EQUALITY OR BUST :
THE BIRMINGHAM WAY
See Editorial Page"
:4E a it~
Warmer with scattered
showers toward afternoon
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 167 SEVEN CENTS ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 12, 1963 TWO SECTIONS
Marble Suggests Private Basis
State Surplus for
By 'ANDREW' ORLIN..
At his Thursday meeting with
Gov. George Romney, Delta Col-
lege President Samuel Marble dis-
cussed "an interim proposal con-
cerning Delta as a private institu-
tion," Marble confirmed last night.
Although Delta College does not
need Romney's consent to become
a private school, "I wished to learn
whether this action would preju-
dice Delta before the governor's
'blue-ribbon' Citizens Committee
on Higher Education," Marble
All that Delta College legally
needs to become a private institu-
Ad Hoe Committee Reaches
Compromise with Hinsdale
By BURTON MICHAELS
Hinsdale House in East Quadrangle and the ad hoc committee
for the Pilot Project have reached a compromise on Hinsdale's in-
clusion in the project.
Both the Hinsdale Council and theg ad hoc committee have
agreed that only two thirds of the 60 freshmen entering the house
.. lpd bi-racial group
Ne egroes lan
By The Associated Press
BIRMINGHAM An uneasy
quiet reigned in Birmingham yes-
terday as Negro leaders mapped
plans for a voter-registration drive
on the heels of a truce in the ra-
Behind the scenes, Negroes said
they were moving from house to
house seeking renewed efforts to-
ward voter registration.
Despite settlement-on the sur-
face-of issues in this city's six-
week racial crisis, more than 500
Alabama highway patrolmen still
Violence flared last night as two
persons were injured when a bomb
exploded at a Negro motel used
as headquarters by integration
At least two other explosions
occurred in a Negro residential
area. There were no reports of
Police said the home of the Rev.
A.D. King, brother of the inte-
gration leader, was heavily dam-
The second explosion occurred
at a Negro apartment house.
Meanwhile, city officials and
Gov. George Wallace scoffed at a
biracial citizens' committee agree-
ment on proposals to end the con-
flict, which has seen more than
2000 Negroes arrested and fire
See Protest Pictures, Page 8
?next fall will be in the literary
college, instead of all 60, as the
committee had originally planned.
Although Hinsdale's staff "next
year will include only graduate
students, they need not all be in
the literary college.
In addition, "we hope to have
cooperative courses - a m a t h
course for both engineering stu-
dents and literary college people,
for instance. The committee is
trying to set this up and is con-
sulting with the engineering col-
lege," Hinsdale president Gerald
L. Solensky, '65A&D, said.
"We feel this compromise will.
be beneficial to literary college
students and still retain diversifi-
cation in our house. It's a step
forward in cooperation between
students and the administration,"
Solensky said. He added that Hin§-
dale is "very grateful" to the ad-
ministration and the members of
the ad hoc committee for "their
cooperation and understanding."
As for Hinsdale's fear that the
project would destroy its "engi-
neering tradition," Solensky ex-
plained that "we now feel it will
retain our engineering tradition
and build up a literary college
tradition. By integrating them we
can build complete loyalty- to the
Assistant director of housing
John M. Hale agreed that the com-
proiise would. aid. the project.
"We were not going ahead unless
we found Hinsdale agreeable to it.
If they are, this compromise may
strengthen the project because the
opportunity to 'have contact with
students in other schools is very
Hale added that the proposed
cooperative courses "are in keep-
ing with the total Pilot Project
plan." le saw possibilities of stu-
debts in different schools living
in the same house and all partici-
pating in a similar project.
Reached After Meeting
The compromise was reached
after a meeting between Hinsdale
men and the project officials
Wednesday night. As a' result of
the meeting representatives from
Hinsdale m e t Thursday with
John H. Taylor, resident director
of East Quadrangle, and decided
on the compromise. Both the ad
hoc committee -and the Hinsdale
House Council approved the com-
promise Thursday night.y
Before the compromise w a s
reached, project officials had
agreed to try to arrange priority
in other living units for discon-
tented Hinsdale men who wished
to make other arrangements for
Since the compromise, however,
no Hinsdale men have tried to
change their living arrangements,
tion is a private charter granted
by the Legislature, Marble said.
Get State Moving
"We are following Romney's
views to get Michigan moving by
setting up a local educational in-
stitution financed by private
funds," he commented.
However, plans are still tenta-
tive and await further information
from Romney and the "blue-rib-
Although Delta College would
be privately supported if it be-
came a private local institution,
"we would not wish to make it
ineligible for public aid by pre-
judicing ourselves before the blue-
ribbon committee," Marble ex-
Former Bills Failed
Two plans to make Delta Col-
lege a --four-year degree-granting
institution failed this year. One
bill, establishing a state-supported
senior college in the Delta area
was defeated in the Legislature.
