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April 02, 1963 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-04-02

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APRIL 2, 19683

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAIN R.=

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Coup Deposes
Azurdia Rises

Ydigoras;

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Power
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REGISTRATION:

MississIPPi Judge
Rejects Mandate
GREENWOOD, Miss. (I)-A federal judge turned down the
Justice Department's request yesterday for a court order banning
interference with Negro voter registration efforts here.
Sitting in a regular session of federal court at Aberdeen, Miss.,
Judge Claud Clayton said the Justice Department request was not
"sufficient to warrant trampling on the rights" of Greenwood and
Leflore County officials. His refusal, in effect, puts off a decision

Rift Causes
Syrian Riots
Suppression
DAMASCUS (WP)-The Revolu-
tionary Council yesterday clamped
an 18-hour curfew throughout
Syria to halt massive demonstra-
tions by supporters of President
Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United
Arab Republic.
Troops and heavily armed po-
lice fir'ed in the air, beat back
thousands of demonstrators with
clubs and sprayed them with dyed
water. The marchers, students,
workers and others, chanted "Nas-
ser, Nasser, Nasser." It was the
second day of demonstrations in
defiance of government bans.
Even bigger demonstrations were
reported in the northern commer-
cial center of Aleppo.
Cause of the demonstrations was
a rapidly growing rift between pro-
Nasser elements in Syria and the
Ba'ath Rab socialist party, which
rules in neighboring Iraq and has
a. government majority here. The
Nasserites and Ba'athists worked
together to engineer the latest
Syrian revolution March 8.
Nasserites are demanding an
equal voice with the Ba'athists in
the 20-man cabinet and the 21-
man national revolutionary coun-
cil.
There was yet no talk in Da-
mascus of suspending the talks on
federation of Nasser's UAR, Syria
and Iraq but there were obviously
serious repercussions here over the
attack on the Ba'ath party.

-on the Justice Department's suit
until after a formal hearing. He
set the hearing for 10 a.m. Thurs-
day in federal court at Greens-
ville, Miss.
Developments Unfold
Meanwhile, developments in the
simmering civil rights controversy
unfolded quietly in this delta cot-
ton country town in northwest
Mississippi. Negroes went to the
courthouse in small groups to ap-
ply for voter registration. Wooden
barricades used last week to
thwart mass marches were down.
Traffic flowed normally.
County officials resumed a full-
scale program of giving out sur-
plus food to needy families. The
program is financed by the federal
government, and the operation re-
sumed under the government's
threat to take over if county of-
ficials didn't get it under way.
Clayton issued his ruling be-
tween sessions of a car theft trial.
'The Proper Way'
"I consider that the proper way
to deal with this matter and give
reasonable consideration to the
rights of alleparties is for a cause
order to be entered," he said.
He said the government's re-
quest for a restraining order came'
"without giving these defenders
either notice or an opportunity to
be heard.
"I detest any action on the part
of anyone which interferes in any
way with a right of any person
which is given and protected by
law.
Right To Register
"This includes the right to regis-
ter and the right to vote, provided
the standards now rightfully es-
tablished by the laws of the state
of Mississippi are met.
In Jackson, Gov. Ross Barnett
said he was behind Greenwood
officials.

Government
To Combat
Communists
Armed Forces Back
Rise of New Regime
By The Associated Press
GUATEMALA - Guatemala's
armed forces'ousted President Mi-
guel Ydigoras Fuentes Sunday in
a swift coup aimed at cracking
down harder on Communists.
The 67-year-old president -
himself a leader of the Central
American anti-Communist, anti-
Castroite movement-was flown
in an Air Force plane to Nica-
ragua, where he declared:
"What is going on in Guatemala
is for her own good and for the
good of the rest of Central Amer-
ica."
Better Job
The deposed president's cronies
in the government made plain
they felt they could do a better
job than Ydigoras in combatting
Communist infiltration and sub-
version in the populous republic.
The coup apparently was touch-
ed off by the secret return from
exile Friday night of leftist for-
mer President Juan Jose Arevalo
to attempt a political comeback.
In Washington, State Depart-
ment officials said only that they
are "watching the situation closely
and will wish to know more before
making any substantive state-
ments."
Acclaim Government
Col. Enrique Peralta Azurdia's
new revolutionary government, ac-
claimed by most political parties of
this Central American republic,
threatened yesterday to crack
down hard on any Communist
demonstrations against it.
The Guatemalan radio says au-
thorities have received informa-
tion that Communists will try to
demonstrate against the military
regime which took control of the
nation.
The broadcast said no such ac-
tivity will be allowed and the ar-
my "will apply the most drastic
measures against the agitators."
Communist Plans
The Communists plan to "pro-
mote manifestations and meetings
with the aim of creating disor-
ders," the radio said.
"This is not going t be permit-
ted under any pretext," the min-
istry of defense was quoted as say-
ing in the broadcast.
The army was alerted to crush
disorders, which the defense min-
istry said were planned by Red
groups.
The whereabouts of ex-President
Juan Jose Arevalo remained a
mystery. Arevalo vanished after
telling newsmen here he was go-
ing to live with peasants on the
Pacific coast. Though four Red
parties backed him to run in a
November presidential election,
Arevalo denied he was a Commu-
nist. He said he is a spiritual so
cialist.
Communist political activity had
been tolerated under Ydigoras,
even while he fought foreign Com-
munism and Castroism.
Though Communist demonstra-
tions are banned, plans are under
way for a mass rally today
SCLC Pushes
Voter Projects
GREENWOOD W)-The South-
ern Christian Leadership Confer-
ence has a crash program under
way in racially-tense Leflore
County to teach voter registration
procedures, governmental func-
tions and even the three R's to
Negroes.

