carried through during the past
year.
OEEC Secretary-General Thor-
kil Kristenson told a news con-
ference the report includes not
only government grants and loans
but also private capital contribu-
tions, which comprised approxi-
mately 40 per cent of the total.
During the four-year period,
the 20 members and associate
members of the OEEC contributed
$27,402,000,000 to underdeveloped
areas.
The United States contributed
$14,062,000,000, France $4,921,-
000,000, Britain $3,149,000,000 and
West Germany $2,328,000,000.
The United States and France
were the only major powers whose
government foreign aid contribu-
tions exceeded private loans and
investments.

New Policy
To Promote
'Freedom'
Emphasizes Amity
With Cuban People
WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy summoned all
of Latin America last night to
join the United States in a vast
10-year plan to spread hope, free-
dom and a better life through the
western hemisphere.
The United States, Kennedy
pledged, will do its part "to com-
plete the revolution of the Ameri-
cas-to build a hemisphere where
all men can hope for the same
high standard of living-and all
can live out their lives in dignity
and In freedom."
But, the President cautioned,
great dangers as well as great
challenges lie ahead, because of
"alien forces which once again
seek to impose the despotisms of
the old world on the people of the
new.'
At the same time, he repeated
words of special friendship for
the people of Cuba and the Do-
minican Republic-with which the
United States has broken diplo-
matic relations. He added his hope
that they "will soon rejoin the
society of free men, uniting with
us in our common effort." This
common effort, he said, must be
in the direction of eliminating
"tyranny from a hemisphere in
which it has no rightful place."
The new administration's ma-
jor pronouncement on policy to-
ward Latin America was prepared
for Kennedy's delivery at a re-
ception in the east room of the
White House. Some 250 persons
were invited-the Latin American
diplomatic corps and wives, repre-
sentatives to the Organization of
American States (OAS), members
of the administration and of Con-
gress particularly concerned with
relations with the nations to the
south.
No representatives of Cuba or
the Dominican Republic were in-
vited.
The President's talk came as a
preview of a special message he
is to send to .Congress tomorrow.
In that he is expected to cover
somewhat the same ground but
with more specific recommenda-
tions for legislation.
Beyond saying he would start
spending an already-projected
$500 million Latin American aid
fund as soon as Congress votes it,
Kennedy made no mention of costs
for the long-term undertaking.
To get the program rolling,
Kennedy said he will ask an early
meeting of the Inter-American
economic and social council to be-
gin detailed planning. This coun-
cil is an instrument of the OAS.
Throughout, Kennedy made it
clear that United States aid would
be dependent on active effort by
the countries affected and would
not be a one-sided giveaway pro-
gram.
BOOK SALE
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Talk Aimed
At Ending
UN Tieup
UNITED NATIONS (P)-United
States Ambassador Adla E. Stev-
enson met with Soviet Foreigng
MinisternAndre A. Gromyko yes-
terday in a last effort to reach
agreement that would enable theE
stalled UN General Assembly to
get on with its business.
Stevenson called on Gromkyo
at the Soviet UN mission, taking
up once more the United States;
proposal to curtail the agenda of
the resumed assembly.
They met against a backgroundI
of increasing impatience among
many delegates to 'the 99-nation
assembly who have been twiddling
their thumbs for a week while
waiting the outcome of United1
States-Soviet negotiations.
Stevenson Suggests
Stevenson suggested lasthTues-
day, the opening day of the re-
sumed session, that the assembly
avoid cold war issues and limit
itself to discussion of the Congo
crisis and other essential house-
keeping items.
But with the Soviet Union in-
sisting on full-scale disarmament
debate-and other delegates reluc-
tant to give up other issues,l
chances for a short session began
to grow dim.
The situation boiled down to
where the United States was will-
ing to defer all items but disarma-
ment, the Congo, Palestine refu-
gee relief, trusteeship and budget-
ary matters.
Endorse Discussion
The Soviet position appeared to1
endorse discussion in principle of
all 39 items remaining on the
agenda after the assembly recess-
ed last December-with the ex-
ception of Hungary, Tibet and So-'
viet complaints about United
States reconnaissance flights over;
or, near Soviet territory.-
Some smaller nations were;
sounding out both the United
States and the Soviet Union on
chances for reaching agreement
on what the agenda should con-
tain.
But they were not prepared to
wait much longer. They pushed
for immediate debate on the Con-
go and decision later on the
amount of time to be alloted toE
other issues.
The 21-nation steering commit-
tee was waiting also for the out-
come of the Soviet-United States
negotiations before meeting to set
a target date for adjournment.
Oxford Editor
Asks Repeal
Of Regulations
OXFORD, England (P)-Oxfordi
University was urged yesterday to
get up to date and stop barring1
undergraduates from driving, fly-
ing (even in a chariot) and going
into a shop that sells tobacco.
All these practices are specific--
ally forbidden in old university
regulations which nobody has
ever bothered to repeal. Nobody
bothers to obey them, either.
The campaign for wholesale
repeal of archaic rules was launch-
ed by Keith Thomas, an under-
graduate who edits a publication
called the "Oxford Magazine."
"University regulations," he
said in a hard-hitting editorial,
"should be reasonable measures to
meet contemporary circumstances,
not a picturesque hangover from
the 17th century."

