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February 23, 1963 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-02-23

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4r A#idtgan Daily
Seventy-Third Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTs OF THE UNIvrrrY of MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL of STUDENT PUBLiCATIONS
"Where Opinions Are Fre STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG., ANN ARBoR, Mca., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Witt Prevan"'
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This nmst bi noted in all reprints.

High-Price Spread

COFO AND JUSTICE DEPARTMENT:
Progress Quite Slow,
But Signs Encouraging

TURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1963

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SUTIN

Marta Cook Building-
LovelyAnronism1

IF A CROSS between a dormitory and a
sorority house is genetically conceivable,
the Martha Cook Building is the campus' sole
specimen of the resulting hybrid.
Located on South University across from the
Clements Library and kitty-corner from Presi-
dent Hatcher's house, the imposing Gothic
structure houses about 150 girls-sophomores
through seniors with a few graduate students
--who probably have a much softer life than
any of "the envied residents of Washtenaw
Avenue and Hill Street.
The building is old-fashioned and beautiful.
It is a three-minute walk from either library
and five. minutes from the farthest point in
Mason Hall. Its spacious rooms, mainly single
suites or large doubles, have wall-to-wall car-
peting and most have private sinks. The
sprawling backyard has three gorgeous mag-
nolia trees which are best admired fromi the
terrace where one may eat breakfast and
lunch on warm spring days. There are fre-
quently seconds on the main course at dinner.
B UT WHAT chiefly distinguishes life in
Martha Cook from life in the other dorm-
itories, even the smaller and more popular ones
such as Barbour and Newberry, is the attitude
of the staff.
Surprisingly they do not seem to regard
themselves as wardens of the vast University
penitentiary for undergraduate women. Rather,
they go out of their way to make life for the
residents as gracious, charming and relaxed as
is humanly possible-and life in Martha Cook
is very, very pleasant indeed.
All the little extra' privileges which make
life, in a sorority so attractive are extended to
the Cook residents. Phone messages are care-
fully written down and posted for them when
they are not at home, underclassmen are
frequently permitted to remain after past
closing hours if they have a reason considered
valid by the house director, no one needs a
meal ticket to enter the dining room and the'
switchboard operators never, never say "Limit
your call, please."
NEVERTHELESS, Martha Cook is not a
sorority. It is a residence for unaffiliated
women, it sends delegates (and supplies a good
many officers and committee chairmen) to
Assembly Association and it is, at least nomin-
ally,. under the authority of the Board of
Governors of Residence Halls.
But in addition to the Board of Governors,
Martha Cook has its own board of governors,
composed ;mainly of alumnae and always in-
cluding a member of the Cook family-relatives
of the late and eccentric William Cook who
built the building and its next-door-neighbor,
the Law Quad. The Cook board of governors
can make special rules for the running of the
house and has, just recently stipulated re-
strictions regarding key privileges for senior
women.
In keeping ith the "high standards" Martha
Cook girls are charged with upholding, the
board has ruled that staying all night in, a
man's apartment or drinking an inordinate
amount of an alcoholic beverage constitutes
a violation of the key privilege and is to be
prosecuted by the house judiciary board.
ALSO PECULIAR to Martha Cook, though
greatly resembling sorority procedure, is
the method of getting to live' in the house.
Selection of new residents is made entirely by
the house director after an interview with ap--
plic'ants who are required to write a detailed
letter about themselves describing, among other
things,'their home life, their economic situa-
tion and their religious beliefs. They are also'
required to fill out a preliminary application
blank which must be accompanied by a snap-
shot or photograph and which asks point blank
'What is your religion?"
It is not clear whether the house director
is completely free to use whatever criteria
seem most relevant to her in choosing new
residents, or whether she is in some measure
>ound by the mysterious will of Mr. Cook
which is known to exist but which no member
>f the house seems to have read. Many strange
rumors circulate on campus about the com-
position of the house. One popular theory is
hat girls must have at least a 3.5 average
o live in Cook. Another holds that girls must
be honors students.

