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May 05, 1963 - Image 1

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POPULATION GROWTH:
AVOIDING THE PROBLEM

fLwt~t

44&1v
:43 a t I]q

MILD, CLOUDY
High--6O
Low--42
Mostly cloudy
and cooler today

See Editorial Page

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 161 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 5, 1963 SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

ACADEMIC QUAD:
Hinsdale Fights Pilot Project

By BURTON MICHAELS
Hinsdale House in East Quad-
rangle is lodging protest against
being included in the literature
college's' Pilot Project next year,
Hinsdale President Gerald L. Sol-
ensky, '65A&D, announced last
night.
=The Hinsdale Council learned of
the plan to include it in the pro-
ject \Wednesday, and it voted to
protest. The house is presently
drafting letters to Interquadrangle
Council end Student Government
Council. "We are trying to work
through student-faculty relations,"
Solensky said.
"They put this thing through
without consulting us," he contin-
ued. The house will meet with off i-
cials of the Pilot Project next
Wednesday to discuss the situa-
tion.
Started in Greene
The Pilot Project was begun last
fall in Greene House in East
Quadrangle and Little House in
Mary- Markley as a joint project
of the literary college and the
Office of Student Affairs.
All freshmen coming into the
house will be in the literary col-
lege, and all staff members will
be graduate students in the col-
lege. Willing residents will be put
in the same sections of freshman
courses, while faculty associates
will be integrated more closely
with the house. The object is "a
built-in intellectual atmosphere."
"This is traditionally an engi-
neering house. That's not to say
we're all engineers, but we have
an engineering spirit- which the
Pilot Project. will, destroy. The
project should be started in a pre-
dominantly lit school house," Sol-
ensky said.
Chosen by Proximity
Hinsdale was chosen as the
house in which to expand the
Pilot Project because of its prox-
imity to Greene House. The two
share dining-room facilities and
are the only undergraduate houses
on the north end of East Quad-
rangle.
"The project would also elimin-
ate diversification of residents, as
eventually it would be all literary
college people. And we've learned
a lot from the ;diversification of
our staff," Solensky said.
He also complained that present
Hinsdale residents were notified of
the plan too late to change their
living arrangements for next year
Laos Neutrals
Charge Reds
With Attacks
VIENTIANE (M)-Neutralist Pre-
mier Prince Souvanna Phouma
charged yesterday that pro-Com-
munist Pathet Lao shot up two
peace mission helicopters near the
Plaine des Jarres.
He was threatening to abandon
peace talks with Pathet Lao chiefs.
Souvanna blamed the Pathet
Lao for the incident after his
return from truce talks at Pathet
Lao headquarters. "I don't know
" yet, but I may not return to the
Plaine des Jarres," he said.
Souvanna was shaken by the
attack yesterday on the Inter-
national Control Commission reli-
copters, a Western diplomat re-
ported,.
Shot Point-Blank
Souvanna said the Pathet Lao,
who "shot point-blank," held a
hill position at the site of the
attack, near the neutralist-held
plain 110 miles northeast of Vien-
tiane.
The ICC-made up of Poland,
Canada and India-is stationed
in Laos to serve as an internation-
al watchdog.
A French army sergeant guard-
ing the truck also claimed the
Pathet Lao opened fire.

Three Frenchmen and an Indian
major were injured.
Conference
The attack came while Sou-
vanna and ICC commissioners
conferred with Pathet Lao leaders
at Khang Khay, a town southeast
of the plain in north-central Laos.
Souvanna earlier had expressed
optimism that the talks could be
concluded successfully in a- short
time.
Observers felt that any attempt
to patch the shaky coalition gov-
ernment would be doomed if Sou-
vanna bowed out now.
Johnson Lauds
Cuban Policy
MILWAUKEE (RP) - Vice Presi-

"The people stuck here now will
contribute to the failure of this
project. They're going to oppose
this," he said.
Quite an Uproar
When Greene House learned of
its inclusion in the project about
this time last year, "there was
quite an uproar before people
knew what was happening. Now
there is very little opposition to
the Pilot Project," Gerald W.
Braun, '65E, Greenepresident,
said.
A recent survey of Greene fresh-
men showed that 50 per cent
found the Pilot Project beneficial,
2 per cent unbeneficial and 28
per cent registered no opinion.
Eighty-seven per cent of the

house's freshmen favored the idea
behind the Pilot Project, while
only two per cent opposed it and
12 per cent were undecided.
Of Greene upperclassmen, 75
per cent favored the project's
rationale and 25 per cent were
indifferent.
Staff Benefits
Evaluating the Pilot Project
staff in Greene, 67 per cent of the
freshmen and 53 per cent of the
upperclassmen said they benefited
from contact with the staff.
Indifference accounted for 28
per cent of the freshmen and 47
per cent of non-freshmen, while
five per cent of the freshmen
stated dissatisfaction with the
staff.

