A Cloud No Bigger Than A Couple .Of Hands
- EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will 'Prevair'
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
ISDAY, MARCH 2, 1961 NIGHT EDITOR: MICHAEL BURNS
Misleading Ticket Wording
Raises Due Process Question
AT THE STATE:
End of Dusty Road?
AFTER SEEING "THE MISFITS," I couldn't help wondering if this
wasn't the dusty end of the road for Westerns as a means of seri-
ous communication between adult Americans. Not that the movie was
bad: on the contrary, it was good. But if this was the first good "West-
ern" in years, and if Westerns have to incorporate complex and mod-
ern themes, then the "bad" men of traditional Westerns are gone for
Arthur Miller seemed to assume this when he allowed an "Esquire"
writer to quote him concerning "The Misfits." This film is really about
the choice between illusion and reality: what has happened in this
AN APPEAL of a one-dollar. -Ann Arbor jay-
walking fine to Circuit Court may seem
to be a petty act, but this action taken recently
by Jonathan I. Rose, '64, has raised two issues
which should be settled no. matter what the
decision is on his specific case.
First, Rose hzas noted that the standard ticket
handed out by local policemen for jaywalking,
overparking, and other minor offenses seems
to assume, by its wording, that all men are
guilty who are ticketed.
The ticket proclaims, "You have violated the
traffic code of the City of Ann Arbor, Michigan,
You must sign the statement below and either
(1) mail cash, check, or money order for the
amount indicated in this postage free envelope
(2) pay in person at the Municipal Court, 110
West Huron Street, Ann Arbor."
The "statement below" which "must" be
signed reads: "I hereby plead guilty and waive
a hearing in court."
THE ONLY ALTERNATIVE on the ticket is
two different ways to pay a fine. Yet on
any police charge a person has a right to plead
not guilty and to have his chance to prove his
case in court. Even though most traffic viola-,
tions are clearly open-and-shut cases of guilt,
Prof. B. James George, Jr. of theaschool of
law points out, "It is impossible that an ordi-
nance could be drawn to be so simple and gen-
erally conclusive that it is completely uncon-
testable in all cases."
Persons are not intentionally being deprived
of their rights by the city, since anyone may
plead not guilty to any charge. Yet the faulty.
wording on the ticket, designed for the conven-
ience of citizen and court alike, fails to let the
layman know he has this right. It is quite pos-
sible that innocent persons have been misled
to the belief that being given a ticket is the
same as being guilty.
EVEN THOUGH this editorial may clear up
the point for the citizen, the wording on
the ticket should be changed so that it briefly
presents the choice the alleged violator has, and
what he can do if he feels he is innocent.
This would be in line with Michigan Statute
27.4091 which says that in cases where traffic
bureaus are used to replace trials on cases, "all
notices and papers used in relation thereto shall
advise all alleged violators of their right to a
Second, the more important point to, the
average student, is the point that Ann Arbor's
jaywalking laws, under which Rose was ticket-
ed, are highly impractical.
There are certainly many studants whose
careless jaywalking should be curtailed by po-
lice action. But the present law makes it illegal
to walk against a "DON'T WALK" sign in any
circumstance. The average citizen may not
know this either, but if he fails to obey this
sign, even if there is no traffic in sight, even
if it is 4 a.m., he is guiltyof jaywalking.
T OULD SEEM that the basic question
should not be what a pedestrian is doing
in relation to an automobile sign, but whether
or not he is obstructing traffic or causing a
Through either a re-interpretation of the law
by officers, or a re-wording of the city ordi-
nance, the "DON'T WALK" sign should be
made a convenience to the pedestrian and mo-
torist, not a rigid rule. While the pedestrian
signals at present have the same significance
as a red light, they should have the same mean-
ing as a flashing red light-stop on the curb
and do not walk unless conditions safely per-
.. ; _ x
. : y.
a f r,
-s' A ./ 9
yam- - :dati*.
.,.. - 'i ~- T
U.S. Must Learn From the Past
country is that people cling to the
illusion of a frontier -- but the
only real territory left is rela-
tionship to other people. TWhere
really never was any other terri-
tory, but we are just finding it
"THIS CHARACTER, Gay, has
livedacross the frontier all his
life. But because he finally gets
related to this woman, now he
can cboose something else - the
gratification offered by their re-
Gay, a modern cowboy, is
played by Clark Gable; Roslyn
by Marilyn Monroe.
This is one major theme, there
is another. The "frontier" offers
these men freedom-freedom from
wages and the degradation of
modern life. There is one catch.