The conference has a monumen-
tal task with more than 30,000
Negroes in this cotton county in
the Mississippi delta.
Miss Annell Ponder, 30, of At-
lanta, a SCLC worker, is directing
the program. The Clarke College
sociology graduate is training lo-
cal Negroes to teach in the vot-
ing schools.

MIGUEL YDIGORAS
.. . loses power
PROTEST:
Three Quit
Ole Miss'
By The Associated Press
OXFORD-Three University of
Mississippi professors resigned re-
cently protesting the university's
reliance on the Army in disciplin-
ing students after last fall's riots.
Professors Samuel F. Clark,
chairman of the 12-man chemistry
department, Russell W. Maatman
and William J. Wallace have re-
signed and four other members of
the department are reportedly
ready to quit.
Prof. Clark said the resigna-
tions did not stem so much from
the university's attitude toward
Negro James Meredith, but from a
disagreement on maintaining dis-
cipline following the riots protest-
ing Meredith's admission.
He explained that there had
been some faculty efforts to have
the university restore discipline,
but that some officials had indi-
cated that the Army and FBI
should do that job.
Chancellor John D. Williams
said the university did not have
the strength to discipline, but that
the Army and FBI did.

Strikers
Go Back
To Work
NEW YORK ()-New York's
nine major newspapers shared
news-stand space for the first
time in nearly four months yes-
terday.
Five and a half million copies
rolled off the presses to herald
the end of a 114-day blackout.
Business circles estimated the cost
of the tie-up at more than $250
million.
The four morning papers re-
turned to the stands Sunday night.
Five afternoon dailies went to
press yesterday. Back on the job
after 16 weeks of idleness were
nearly 20,000 newspaper employes.
Printers' Strike
The shutdown began Dec. 8
with a strike by 3000 printers of
the AFL-CIO International Typo-
graphical Union.
In editorials, the revived dail-
ies expressed hope that, in the
words of the afternoon Journal-
American "some better method
than prolonged strikes will be
found to settle in a sensible man-
ner labor-management disputes
that involve the public interest."
There were at least two sugges-
tions before the industry.
In Washington, White House
press secretary Pierre Salinger
called the present a good time
for the industry to consider his
plan for a broad study of news-
paper economics. He said news-
paper management and labor have
indicated interest in a suggestion
he made during the blackout for
an industry-sponsored study of
changing economics in the news-
paper field. -
Wagner Proposal
At the same time, New York
Mayor Robert F. Wagner indi-
cated he may propose a joint la-
bor-management board to carry
on a continuing study of news-
paper industry problems. The steel
industry already has such a f or-
mula to try to iron out issues be-
fore they lead to a deadlock in
collective bargaining.
Wagner was widely hailed for
his role in settling the newspaper
blackout. He entered the dispute
Jan. 26 as a self-appointed medi-
ator. When he got nowhere, he
switched to the role of umpire
and on March 7 outlined a $12.63
a week increase contract package
to extend over two years and to
cover increases in wages and
fringe benefits.

By The Associated Press 1
WASHINGTON - IntensifiedI
United States efforts to halt com-
mando raids against Cuba, with
their threat of touching off a
major conflict between the Unit-
ed States and Russia, won strong
backing in Congress yesterday.
There were some dissents by
Republican House members.
The crackdown measures map-
ped at a series of federal meet-
ings in Washington and Miami
over the weekend were reported to
have prompted one Cuban exile
group to shift its base of anti-
Castro operations to Mexico.
British Patrol
Great Britain reinforced its Car-
ibbean patrol to back the United
States move against hit-and-run
raids, which Sen. John Spark-
man (D-Ala) called "playing with
nuclear fire."
Backing up United States oppo-
sition to sneak attacks onr Cuba,
a British warship moved in on a
small Bahamian island Sunday
night and captured a group of an-
ti-Castro raiders.
The colonial secretary's office
announced in Nassau that 17 Cas-
tro fighters had been taken into
custody on a small key in the
Exuma island chain, 350 miles
from Miami and about 200 miles
north of the Cuban coast.
Previous Reports
The capture previously had been
reported in Miami by the Cuban
Anti-Communist Army. Its report
said that American and British
warships and planes participated
in the action.
A Defense Department spokes-
man in Washington denied, how-
ever, that United States planes or,
naval craft were involved in the
incident.
The Cuban group said that one
of its boats, laden with arms and
ammunition, had been taken but
that a second boat had escaped
and was on its way towards Cuba.
No Official Comment,
There was no immediate official
comment on the reported seizure.
In the Senate, the Democratic
and Republican floor leaders joined
in deploring the refugee raids
against Cuba and Soviet ships
trading with Prime Minister Fidel
Castro.
The two leaders, Sens. Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont) and Everett
M. Dirksen (R-Ill), said these un-
authorized attacks not only are
ineffectuaj but carry the possibil-
ity of igniting a major war.
Mansfield 'Understands'
Mansfield said he understands
the desire of Cuban exiles to free
their homelands, but he said "they