n~:.{v,.{:{:n:.::4?Y ikrvi"%i:% ..*.*.*%::*i7:: :.. ...... :.";": f v. . . . . . . ..i.Y~G¢s :::'h :""": fi:mv..4f",: -:
Ruthven Recalls
Years as 'U Head
By RICHARD KELLER SIMON
University President Emeritus Alexander G. Ruthven recalls
the experiences and tribulations of his 22 years in office and com-
ments on the present problems of the University in his memoirs
to be published June 3.
Ruthven, who was University president from 1928 to 1950,
now lives in a farm outside Ann Arbor. His book, "Naturalist in:
Two Worlds: Random Recollec-
tions of a University President,"
is a 160-page account of his life
in the University Museum and
the President's House.
He outlines his life as a se
ries of six rebirths: boyhood,
college, zoological specializa-
tion, museum curator, Univer-
sity president and retirement.
Ruthven's comments on his
University career cover Uni-
> versity expansion, the Legisla-
ture, the faculty, alumni, the
<-'Uni'versity during the depres-<
sion and through World War
t.:, students, athletics, the pres-
idency, daily problems, gifts
and grants, the Regents, and
The Daily ' .
ALEXANDER RUTHVEN Role of the President _
,:... memoirs On the'role of the presidencyr
he writes, "One of the major -
tasks of a president who would build an integrated institution is
to keep the peace in the family by harmonizing, not compro-;
mising, the different viewpoints.
"Simultanieously he must train his trustees to' have confi-
dence in their faculties and instruct the faculty in the problems:
of a governing board." University administrators should delegatex
authority without shirking responsibility, he remarks.c
Athletic Dilemmas
He explains his difficulties with the athletic program andl
its influence in the University. "If one university activity more
than any other is calculated to bring a president's gray hairs in
sorrow to the grave, it is intercollegiate athletics.
"Then there is the student newspaper," Ruthven exclaims.
"If our embryo journalists write about anything but the weath-
er they are certain to offend someone . . . Every president .--
knows that the only way the faculty or the administration could
even be reasonably sure that nothing silly, libelous, or in bad
taste appeared in print would be to put both students and paper~
to bed each night at an early hour."
President's Teas Better
He further explains that he got a better idea of student
opinion from talking to students at President's teas than through
the "ill-considered, half-baked and biased discussions" in The
Daily.
His advice to parents is that they "should be required to
take a course in genetics before sending their children to college.'
They should learn that the chips are not off just one of the old
blocks but from a tree that may have defective parts.
Ruthven also discusses the problems of many state-support-
ed institutions. ". .. Voluntary cooperation between the schools
See PAST.'U' PRESIDENT, Page 2
SORE THUMB:
IYost Compares Poorly
To Big Ten Structures
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second of a series of, nine articles
analyzing the most pressing problems of the University's athletic plant.)
By JIM BERGER
Acting Associate Sports Editor
Just how bad is Yost Field House compared with the indoor track
and basketball facilities of other American universities?
A recent Daily survey of United States universities shows that
Michigan's indoor facilities are not too bad, but in the Big Ten
Michigan's field house sticks outt ,

