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February 10, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-02-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevail"
torials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mnst be noted in all reprints.

"The Delinquency Problem Must Be Faced'
We've Got To Build More Jails"


4.RUJ. \ 1V1

SGC Spri ng Pros pec tus
Of fers Great Potential

Y, FEBRUARY 10, 1963


Preclassified Chaos:
Better Luck Next Time

THE EFFECTIVENESS of preclassification is
still an open question-dick it solve problems
or only create them?
It certainly was convenient to make the old
trek through the basement of Waterman Gym-
nasium to pay tuition in 15 minutes flat. But
for many students the feeling of satisfaction
was wiped out during the first few days of
Students in History of Art 101 and 102
arrivet at their lectures only to discover that
somehow there were about 30 more students
enrolled than seats in the lecture hall.
THE PROFESSOR of History 380, supposedly
a Wednesday class, meeting from three to
'ive o'clock, welcomed his class on Wednesday
with the question, "Where are you on Mon-
day?" Apparently, the preclassification time
schedule and the final second semester time
schedule did not jibe. Students had not been
notified of the change.
In courses in the English and economics
departments, in the education school and in
several other departments students arrived for
heir sections only ?to have the instructors
harangue for 20 minutes on how the sections
were too big and how they wished the students
wvould transfer to different sections or drop
he courses all together.
Some upper-level courses were so crowded
hat the instructors categorically ordered all
he juniors to drop.
A few preclassified students received their
schedules In the mail with two classes assigned
for the same time. Counselors failed to inform
students with jobs or special student activities-.
who would have received early registration
>asses under the old system--that a note ex-
>laining the necessity of a special schedule
could be attached to their class election cards.
Consequently, many schedules were completely,
unacceptable to students.
SO JUST what problems did the preclassifi-
cation system solve? The primary objective'
f the method was not solely to make regis-
ration simpler for the student, but also to
distribute students more evenly in the sec-
ions and help departments determine in ad-
vance how many classrooms and instructors
would be required to accommodate the stu-
dents. Obviously, the first attempt at preclassi-
'ication was no better at distributing students
han the old method.
Under the old system even when the student
was unable to obtain a desirable schedule, he
new at less that he had gotten the best
chedule possible under the given conditions.
He would win or lose in fair and open encounter
n the gym.
But with impersonal preclassification, theo-

retically the same students could have his
schedule jiffled by impersonal forces every
semester. There is no benefit to classifying
early. There is no way of telling how many
times in previous semesters a given student
has had his schedule changed.
Another problem created by the preclassi-
fication system is the difficulty of changing
course selections. Because students are asked
to choose courses so early in the semester it
is quite conceivable that a few students may
wish to change courses; yet this was not per-
mitted until after classes had started.
HIS SEMESTER the preciassification sys-
tem caused more problems than it solved.
However, it has the potential to simplify the
registration procedure for the faculty and the
students in the future.
Undoubtedly much of the administrative
foul-up will be straightened out during the next
semester. Preclassification administrators are
going to have to pay closer attention to sched-
uling so that sections are not overcrowded, or
students assigned to two classes at the same
It is obvious that a new way to make elec-
tion Changes will also be necessary. The drop-
and-add method is fine for last minute
changes, but certainly there should be some
way to alter course elections before the new
semester begins. A week's period before the end
of the previous semester should be specially
designated for election changes. This would
reduce the number of students trying to see
their counselors on the first day of classes.
Changes could also be made during the four-'
day formal registration period. With more
than 75 per cent of the student body preclassi-
fying for their courses, counselors certainly
cannot be too busy to see students who want
to change their preclassified schedules. The
students could then return to Waterman Gym
and re-classify for their courses in the old
manner. It seems ridiculous to make the stu-
dent give up valuable study and class time on
the first day of classes to stand in line outside
of the counselling offices or run to three dif-
ferent classes to get a green card signed, when
during registration, the nearly vacant gym-
nasium is all set up to classify students.
DIRECTOR OF Registration and Records
Edward G. Groesbeck predicts that in the
next few semesters the entire registration pro-
cess will be handled by mail-perhaps making
possible a few extra days of vacation between
Once the administrative problems are cleared
up preclassification may develop into one of the
best innovations introduced in recent years.

