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March 11, 1961 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-03-11

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

U.S. Offers on Berlin
Revoked by Kennedy

Negroes Protest Discrimination

Concessions
To Soviets
Abandoned
Administration Says
Troops Will Remain
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Ken-
nedy administration divorced it-
self yesterday from concessions
once offered Russia by the West-
ern powers in an effort to nego-
tiate a short-term agreement on
the future of/ West Berlin.
At the same time, the State De-
partment asserted flatly that the
United States has no intention of
reducing is military garrison in
that city, which the Western pow-
ers are pledged to protect against
Communist pressures.
The United States, Britain and
Franceshave approximately 11,000
troops stationed in West Berlin,
of which about 6,000 are Ameri-
cans.
The concessions were offered to
the 'Soviet Union by Joint action
of the three Western powers dur-
ing a conference at Geneva in the
summer of 1959. Under negotia-
tion was a proposal for a limited
agreement by which the Commu-
nists would have been committed
to keep hands off West Berlin for
a number of years, at least.
The Geneva conference failed to
produce any East-West accord.
Later the question arose whether
the concessions which the West-
ern powers had offered, including
a possible cut in the size of the
West Berlin garrison, would pro-
vide the starting point for new
East-West negotiations on West
Berlin's status.
Eisenhower administration off?-
cials then said privately that if
further negotiatiqns did take place
the same concessions might or
might not be offered, but they
would not constitute the initial,
bargaining position for the West-
ern powers.
Yesterday's comments by state
department spokesmen were much
more explicit and they were on

--AP Wirephoto
SEGREGATION DEMONSTRATIONS - Negro students peacefully picketed a Louisville shopping
district yesterday as part of a campaign to speed up "equal treatment" in downtown business
areas. Included in the campaign is a shopping boycott by Negroes, with "Nothing New for Easter"
as the group's motto. The present situation arose last month when demonstrators picketed segre-
gated theatres and two department stores which refused to serve Negroes in their restaurants.
HOUSE ACTION:
Ap rove Aid for Children of Jobless

WASHINGTON M =)- Federal-
state aid for the children of job-
less parents was approved by the
House of Representatives yester-
day but President John F. Ken-
nedy's emergency program of un-
employment relief faced a threat-
ened slowdown in the Senate.
The House passed by voice vote
and sent to the Senate a bill that
would make children of the un-
Rebels Begin
Push ,i Laos
VIENTIANE, Laos (R) -- Pro-
Communist rebels launched a
heavy offensive in central Laos
yesterday, casting a shadow over
a peace plan drawn up by the gov-
ernment and neutralist ex-Premier
Souvanna Phouna.a.
A Laotian military source said
nine Pathet Lao rebel battalions-
reported equipped with light tanks
--were thrown into the' attack in
a pouring rain on the key road
junction of Sala Pho Koun and
two connected strongholds.
Outcome of the battle was in
doubt, he said. At stake were con-
trol of the vital north-south
Queen Astrid 'highway linking
Vientiane with the royal capital
of Luang Prabang-and perhaps
the government's plans for a long-
promised offensive into the cen-
tral plain.
Almost .simultaneously, Souvan-{
na-whom the 'rebels call Laos'
legal premier - announced in
Phnom Penh, Cambodia, that he
and Gen. Phoumi Nosavan, strong
man in the western-backed Vien-
tiane government, had agreed on
a plan to end the civil war in
their strategic southeast Asian
kingdom.
A communique issued after
Phoumi talked with the self-exiled
Souvanna outlined the plan, which
immediately gained United States7
State Department approval.

employed eligible for the same
benefits now received by children
whose parents become disabled,
die or desert them.
If all 50 states chose to partici-
pate the bill would cost the gov-
ernment an estimated $305 mil-
lion, based on a 60-40 federal-
state matching formula. Not all
the states are expected to do so,
however.
Companion Measure
In the Senate the child aid
bill overtook a companion meas-
ure passed by the House last week
which would provide up to 13
weeks additional unemployment
benefits to long-idle workers who
have exhausted their present
rights.
The Senate finance committee
completed public hearings on the
13-week extension measure but re-
ceived demands for amendments
that could throwthe legislation
into a Senate-House conference if
they are accepted by the Senate.
This bill would cost an esti-
mated $990 million to $1 billion.
Senate Passes'
Control Plan'
WASHINGTON (W) - The Sen-
ate yesterday approved an emer-
gency one-year feed grain control
program after rejecting the Ken-
nedy administration's proposed'
compliance clause.
Senate critics referred to the
compliance clause variously as a
"persuader" and as a "subtle ef-
for, at compulsion."
The disputed provision, which
House Democrats supported
against solid 6oP opposition,
would give the Secretary of Agri-
culture authority to sell the
government's vast grain holdings
at less than support prices to
force compliance with production
controls.

Like the- child aid measure, it
would expire on June 30, 1962.
Secretary of Labor Arthur J.
Goldberg, pleading that "time is
of the essence" to relieve hardship
for ,600,000 jobless who have used
up their benefits, urged the com-
mittee to approve the House ver-
sion without change.
Goldberg urged enactment in
time for the extra payments to
start by mid-April. He has noted
that it will take some time after
the bill is signed into law to com-
plete the administrative tasks
needed to get the payments go-

ing.

the public record.

world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
ROME-The Italian government
told Ambassador W. Averell Han-'
riman yesterday that Italy is lim-
ited in the amount of help it can
give the United States in the ef-
fort to stem the drain on Ameri-
can gold reserves.
But President John F. Ken-
nedy's roving envoy was not turn-
ed down flatly in his suggestions
that Italy provide more aid to
underdeveloped countries to ease
the Imbalance of dollar payments.
The Italian government points
out that it already is giving some
aid to have-not countries and can-
not afford much more because of
soft spots in the Italian economy.

WASHINGTON - The Senate
agreed today to limit debate on
the $394 million depressed areas
bill, starting next Tuesday after-
noon. This probably will bring a
vote Wednesday.
The talk limitation will permit
two hours . of debate on each
amendment and six hours on final
passage.
S* s
WASHINGTON-The Navy said
yesterday that polio vaccine it
donated to the Cuban Red Cross,
although outdated,- was effective
and came from stocks still in use
at the Guantanamo Naval Base.

-- - - -- - . s

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11

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