Their freedom is tied to a passing
world, and in a new world where
one thing 'follows another, and
nothing is sure, lasting relation-
ships are hard to attain.
There is one sure way-surren-
der to a loving woman. Robert
Brustein, in criticizing William
Inge, described the action of his
usual male lead. "Rather he ca-
' pitulates, giving himself up to the
woman's power to comfort and
providehis life with affirmative
THIS STATES the end of "The
Misfits" to perfection. However,
as cozy as this sounds, there is
another, not so reassuring side to
this solution. Brustein writes later
in the essay about an anecdote in
"Picnic" wvfchb he thinks descrip-
"Last year . . . some (women)
teachers made such a fuss about a
statue in the library. It was a
gladiator and all he had on was a
shield on his arm. Those teachers
kept hollering about that statue.
Finally ... one of the janitors got-
busy with a chisel and then they
weren't insulted anymore."
Masculinity is pretty closely
tied to freedom for these men.
Arthur Miller recognizes this, but,
says, "Whatever happens to them
from there (Gay and Roslyn at
the end of the movie) would be '
of enormous meaningfulness."
Perhaps Gay does not surrender
his masculinity. Perhaps if Roslyn
had not happened along, he could
have clung to the illusion of a
frontier, or maybe this change
could only be made with a wom-
an's help. This the viewer has to
decide for himself.
Salvation Through Institutions?
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
)PTIMISM is a recognized American trait.
The best traits, however, have their reverse
des. And one by-product of the American op-
muism is a far too confident belief in salvation
Hence the attempts to deal by law or judicial
at with problems that lie in the field of indi-
dual morality and emotional reaction and
'ejudice. Making prohibition the law of the
nd did not make Americans a people of total
)stainers. The most famous of recent Supreme
ourt rulings has not eliminated strife and
tterness from the process of desegregating
hool systems in the Southern states.
This yearning for an institutional gimmick
at will make everything come right is even'
ronger in international than in domestic
fairs. When the United Nations was in pro-
es of formation, a large religious organization
ged its members to support the effort with
e hopeful slogan: "You can win the peace
.th a three-cent stamp." Alas, the price of,
ace is much, much higher, as the 'course of
ents during the last 15 years has shown.
HERE OUGHT to 'be a stronger UN." "All
international disputes should be settled by
.forceable world law." "Let's keep the cold
ar out of the Congo." Such are the recurring
emes of letters to newspapers, of statements
more or less distinguished figures, in and
it of public service. Well intentioned persons
on crusades for such causes and win rounds
applause from sympathetic audiences.
What is overlooked is that the United Nations
nnot be any stronger, or any more "united"
an the powers which make up its membership
sh it to be. A stream cannot rise higher
an its source. One of the charter members
the UN Is the Soviet Union. The Soviet
lion has never concluded a treaty with an-
h'er nation providing for the settlement of
ferences by impartial abritration.
'HE FAVORITE Soviet treaty form is the
"pact of non-aggression and neutrality."
ie Soviet government has concluded a num-
r of such pacts and periodically comes up
th the suggestion of willingness to sign such
mties with the. United States, Great Britain
d other Western powers. The value of such
ggestions may be gauged from two facts.
e Soviet Union has abruptly ended many'of
ese pacts by attacking its partner and an-
xing all or part of its territory. And such
cts provide neither an impartial tribunal to
tide when aggression has taken place nor
actions against a proved aggressor.
Eow, then, can one reasonably expect a
onger UN so long as the Soviet Union is a
mber? Is it reasonable to expect a govern-
nt which does not admit the principle of
bitration in its treaty relations with foreign:
wers to accept the authority of an interna-
nal organization which it does not fully.
Soviet behavior in Hungary furnishes one
ernment to destroy the power, even the exist-
ence, of the office of Secretary-General fur-
nishes another. It is a pretty safe prediction
that the UN will never be stronger so- long as
the Soviet Union remains a member, barring a
very unlikely change in Soviet policy.
SHOULD THE AIM, then, be a United Nations
without the participation of the Soviet
Union, whose chief contribution to that organi-
zation has been the casting of about one hun-
dred vetoes? There would be strong opposition,
to any such proposal and the elimination of the
Communist-ruled powers from UN membership
would not make the cause of peace any strong-
Everything that a UN without the Commun-
'st powers could do is already being done by
such regional alliances as NATO, SEATO, OAS,
etc. And these alliances, in turn, are no stronger
than the will and resolution of their member
"ENFORCEABLE world law" is an attractive
phrase; but it bears no relation to the re-
alities or possibilities of today's world, To the
Communist mind right is what promotes the
victory of the Communist cause. As Lenin put
it: "Morality is what serves the destruction of
the old exploiters' society and the union of all
the workers around the proletariat, which
creates a new society of Communists . . . We
do not believe in eternal morality and we ex-
pose the deceit of all legends about morality."