CohenFinds
Agreement
Over NDEA
By RAYMOND HOLTON
General agreement c a n be
found in Congress on appropria-
tions for the National Defense
Education Act, Wilbur J. Cohen,
assistant secretary of the health,
education and welfare department
said yesterday.
President John F. Kennedy's
Omnibus Education Bill calls for
$5.2 billion over a period of five
years. Rather than send 24 sepa-
rate bills into Congress the ad-
ministration decided to present
them in one omnibus proposal,
Cohen noted.
HEW commands approximately
half of Kennedy's total legisla-
tive program and federal educa-
tion is the central point in HEW's
program.
No Major Dispute
"Appropriations for higher edu-
cational facilities also stand a
good chance of passage mainly be-
cause there is no major idealogical
controversy o v e r mortar and
bricks in this area," Cohen said.
As a result of the country's un-
employment problem, Congress is
in general agreement over pro-
visions for vocational education
and the retraining program, Cohen
added.
"However, d e s p i t e America's
pride in her high educational
standards I have found it is mere-
ly lip-service when it comes to the
pocket book," Cohen complained.
Combination of Factors
What makes educational legis-
lation difficult to get passed by
the Congress is a combination of
factors, he noted.
First, there is the "rigid econo-
my" faction which takes the ex-
treme stand that "the desire of
the Communist Party is to have
the United States spend more and
more money."
Second, there are those who are
afraid that the federal govern-
ment will become an "octopus"
with its tentacles extending into
every phase of American society,
Cohen explained.
States'-Rightists
"Then there is the Southern
group of states-rightists who com-
plain that the ultimate purpose of
federal aid to education and other
social legislation is to eliminate
segregation in the South.
"This is shown by the fact that
prior to the Little Rock and Mis-
sissippi incidents the southerners
were generally in favor of federal
education programs," he explained.
These first three groups by
themselves are nearly a majority
in Congress but there is still a
fourth faction which increases the
majority, he added.
The northern Democratic Con-
gressmen make up this fourth
group and they are concerned
over the government's exclusion of
parochial elementary and second-
ary schools as recipients of federal
aid, Cohen said.
When Cohen first entered the
Kennedy administration in 1961
he was very much concerned over
the government's role in scholar-
ships and grants to the college
students.
But after his first year with1
HEW he found it virtually impos-
sible to get the idea of scholar-
ships across to Congress.
"These Congressmen are afraid
of giving the college student a 'free
ride' through school at the expense
of the federal government," he
stated.
"A number of them approach the
issue with a somewhat Calvinistic
attitude. They think it should be
made tough for the student to get
his schooling," Cohen stressed.

Cohen finds a widespread an-
tipathy in Washington, usually
from the rural congressmen, to-
ward the idea of federal aid to
scholarships.
"Unless a change in attitude de-
velops the whole concept of fed-
eral scholarships for undergrad-
uates will fade," he explained.
During the eight years of for-
mer President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's administration there was.
little domestic progress with hu-
man resources, he charged.

Rush

Dominican Armed

Units

to

f.'7

RIOT IN BIRMINGHAM:
Racial Incidents Shake South

By The Associated Press
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.-A taunt-
ing crowd of more than 1000 Ne-
groes defied policemen, dogs and
high velocity water hoses yester-
day before their own leaders per-
suaded them to disperse.
Doused for about an hour with
water, the Negroes gave ground
grudgingly. Finally, two Negro
ministers pleaded with remnants
of the crowd to leave.
Some of the Negroes threw
rocks and others missiles.
Police said nearly 200 Negroes
were arrested-including 111 chil-
dren under 16. More than 1600
have been arrested since demon-
strations started April 3.
JFK Dismayed
The trouble broke out as Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy expressed
dismay over the situation and his
brother, Atty. Gen. Robert Ken-
nedy, dispatched two of his key
civil rights aides.to Birmingham.
The attorney general canceled a
speech and stayed at his office.
Burke Marshall, chief of the Jus-
tice Department's civil rights di-
vision, talked with several offi-
cials, including Sheriff Melvin
Bailey.
"It was our feeling that law en-
forcement was containing the sit-
uation. For how long we don't
know. There's a possibility it could
get out of hand. My impression
was that he thought that was a
fair appraisal of the situation,"
Bailey commented.
Savannah Protest
Meanwhile, in Savannah, Ga., a
mass withdrawal of students from
Savannah State College for Ne-
groes began yesterday to protest
the dismissal of a professor who
had sought to integrate his class-
es.
About 60 of around 1100 who
had threatened withdrawal earlier
sought to enroll at Armstrong Col-
lege, which has. only white stu-
dents. A limited number of appli-
cation blanks available at Arm-
strong was soon exhausted and
registration officials were able
only to take the names of Negroes
seeking to enter.
Florida Decision
And in Fort Payne, Ala., a group
of integration demonstrators, ar-
rested near here Friday, chose to
remain in jail rather than make
bond pending their hearing June 3.
The group, including 10 "free-
dom marchers" and two addition-
al members of the Student Non-
viollent Coordinating Committee,
were arrested at the Alabama-
Georgia line 20 miles away.
Carl Rachlin, general counsel
for the Congress of Racial Equal-
ity, talked with several of the
group today. He said charges
against the 12 of breaching the
peace will be defended by Fred
Fray, a Montgomery attorney.
No Bond Seen
Rachlin, of New York City, said
there are no plans for the group
to make $300 bonds on the charges
at this time.
Unless they are released on
bond, the group would remain in
jail until the next regular session
of circuit court which could con-
sider the case.
"After talking with them, I am
convinced that they intend to re-
main in jail for the next month,"
Rachlin said.
The marchers were carrying on
a pilgrimage began by Baltimore
postman William Moore. Moore
was shot to death near Attalla,
Ala., April 24.
Eight of the 10 marchers peti-
tioned U.S. District Judge Frank
M. Johnson Jr. for a temporary
restrainng order, a permanent in-
junction and a speedy hearing.
The request was filed almost sim-
ultaneously with their arrest.