Fal So

Neither of these rumors is founded in fact.
While Cook consistently 'sets the record for
the all-campus women's average, it is usually
not more than a few tenths of a point above
its closest competitor, Sigma Delta Tau soror-
ity, and there are a great many girls whose
averages are nowhere near the 3.5 mark.
It is true, however, that nearly all of the
girls participate in some campus activity, that
a disproportionate number have been to Europe
one or more times, and the residents probably
represent a greater geographical variety than
the members of any other house or dormitory
on campus.
IN MANY WAYS the director of the house
faces the same problems sororities face in
that each year there are far more applicants
than places in the house, so that inevitably
many girls must be turned away. The director
must make her decision in the same way that
members of a sorority make theirs-she must
choose the girls who seem to have the most
to contribute to the house and who stand to
benefit the most from life in it. Her decision.
like the decisions of the sorority members is
motivated by what is best for the house and
she, probably like the majority of the sororities,
is not prejudiced racially or religiously.
But whatever the good intentions of the
house director, the basic fact remains: Martha
Cook, though privately endowed, is recognized
University housing. It does not even claim
to be a "private social organization" as the
sororities do. Yet University students may be
turned away by the house director on prac-
tically whatever grounds she wishes.
In addition, the Office of Student Affairs and
Student Government Council seem blind to
the fact that the Martha 'Cook application
form blatantly violates Regents' bylaw 2.14'
which is being used as authority to require
that sororities and fraternities submit to the
Committee on Membership in Student Organi-
zations the sections of their constitutions deal-
ing with criteria for selecting members along
with any other written or unwritten agree-
ments.
NO OTHER University organization or house
would dare ask an applicant's religion on
the application form. Residence halls are now
prohibited even from requiring photographs
until roommates have been assigned. Yet
Martha Cook still requires a snapshot and has
not even bothered to put an (optional) on its
application form after the forthright and
illegal "What is you religion?"
How has this escaped the attention of the
administration? :And how is it that while
sororities and fraternities are being hounded
for the membership sections of their con-
stitutions no one has demanded to see this
section of the Cook will?
TfHEDIRECTORS of the Martha Cook Build-
ing are not to blame. They are not discrim-
inating but, on the contrary are attempting
to achieve a harmonious variety among the
residents of the house. They are doing a con-
scientious and honest job.
But pleasant as all this is for the residents
of the building, it is not fair that the Uni-
versity lets it continue. Martha Cook, like the
sororities, is recognized University housing and
as such must be made available to all campus
women on equal terms, not on terms of per-
sonal characteristics or attainments.
While it would be excellent of the variety
and graciousness found in Cook could be built
into all dormitories-and they probably could'
if the dormitories would concentrate their
energies in this area and stop worrying about
late minutes and meal tickets-there is no
honest Justification for allowing Cook to con-
tinue as it operates now.
Like a dormitory, Cook should be open to
all undergraduate women on a random, first-
come, first-serve basis. Until such a change
comes about, the least that can be done is for
SGC and the OSA to insist that the religious
question and snapshot requirement be dropped
from the application form and any type of
understanding about selection of residents
submitted to the OSA immediately.
-JUDITH OPPENHEIM
Editorial Director

STUDENT GOVERNMENT SIDELINES:
HI3: Ac tion and 'Consequence

By ELLEN SILVERMAN
ALTHOUGH THE government is
plodding along slowly toward
Negro voter registration in the
South, many groups are anxious
for faster action. The tedious
waiting period which comes with
court cases and the individuality
of each case pushes them to look
for other means to register the
Southern Negro. Massive drives to
register voters have spread across.
the South under the auspices of
many groups. But the focus of,
such activity is Mississippi.
F o u r separate organizations,
formed and staffed primarily by
students, are now working together
in Mississippi under the title of
Council of Federated Organiza-
tions. The idea behind COFO is
to pool the talents of the members
of the Student Non-Violent Co-
ordinating Committee, the Con-
gress for Racial Equality, the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People, the
National Urban League and the
Southern Christian Leadership
Conference under Martin Luther
King.
The various groups are working
independently in most of the South
conducting v o t e r registration
drives, Freedom Rides and sit-ins.
But the situation in Mississippi
was considered unique. Wiley A.
Branton of the Voter Education
Project noted that because of the
"extreme resistance, harassment
and intimidation" in the state,
the federated organization was
launched.
* * *
THE HEAD of COFO is Robert
Moses, a Negro who graduated with
an MA in philosophy from Har-
vard. Last August Moses arrived
in Ruleville, Miss., to begin the
effort.
Although more Negroes have
attempted to register in Sunflower
County, consiered the most ex-
treme situatiohin the state, the
organization, has been plagued. by
problems with the local authorities.
Negroes who have joined the
voter registration drives have suf-
fered from violence-even shoot-
ings-and economic harrassment.
Many have been told to leave their
tenant farms when the drop is in
and others have been fired out-
right from city jobs.
At Williams Chapel, a Negro
Baptist church where the regis-
tration meetings were held, had
its water turned off by the local
mayor and its tax-exempt status
revoked.
The 4nayor, Charles M. Dor-
rough, claimed "you all ain't hav-
ing religious services down there.'
You're carrying ona lot of mess
and I ain't gonna stand for it."
WITH ALL of the handicaps,
the organization has not succeeded
in registering as many Negroes as
it had hoped. However, 60 were
added to the voters' rolls in Sun-
flower County in five months, and