Such a mental attitude is quite inconsistent
with law, which presupposes general accept-
ance,, by those who live under it, of universally
applicable principles of justice and equity. Nor
would it be possible to find an acceptable legal
common denominator for the French settler
in Algeria and the nationalist guerrilla, for
Boer and Bantu in South Africa.
Our thinking on international affairs will be
much clearer and more realistic if we can clear
our minds of the common delusion that there
is an institutional gimmick for every difficulty.
Constitutions and treaties are, after all, scraps
of paper which derive their ultimate sanction
from the character and good faith of the
peoples which live under them and the govern-
ments which sign them.
THE BRITISH statesman William E. Glad-
stone referred to the American Constitution
as "the most wonderful work ever struck off at
a given time by the brain and purpose of man."
Most Americans would be inclined to agree. Yet
it is quite probable that the American people,
with their inherited instinct for liberty under
law, would have maintained orderly self-gov-
ernment even under a less impressive instru-
On the other hand it is unlikely that a com-
mittee composed of the most eminent masters
of political science, of men like Locke, Montes-
quieu, de Tocqueville, Adams and Madison,
could devise a constitution that would func-
..-_ ___. . LT .. . _..... -_12_ _
By HARVEY MOLOTCH
Daily Staff Writer
AS THE UNDERDEVELOPED
countries of Africa, Asia, and
Latin America one by one explode
in our American faces, it might
be wise to stop merely applying
band-aids and to begin throwing
a little water on the fuses.
First we can realize that when
ex-Governor G. Mennen Williams
told Africans that he wanted "Af-
rica for Africans" (whites and
blacks alike), he made a state--,
ment that was about ten years
overdue. The fact that Williams
has since been sharply criticized
for "putting his foot in his
mouth" shows that we are still
functioning under the same ideas
which have led to Communist
gains throughout underdeveloped
parts of the world. As President
Kennedy said yesterday in de-
fense of his assistant secretary of
state, "I do not know who else
Africa should be for."
The argument is presented that
in making such "undiplomatic"
statements, Williams is embar-
rassing our colonialistic NATO al-
lies, France, Great Britain and
Portugal. But these critics seem
to forget that our struggle in the
backward parts of the world is
crucial to the balance of power
between East and West, and our
failure will spell not only our own
doom, but tragedy for America's
allies as well. Our Russian adver-
saries have no such albatross
around their necks; if we can not
free ourselves from the past mis-
takes and current selfishness of
our allies, disaster is imminent.
WE MUST COME to realize that
African sovereignty is inevitable
even in the currently quiet Portu-
guese colonies. But when freedom
arrives, it can either come to a
mass of illiterate savages or it
can come to at least a partially
educated citizenry with an intelli-
gent and capable leadership.' The
Belgians made sure that the Con-
go arrived in the former state,
whereas in Nigeria the British en-
sured the latter. The role of the
United States must be to pressure
the Portuguese into imitating the.
British and cause them to aban-
don their futile attempt to main-
tain their African empire through
ignorance. For such a policy can
only aggravate anti-Western sen-
timent everywhere and provide a
silver-platter power vacuum for
Communists to fill in years hence.
An aggressive zeal to "Ameri-
canize" and "democratize" the
rest of the world is not an in-
herent part of any United States
institution. Americans are quick
to scorn the Soviet imperialists
who will never let the world rest
until the globe is covered by Com-
munism. Yet, the leaders of the
underdeveloped world resent the
very strong American drive to mold
every new country in to a"little
BUT THE BELIEF THAT one
form of government is applicable
to all countries, regardless of their
internal differences, was one of
Lenin's greatest errors.' As John
Stuart Mill said over 100 years
ago, anv government must nrovide
gian Congo. Walter Lippmann
claims that the educated Ameri-
can electorate is incapable of
making policy decisions. What
then would be the result of trust-
ing uncivilized Africans with the.
same power? Like the majority of
their African neighbors, the Con-
go is riddled by ignorance and
conflicting tribal authorities. Such
factors should not be ignored but
should be accommodated as far
as possible in the governmental
* C *C
WHAT HAS BEEN our greatest
error is to assume that the Amer-
ican capitalistic or "free enter-
prise" system is the most advan-
tageous economic form for the
entire globe. But the advances of
Cuba, Red China, and Yugoslavia
under Socialism, clearly indicate
that when a country is poverty
stricken and underdeveloped, cap-
italism does not alleviate the mis-
ery. Socialism can either prevent
Communism, or it can be used as
a tool by the Russians to estab-
lish additional police states. The
widely-held attitude that social-
ism is inconsistent with democ-
racy is easily refuted by merely
comparing the free welfare states
of northern and western Europe
with the capitalistic tyrannies of
Trujillo and Chiang Kai-shek.