AN OVER-ALL look at the fu-
ture of student government at
the University, and particularly at
the prospectus for activity this
spring, shows a number of oppor-
tunities for concrete, meaningful
Student government has seldom
known such an opportunity to
prove itself. The campus'has tak-
en to thinking of student govern-
ment in negative terms: there is
this semester, the chance to stifle
the cries of those who would call
student government the ineffect-
ive wasteland of the University
structure.. In the space of a single
semester, Student Government
Council and its committees, as
well as other bodies of student
government, will be dealing with
several proposals for m a j o r
changes in University legislative
and judicial bodies. These pro-
posals strike at the heart of the
problems of "the student role"
which students have been articu-
lating for years. Circumstance and
indifference and lack of will and
energy willhave up to now pre-
vented action.
FOLLOWERS OF the student
government scene should, then,
look to five areas for significant
developments this spring:
1) The most forward-looking
committee of Student Government
Council, the Committee on the
University, which has conducted
a months-long study of the Stu-
dent-faculty government will be
reporting to SGC within a few
weeks. The result of the long-
awaited comprehensive study, is a
specific proposal for immediate
Council requests to appoint stu-
dents to eight major policy mak-
ing committee of the University
The Committee will also recom-
mend discussions between faculty
members and students on that
long-range concept.of faculty-stu-
dent government, which sounds
revolutionary and unfeasible to
some, but which Ralph Kaplan
and his committee see as a fact
of the future.
2) Joint Judiciary Council has
already proposed sweeping changes
in the student judiciary system:
this, too, is long-awaited reform.
The Council has asked the mer-
ger of women's and men's judi-
ciaries, and provisions protecting
the student's rights of due proc-
ess. A mass meeting, for informa-,
tional purposes and also aimed at
"feeling" student opinion, is sched-
uled for the near future.
3) Since last spring and Sigma

Nu, there has been little direct ac-
tion in the area of SGC recogni-
tion of student organization. How-
ever, consultations of the Com-~
mitteecon Membership, lawyers,
and SGC members and officers,
should result in a clarification of
Council power to withdraw rec-
ognition from organizations whose
charters include bias clauses. Law-
yers may recommend a new Re-
gents bylaw to specify the Coun-
cil's legal limitations and thus
give the go-ahead signal to an
SGC which has postponed action
out of the threat of litigation.
Five sororities have not complied
with SGC requests for membership
statements. We should see a re-
statement of SGC demands this
4) For the first time, the cam-
pus will see SC activity that some
like to call "p'olitical," but which
others consider an important rec-
ognition of its capabilities: the
Council will participate in the
spring campaigning for the Board
of Regents. Two vacancies are to
be filled. The Council will go to
the parties with a statement of
University problems, interview
candidates, arrange Ann Arbor lec-
tures, and consider endorsing par-
ty nominees. The passage of this
motion, coming in a surprise move
at midnight on Wednesday, rep-
resents an important turn of events
in student government. The Coun-
cil has at least assigned itself the
task of informing the campus of
the issues, and of candidates who
are making decisions, intimately
tied to the life of every student.
Needless to say, few of them can
even name members of the present
5) From the Honors Steering
Committee, the Honors Council
steering committee, will come fur-
ther study on the concept of an
honors housing unit. The group
has progressed rapidly in the study
of housing habits and attitudes
of honors stundents, and plans
more definite action for the
"student government prospectus
for the spring" that is as important
as any we have ever seen. Hope-
fully, all five stories will "break."
One who believes in student gov-
ernment-and the assumption by
students of a greater responsibility
for their total educational exper-
ience-may cite the unmistakable
trend toward student autonomy,
and look to the current semester
for significanthsteps in that direc-

Future of The Grand Design

Bridging into The Gap

SPEAK AS an ex-bridge-fanatic. Through
a great deal of psychiatric advice, mostly
rom girls, I have been cured. And as I now
ee clear-cut elements of a bridge conspiracy
reeping into our otherwise perfect academic
ociety, I feel it is my duty as a students of
ur University to enlighten others as to the
xistence of this dreaded menace.
I see it all around me. It is in the Union. It
s in the quad rooms. It is in the lounges.
The unenlightened individual will probably
sk what possible harm could arise from a card