The other proposal was to es-
tablish a University branch at
Delta. However, after RomneyI
noted a desire to await the "blue
ribbon" committee's report on
higher education, the bill was'
withdrawn in the Legislature.
The new proposal does not envi-
sion any type of participation by
Marble foresees some type of
report from the "blue ribbon"
committee by next fall. However,
he refused to say whether or not
Delta College would seek a charter
before that time.
BOISE-Opposition to the new
Idaho loyalty oath, signed into
law Friday, is mounting on the
Idaho State University and Uni-
versity of Idaho campuses, The
New York Times reported yester-
The regulation specifically re-
quires every employe of the col-
leges to take the oath, containing
promises to uphold the federal
and state constitutions, pledges
not to join any organization ad-
vocating overthrow of the govern-
ment by force, and statements of
Prof. Albert E. Taylor of Idaho
State predicted that the school
would have difficulty in recruiting
teachers because of the rule.
William E. Drevlow, acting gov-
ernor, announced that he was
"very happy" to sign it.
Two faculty members at Idaho
have said they will resign at the
end of the school year because of
the oath: At Idaho State the Amer-
ican Association of University Pro-
fessors has retained counsel to
attack the law. Prof. George Heck-
ler, president of the local chapter,
called the statute "thought con-
The provisions of the'law become
effective next week but the state
has not decided whether to re-
quire the filing of oaths until July
USNSA structure and the National
Student Congress held each sum-
These proposals can go into
effect only if' they are adopted
today by the plenary body which
consists of all official delegates
to the regional assembly.
Student Rights Motion
Toward furthering s t u d e n t
rights, a motion listing "student
rights and responsibilities" was
accepted with amendments by one
of the subcommittees.
It holds the student responsible
for devoting himself to increasing
his knowledge and to supporting
student government democratical-
ly. He also should assume the re-
sponsibility to respect the rights
of faculty and administration, the
Education a Right
Defining education as a right-
not a privilege-the, motion recog-
nizes "the right of every indi-
vidual to be educated to the extent
of his intellectual potential."
The motion also enumerates 13
other rights, including the right
to clear statements of a school's,
regulations, the student's right "to
hear speakers of. his choice" and
"to pursue change within his in-
Turning to internal reform, the
subcommittee considered a reso-
lution submitted by Student Gov-
ernment Council P r e s i d e n t
Thomas Brown, '63BAd, a n d
USNSA Michigan region chairman
Howard Abrams, '63.
Calling for reforms of the na-
tional congress, the resolution
criticizescte bulk of the legisla-
tive agenda as too long, the power
exercised at the congress by its
top leaders and the general re-
moval of legislation from the
member schools' authority.
The resolution asserts that all
legislation should originate either
with the student governments or
official delegates of the member
It also would vest all legislative
authority exclusively in the con-
gress itself. Previously, the USNSA
national executive committee had
been given some initiative and
Civil rights motions and declar-
ations also passed through the
May Exceed Estimates,
Approach $41 Million
USNSA WORKSHOP-Mary Beth Norton (right) and Thomas
Brown (left) and two delegates from other colleges in the state
discuss proposed reforms of the National Student Congress, to be
held this August on the University of Indiana campus.
State USNSA Delegates
Support Student Rights
By LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM
Increasing student rights was the major topic considered yester-
day as observers and'delegates to the semi-annual assembly of the
Michigan Region of the 'United States National Students Association
prepared resolutions and motions for plenary consideration today.
The 28-man contingent from five Michigan universities and col-
leges also discussed and recommended motions to improve the effec-
tiveness of the Michigan regional
DAMASCUS OP) - Controlling
revolutionary commands yester-
day overhauled the governments of
Syria and Iraq-two members of
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel
Nasser's planned Arab federation.
The two nations agreed to unite
with Nasser's Egypt after succes-
sive revolutions in February and
March. But a week-old Syrian po-
litical crisis threatened to upset
A Baghdad announcement of the
Iraqi shakeup gave no hint that
the threat had deepened in that
country. It said Iraq was going
forward for Arab unity.
After a week of pro-Nasser riot-
ing in Syria, the National Revo-
lutionary Council accepted, the
resignation of Prime Minister Sa-
lah Bitar,. a Ba'ath Socialist who
took over in a bloodless coup
March 8. The council then asked
Sami Jundi to replace him and at-
tempt to form a government. He
has been a proponent of Arab uni-
The Syrian switch appeared
aimed at solving the nation's poli-
tical crisis but whether it would
do so remained a question.