Oxford University was founded
long before that, in the 12th cen-
tury, and its regulations are is-
sued annually in a memorandum
written in Latin.
Thomas ridiculed such rules as(
the one that prohibits students
from entering tobacconist's shops
--unless for an "urgent reason"
approved by the the university
chancellor.
In 1930 the university proctors
decreed no scholar "shall ascend
into the air in .a chariot during
term time without leave of the
proctors."

VIENTIANE (A)-Pro-Commu-
nist rebel troops were reported
advancing toward the road Junc-
tion of Vang Vieng yesterday as
efforts intensified to bring their
leaders into peace talks.
So far the rebels have shown no
interdst in conferring. Although
the military situation was ob-
scure, it appeared that the pro-
Western government's front on
the main road between Vientianes
and the royal city of Luang Pra-
bang was not holding firm.
Seize Junction
The rebels, liberally supplied
with Soviet arms, seized the Sala
Phou Koun Road junction last
week and drove southward to-
ward Vientiane, capturing Muong

Yi

LAOS:
Reports Say Rebels Advance,
Leaders Cool Toward Talks

world News Roundup
By The Associated Press
ELISABETHVILLE, Katanga-Thousands shouted "welcome to
our saviors . . . welcome to our peacemakers" yesterday as President
Moise Tshombe of Katanga, President Joseph Kasavubu of Leopold-
ville and other Congo leaders returned from a reorganization confer-
ence on Madagascar.
A crowd of approximately 10,000-including blacks and whites
-lined the route from the air field, where for the first time the Congo
flag flew alongside the flag of this
seceded province and that of the
independent state of South Ka-
sai, headed by Albert Kalonji,fA r r Ew,

also present.
* * s
HAVANA-A government TV
station said yesterday a "pirate
ship" fired on and damaged the
nationalized American oil refinery
at Santiago in a pre-dawn attack,
then took refuge at the United
States naval base at Guantanamo
Bay.
Authorities at the base, 45 miles
east of. Santiago, said they had
no knowledge of such a ship.
* * *r
LONDON-A jury of 11 men was
chosen yesterday to hear the case
against three men and two wom-
en-including a couple the FBI
say are Americans-accused of
ferreting out British naval secrets
for the Soviet Union-including
nuclear submarine designs fur-
nished by the United States.
s s :
ORLANDO, Fla.-Attorneys for
James R. Hoffa contended to-
day that a grand jury which in-
dicted the labor leader for mail
fraud was improperly selected.
They called on United States Dis-
trict Judge Joseph P. Lieb to dis-
miss the case.
A grand jury indicted Hoffa, in-
ternational president of the Team-
sters Union, and two other De-
troit men in December on 12
counts of mail fraud and misuse
of more than $500,000 in union
funds.
ST. PATRICK'S DAY
17
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Kassy about 80 miles from the
capital.
Now they are heading for Vang
Vieng, about 60 miles north of
Vientiane. Leftist troops and Pa-
thet Lao rebels were pushed out
of Vang Vieng in January after
using the town as a receiving
point for the Soviet arms airlift.
Dooley Hospital
The town is also the spot where
the late Thomas Dooley, the
American jungle doctor, started
his first hospital in Laos four
years ago.
Every able-bodied man in Vang
Vieng, a town of 3,000 people, has
been pressed into military service.
The government's fledgling air
force, consisting of old Harvard

trainers donated by the Unit
States and armed with rockf
and machine guns, was reduced
six.
Planes Collide
Reports from the front said t
of the single-engine planes cc
lided Sunday over the Muoi
Kassey sector, killing the t
Laotian pilots. Another pla
crashed on landing in Vientia:
and was damaged beyond it
mediate repair.
The rebel radio claimed ti
Harvard trainers were shot dov
on Sunday in Xleng Khouai
province. It was not clear wheth
these were the two the governme
said had been lost in a collisi
or two other planes.
The series of government se
backs has spurred the search f
a political. truce. But this appea
ed to elicit little interest fro
the rebels as their military po
tion strengthened
In Phnom Penh, the capital
neighboring Cambodia, form
Laotian Premier Souvanna Pho
ma said he had received no r
action from the Pathet Lao his
command to the proposals f
peace negotiations tnd neutrals
he worked out last week with Ge
Phoumi Nosavan.

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