THUS WHEN CUBA threw off
the Batista yoke, American capi-
talists stood as the major block
to Cuban prosperity under social-
ism. Instead of facilitating the de-
parture ofrAmerican business in-
terests from C u b a, possibly
through some attempt at recipro-
cal trade agreements, the Ameri-
can government began reciting
eulogies to the sacredness of pri-
vate property and the threats to
the "dignity" of the United States.
That is the very idea of facilitat-
ing the establishment of Socialism
still seems blasphemous to the far
majority of Americans indicates
that the tragic events of the re-.
cent past has taught little to the
citizenry of this country.
THURSDAY, MARCH 2
Students who expect to receive Edu-
cation and Training Allowance under
Public Law 550 or 634 must sign Month-
ly Certification, VA form VB7-6553, in
the Office of Veterans' Affairs, 142 Ad-
ministration Building before 5 p.m.
Monday, March 6th. Office hours are:
8-12 a.m., 1-5 p.m.'
Herb Shriner Tickets on Sale. Ameri-
can humorist Herb Shriner will be
presented Tues., March 7, 8:30 p.m. in
Hill Aud. Shriner will be assisted by
folk-singer George Alexander. Tickets
are on sale at the Aud. box office. Stu-
dents are offered a special reduced, rate'
on all tickets.
Burton Holmes Travelogue "The Alps"
Tonight. New color motion pictures of
the Alpine countries of Switzerland,
Austria, Italy and France will be shown
tonight, 8:30, in Rill Aud. Andre de la
Varre, of the Burton Holmes staff,
filmed the pictures and will' do the
narration. Tickets are on sale today
at the Aud. box office, 10 a.m.-8:36 pr.m.
Notehand: An easy to learn, brief
writing system will be offered as a 10.
week non-credit course beginning Mon.,
March 6. The course will be taught by
Lyle Willhite in Rm. 150, Law School
from 7 to 9 p.m. each Monday. Regis-
tration ,($10) may be..accomplished, at
the Extension Services offices on Wash
Lecture: Prof. Roderick McGrew of
the University of Missouri will speak on
"The First Russian Cholera Epidemic:
Some Problems and Opportunities."
Thurs., March 2, at 4:15 p.m. in Aud.
C. The lecture, which is -given under
the a spices of the Program in Russian
'Studies and the Department of His-
tory, is open to the public.,
Lecture: Thurs.,. March 2, Eric G;
Turner, Prof. of Papyrology, University
College, London, England,.and Director
of the Londonk Institute of Classical
Studies, on "Euripides the Dramatist:
New Papyri and 'Old Problems," 4:10
p.m., Aiud. A, Angell Hall.
Anatomy Seminar: Dr. walter 8. Wilde
and Dr. Richard: Malvin will speak on
"Investigating renal tubule function
with stop flow analysis" on Thurs.,
March 2, 1961 in Rm. 2501 of the East
Medical Building at 4 p.m.
Music Education Special Lecture
Series: Richard H. Snook, director of
band and orchestra, Grosse Poite, Mich-
igan and the resident of the Michigan
School Band and Orchestra Association.;
Friday, March 3, 11:10 a.m;, Lane Hal.
Psychology Colloquium: Prof. Eck-
hard H. 'Hess, University of Chicago,
(Continued on Page 8)
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Opinions Differ on Campus Love
To the Editor:
APTER READING THE letter on
campus love in the Daily yes-
terday which was bravely signed
"name withheld," I couldn't help
feeling that perhaps the person
who wrote it was Norman Vincent
Peale. It is so full of milk-sop and
platitudes as to make it really
amusing. I quote: "Any observer,
who is still sensitive to the true,
the beautiful and the good, and
has stood in front of the girls'
dormitories at night when the
closing hours draws near will well
understand what I mean."