In Baghdad, the cabinet of Ah-
med Hassan Bakr resigned but
President Abdel Salam Aref asked
Bakr to form a new government,
an Iraqi broadcast said. T
The broadcast quoted Bakr as
saying the cabinet, formed after
the fall of dictator Abdul Karim
Kassem on Feb. 8, had felt its
missibn was accoiplished with the
April 17 signing of the Cairo agree-
ment for a federation of. Egypt,
Syria and Iraq.
In his resignation letter, Bakr
said "Iraq is approaching an era
ushering in the immediate rise of
the United Arab Republic as well
as the new stage of preparatory
constructive work for the estab-
lishment of the tripartite federa-
tion. We feel this requires a new
basis and a new government that
can adapt itself to this new stage."
By MICHAEL JULIAR
(First of a Series)
With the fantastic growth of radio astronomy since World
War II, its observations of heavenly bodies formerly unknown
to optical telescopes and its penetrations of some of the
mysteries posed by the universe, optical astronomy has been
pushed into the background-at least in the public's eye.
And this branch of the oldest of the sciences may also
be getting the poor man's share of the funds it feels it needs
to make progress.
Prof. Lawrence H. Aller, now at the University of California
at Los Angeles, who left the University's astronomy department
last spring after being here since 1948, raised this point in the
January issue oScee, th
wveekly journal of the American ~
Association for the Advance- ~
ment of Science, '"'.
'Dust of Obsolescence' i S
"The opening of a new win- .
dow in the electromagnetic
spectrum (radio astronomy)
does not mean that we should
close one of the old ones (op-
tical astronomy), or allow it to
sblacken up with the dut ofl
obsolescence," he says. Amnongf
his main points are the need
for more ground-based optical
telescopes-bigger, better and
At the Kitt Peak Nationala
Observatory in Arizona, there
are telescopes available or un-
der construction which staff RADIO TELESCOPE
and students of many schools .rich man's share
can use up to 60 per cent of
the time. "It could just about handle the optical stellar needs
of two or possibly three good graduate schools in astronomy,"
Prof. Aller says.
Prof. Orren C. Mohler, chairman of the astronomy depart-
ment says that "newness of equipment isn't important to us;
it has to be appropriate. This Isn't the same thing as the
need for big light-gathering equipment which Prof. Aller says
is needed. He is talking about experiments that interest him
and that are important to him.
Men, Equipment, Time
"There are thousands of problems in astronomy that need
to be solved and'each of them needs its own equipment. You
need the proper instrument for the problem, the right men,
equipment and time,"..Prof. Mohler points out.
S In his article, Prof. Aller points out that "the need for
capital investment In optical astronomy cannot be'met at the
local-university level; every college is pushed to the limits
of its resources to provide buildings and staff to handle ever-
growing numbers of students.
"Substantial support should be given to an agency such
as the National Science Foundation so that worthwhile projects
requiring capital investments can be supported on their own
WIN, THEN LOSE:R
Still May Fall Short
By RAYMOND HOLTON
Gov. George Romney announced
yesterday that Michigan will have
an estimated $40.5 million general
fund surplus at the close of the
1962-63 fiscal year June 30.
,This is $7.5 million greater than
the $33 million surplus Romney
predicted in his budget message
to the Legislature Jan. 30.
However, Romney said the reve-
nue from tax collections is in-
creasing, but not as rapidly as the
revenue required to meet the de-
mands of a growing population.
Still Need Session
This revised surplus increase
does not decrease the need for a
special session of the Legislature
next fall to overhaul Michigan's
Sen. Raymond' D. Dzendzel (D-
Detroit) speculated that Romney
"may be trying to evade fiscal-
reform legislation by placing in
the eyes of Michigan a rosy fi-
Dzendzel added that Democrats
will vote against any state in-
come tax without "complete fis-
cal reform" next fall.
Complete fiscal reform must in-
clude the removal of food and
medicine from the sales tax and
the elimination of many nuisance
taxes, Dzendzel added.
Fiscal Reform Problems
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann
Arbor) said yesterday Romney's
expected fiscal reform next fall
will run into difficulties because
of the surplus.
"With two good back-to-back
auto years, it will be difficult to
get a state income tax through the
Legislature because we're not on
a lean year," Thayer said.
However, Michigan 'cannot al-,
ways depend onhhigh automobile
sales and must adopt a much
healthier tax structure, he added.
News of the surplus reached
Romney in a memorandum from
state controller Glenn Allen. Allen
said the increase is a result of
higher tax collections.
Romney warned that even if the
entire surplus were applied to the
state deficit it would still leave the
general fund with a deficit of $45.1
million on June 30.
Romney also indicated he was
opposed to establishment of a
state lottery to raise state funds.
"I don't think a sound economy
is built on. gambling which in-
cludes lotteries," he said.