Fun Games

FOR THOSE interested in making small
cash,'or observing great graduate minds at
work, acting as a paid psychological subject
is rewa ding.
Each semester at registration, a small booth
invites those with a sense of adventure to
apply as a subject for the hundreds of pro-
jects involved.
Because. these applications are not thrust
in one's mouth like others at registration, many
incoming students miss the opportunity to
take part in the experiments. These people
miss an activity which is educationally and
financially worthwhile.
TO THOSE who know ittle about the experi-
ments,: You are not brainwashed. ?sycho-
paths need not fear: There is usually no prob-
ing into your PQ. What makes these experi-
ments worthwhile from the subject's point of
view is that, in most cases, they impel one to
be as fully conscious as one can possibly be--
fully aware of the conditions and alternatives
that face one in these "games." Few campus
activities do this.
Most experiments involve "games," in which
the subject exercises his judgment in various
choices; the subject's desire to "win" (which
sometimes determines his pay) is the motiva-
SUBJECTS ARE also occasionally needed by
medical researchers. The time involved is
longer and the pay is higher. The student takes
almost no risk to his health.
Besides applying at registration, or at the

game which professes to give divine intellectual
fulfillment-a lotus blossum of escape. To
these naive persons I say bridge is nothing of
the kind. It is, in fact, a method of existence
which is ridiculous to say the least.
ON-EOF the most objectionable forms of
bridge-fanatic is the quad deviant. Take
a typical entering freshman from, say, the
Upper Peninsula. What does he know about
bridge? You guessed it. But he has come to
college with the impression that bridge play-
ing is inherent in The College Life. This false
association is the result of propaganda spread
by foreign powers-no doubt flunk-outs.
Anyway, if our UP boy is to be a fanatic,
he begins with all earnestness his educational
process-in bridge playing. Along with three
other youngsters, he slaves away into the night,
supposedly improving his judgment. But what
does he really gain?
There is always the table-talk. Worthless
except for sex information and details of other
people's hands. The result of table-talk is that
all guessing is removed from the game, and
the quaddie leaves the table after four hours'
of "diversion" with no additional knowledge
of the game. The one remaining possible gain
is that his ego may have been raised if he
avoided obvious idiocies.
HOWEVER, SOCIAL degeneracy reaches its
peak in duplicate bridge. Entrants actually
pay for the privilege of having a chance to win
their money back and perhaps a few slips of
paper representing parts of master points.
The only possible advantage to be found in
duplicate bridge is one-upmanship. Take the
frustrated nuclear physicist, who was unable
to invent the hydrogen bomb before someone
else did. Through diligent study, he is rated
a life master by the national organization.
Then at a small-time local duplicate bridge
game, he "reluctantly" accepts an inferior
partner. He spends the whole evening berating,
belittling, criticizing and blaming his partner
for gross incompetence.
And here lies the real social evil of all
bridge. Outside of the bridge world, the in-
tinsic values of all time spent on the game, all
knowledge and experience gained from play-
ing the game, and all master points are noth-
4" ranh _ r O A fh

U NDOUBTEDLY the Sino-Soviet
bloc is making much political
hay from the splits in the West-
ern alliance between France and
the United States, and France and
Great Britain. French President
Charles de Gaulle's Grand Design
seems the biggest break for the
Kremlin in years.
De Gaulle has posed the most
dangerous threat to the 17-year
Western alliance since its incep-
tion He is determined to alter the
balance of power which exists in
the world. He wants to institute
a "third force" in the world now
dominated by the United States
and the Soviet Union. That third
force would be that of a United
Europe, which would begin as an
arbiter between East and West and
would eventually become a self-
sufficient power capable of deal-
ing with Russia on its own terms.
The Grand Design eventually
would see a Europe free of Ameri-
can "encroachment," and the crea-
tion of a European nuclear cap-
ability sufficient to deter a Rus-
sian attack. Naturally at the cen-
ter of this new power structure
would be France. Germany would
be France's partner in the alli-
ance which would form the cor-
nerstone of the New Europe.
* * * ,
THE NEW EUROPE, using the
present members of the European
Economic Community as the basis,
is a potent force. The Common
Market countries comprise a trad-
ing bloc ranking third in the world
behind only the United States and
the Soviet Union in industrial
strength. Its population is only
slightly smaller than that of the
United States (173 million per-
sons, compared with 188 million
in the United States).
The biggest hurdle in creating
the New Europe is in the area
of defense. Defense of Western
Europe rests for the most part on
United States troops and United
States tax dollars. And if de Gaulle
carries through his plan for re-
moval of American influence, he
is left with no nuclear weaponry
at all. It is an inherent flaw in
his system that when he rids Eu-
rope of United States "domina-
tion" he also rids Europe of its
only defense.
The three major developments
which have stirred up feelings in
Europe to a hyper-tense degree all
eventually come back to the feet
of de Gaulle.
*, * *
FIRST CAME the exercise of the
French veto which excluded Great
Britain from the European Com-
mon Market.
Next, de Gaulle declared Britain
unfit to be considered a part of
Europe. He champions "continent-
alism"-that is a continent look-
ing inward guided by France. In
Britain he sees the opening door
to more United States influence
over European affairs. The close
Anglo-American ties suggest to de
Gaulle that Kennedy will be slip-
ping in the door on the coattails of
The third major step was the
signing of a Franco-German trea-
ty on Jan. 22 of this year, which