Moses notes that the campaign
will continue.
W. C. Patton of the NAACP
feels that the group ought to aim
for a test case and then pull out
of the area and "go where we can
get people on the books and reg-
istered." But others take a more
optimistie view of the COFO work.
A government attorney noted
that Moses goes where it "is
tough." And courage seems to be
spreading just as fear did when
the harassments began. Many Ne-
groes are now, more than ever,
convinced that they must fight to
get the vote, despite the abuse
they must take from the local of-
ficials.
S * *
THE GOVERNMENT and COFO
have been working independently,
but the Justice Department has
recently filed suit to allow Moses
to distribute literature to help the
voting drives. He hwi previously
been arrested in Indianola, in Sun-
flower County, for passing out
leaflets of this type.
Moses, too, looks to the govern-
ment to aid his work. He and sev-
en others have brought suit against
Attorney General Robert Kennedy
and Federal Bureau of Investiga-
tion Chief J Edgar Hoover to re-
quire them to send federal mar-
shals to the courthouses to protect
Negroes. The Justice Department
has thus far refused to do this on
the grounds that it cannot act as
a police force for the state.
The student groups are rapidly
gaining adhereits in the North as
well as the South. White students
have pitched in to send food and
money to the Southern effort.
While much of the work on voter
registration has been done by Ne-
groes, Northern whites have been
aiding in the program since its
inception.
* . *
MISSISSIPPI will not be won
over quickly. The mere 150 Negroes
who were registered in the state
in the past months is a small frac-
tion of the many who wait for aid.
In 13 Mississippi counties the num-
ber of Negroes registered, is' zero
and in 20 others the percentage
is .003.~
But the movement is pushing
forward. For all its hopefulness, in
many ways COFO moves as slowly
as the Justice Department. But the
two together inch forward more
each day. Working in close coop-
eration they should be able to get
the needed test case and then the
COFQ workers can move along
more rapidly.
At the same time that President
John F. Kennedy is pressing for a
domestic peace corps made up of
youth, the college youth have
found their own service project. It
is they who are pushing the voter
registration program on and it is
they who are showing the, Presi-
dent the effective way youth can
work to serve the nation.

By GLORIA BOWLES
ON WEDNESDAY evening of
this week, Student Govern-
ment Council suspended the rules
and placed on the agenda a mo-
tion which would mandate Uni-
versity President Harlan Hatcher
to "make a public statement clear-
ly stressing the Regental stand
on non-discrimination and sup-
porting a Fair Housing Ordi-
nance."
Daily editor Michael Olinick, '63,
and Robert Ross, '63, explained
their motion's intent, and noted
that the University had done little
to implement and publicly support
the spirit of Regent's bylaw 2.14
which guarantees equality in
housing for faculty and students.
Though expressing regret at the
hasty manner of presentation,
they noted the necessity of its
immediate consideration: the Ann
Arbor City Council would meet on
Thursday evening to consider a
Fair Housing Ordinance, and a
statement from the President of
the University might greatly fa-
cilitate passage of such legisla-
tion.
The substance of the motion
represented a legitimate and
honorable concern: according to
a Human Relations Board survey
of spring, 1960, "fifty per cent of
the housing units surveyed would
not accept non-whites as tenants."
The Board also cited a letter
from Dr. James Davis of the In-
ternational Center, who said that
"we recognize that there is pre-
judice in Ann Arbor, but we have
tried to 'cushion' the, foreign
scholar from -it."
The problem is a real one, and
we do not need an HRB survey
or a letter from Dr. Davis to prove
it. The question which faced SGC
was, in effect, what is the most
effective and realistic way to pro-
mote fairness in Ann Arbor hous-
ing?
COUNCIL MEMBERS, during
consideration of the motion, were
cognizant of plans for demon-
strations by its HRB. In fact,
Kenneth Miller, in a query direct-
ed to the President at the begin-
ning of thesmeeting, requested
information on those proposed
demonstrations. He asked why the
Board had not appeared before
Council for a discussion of its
impending action.
Although the HRB charge does
not specifically call for prior con-
sultation with the Council, some
Council members, like pesident
Steven Stockmeyer, '63, thought
consultation would have been "ad-
visable" for such "drastic action."
Union president Robert Finke,
'63, fearing an implied endorse-
ment of the demonstration in a
passage of the Olinick-Ross mo-
tion, called for the addition of an
amendment to read that this mo-
tion should not "be construed as
to support any public demonstra-
tions' by any' group on this ques-
tion." The amendment and the
motion passed by a solid majority.
On Thursday, dispite the cold,
the HRB and supporters picketed
and that evening went to the Ann
Arbor City Council meeting. The
City Council voted to table the
motion and shoved the proposed
fair housing ordinance off to a