-AP Wirephoto
TORRENT RESISTANCE-Negro demonstrators protest for inte-
gration in the face of high-velocity water blasts in Birmingham,
Ala. Police turned dogs and hoses on the crowd of more than 1000
and arrested 200 Negroes, 111 of them children.
TO SELECT PRESIDENT:
WSU Facult Nominates
Candidates for Advisors
By ANDREW ORLIN
Wayne State University faculty members have selected nine
professors, three of whom will eventually aid WSU's Board of Gov-
ernors select a new president.
The Board will select three of the nine to sit on an advisory
committee with three administrators and three governors, Prof. Glenn
Howell, one of the nine faculty members, said yesterday.
Although the Board will have final decision on WSU's next
president, it is seeking advice from faculty and student groups. One
of +l- airnnrmi~i.aa catim Kxt ,-

Haitian, Frontier

of the new committees set up ay
WSU's Student-Faculty Council
will try to define the necessary
qualities of WSU's future presi-
dent.
Hilberry To Retire
WSU President Clarence B. Hil-
berry is retiring on account of age.
Prof. Howell sees the committee
as an investigative and advisory
body. "The committee might sug-
gest one, two or possibly three per-
sons to the Board, each one hav-
ing different qualifications but all
being equally qualified for the po-
sition."
"However, it is for the Board to
make the final decision and that's
the way it should be-they have
been given this power through the
state constitution," he added.
Howell in Controversy
Prof. Howell was involved in
controversy last week when he
criticized much of the present work
as wasted effort. "In seeking a new
president, I am all for faculty ob-
servations and suggestions on the
needs of our next president, but I
am completely opposed to rules
being set now which supposedly
will have to follow when he comes
into office."
Much discussion has gone on as
to what role and what policy the
future president should follow.
Discussion of which way the new
president should lead WSU is a
waste of time, Prof. Howell assert-
ed.
Nominations for the advisory
committee came from University
Council's steering committee.
University Council selected 18
names. These names were put to
a general vote of the faculty who
selected the nine professors. Prof.
George Miller who served on the
election committee said that 587
out of 877 eligible faculty members
voted.
Formation of 'the committee now
awaits action by the WSU Board.

Myrdal Blasts
Wasting Cash
For Defense
By EDITH SCHACHLER
of the Wayne Daily collegian
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-The wasting of de-
fense dollars which could be used
to solve many of this country's
problems was pointed up yesterday
by a panel of famed economists.
Speaking at the Saturday ses-
sion of Wayne State University's
program on "Economic and Social
Problems of Disarmament," Prof.
Gunner K. Myrdal of the Univer-
sity of Sweden said the United
States is in a period of relative
stagnation.
"Not only is the United States
wasting $22 billion, but there are
also billions not produced because
of unemployment," he declared.
Wasted Engineers
He expressed dismay that "such
a large part of this country's en-
gineers are working in military
fields when they could be used to
greatly increase the productivity
of America."
Prof. Seymour Melman of Co-
lumbia University asserted that
the present military budget-456.7
billion-could be cut by $22 billion
without hurting United States de-
fenses.
"The condition of military tech-
nology has, reached the point
where there is no defense any-
more," he said. I
"Electric Effect"
"The effect of reducing the mili-
tary budget would have an electric
effect on Russia" by turning at-
tention to productive needs in
both countries, Prof. Melman as-
serted.
Prof. Walter Isard of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania viewed the
special problems that disarmament
and arms budget cuts would bring
to the country.
He noted that Michigan had al-
ready in effect made an adjust-
ment to a defense spending cut
as military expenditures dropped
from 10.55 per cent of all defense
expenditure to 2.8 per cent in ten
years.
Diversification
Stressing the advantage of a
diversified economy which is not