ments enough now considering the
problems over Britain, NATO, and
the United States. West Germans
want Britain in the Common Mar-
ket, support the idea of total Eu-
ropean unity-not just continental
unity-and above all want the pro-
tection of United States nuclear
forces against Soviet Russia.
Even within the Franco-German
pact there is no real protection for
producing nuclear weapons. The
treaty calls only for cooperation in
new arms production.
* * *
DE GAULLE, possessed with
dreams of the glory of France and
determined to turn back the world
clock, has shown himself to be
more than a 'huffing and puffing
old man with an overdeveloped
sense of nationalism. He is a real
Since the end of World War II,
the United States has poured more
than $45 billion in economic and
military aid into Europe. But the
elder statesman of France is ig-
noring all that in the face of a na-
tionalism similar to that which
has caused fighting for 500 years
among the states of Europe. Has
de Gaulle fallen back into that
nationalism which excludes con-
sideration of the setting in which
the nation exists, and upon which
it depends?
Theoretically not-de Gaulle is
loudly proclaiming the European-
ism of his views, but -instead of a
localized nationalism, they are

simply a nationalism of a slightly
different sort. De Gaulle's vision
is that of a, Europe supreme in
the world, and France supreme in.
* * *
FRANCE is truly out of date.
She has never been'able to cope
with the future without trying
to return to the past. She has been
floundering directionless since the
French Revolution. She has done
little or nothing for the good of
Europe as a whole since the Rev-
olution, and still she tries to stand
at the fore of all European politi-
cal activity. She fell in 1940 and
it took the United.States and Brit-
ain to get her out-but the mem-
ory of the Frenchman is conven-
iently lax when it comes to hap-
penings of the last 200 years.
There is no future for the su-
premely selfish nation state of
Europe any more. It is outdated.
The only way any in which there
is any hope or future for Europe
is as the Atlantic Community, the
European Common Market, or per-
haps as World Civilization. It is
to be hoped that the aging Charles
de Gaulle, who has done so much
for his country, is the last of his
Pressures are hitting at the
Western alliance from all direc-
tions, and the nations involved
had better buckle down and sit
tight, because the Western alli-
ance's Cold War has only just be-

Subsidizing the Arts

Daily Correspondent
ONE OF the few beneficial re-
sults of the New York news-
paper strike has been a growing
awareness among New Yorkers, a
pretty provincial bunch, of the
existence of the rest of the coun-
try. Specifically, in the field of
music, a pamphlet called "Econo-
mic Conditions of Symphony Or-
chestras and their Musicians" pro-
vokes thought about serious na-
tional problems.
This 10-page report is the text
of hearings conducted in the House
of Representatives in 1961 (Select
Subcommittee on Education of the
Committee on Education and La-
bor). The statement is by Mrs.
Helen Thompson, Executive Sec-
retary of the American Symphony
Orchestra League, " a non-profit,
membership, service and research
organization . . . incorporated in
the State of Michigan" (of all
Here, for once, are the cold facts
of the American symphony or-
chestra business, facts which not
only speak for themselves, but
shout for recognition and reflec-
* * *
BASICALLY, the information
confirms S. J. Perleman's line:
"The arts is a tough dollar," But
how tough? There are about 2,000
symphony orchestras in the U.S.
(not counting high school and col-
lege groups), giving about 7,500