THE BOARD'S concern with
inequality in Ann Arbor housing
is admirable, and there are few of
us who would deny the legitimacy
of the Board's most basic concern:
Ann Arbor housing discrimination,
which sees foreign students and
non-whites being refused equal
living opportunities. HRB's con-
cern also represents an important
recognition of the problems posed
by discrimination in the North.
Unfortunately, the effects of a
seemingly simple picket action
are widespread. Those who pick:et
for equality in Ann Arbor hous-
ing also become involved in a
range of related issues. The Board
obviously acted too hastily to con-
sider the ramifications of picket-
ing in relation to the University,
its Administration, student gov-
ernment, the Regents, and the
Ann Arbor community.
In effect, nine students meeting
for lunch on Wednesday voted to
take an action which has stirred
up much controversy. In the midst
of idealistic passions, students
often refuse to admit these reali-
ties exist. A dismissal of such
givens are only escapist. Alter-
native courses of action need to
be viewed in the context of these
givens. The long range effects of
ill-considered action can only be
negative.
* * *
WE WOULD do well to consider
three especially pertinent "givens"
First, one administrator, in a
statement to the press, outlined
the history of action taken by his
office to implement bylaw 2.14,
and cited the background of the
HRB, named its chairman, whose
address he noted: Chicago.
In addition many citizens and
politicans resent the domination
of student affairs by out of
staters. Such anti-out-of-state
feeling on the part of these power
groups is discrimination of the
worst kind, and is a disgrace.
From the moment of admission
a student should be on equal foot-
ing with his fellows. But this is
a problem with which student
leaders and particularly out-of-
state student leaders must deal.
SECOND, the HRB picketing
action, and the Board's direct ap-
peal to the President of the Uni-
versity, serves to underline one of
the most difficult problems of the
University: what should be the
role of its President? Size is an
inherent, and very real danger,
which sees educational institu-
tions being transformed into
large-scale corporations.
Specifically, the HRB was un-
able to get through to the Presi-
dent, and had its requests referred
to the vice-president of student
affairs. This is a normal course of
action. The Board could not in-
form the inaccessible president of
the impending picket; he was in
Washington at a congressional
dinner. That, too,is the normal
course of events.
The President, however, should
be less concerned about the
"image" of the University, and
more concerned about the issues
directly relating to the University.
The President should make an at-
tempt to go beyond the hand-

the demonstrations only served to
put students ten steps behind for
the small two or three forward.
SGC, though it disavowed sup-
port of the demonstrations, still
finds its name tied to the picket-
ing. The Board is a subqrdinate
committee of the Council, and
SGC bears the responsibility for
its actions. Administrative error
-with the administrative vice-
president of Council showing a
continuing failure to keep tabs
on the boards under Council-
may in part be responsible for
what some consider the "insubor-
dination of a rebellious board."
Some administrators and Re-
gents define picketing and dem-
onstrations, especially hastily con-
ceived, as "irresponsible" methods
of forcing action. Demonstrations,
as unfortunate and irrational as
it may be, are not a drecognized
means of expressing discontent.
When such "irresponsible" ac-
tion comes at the very moment
when students are making appeals
for student-faculty government
and substantial changes in wo-
men's hours, those authorities
wonder just how "responsible"
students. really are. The whole
attitude toward students, and stu-
dent action, is effected.
The student cause at the Uni-
versity' has been hurt by those
who believe in itmost fervently.
Participating student liberals are
supposed to be able to look at
the broad issues, to think of prob-
lems in their widest context, to
show some vision in resolving
those problems.
They have been ineffective, un-
realistic and even narrow-minded
this week.

CHAMBER MUSIC:
Standing Ovation
AS WE HAVE said before, and as will be said again, the supreme
accomplishment of the Budapest players and Mr. Istomin is
precision of ensemble playing. Years of exercising this artistry, have
led at the interpretive level to an approach which can best be called
sophisticated. The latter is their 'strength in the artistic dimension
as the former is in the technical. It is also their occasional weakness.
Last evening's concert at Rackham was the best of the current
Chamber Music Festival. Discussion along the sophistication dimension
will explicate our earlier remarks. The Piano Quartet Opus 16, which
opened the program, is adequate Beethoven, of moderate sophistication.