Crisis Rises
Over Safety
Of Asvlees
Call Move Defensive;
Runor of Offensive
Retaliation Persists
SANTO DOMINGO (A) - The
Dominican Republic rushed army
troops overland to the Haitian
frontier and mounted a seaborne
tank assault force yesterday as
the Haiti-Dominican crisis rapid-
ly deteriorated.
Authoritative sources said 1000
army troops were sped in buses
and trucks to various border points
while at least five and possibly
many more medium tanks were
loaded aboard navy landing craft
In Santo Domingo and dispatched
toward Haiti.
Government sources described
the moves as defensive, but there
were persistent reports that Pres-
ident Juan Bosch may take the
offensive in retaliation for what
he has called Haitian foot-drag-
ging in issuing safe conduct pass-
es to Haitians who had taken
asylum in the Dominican embassy
in Port-au-Prince.
Asylees Depart
Twenty Haitians wo had taken
asylum in the Spanish and Bra-
zilian embassies in Port-au-Prince
left the Haitian capital by air
yesterday under safe conduct pass-
es issued by President Francois
Duvalier's regime.
But the Dominicans said Duval-
ier has failed to live up to his
promise to an inter-American
peace commission to issue safe
conduct passes for 15. of 22 Hait-
ians who had taken asylum in the
Dominican embassy.
The Duvalier regime accused the
Dominican Republic in charges
published in Port-au-Prince of
giving Haitian rebels training
camps and planes and of massacr-
ing other Haitians.
U.S. Forces Alerted
United States forces in the Car-
ibbean also remained on the alert,
ready, if necessary, to help pro-
tect the lives and property of
American citizens in Haiti.
Reports circulated in Santo Do-
mingo that the inter-American
peace team here may be ordered
back to Port-au-Prince, possibly
to get Duvalier to carry out his
agreement to issue safe-conduct
passes for the Haitian asylees in
the Dominican Embassy.
Shows YD's
Defense Cut
Possibilities
By ROBERT SELWA
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-The defense budget
could be cut by 24 billion dollars
and the nation still would retain
all its military power, the Michi-
gan Young Democrats were told
last night.
Addressing the annual YD con-
vention, Prof. Seymour Melman of
Columbia University noted that
the proposed defense budget of 56
billion dollars is more than all
federal government expenditures
from 1933-1940.
He said the United States has
spent 450 billion dollars in the
last 15 years building up a military
machine that has now reached the
point of "overkill."
Other Purposes
With a defense budget of only
34 bilion dollars this next year,

the United States could main-
tain full deterrence while using
the other 22 billion dollars for
industrial purposes, Melman said.
Rep. James G. O'Hara (D-Mich-
igan) also spoke to the YD's,
dwelling upon the problem of the
many young people "out of school,
out of work, and out of luck."
More Education
Almost nothing, he said, is being
done for them. O'Hara described
the Kennedy administration's
youth employment bill as "a mod-
est bill that does not begin to
meet the problems." He advocated
more vocational education.

like a sore thumb.
Yost Field. House, besides being
40 years old, handles a maximum
crowd of only about 9800.
In the Western Conference, only
Purdue can claim as bad facilities
for indoor track and basketball as
Michigan. Ohio State, Illinois,
Minnesota, Indiana, Northwestern
and Michigan State all have par-
ticularly good and relatively mod-
ern structures. Wisconsin and Iowa
have older buildings, but -both
have large seating capacities.
Ppmrhane +the mnat faomn of

EXCEEDS EXPECTATIONS:
'Informal' Ensian To ArriveMonday
__________________________________

By CARL COHEN
The 1963 Michigenensian will
be available beginning on Mon-
day, Editor Linda S. Joel, '63, an-
nounced yesterday.
The new 'Ensian "exceeded our
- -ra -ac -av ar -- f nn 1 %Xic n

portion is a picture of the band
in formation at a football game.
"This leads naturally into the
Sports pages," she pointed out.
Also, she said, "We tried to
establish informality and contin-
~iv by ,-,ca f rn nn und.rthe

McLeary, '63, a first prize winner
at the Michigan Union's Creative
Arts Festival. Several pictures by
Edward Langs, '65L, in this year's
'Ensian have also won prizes.
"We have only printed 2500

f 7,0!

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