Well, I have stood there at the
mentioned hour, and while per-
haps the osculatory exercises
practiced there will offend such
sensitive and truth seeking people
as Mr. Name Withheld, I really
see nothing wrong with them. Of
course many of the couples who
regularly entwine themselves to-
gether there are simply getting;
only sexual pleasure ( and to this
incidentlly, I, am inclined to say
"So what?"), but I am sure that
some of them DO love each other
and demonstrate their affections
there for want of another place
to do it. To generalize in this
case is a gross mistake. And any-
way, Mr. Withheld will soon not
be bothered by the conditions he
mentioned, because Spring iscom-
ing and with Spring the ground
unfreezes and - « *
* * *
NAME ALSO DEPLORES these
four conditions which he says
have contributed to the present
"horrible" state: ignorance and
laziness on the part of boys, going
steady, settling for less by girls,
and absence of teaching of time-
proven moral principles in school.
He sets himself up as some sort
of dispenser of The Public Morals,
and I really wonder if he thinks
th f a is .:, m- - -m...c- h
or else it will be no good. Every
person is different, and therefore
it is the generalizations contained
in the letter that are most wrong.
Going steady, I will admit, is
not a practice to be recommended
to' high school students, 'since it
limits their "field of endeavour,"
but once in college the individuals
field has most likely broadened
until he knows what he wants,
although perhaps not too clearly.
All the people that I know who
are going steady here are reallyt
in love, and not just insecure
kids who depend on each other.
Again, this depends on the in-
dividuals involved, and any all
inclusive statement made is
MR. WITHHELD'S next state-
ment, concerning girls who "settle
for less," sounds like the back of
a cheap paperback. "Will she
settle for less, or will she want
TRUE LOVE?" We look for a
definition of true love in the letter,
and what do we find but a vague
statement about "exquisite human
emotions," and the like. He evades
clearly stating what it is, and he
does not seem to realize the es-
sential fact that it is only in
theory that TRUE LOVE can be
separated from "vulgar" physical
desire. Assuredly, some girls do
settle for less, but really, so what?
Is it any of Mister Withheld's
business? Who gives him the right
to set himself up as the arbiter
of what is right and what is
This all leads up to my last
point: Mr. Withheld, what is
"traditional and time proven
morality" which you advocate
should be taught here? I challenge
you, indeed I challenge anyone,
to give a definition of that phrase.
Would you call the puritanical
codes time proven? As.I said be-
fn,.. .- . -m r h .10 %F-i ..ci _ _ , a
I say, depends on the individual,
and on no one else.
Expensive .. .
To the Editor:
AN ERRONEOUS piece of re-
porting o4l the front page of
theFebruary 22 issue of the Daily
must be brought to light in order,
to rectify the wrongs it may have
You stated that a power failure
halted the operation of "the IBM
704 computer" Panhel is using, to
process sorority rush data. Tab
Services in the Administration
Building is performing the opera-
tion in question, in part on a 407
tabulating machine. They do not
have a 704 computer, nor do they
have any device which approaches
the speed and power, (and pre-
posterous expense) of a 704.
The only 704 on campus it at
the Computing Center, corner
North University and Forest. It
has operated. reliably' 99.34 per
cent of the power-on time since
August 1959. Anyone is welcome to
witness this marvelous machine in
operation from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Monday through Friday and 8 a.m.
to 1 p.m. Saturday.
-Robert F. Rosin
To the Editor:
IT IS, INDEED, refreshing to
read a Daily column on music
that is as unbounded in its praise
as that of the first two ONCE
concerts. A willingness to listen
not extended to Brahms or Tchai-
kovsky has been turned toward
the profit of the newest voices in
music, a commendable gesture.
one's mind away from the more
rarified realm of the music it-
self. One felt that the climax to
this work was underdone . .
could not Miss Berberian have
once more put her head into the
piano and at the same time the
support could have been pulled
out * . a smashing; climax,,; one
might say, but with perhaps too
'meaty' harmonics for Bussotti.
Since Mr. Boulez has expressed
the desire to escape from "the
primitive limitations of the musi-
cal instrument," the pontillistic
*,chool should have no qualms
about losing a singer for art.
To the Editor:
YESTERDAY I.WAS extremely
angered and dismayed. I saw
a Volkswagen truck inscribed with
the seal of the University of Mich-
igan. After taking a closer look, I
realized that it is part of the fleet
of the plant department of the
University being used for main-
tenance etc. Icannot help wdn-
dering why this state supported-
Unmversity has to purchase a for-
eign vehicle, since most.. of the
University's money has come in-
directly from the automobile in-
dustry of the state.
To the Editor:
WAS GRATIFIED to read Prof.
Frederick Wagman's letter on
the matter of use of the university
libraries by non-university per-
sons (24 Feb.). And this is my re-'
action not because of the need for
restrictions, but because his letter
presented a clear and well-thought
out explanation which ought to
serve the cause of lucid and ra-