can't take the law into their own
hands."
Dirksen added that the United
States should try to find some
channel through which the exiles
"can use their spirit and deter-
mination to free the Cuban peo-
ple."
Asks (USIA.
Budget Cuts
WASHINGTON P-) - President
John F. Kennedy proposed yester-
day a cut of $9 million in the
budget of the United States Infor-
mation Agency.
The White House said this ac-
tion, coupled with budget amend-
ments submitted earlier, brought
to $142.7 million the total spend-
ing cuts suggested for the 1964
fiscal year since the budget went
to Congress in January.
The biggest reduction in the
USIA spending program was $7.4
million from the failure to pick a
site for a planned medium wave
radio transmitter in Southeast
Asia.
Other budget cuts would reflect
reductions in estimates for salaries
and expenses, including the spend-
ing of less than was anticipated to
distribute the magazine, "America
Illustrated," in the Soviet Union.

__
f---

'DANGEROUS':
U.S. Blasts Anti-Cuban Raids

Meanwhile, an established anti-
Castro group, Alpha 66, swore it
would continue fighting Castro but'
would lie low until further strate-
gy was mapped. And there were
reports a new commando group,
Commandos F. F. Operation Lobo
(sea wolf), would harass Soviet
shipping from bases along the
Mexicon coast.
Armed Boats
A spokesman known as Maj.
Leoves was quoted by the Miami
News as saying the new group has
speed boats armed with European
20 millimeter machine guns and
recoilless rifles.
However, older anti-Castro or-
ganizations said they knew noth-
ing of such a movement. These
groups, described as puzzled and
defiant to new United States or-
ders not to carry out further
raids against Cuba, huddled yes-
terday to map further plans.
Antonio Veciana, a coordinator
of Alpha 66, one of the first exile
commando organizations, declared
strategy was being decided during
meetings held since the United
States restrictions were imposed
Saturday.
Enrique Llaca Jr., who formed
an anti-Castro organization after
returning from a Castro prison
last December with other Cubans
captured in the 1961 Bay of Pigs
invasion, said "our plans must be
modified now but we shall go
ahead."t

I U

CIRCOLO ITALIANO
presents
"Le Notti de Cabiria"
starring GIULIETTA MASINA
Wednesday, April 3

8:00 P.M.
.....................................................................................................................&x.:....M.vii:::.

Multi Purpose room UGLI

World News Roundup

For the nicest Easter gifts,
come in and browse.
We feel certain you will
find something pleasing for
your family and friends. '
JOHN LEIDY
Phone NO 8-6779 0 601 East Liberty
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after THREEPENNY
HIT
to Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
for Tickets .. .
Thurs. $1.50, Fri., Sat. $1.75
Write AA Civic Theatre, Box 87

ORDER
NOW!
APRIL
18, 19, 20
Philip
King s
Hilarious
British
Farce
A
RIOT

By The Associated Press
ROME--A Moscow dispatch to
an Italian. Communist newspaper
aroused speculation yesterday that
Premier Nikita Khrushchev and
the Soviet leadership are involved
in serious internal trouble. The
dispatch to the newspaper L'Unita,
said the Soviet capital is "living
in a delicate political moment."
The Communist newspaper did not
'mention Khrushchev by name, but
spoke of "grave problems" and
economic failures. Two Italian
news agencies reported Khrush-
shev under mounting fire for his
policies regarding Cuba, Commu-
nist China and Soviet agriculture.
* * *
PARIS-Representatives of four+
big French mining unions will meet
with officials of the state-owned
coal mining company today to
talk about a settlement on the7

month-long mine strike, official
sources announced yesterday. The
meeting will mark the first offi-
cial contact since negotiations
were broken off March 24.
CAPE CANAVERAL - Payload
repairs have been completed and
the Explorer 17 satellite is sched-
uled for launching tonight.
CHICAGO - Illinois started a
birth control assistance program
for married and unmarried wom-
en on relief yesterday in a drive
to cut welfare costs, and imme-
diately ran into a court suit by
Chicago's Republican mayoralty
candidate. The suit of Benjamin
Adamowski, opponent of Mayor
Richard J. Daley, claimed that pol-
icy defined by the legislature is
to uphold, and is based upon, the

preservation and the strengthen-
ing of the family unit.
NEW YORK - Closing Dow-
Jones averages showed a general
raise of 3.34. There were 30 indus-
trials up 3.34, 20 railroads up .05,
15 utilities up .93 and 65 stocks up
1.06.

.4.:

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