eaning in Moveent

and if one discounts the four elite
groups (Boston, New York, Phila-
delphia and Chicago) the average
plummets to $3500.
The reason for this pay scale
does not lie in the hard-hearted-
ness of orchestra managers, but in
the plain fact that about 45 per
cent of the orchestras' budgets
must come from voluntary contri-
butions or other means of fund-
raising. Of this, endowments forh.
a rather insignificant share. As a
result, not only are salaries low,
but seasons are short. Within the
group of 22 major "non-elite" or-
chestras, the seasons extends, on
the average, exactly half the year,
-26 weeks. Boston is the only city
to manage the miracle of a 49-
week season.
* * *
course, are hit hardest. After an
investment estimated at $15,000-
20,000 for private lessons and four
years at a college or conservatory,
and after sinking in a sizable
amount for his instrument, the
symphony musician finds a meager
salary and little chance to advance
to higher earning levels. To fill the
gap, an immense amount of
"moonlighting" takes place..
Of course, there are many po-
tential musicians who never be-
come active in a symphony orches-
tra, or limit themselves to com-
munity playing as a spare time
hobby. Result: "With the exception
of the top five or six orchestras
to which every symphony player
. ninc norlyavor nrnipcfa i

plexing, it is hard to see how im-
personally donated money to fill
the coffers of needy performing
organizations-which, as we have
seen, includes nearly all symphony
orchestras- would introduce re-
striction or censorship.
* *
BUT THE problem is a much
deeper one, and rests not with a
government dole but with a basic
approach to music. The American
Symphony Orchestra League sug-
gests "A broad based program in
which federal aid might be given
to public schools and educational
institutions for the purpose of .. .
expanding and strengthening
training opportunities for young
instrumentalists, conductors, com-
posers and solo artists."
This hits closer to the dilemma:
It is at the early stages of music
training that so much is lacking.
And going further, the program
outlines the real problem under
the heading "Need to enhance the
prestige of the arts-locally and
nationally . . . a federal program
conceived at anything less than
this level would serve only to
downgrade the progress already
achieved in many . . . cities and
communities ..."
In other words, the problems of
the symphony, orchestra are only
symptomatic of the general trou-
bles faced by the performing arts
in America. This is a simple state-
ment, but has no simple answer
beyond the outright donation of
)np f1Y ,,t cl.Oabove: Te ne,.

"IT IS impossible for the human
body to be meaningless," Jose
Limon told the students in his
master class at Barbour Gymnas-
ium last Friday evening. His per-
formance with his company at
Hill Auditorium last night was an
exciting demonstration of mean-
ing in movement.
The program opened with
"Night Spell," choreographed by
the late Doris Humphrey. There
are some wonderful moments of
dance in this work. Perhaps more
than any other piece on the pro-
gram it displayed the power, the
earthiness, and the savagery of

Limon's movement. But the idea
of the dance as a whole never
quite comes off. Certainly, it is too
tense a work to be a good curtain
raiser, but it was a shattering in-
troduction to Limon, the dancer.
* * *
THE NOVELTY of the evening
was "I, Odysseus," the newest
addition to the company's, reper-
tory. The lights came up on the
full company assembled on stage
with Musical Director Simon Sad-
off, listed in the program as Zeus,
at the piano.
In the first moments of the
dance, the stark colored leotard
costumes, the dead-pan experience
of the dancers, and the apparently
aimless, expressionless movement
made one wonder if Limon had
suddenly abandoned his belief in
the essential humanism in dance
and had gone over to join the ab-
stract school of choreography.
But it soon became clear that
this was a satire, not just on the
Odysseus legend, but also on the
themes and techniques of some of
the other leading figures in the
modern dance world. In a giddy
succession of scenes from the
Odyssey passed across the stage,
almost every member of the com-
pany had a chance to display his
or her talents as both dancer and
Louis Falco as Hermes, Betty
Jones as Athena, and Ruth Cur-
rier as Circe made the most of
their opportunities. But the high
point of the work was the erotic
and hilarious "My ' Imprisonment
by Calypso," with Lola Huth's
Calypso a perfect foil to Limon's
Odysseus. '
* * *
THE EVENING closed with
"The Moor's Pavane," a retelling
of the Othello story in dance
terms. Out of the patterned fig-
ures - of the pavane the crisis be-
tween the Moor, His Wife, His
Friend and His Friend's Wife de-
velops. This work has become a
modern dance classic and rightly
-Kate O'Neill
J WOULD not be in the least
surprised if all of a sudden,


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