Rep. Edwin A. Fitzpatrick (D-
Detroit) had said he would ask
Romney to back a renewal of his
perennial efforts to set up such
As a result of the New Hamp-
shire legislature's approval of a
state sweepstakes in ' financing
their government, lottery advo-
cates in the Legislature here have
found a new impetus in their ar-
Immediately after the New
Hampshire decision, Sen. John T.
Bowman (D-Roseville) announced
he would ask the Legislature to
make a study of lottery proposals.
U.S. Asks Court
To Release Men
WASHINGTON (*P-The Justice
Department brought court action
yesterday for the immediate re-
lease. of five Negroes arrested in
Holmes County, Miss. on a charge
of fire-bombing a Negro home.
Local officials there accused the
five of committing arson in an ef-
fort to stir up sympathy for a
In a suit filed in the United
States District Court in Jackson,
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy call-
ed the charge "false and baseless"
and said it was an attempt to in-
State' employes, who haver
signed by then will have their s
aries withheld, and persons,
fusing to sign will be obliged
Wolverines' Title Hoes
Hurt by Split with MSU
Maryland's unit-rule in state-
wide primary elections was ruled
unconstitutional yesterday by a
three-judge federal court. Mary-
land, the last state to use the rule,
was found to be violating the
"equal protection" clauses of the
United States Constitution in do-
hoses and police dogs brought into
play to control Negro demonstra-
Staunch segregationist Police'
Commissioner Eugene Connor, who
directed the arrests and repulsed
the crowds, said the agreement
was "the lyingest face-saving.
statem'ent that ever was issued.
In a radio interview later, Con-
nor reiterated his statement and
demanded, that merchants who
would desegregate their facilities
make themselves known so that
the white people'could stay away
Wallace called the agreement a
"so-called truce," and said the
ceasing of demonstrations was
brought about by beefed-up law
"This show of strength;" Wal-
lace said, speaking of 575' patrol-
men and other officers brought in
Tuesday, "has impressed on the
leaders of mob action that such
conduct no longer will be tolerat-
The agreement provides:
1) Desegregation 'of lunch coun-;
to.., - ... ....w1 ila- -sn a +n r
'NOT WANTED' IN AMERICA:
Gesensway Notes Modern Composer's D
By PERRY HOOD
Special To The Daily
EAST LANSING-The Spartaps of Michigan State all but erased
Michigan's hopes for a Big Ten championship baseball team by
defeating them 3-1 in the second game of a doubleheader here
The Wolverines did win the first game 4-2, but were unable to
combat the misfortunes which abounded. in the crucial second game.
The Michigan batsmen drew blood in the first contest with two out
"in the second inning, when Dick
Post singled and was followed Im-
mediately by another single to
left center by Pete Adams, ad-
vancing Post to third. State pitch-
er Doug Miller fired a low pitch
iem m as whichgot away from catcher
George Azar and allowed Post to
plentiful 30 to 35 years ago," but State was given a second chance
because of mechanization, in- in the fifth frame. when Michigan
dustry and the fact that people pitcher Fritz Fisher lost his con-
who are using live music do not trol for a short while, after third
pay well, "there are few good pros- baseman John Hines had doubled
pects for today's serious musicians. to deep left field with no one on
"Being a language, music, like base. Fisher walked the next three'
spoken language, has it own litera- men, forcing in the run. Dennis
ture. Beethoven and Bach and the Ketcham then grounded out to
other greats lave a message vital retire the side.
to life and experience. Getting the Michigan's chance came in the
message firsthand makes the study seventh inning. Lead-off batter
of music worthwhile." ' Dave Campbell reached first on
Musical Prostitutes a short grounder plus a fielding
Music can be compared to sex, error by third baseman Hines. Jim
love and life, Gesensway pointed Steckley hit a short roller to the
By RICHARD KELLER SIMON
The serious modern composer
faces a difficult time today be-
cause he is "basically not wanted
in the American social scheme,"
according to Louis Gesensway,
composer and a first violinist for
the Philadelphia Orchestra.
The only place where there is
need for musical composition is in
advertising, the movies and mu-
sicals, and even here this com-
mercial side is overcrowded and,
controlled by cliques, he said.
Gesensway, who studied under
plight of the serious composer is
further compounded by the large
group of musicians who think they
are composers but are not. To
some degree ego is important,
since compositions are a mani-
festation of the self, he added.
"In the serious field where one
can be creative the composer is
reduced to being a beggar. If
Beethoven and Mozart were living
today they would be forced to beg,
conductors to look at their scores,"'
Most, conductors either reject'
scores immediately, wait and then,
imagine they are the 'greats'I
whose music they are conducting,"1
"When the honestly lazy con-1
ductors do pick something new,I
they want all the glory . them-l
In defense of conductors, he:
added that not all fit this descrip-1
tion, and when they reject worth-r
less music they are acting quite1
Underpaid Composers c
"Most orchestras pay little to
the composer in relation to the
actual work involved in writingI