The performance was appropriate.

'FROM HERE TO ETERNITY':
Pretty Good--But Yet.

Id Speak Up

)ROF. JOSEPH LESTON was recently fired
from Lincoln College in Ilinois for partici-
ting in an anti-Cuban blockade demonstra-
>n. At Oakland University, the question of
:ademic freedom was raised when Prof.
amuel Shapiro was not granted tenure.
The cry is constantly being raised that
achers are placed in a position of second
ass citizens. They cannot voice their personal
liefs and political convictions for fear of los-
g their jobs. These men who have such a
eat influence on our youth are forced to
main impartial outside as well as inside the
assroom. There is no denying the latent

At Wednesday night's meeting, Student Gov-
ernment Council ganted ad hoc recognition to
an organization called the Students for Cudlip
and White for Board of Regents 'Committee.
This group had one problem concerning recog-
nition by SGC. It had no faculty advisor. Ac-
cording to its spokesman, this group could not
find one member of the teaching staff who
would act .as faculty advisor. One reason sub-
mitted by the group spokesman was that no
member of the faculty wished to get involved
in a political battle for fear of possible con-
sequences.

i
7
j

IF THERE is one thing that
Hollywood can do well, it is tell
a story. Usually with the help of
a best seller conveniently convert-
ed to movie screen proportions of
length and morality, Hollywood
stuffs the celluloid with a rack of
stars and aims for the box office.
Today, the added proportions of
wide screen and color, stereophonic
sound and plenty of action brand
a movie, "Hollywood."
But "From Here to Eternity" is
without most ,of these embellish-
ments because it was made before
they became part of the vogue.
There probably hasn't been an-
other movie made about Hawaii
since "Eternity" that isn't in
color. Wide screen hadn't become
popular yet and neither had
stereo. But the Hollywood czars
had to contend with the obsceni-
ties of James Jones' best seller
and, as they would call it, the
"immoralities" the characters in-
dulge in. What they imply on the
screen is enough, they feel. And
they may be right.
* * *
IT IS TO the credit of Jones
that his story holds up under the
Hollywood holy good. Brothels are
changed for "dry" night spots,
prostitutes for nice hostesses. Of

forms his task of acting as Pvt.
Robert E. Lee Pruet superbly
without allowing it to fall into a
maudlin character or some tough
punk type. Deborah Kerr also has
been an admirable actress. As
Karen Holmes, she flits between
some insipid lines and tender ren-
ditions of emotion.
Burt Lancaster is adequate to
say the least in displaying his
torso and adequate to say the
most in giving a good performance.
The other actors fall into the
criticism that Zinnemann made
the picture and not the actors.
OF COURSE, you can't forget
Frank Sinatra as Angelo. "Eter-
nity" was his "comeback" debut
from his days of singing for bobby-
soxers. As a debut his performance
is outstanding. Today, it may play
sickly on our minds after seeing
so many other loyal sidekicks who
eventually get theirs before the
end of the movie.
Donna Reed as Pruet's Lorraine
is the sweet young thing who rises
above sentiment as often as fall-
ing below it. "Eternity" made a
name for her and won her an
Academy Award. Looking back, it
is hard to see how this or most of
the other seven awards were won.

Most interesting interpretatively
was the slow movement, charac-
terized by' fascinating apparent in-
dependence of the instrumental
parts, which were knit together
at a higher level by that quality
of performance under discussion.
The -program concluded with
the Quartet in G minor of Brahms,
unquestionably the most sophis
ticated of non-modern composers.
Brahms is the Budapest-Istomin
meat. The sudden subtlety of dy-
namic contrast, the superb blend-
ing of piano and strings into a
single sound of voices yet distinct,
the incredible gaiety and excite-
ment of the Hungarian Finale-
these were without peer in our
recollection; and brought the so-
phisticated audience at Rackham
spontaneously to its feet.
* * *
THE ONLY faltering of the
evening came just before inter-
mission in the early movements
of the Piano Trio Opus 49 of
Mendelssohn. Between Brahms
and Beethoven, Mendelssohn is
transparent. His music has a boy-
ish charm, exuberance. It has, as
one says today, Vigah. And no-
thing kills vigah like sophistica-
tion.
This music, performed intro-
spectively and subtly, falls a bit
on its face. This mood was finally
broken by the Finale, whose vigah
could shatter anyone's intro-
spection.
During intermission an ac-
quaintance who finds my disquisi-
tions a bit difficult of assimila-

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